Governor of New Jersey

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New Jersey Governor
General information
Office Type:  Partisan
Office website:  Official Link
2013 FY Budget:  $6,013,000
Term limits:  Two consecutive terms
Structure
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:  New Jersey Constitution, Article V, Section I
Selection Method:  Elected
Current Officeholder

ChrisChristie.JPG
Name:  Chris Christie
Officeholder Party:  Republican
Assumed office:  January 19, 2010
Compensation:  $175,000
Elections
Next election:  November 5, 2013
Last election:  November 2009
Other New Jersey Executive Offices
GovernorLieutenant GovernorSecretary of StateAttorney GeneralTreasurerComptrollerCommissioner of EducationAgriculture SecretaryInsurance CommissionerCommissioner of Environmental ProtectionLabor CommissionerPublic Utilities Board
The Governor of the State of New Jersey is an elected Constitutional officer, the head of the Executive branch, and the highest state office and only elected statewide office in New Jersey. The Governor is popularly elected every four years by a plurality and is limited to two consecutive terms.

Current officer

The 55th and current governor is Chris Christie, a Republican elected in 2009.

Authority

The state Constitution addresses the office of the governor in Article V, the Executive.

Under Article V, Section I:

The executive power shall be vested in a Governor.

Qualifications

Governors
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Current Governors
Gubernatorial Elections
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Current Lt. Governors
Lt. Governor Elections
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Breaking news

Candidates for governor must be:

  • at least 30 years old
  • a U.S. citizen for at least 20 years
  • a resident of New Jersey for at least seven years

No governor shall hold office in any other state or under the federal government, nor shall a sitting governor be elected to any legislative seat. Governors who accept any state or federal position or profit are considered to have vacated their seat.

Elections

New Jersey belongs to the handful of states that hold off-year elections, that is, elections in off-numbered years that are neither Presidential nor midterm years. In New Jersey's case, elections are held in the year after a Presidential and before a midterm; thus, 2009, 2013, 2017, and 2021 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the inauguration is always held the third Tuesday in the January after an election. Thus, January 21, 2014 and January 16, 2018 are inaugural days.

New Jersey was, prior to the creation of the lieutenant governor's office, one of only three states, the others being Hawaii and Tennessee, where the Governor is the only statewide elected office.

Term limits

See also: States with gubernatorial term limits

New Jersey governors are restricted to two consecutive terms in office, after which they must wait four years before being eligible to run again.

New Jersey Constitution, Article V, Section 1, Paragraph 5

No person who has been elected Governor for two successive terms, including an unexpired term, shall again be eligible for that office until the third Tuesday in January of the fourth year following the expiration of the second successive term.

Partisan composition

The chart below shows the partisan breakdown of New Jersey State Governors from 1992-2013.
Governor of New Jersey Partisanship.PNG

Vacancies

See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled

Details of vacancies are addressed under Article V, Section I, paragraph 6.

If the governor's office becomes vacant through resignation, removal, or death, then the Lieutenant Governor succeeds to the office.

If a Governor-elect dies, the Lieutenant Governor-elect takes office as the Governor.

After the Lieutenant Governor, the President of the Senate, followed by the Speaker of the General Assembly complete the Constitutionally prescribed line of succession.

The same line order applies if a Governor is absent or temporarily unable to discharge the office, as well as when the Governor-elect fails to qualify. In such cases, the Acting Governor serves until the absence, disqualification, or illness ends. The Acting Governor shall have all the "functions, powers, duties, and emoluments" of the governor's office.

If the governor has been absent or disqualified for six months, the Supreme Court of New Jersey, upon receipt on a concurrent resolution from the General Assembly, shall declare the office to be vacant.

The office shall be filled by an Acting Governor is less than one year remains in the current term; otherwise a special election is called.

Duties

New Jersey

The governor of New Jersey is considered one of the most powerful governorships in the nation as it is currently the only state-wide (non-federal) elected office in the state. Thus, unlike many other states that have elections for some cabinet-level positions, under the New Jersey State Constitution the governor appoints the entire cabinet, subject to confirmation by the New Jersey Senate.

The governor is charged with faithfully upholding and executing the laws of New Jersey, a power that includes enforcing all Constitutional and statutory mandates as well as restraining actions. New Jersey's governor is also the commander-in-chief of the militia.

He nominates all general and flag officers and the state militia and has ultimate authority for seeing that the state's militia is properly trained.

Other duties and privileges of the office include:

  • Granting all commissions given to elected and appointed officers
  • Nominating officers to all appointed positions not otherwise provided for and making appointments, with the consent of the Senate
  • Convening the entire legislature or the Senate for extraordinary sessions
  • Vetoing bills subject to a super-majority override in the legislature
  • Granting pardons and reprieves, excluding cases of treason and impeachment

State budget

The budget for the Executive Office of the Governor in Fiscal Year 2013 was $6,013,000.[1]

Compensation

The salary of the governor is legally set by the legislature and may not be raised or lowered effective in the current term.

As of 2010, the governor of New Jersey is paid $175,000 a year, the 4th highest gubernatorial salary in America.

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, New Jersey’’
Partisan breakdown of the New Jersey governorship from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, in New Jersey there were Democratic governors in office for 10 years while there were Republican governors in office for 12 years, including the last four.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of New Jersey, the New Jersey State Senate and the New Jersey House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of New Jersey state government(1992-2013).PNG

Contact information

Office of the Governor
PO Box 001
Trenton, NJ 08625
Phone:609-292-6000

See also

External links

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References

Portions of this article were adapted from Wikipedia.