Governor of New York

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The Governor of the State of New York is an elected Constitutional officer, the head of the Executive branch, and the highest state office in New York. The Governor is popularly elected every four years by a plurality and has no term limit.

Current officer

The 56th and current governor is Andrew Cuomo, a Democrat elected in 2010.

Governor Cuomo is divorced. His girlfriend, Sandra Lee, serves as the First Lady on New York.


The state Constitution addresses the office of the governor in Article IV, the Executive Department.

Under Article IV, Section I:

The executive power shall be vested in the governor...


Candidate for the governor's office must be:

  • a citizen of the United States
  • at least 30 years old
  • a resident of New York for at least five years prior to the election


New York elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not Presidential election years. For New York, 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first day in the January following an election. Thus, January 1, 2011 and January 1, 2015 are inaugural days.


See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled

Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Article IV, Sections 5 and 6.

If a Governor-elect declines to accept the office, the Lieutenant Governor-elect shall take office as the Governor and serve the term. If the Governor-elect fails to qualify or is temporarily unable to take the oath, the Lieutenant Governor-elect serves as the Acting Governor until the elected Governor's disability is removed.

The Lieutenant Governor also ascends to the office whenever there is a temporary or permanent vacancy during a Governor's term.

In the event that the Governor dies, resigns, or is removed, then the Lieutenant Governor becomes Governor and serves the remainder of the term.

If the Governor is absent, impeached, or unable to discharge the office, the Lieutenant Governor becomes Acting Governor until the disability is removed or until the term expires.

If both offices are vacant, a special election shall be held at the next general election, provided it is not less than three months from the date both offices became vacant. The office of the lieutenant governor may never be elected without a governor also being elected. If the office of the lieutenant governor alone is vacant, the Senate President Pro Tem serves as the temporary Lieutenant Governor.

In such an instance, the Senate President Pro Tem shall serve as a Temporary Governor, followed by the Speaker of the Assembly.


New York

The Governor charged with a number of responsibilities such as the preparation of the state's budget, execution and enforcement of the state of New York laws and Commander-in-Chief of New York's military and naval forces.

Other duties and privileges of the office include:

  • Convening the Senate or the entire legislature for extraordinary session (§ 3)
  • Giving periodic addresses to the legislature on the state of the state (§ 3)
  • Granting reprieves, pardons, and commutations for all offenses except treason and impeachment (§ 4)
  • Vetoing bills, including appropriations, subject to a super majority override of the legislature (§ 7)


See also: Comparison of gubernatorial salaries

Under Article IV, Section3, the governor's salary is legally fixed by a joint resolution of the Senate and Assembly.

As of 2010, the Governor of New York is paid $179,000 a year, the 2nd highest gubernatorial salary in America.

Contact information

Governor of New York
State Capitol
Albany, NY 12224

See also

External links