Difference between revisions of "Governor of Oregon"

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{{State trifecta status|state=Oregon|control=Democratic}}
 
{{State trifecta status|state=Oregon|control=Democratic}}
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::''See also: [[Oregon State Legislature]], [[Oregon House of Representatives]], [[Oregon State Senate]]''
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==Current officeholder==
 
==Current officeholder==
 
The current governor is [[John Kitzhaber]], a [[Democrat]] elected in 2010. Governor Kitzhaber also served as Governor of Oregon from 1995 to 2003.
 
The current governor is [[John Kitzhaber]], a [[Democrat]] elected in 2010. Governor Kitzhaber also served as Governor of Oregon from 1995 to 2003.
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==State budget==
 
==State budget==
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===Role in state budget===
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::''See also: [[Oregon state budget]]''
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{{Oregon budget process}}
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===Governor's office budget===
 
The budget for the Governor's office in Fiscal Year 2011-2013 was $18,762,015.<ref> [http://www.leg.state.or.us/comm/lfo/2011-13%20LAB.pdf#page=345&zoom=auto,0,792 ''Oregon Legislative Fiscal Office,'' "Analysis in the 2011-13 Legislatively Adopted Budget,"  accessed April 10, 2013] </ref>
 
The budget for the Governor's office in Fiscal Year 2011-2013 was $18,762,015.<ref> [http://www.leg.state.or.us/comm/lfo/2011-13%20LAB.pdf#page=345&zoom=auto,0,792 ''Oregon Legislative Fiscal Office,'' "Analysis in the 2011-13 Legislatively Adopted Budget,"  accessed April 10, 2013] </ref>
  

Latest revision as of 12:53, 8 May 2014

Oregon Governor
General information
Office Type:  Partisan
Office website:  Official Link
2011-2013 FY Budget:  $18,762,015
Term limits:  8 years in office during any 12 year period
Structure
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:  Oregon Constitution, Article V, Section I
Selection Method:  Elected
Current Officeholder

John Kitzhaber 2013.jpg
Name:  John Kitzhaber
Officeholder Party:  Democratic
Assumed office:  January 2011
Compensation:  $93,600
Elections
Next election:  November 4, 2014
Last election:  November 2, 2010
Other Oregon Executive Offices
GovernorSecretary of StateAttorney GeneralTreasurerAuditorSuperintendent of EducationAgriculture CommissionerInsurance CommissionerNatural Resources CommissionerLabor CommissionerPublic Service Commission
The Governor of the State of Oregon is an elected Constitutional officer, the head of the Executive branch, and the highest state office in Oregon. The Governor is popularly elected every four years by a plurality and is limited to two four-year terms out of and 12 year span.[1]

As of July 2014, Oregon is one of 13 Democratic state government trifectas.

See also: Oregon State Legislature, Oregon House of Representatives, Oregon State Senate

Current officeholder

The current governor is John Kitzhaber, a Democrat elected in 2010. Governor Kitzhaber also served as Governor of Oregon from 1995 to 2003.

Authority

The state Constitution addresses the office of the governor in Article V, the Executive Department.[1]

Under Article V, Section I:

The cheif [sic] executive power of the State, shall be vested in a Governor...

Qualifications

Governors
GovernorsLogo.jpg
Current Governors
Gubernatorial Elections
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Current Lt. Governors
Lt. Governor Elections
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Breaking news

A candidate for the governorship must be:

  • a United States citizen
  • at least 30 years old
  • a resident of Oregon for at least three years

The age requirements does not apply to someone who succeeds to office under Section 8a of Article V.[1]


Vacancies

See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled

Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Article V, Section 8a.[1]

The state of Oregon has no formal office of the Lieutenant Governor. Instead, the Secretary of State serves as the ex officio Lieutenant Governor and succeeds the Governor is the latter dies, resigns, is removed from office, or is unable to discharge the office.

After the Secretary of State, the Treasurer, the President Pro Tem of the Senate, and then the Speaker of the House shall follow in the line of succession.

An Acting Governor holds the office until the Governor's disability is removed or until the next biennial election, when a special election shall be held. When the Treasurer or Secretary of State is the Acting Governor, an appointment is made for someone to fill the office of the Treasurer or Secretary of State.

An appointed Treasurer or Secretary of State may not succeed to the elected governorship.

Elections

Oregon state government organizational chart

Oregon elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not Presidential election years. For Oregon, 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the second Monday in the January following an election. Thus, January 10, 2011 and January 12, 2015 are inaugural days.

In the event of a tie, a joint session of the legislature shall cast ballots to choose from the two top vote getters. If the election is contested, the legislature shall decide the manner of addressing and settling the contest.

Term limits

See also: States with gubernatorial term limits

Oregon governors are restricted to 8 years in office during any 12 year period.

Oregon Constitution, Article V, Section 1

The cheif [sic] executive power of the State, shall be vested in a Governor, who shall hold his office for the term of four years; and no person shall be eligible to such office more than Eight, in any period of twelve years.

Partisan composition

The chart below shows the partisan breakdown of Oregon State Governors from 1992-2013.
Governor of Oregon Partisanship.PNG

Full History


Duties

The governor is the commander-in-chief of state military (§ 9). The governor also has the power to grant pardons and reprieves and to commute sentences (§ 14). The governor may convene a special session of the state legislature (§ 12).

Additionally, the Oregon Governor serves on the State Land Board which is tasked with managing state-owned lands to "obtain the greatest benefit for the people of Oregon, consistent with resource conservation and sound land management."

Other duties and privileges of the office include:

  • Making periodic addresses to the General Assembly concerning and the state of the state and making recommendations on legislation (§ 11)
  • Upholding and ensuring the faithful execution of all state laws (§ 10)
  • Requiring written information from the head of any Administrative or Military Department on their duties and offices (§ 13)
  • Vetoing bills, including enjoying a line item veto and an emergency clause veto (§ 15a). The gubernatorial veto is subject to a two-third majority override of the legislature (§ 15b)
  • Making vacancies, including recess vacancies, for all offices not otherwise provided for. The appointment shall be for the remainder of the term if the next general election is within 61 days. Otherwise, a special election shall be called (§ 16)
  • Issuing writs of special election for all vacancies that occur in the legislature (§ 17)
  • Signing all commissions issues in the name of the state of Oregon (§ 18)[1]

Divisions

Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for information that describes the divisions (if any exist) of a state executive office. That information for the Governor of Oregon has not yet been added. After extensive research we were unable to identify any relevant information on state official websites. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.

State budget

Role in state budget

See also: Oregon state budget

The state operates on a biennial budget cycle. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[2][3]

  1. Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies from February through May in the year preceding the start of the new biennium.
  2. State agencies submit their budget requests to the governor in September.
  3. Agency hearings are held from September through November.
  4. The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in December.
  5. From January through June, the legislature debates and then adopts a budget. A simple majority is required to pass a budget. The biennium begins July 1.

In Oregon, the governor may exercise line item veto and item veto of appropriations authority.[3]

The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget proposal. Likewise, the legislature is legally required to pass a balanced budget.[3]

Governor's office budget

The budget for the Governor's office in Fiscal Year 2011-2013 was $18,762,015.[4]

Compensation

See also: Comparison of gubernatorial salaries and Compensation of state executive officers

2013

In 2013, the governor's salary remained at $93,600.[5]

2012

In 2012, the Governor of Oregon was paid an estimated $93,600 according to the Council of State Governments.

Historical officeholders

There have been 37 governors of Oregon since 1859. Of the 37 officeholders, 20 were Republican, 16 were Democratic, and 1 was an Independent.[6]

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Oregon
Partisan breakdown of the Oregon governorship from 1992-2013

During every year from 1992-2013 there were Democratic governors in office for Oregon. Oregon is one of seven states that were run by a Democratic governor for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. Oregon was under a Democratic trifecta for the final year of the study.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Oregon, the Oregon State Senate and the Oregon House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Oregon state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Oregon state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Oregon had Democratic trifectas from 2007-2010 and again in 2013. The state's lowest SQLI ranking, finishing 39th, occurred in 2005. Its highest ranking, finishing 18th, occurred in 2011. Both occurred when the government was divided.

Chart displaying the partisanship of the Oregon government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a google news search for the term Oregon + Governor

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Governor of Oregon News Feed

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Contact information

Office of the Governor
160 State Capitol
900 Court Street
Salem, Oregon 97301-4047
Phone:503.378.4582
Fax:503.378.6827

See also

External links

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References