Difference between revisions of "Governor of Vermont"

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{{State trifecta status|state=Vermont|control=Democratic}}
 
{{State trifecta status|state=Vermont|control=Democratic}}
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::''See also: [[Vermont State Legislature]], [[Vermont House of Representatives]], [[Vermont State Senate]]''
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==Current officeholder==
 
==Current officeholder==
 
The 81st and current governor is [[Peter Shumlin]], a [[Democrat]] elected in 2010.<ref>[http://governor.vermont.gov/about-the-governor ''Governor of Vermont'', "About the Governor" Accessed February 4, 2013]</ref>
 
The 81st and current governor is [[Peter Shumlin]], a [[Democrat]] elected in 2010.<ref>[http://governor.vermont.gov/about-the-governor ''Governor of Vermont'', "About the Governor" Accessed February 4, 2013]</ref>
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==State budget==
 
==State budget==
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===Role in state budget===
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::''See also: [[Vermont state budget]]''
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{{Vermont budget process}}
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===Governor's office budget===
 
The budget for the Governor's Office in Fiscal Year 2010 was $1,603,815.<ref> [http://www.leg.state.vt.us/docs/2010.1/Acts/ACT001.pdf ''Vermont Department of Finance and Management,'' "FY10 Appropriations Act (2009, Act 1 special session,"  accessed April 5, 2013] </ref>
 
The budget for the Governor's Office in Fiscal Year 2010 was $1,603,815.<ref> [http://www.leg.state.vt.us/docs/2010.1/Acts/ACT001.pdf ''Vermont Department of Finance and Management,'' "FY10 Appropriations Act (2009, Act 1 special session,"  accessed April 5, 2013] </ref>
  

Revision as of 12:53, 8 May 2014

Vermont Governor
General information
Office Type:  Partisan
Office website:  Official Link
2010 FY Budget:  $1,603,815
Term limits:  None
Structure
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:  Vermont Constitution, Chapter II, Sections 1
Selection Method:  Elected
Current Officeholder

Peter Shumlin.jpg
Name:  Peter Shumlin
Officeholder Party:  Democratic
Assumed office:  January 6, 2011
Compensation:  $142,542
Elections
Next election:  November 4, 2014
Last election:  November 6, 2012
Other Vermont Executive Offices
GovernorLieutenant GovernorSecretary of StateAttorney GeneralTreasurerAuditorSuperintendent of EducationAgriculture CommissionerInsurance CommissionerNatural Resources CommissionerLabor CommissionerPublic Service Board
The Governor of the Commonwealth of Vermont is an elected Constitutional officer, the head of the Executive branch, and the highest state office in Vermont. The Governor is popularly elected every two years by a plurality and has no term limit.[1]

As of August 2014, Vermont is one of 13 Democratic state government trifectas.

See also: Vermont State Legislature, Vermont House of Representatives, Vermont State Senate

Current officeholder

The 81st and current governor is Peter Shumlin, a Democrat elected in 2010.[2]

Authority

The state Constitution addresses the office of the governor in both Chapter II, Sections 1-5, the Delegations and Distribution of Powers and Chapter II, Sections 20-27, Executive Department.

Under Section I:

The Commonwealth or State of Vermont shall be governed by a Governor...

Additionally, under Section I:

The Supreme Executive power shall be exercised by a Governor...

Qualifications

A candidate for governor must be:

  • a resident of Vermont for at least four years on the day of the election

Governors may not hold any legislative office or any other Constitutional office. Excepting positions in military reserves, they also may not hold any office under the federal government. Nor is the Governor eligible for any appointed position made by any branch of the Vermont government.

Vacancies

See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled

Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Chapter II, Section 24

The Lieutenant Governor becomes Governor anytime the elected Governor is absent or unable to discharge the office and anytime the office is vacant.

The legislature is Constitutionally required to draft laws providing for the line of succession if the Lieutenant Governor's office is also vacant.

Duties

Vermont

Vermont's Governor is charged to uphold and execute all laws, expedite legislative business as needed (§ 20).

According to the state Constitution the Governor has limited powers to grant pardons and reprieves and the power to call special sessions of the General Assembly when necessary (§ 20).

The governor is the commander-in-chief of the naval and militia forces, but may directly command those forced unless permitted to do so by the Senate (§ 20).

Other duties and privileges of the office include:

  • Commissioning all officers of the state (§ 20)
  • Making all appointments not otherwise provided for and making interim appointments to all vacant offices until the legal procedure for filling the office is performed (§ 20)
  • Granting reprieves in all cases except treason and granting pardons in all cases except impeachment (§ 200
  • Granting licenses as permitted by law (§ 20)
  • Drawing upon the Treasury for sums already appropriated by the General Assembly (§ 20)
  • Laying embargoes for up to 30 days when the legislature is in recess (§ 20)
  • Commissioning a Secretary of Military and Civil Affairs at her pleasure. Such an officer serves at the Governor's pleasure (§ 21)
  • Sealing and signing all commissions made by the state of Vermont (§ 22)
  • Keeping and using "The Great Seal of the State of Vermont" (§ 22)
  • Appointing a Treasurer when the office become vacant (§ 24)

Elections

Vermont's Constitution address gubernatorial elections not in the section on the Executive but in Chapter II, Section 43-55, Elections; Officers; Terms of Office.

Vermont is one of only two states that elects governors biennially, that is, each even-numbered year. For Vermont, 2010, 2012, 2014, and 2016 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first Thursday following the first Tuesday in the January following an election. Thus, January 6, 2011, January 3, 2013, and January 8, 2015 are inaugural days.

If the office of the Governor is not filled in the election, a joint session of the legislature shall cast ballots to choose among three candidates.

Term limits

See also: States with gubernatorial term limits

Vermont governors do not face any term limits.

Partisan composition

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Vermont from 1992-2013.

Governor of Vermont Partisanship.PNG

Full History


Divisions

Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for information that describes the divisions (if any exist) of a state executive office. That information for the Governor of Vermont has not yet been added. After extensive research we were unable to identify any relevant information on state official websites. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.

State budget

Role in state budget

See also: Vermont state budget

The state operates on an annual budget cycle. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[3][4]

  1. Budget instructions are sent to state agencies in September of the year preceding the start of the new fiscal year.
  2. Agencies submit their budget requests to the governor in October.
  3. Agency hearings are held from October through December.
  4. The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in January.
  5. The legislature typically a budget in May. A simple majority is required to pass a budget. The fiscal year begins July 1.

In Vermont, the governor cannot exercise veto authority over the budget.[4]

The governor is not legally required to submit, and the legislature is not legally required to pass, a balanced budget.[4]

Governor's office budget

The budget for the Governor's Office in Fiscal Year 2010 was $1,603,815.[5]

Compensation

See also: Comparison of gubernatorial salaries and Compensation of state executive officers


2013

In 2013, the governor's salary remained at $142,542. Gov. Peter Shumlin took a voluntary 5 percent reduction in his annual salary set in statute.[6]

2012

In 2012, the Governor of Vermont was paid an estimated $142,542. This figure comes from the Council of State Governments.

2010

In 2010, the Governor of Vermont was paid $142,542 a year, the 15th highest gubernatorial salary in America.

Historical officeholders

There have been 81 governors of Vermont since 1791. (The first two officeholders listed in the chart below served as governor prior to statehood.) Of the 81 officeholders, 53 were Republican, 9 were Whigs, 7 were Democrats, 4 were Democratic-Republicans, 3 were Federalists, 2 had no party, 1 was a Jeffersonian Republican, 1 was Anti-Masonic, and 1 was Whig/Republican.[7]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a google news search for the term Vermont + Governor

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Vermont Governor News Feed

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Contact information

Mailing address:[8]
109 State Street, Pavilion
Montpelier, VT 05609-0101
Phone: 802-828-3333
Fax: 802-828-3339

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Vermont
Partisan breakdown of the Vermont governorship from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, in Vermont there were Democratic governors in office for 14 years, including the last three, while there were Republican governors in office for eight years. Vermont was under Democratic trifectas for the last three years of the study period.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Vermont, the Vermont State Senate and the Vermont House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Vermont state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Vermont state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. During the course of the study, Vermont had Democratic trifectas from 1997-2000 and from 2011-2013. Its lowest ranking, finishing 33rd, occurred in 2008 during a divided government. Its highest ranking, finishing 15th, also occurred during a divided government from 2003-2004.

Chart displaying the partisanship of the Vermont government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

External links

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References