Governor of New York
|New York Governor|
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2013 FY Budget:||$13,578,000|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||New York Constitution, Article IV, Section I|
|Assumed office:||January 1, 2011|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014|
|Last election:||November 2, 2010|
|Other New York Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Comptroller • Commissioner of Education • Agriculture Commissioner • Financial Services Superintendent • Environmental Conservation Commissioner•Labor Commissioner • Public Service Commission • Insurance|
- 1 Current officeholder
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Vacancies
- 5 Duties
- 6 Elections
- 7 Divisions
- 8 State budget
- 9 Compensation
- 10 History
- 11 Historical officeholders
- 12 Recent news
- 13 Contact information
- 14 See also
- 15 External links
- 16 References
As of May 2015, New York is one of 19 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.
Under Article IV, Section I:
The executive power shall be vested in the governor...
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
Candidate for the governor's office must be:
- a citizen of the United States
- at least 30 years old
- a resident of New York for at least five years prior to the election
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Article IV, Sections 5 and 6.
If a Governor-elect declines to accept the office, the Lieutenant Governor-elect shall take office as the Governor and serve the term. If the Governor-elect fails to qualify or is temporarily unable to take the oath, the Lieutenant Governor-elect serves as the Acting Governor until the elected Governor's disability is removed.
The Lieutenant Governor also ascends to the office whenever there is a temporary or permanent vacancy during a Governor's term.
In the event that the Governor dies, resigns, or is removed, then the Lieutenant Governor becomes Governor and serves the remainder of the term.
If the Governor is absent, impeached, or unable to discharge the office, the Lieutenant Governor becomes Acting Governor until the disability is removed or until the term expires.
If both offices are vacant, a special election shall be held at the next general election, provided it is not less than three months from the date both offices became vacant. The office of the lieutenant governor may never be elected without a governor also being elected. If the office of the lieutenant governor alone is vacant, the Senate President Pro Tem serves as the temporary Lieutenant Governor.
In such an instance, the Senate President Pro Tem shall serve as a Temporary Governor, followed by the Speaker of the Assembly.
The Governor charged with a number of responsibilities such as the preparation of the state's budget, execution and enforcement of the state of New York laws and Commander-in-Chief of New York's military and naval forces.
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- Convening the Senate or the entire legislature for extraordinary session (§ 3)
- Giving periodic addresses to the legislature on the state of the state (§ 3)
- Granting reprieves, pardons, and commutations for all offenses except treason and impeachment (§ 4)
- Vetoing bills, including appropriations, subject to a super majority override of the legislature (§ 7)
New York elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not Presidential election years. For New York, 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first day in the January following an election. Thus, January 1, 2011 and January 1, 2015 are inaugural days.
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
New York governors do not face any term limits.
To view the electoral history dating back to 2002 for the office of Governor/Lt. Governor of New York, Click [show] to expand the section.
Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for information that describes the divisions (if any exist) of a state executive office. That information for the Governor of New York has not yet been added. After extensive research we were unable to identify any relevant information on state official websites. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.
The budget for the Executive Chamber for the 2013 fiscal year is $13,578,000.
Under Article IV, Section3, the governor's salary is legally fixed by a joint resolution of the Senate and Assembly.
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, in New York there were Democratic governors in office for 10 years, including the last seven, while there were Republican governors in office for 12 years.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the New York state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. New York experienced a Democratic trifecta from 2009-2010. During half the years of the study, New York was ranked in the bottom-10. Its lowest ranking, finishing 43rd, occurred from 2005-2006, during a divided government. Its best ranking also occurred during a divided government, finishing 32nd in 2011.
There have been 59 Governors of New York since 1777. Of the 59 officeholders, 17 were Republican, 25 were Democrat, 7 were Democratic-Republican, 5 were Jeffersonian-Republican, 3 were Whigs, 1 was Federalist and 1 was Union.
|List of Former Officeholders from 1777-Present|
|1||George Clinton||1777 - 1795||Democratic-Republican|
|2||John Jay||1795 - 1801||Federalist|
|3||George Clinton||1801 - 1804||Democratic-Republican|
|4||Morgan Lewis||1804 - 1807||Democratic-Republican|
|5||Daniel D. Tompkins||1807 - 1817||Jeffersonian-Republican|
|6||John Tayler||1817 - 1817||Democratic-Republican|
|7||Dewitt Clinton||1817 - 1823||Democratic-Republican|
|8||Joseph Christopher Yates||1823 - 1825||Jeffersonian Republican|
|9||Dewitt Clinton||1825 - 1828||Democratic-Republican|
|10||Nathaniel Pitcher||1828 - 1829||Democratic-Republican|
|11||Martin Van Buren||1829||Jeffersonian-Republican|
|12||Enos Thompson Throop||1829 - 1833||Jeffersonian-Republican|
|13||William Learned Marcy||1833 - 1839||Jeffersonian Republican|
|14||William Henry Seward||1839 - 1843||Whig|
|15||William C. Bouck||1843 - 1845||Democratic|
|16||Silas Wright||1845 - 1847||Democratic|
|17||John Young||1847 - 1849||Whig|
|18||Hamilton Fish||1849 - 1851||Whig|
|19||Washington Hunt||1851 - 1853||Democratic|
|20||Horatio Seymour||1853 - 1855||Democratic|
|21||Myron Holley Clark||1855 - 1857||Republican|
|22||John Alsop King||1857 - 1859||Republican|
|23||Edwin Denison Morgan||1859 - 1863||Republican|
|24||Horatio Seymour||1863 - 1865||Democratic|
|25||Reuben Eaton Fenton||1865 - 1869||Union|
|26||John Thompson Hoffman||1869 - 1873||Democratic|
|27||John Adams Dix||1872 - 1874||Republican|
|28||Samuel Jones Tilden||1875 - 1877||Democratic|
|29||Lucius Robinson||1877 - 1880||Democratic|
|30||Alonzo Barton Cornell||1880 - 1883||Republican|
|31||Steven Grover Cleveland||1883 - 1885||Democratic|
|32||David Bennett Hill||1885 - 1892||Democratic|
|33||Roswell Pettibone Flower||1892 - 1895||Democratic|
|34||Frank Swett Black||1897 - 1899||Republican|
|35||Theodore Roosevelt||1899 - 1901||Republican|
|36||Benjamin Baker Odell||1901 - 1905||Republican|
|37||Francis Wayland Higgins||1905 - 1907||Republican|
|38||Charles Evans Hughes||1907 - 1910||Republican|
|39||Horace White||1910 - 1911||Republican|
|40||John Alden Dix||1910 - 1912||Democratic|
|41||William Sulzer||1913 - 1913||Democratic|
|42||Martin Henry Glynn||1913 - 1915||Democratic|
|43||Charles Seymour Whitman||1915 - 1919||Republican|
|44||Alfred Emanuel Smith||1919 - 1921||Democratic|
|45||Nathan Lewis Miller||1921 - 1923||Republican|
|46||Alfred Emanuel Smith||1923 - 1929||Democratic|
|47||Franklin Delano Roosevelt||1929 - 1933||Democratic|
|48||Herbert Henry Lehman||1933 - 1942||Democratic|
|49||Charles Poletti||1942 - 1943||Democratic|
|50||Thomas Edmund Dewey||1943 - 1955||Republican|
|51||William Averell Harriman||1955 - 1959||Democratic|
|52||Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller||1959 - 1973||Republican|
|53||Malcolm Wilson||1973 - 1975||Republican|
|54||Hugh Leo Carey||1974 - 1982||Democratic|
|55||Mario Matthew Cuomo||1983 - 1995||Democratic|
|56||George E. Pataki||1995 - 2007||Republican|
|57||Eliot Spitzer||2007 - 2008||Democratic|
|58||David Paterson||2008 - 2011||Democratic|
|59||Andrew Cuomo||2011 -||Democratic|
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Governor of New York
Albany, NY 12224
- Biography.com, "Andrew Cuomo," accessed July 10, 2013
- New York State, "Enacted Budget Fiscal Plan for Fiscal Year 2013," T-169, accessed June 24, 2013
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- National Governors Association, "New York: Past Governors Bios," accessed August 5, 2013
State of New York
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