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Governor of New York

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New York Governor
General information
Office Type:  Partisan
Office website:  Official Link
2013 FY Budget:  $13,578,000
Term limits:  None
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:  New York Constitution, Article IV, Section I
Selection Method:  Elected
Current Officeholder

Andrew Cuomo 2.jpeg
Name:  Andrew Cuomo
Officeholder Party:  Democratic
Assumed office:  January 1, 2011
Compensation:  $179,000
Next election:  November 6, 2018
Last election:  November 4, 2014
Other New York Executive Offices
GovernorLieutenant GovernorSecretary of StateAttorney GeneralComptrollerCommissioner of EducationAgriculture CommissionerFinancial Services SuperintendentEnvironmental Conservation CommissionerLabor CommissionerPublic Service CommissionInsurance
The Governor of the State of New York is an elected constitutional officer, the head of the executive branch and the highest state office in New York. The Governor is popularly elected every four years by a plurality and has no term limit.

As of April 2015, New York is one of 19 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.

See also: New York State Legislature, New York State Assembly, New York State Senate

Current officeholder

The 56th and current governor is Andrew Cuomo, a Democrat elected in 2010.[1]


The state Constitution addresses the office of the governor in Article IV, the Executive Department.

Under Article IV, Section I:

The executive power shall be vested in the governor...


Current Governors
Gubernatorial Elections
Current Lt. Governors
Lt. Governor Elections
Breaking news

Candidate for the governor's office must be:

  • a citizen of the United States
  • at least 30 years old
  • a resident of New York for at least five years prior to the election


See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled

Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Article IV, Sections 5 and 6.

If a Governor-elect declines to accept the office, the Lieutenant Governor-elect shall take office as the Governor and serve the term. If the Governor-elect fails to qualify or is temporarily unable to take the oath, the Lieutenant Governor-elect serves as the Acting Governor until the elected Governor's disability is removed.

The Lieutenant Governor also ascends to the office whenever there is a temporary or permanent vacancy during a Governor's term.

In the event that the Governor dies, resigns, or is removed, then the Lieutenant Governor becomes Governor and serves the remainder of the term.

If the Governor is absent, impeached, or unable to discharge the office, the Lieutenant Governor becomes Acting Governor until the disability is removed or until the term expires.

If both offices are vacant, a special election shall be held at the next general election, provided it is not less than three months from the date both offices became vacant. The office of the lieutenant governor may never be elected without a governor also being elected. If the office of the lieutenant governor alone is vacant, the Senate President Pro Tem serves as the temporary Lieutenant Governor.

In such an instance, the Senate President Pro Tem shall serve as a Temporary Governor, followed by the Speaker of the Assembly.


The Governor charged with a number of responsibilities such as the preparation of the state's budget, execution and enforcement of the state of New York laws and Commander-in-Chief of New York's military and naval forces.

Other duties and privileges of the office include:

  • Convening the Senate or the entire legislature for extraordinary session (§ 3)
  • Giving periodic addresses to the legislature on the state of the state (§ 3)
  • Granting reprieves, pardons, and commutations for all offenses except treason and impeachment (§ 4)
  • Vetoing bills, including appropriations, subject to a super majority override of the legislature (§ 7)


New York state government organizational chart

New York elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not presidential election years. For New York, 2018, 2022, 2026, 2030 and 2034 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first day in the January following an election.



See also: New York gubernatorial and lieutenant gubernatorial election, 2014
Governor and Lieutenant Governor of New York, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngAndrew Cuomo/Kathy Hochul Incumbent 54.3% 2,069,480
     Republican Rob Astorino/Chris Moss 40.3% 1,536,879
     Green Howie Hawkins/Brian Jones 4.8% 184,419
     Libertarian Michael McDermott/Chris Edes 0.4% 16,967
     Sapient Steven Cohn/Bobby K. Kalotee 0.1% 4,963
Total Votes 3,812,708
Election Results via New York State Board of Elections.


On November 2, 2010, Andrew Cuomo/Robert Duffy won election to the office of New York Governor/Lt. Governor. They defeated Carl Paladino/Gregory Edwards, Howie Hawkins/Gloria Mattera, Jimmy McMillan, Warren Redlich/Alden Link, Kristin Davis/Tanya Gendelman, and Charles Barron/Eva Doyle in the general election.

New York Governor/Lt. Governor, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngAndrew Cuomo/Robert Duffy 61% 2,910,876
     Republican Carl Paladino/Gregory Edwards 32.5% 1,547,857
     Green Howie Hawkins/Gloria Mattera 1.3% 59,906
     Rent is 2 Damn High Jimmy McMillan/No candidate 0.9% 41,129
     Libertarian Warren Redlich/Alden Link 1% 48,359
     Anti-Prohibition Kristin Davis/Tanya Gendelman 0.4% 20,421
     Freedom Charles Barron/Eva Doyle 0.5% 24,571
     Blank - 2.3% 107,823
     Void - 0.1% 3,963
     Scattering - 0.1% 4,836
Total Votes 4,769,741
Election Results Via: New York State Board of Elections


On November 7, 2006, Eliot Spitzer/David Paterson won election to the office of New York Governor/Lt. Governor. They defeated Faso/Vanderhoef, McCourt/Duncan, Clifton/Silberger, McMillan, and DeLuca/O'Shaughnessy in the general election.

New York Governor/Lt. Governor, 2006
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngEliot Spitzer/David Paterson 65.7% 3,086,709
     Republican Faso/Vanderhoef 27.1% 1,274,335
     Green McCourt/Duncan 0.9% 42,166
     Libertarian Clifton/Silberger 0.3% 14,736
     Rent Is Too High McMillan/NA 0.3% 13,355
     Socialist Workers DeLuca/O'Shaughnessy 0.1% 5,919
     Blank/Void/Scattering - 5.5% 260,647
Total Votes 4,697,867
Election Results Via: New York State Board of Elections


On November 5, 2002, George Pataki/Mary Donohue won re-election to the office of New York Governor/Lt. Governor. They defeated McCall/Mehiel, Golisano/Donohue, Cuomo/King, Cronin/Vogel, Aronowitz/Daniels, Leighton/Hillgardner, and Jeffrey/Greco in the general election.

New York Governor/Lt. Governor, 2002
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngGeorge Pataki/Mary Donohue Incumbent 48.2% 2,262,255
     Democratic McCall/Mehiel 32.7% 1,534,064
     Independence Golisano/Donohue 13.9% 654,016
     Liberal Cuomo/King 0.3% 15,761
     Right To Life Cronin/Vogel 0.9% 44,195
     Green Aronowitz/Daniels 0.9% 41,797
     Marijuana Reform Leighton/Hillgardner 0.5% 21,977
     Libertarian Jeffrey/Greco 0.1% 5,013
     Blank/Void/Scattering - 2.4% 111,890
Total Votes 4,690,968
Election Results Via: New York State Board of Elections

Term limits

See also: States with gubernatorial term limits

New York governors do not face any term limits.

Partisan composition

The chart below shows the partisan breakdown of New York State Governors from 1992-2013.
Governor of New York Partisanship.PNG


Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for information that describes the divisions (if any exist) of a state executive office. That information for the Governor of New York has not yet been added. After extensive research we were unable to identify any relevant information on state official websites. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.

State budget

Role in state budget

See also: New York state budget and finances

New York operates on an annual budget cycle. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[2][3]

  1. Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in July or August.
  2. State agencies submit budget requests in September.
  3. Agency hearings are held in October and November.
  4. The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the New York State Legislature on or before the second Tuesday following the first day of the annual meeting of the legislature, which typically falls in mid-January.
  5. The legislature adopts a budget in March. A simply majority is needed to pass a budget.
  6. The fiscal year begins in April.

New York is one of 44 states in which the governor has line item veto authority.[3]

The governor is constitutionally required to submit a balanced budget. In turn, the legislature is required by statute to pass a balanced budget.[3]

Governor's office budget

The budget for the Executive Chamber for the 2013 fiscal year is $13,578,000.[4]


See also: Comparison of gubernatorial salaries and Compensation of state executive officers

Under Article IV, Section 3 of the New York Constitution the governor's salary is legally fixed by a joint resolution of the Senate and Assembly. Compensation is set by state law, and has remained unchanged since 1999.[5]


In 2014, the governor's salary was an estimated $179,000 according to the Council of State Governments.[6] Gov. Cuomo (D) voluntarily reduced his salary by 5 percent.[7]


In 2013, the governor's salary remained at $179,000. Gov. Cuomo voluntarily reduced his salary by 5 percent.[7]


In 2012, the governor's salary was an estimated $179,000 according to the Council of State Governments.


Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, New York
Partisan breakdown of the New York governorship from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, in New York there were Democratic governors in office for 10 years, including the last seven, while there were Republican governors in office for 12 years.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of New York, the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of New York state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the New York state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. New York experienced a Democratic trifecta from 2009-2010. During half the years of the study, New York was ranked in the bottom-10. Its lowest ranking, finishing 43rd, occurred from 2005-2006, during a divided government. Its best ranking also occurred during a divided government, finishing 32nd in 2011.

Chart displaying the partisanship of the New York government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

Historical officeholders

There have been 59 Governors of New York since 1777. Of the 59 officeholders, 17 were Republican, 25 were Democrat, seven were Democratic-Republican, five were Jeffersonian-Republican, three were Whigs, one was Federalist and one was Union.[8]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the terms "New York Governor."

Some of the stories below may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of Google's news search engine.

Governor of New York - Google News Feed

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Contact information

Governor of New York
State Capitol
Albany, NY 12224

See also

External links

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