Difference between revisions of "Governor of Wisconsin"

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The '''Governor of Wisconsin''' is the highest executive authority in the government of the U.S. state of [[Wisconsin]]. The position was first filled by Nelson Dewey in June 7, 1848, the year Wisconsin became a state. Prior to statehood, there were four Governors of Wisconsin Territory.
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{{SEO office infobox
 +
|State = Wisconsin
 +
|Office= Governor
 +
|Office type = Partisan
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|Image = Seal of Wisconsin.svg.png
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|Office website = http://www.wisgov.state.wi.us/Home
 +
|Budget = 4435800
 +
|Budget year = 2013
 +
|Seats =
 +
|Term limits = None
 +
|Length of term = 4 years
 +
|Authority =[[Article V, Wisconsin Constitution|Wisconsin Constitution, Article V, Section I]]
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|Selected =  Elected
 +
|Chair =
 +
|Current officeholder =  Scott Walker
 +
|Partisan = Republican
 +
|Officeholder image = Scott Walker 2.jpg
 +
|Assumed office = January 3, 2011
 +
|Compensation = 144,423
 +
|Next election =[[Wisconsin gubernatorial election, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
 +
|Last election=[[Wisconsin gubernatorial election, 2010|November 2, 2010]]
 +
|Other offices = [[Wisconsin Governor|Governor]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin|Lieutenant Governor]]  •  [[Wisconsin Secretary of State|Secretary of State]] • [[Wisconsin Attorney General|Attorney General]]  •  [[Wisconsin Treasurer|Treasurer]] • [[Wisconsin Auditor|Auditor]]  •  [[Wisconsin Superintendent of Public Instruction|Superintendent of Education]] •  [[Wisconsin Secretary of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection|Agriculture Commissioner]]  •  [[Wisconsin Commissioner of Insurance|Insurance Commissioner]] • [[Wisconsin Secretary of Natural Resources|Natural Resources Commissioner]] • [[Wisconsin Secretary of Workforce Development|Labor Commissioner]] • [[Wisconsin Chairperson of Public Service Commission|Public Service Commission]]
 +
}}{{tnr}}The '''Governor of the State of Wisconsin''' is an elected Constitutional officer, the head of the Executive branch, and the highest state office in [[Wisconsin]]. The Governor is popularly elected every four years by a plurality and has no term limit.
  
The current governor is [[James Doyle|Jim Doyle]], a [[Democratic Party|Democrat]], who was elected in 2002, defeating the incumbent Scott McCallum, and re-elected in 2006, defeating Congressman Mark Green. His term is scheduled to last until 2011, and he is not term limited.
+
As of May 2013, [[Wisconsin]] is one of 24 Republican [[state government trifectas]].
 +
==Current officer==
 +
The 45th and current governor is [[Scott Walker]], a [[Republican]] elected in 2010.
  
== Gubernatorial powers ==
+
==Authority==
The Governor of Wisconsin is responsible for ensuring that the laws of Wisconsin are carried out, and is also required to "communicate to the legislature, at every session, the condition of the state, and recommend such matters to them for their consideration as he may deem expedient."
+
  
Any bill passed by the Wisconsin State Legislature must be presented to the governor, who either signs it into law, or vetoes it. In the event of a veto, the bill is returned the legislature, who may then vote to override the veto. In 1930, the Wisconsin Constitution was amended to give the governor line-item veto power, with which portions of appropriations bills may be vetoed; the partial veto may still be overridden by the legislature. In 1990, a further amendment specified that the line-item veto does not give the governor power to veto individual letters of appropriations bills, therby forming new words.[2]
+
The [[Wisconsin Constitution|state Constitution]] addresses the office of the governor in [[Article V, Wisconsin Constitution|Article V, the Executive Department]].
  
The governor is the commander-in-chief of the militia of the state. If it is deemed necessary, the governor may also convene extraordinary sessions of the state legislature; and he may convene them anywhere in the state, if Madison, the state capital, is deemed unfit for the purpose due to invasion or contagious disease.[1]
+
Under Article V, Section I:
  
The governor has the power to pardon or commute sentences or grant reprieves thereto, except in cases of treason or impeachment; it is required that notifications of these be submitted to the Wisconsin State Legislature each year, along with the reason for them. In cases of treason, may suspend the carrying out of the sentence until the next session of the legislature, who then vote to grant a pardon, commutation or reprieve, or to carry out the sentence.
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{| style="width:60%; background:#F08080; margin-top:.1em; border:.5px solid #cccccc; solid;"
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|color:#000"|
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|-
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|
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''The executive power shall be vested in a governor...''
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|}
  
== Gubernatorial elections and term of office ==
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==Qualifications==
 +
{{GovLgov}}
 +
In order to be eligible for the office of governor of Wisconsin, a candidate must be a citizen of the United States and a qualified voter in the state of Wisconsin.
  
The Governor of Wisconsin is elected in a direct election—the candidate with the most votes becomes governor. In the event that two candidates receive an equal number of votes which is higher than that received by any other candidate, the members of the state legislature vote between the two at their next session. In order to be eligible for the office of Governor of Wisconsin, a candidate must be a citzen of the United States and a qualified voter in the state of Wisconsin.
+
Additionally general requirements to hold office in Wisconsin stipulate that no candidate may:
  
Under the original Wisconsin Constitution, governors were elected for a term of two years; in 1967, the constitution was amended to increase the term of office to four years, beginning with the governor elected in the 1970 election. There is no limit to the number of terms a governor may hold.
+
* hold any office, honor or profit under any foreign power
 +
* hold any federal office
 +
* be a convicted felon
 +
* be convicted of any misdemeanor involving a violation of the public trust
 +
 
 +
==Elections==
 +
 
 +
[[Wisconsin]] elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not Presidential election years. For Wisconsin, 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first Monday in the January following an election. Thus, January 3, 2011 and January 5, 2015 are inaugural days.
 +
 
 +
The governor of Wisconsin is elected in a direct election—the candidate with the most votes becomes governor. In the event that two candidates receive an equal number of votes which is higher than that received by any other candidate, the members of the state legislature vote between the two at their next session.
 +
 
 +
===History===
 +
 
 +
Under the original [[Wisconsin Constitution]], governors were elected for a term of two years; in 1967, the constitution was amended to increase the term of office to four years, beginning with the governor elected in the 1970 election. There is no limit to the number of terms a governor may hold.
 +
 
 +
===Term limits===
 +
:: ''See also: [[States with gubernatorial term limits]]''
 +
 
 +
Wisconsin governors do not face any term limits.
  
 
===Removal===
 
===Removal===
The governor may be removed from office through an impeachment trial or through a [[recall]] election. An impeachment trial is carried out by the Wisconsin State Assembly, if a majority of its members agree to the impeachment. A governor may also choose to resign from office. Four governors have resigned for various reasons, and none have been removed from office through impeachment, although Arthur MacArthur, Sr., who, as lieutenant governor, became governor upon the resignation of William Barstow, was removed after the [[Wisconsin Supreme Court]] ruled that Barstow's opponent in the election, Coles Bashford was the election's legitimate winner.
 
  
== External links ==
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The governor may be removed from office through an impeachment trial or through a recall election.
 +
 
 +
Four governors have resigned for various reasons, and none have been removed from office through impeachment.
 +
 
 +
However, Arthur MacArthur, Sr., who, as lieutenant governor, became governor upon the resignation of William Barstow, was removed after the [[Wisconsin Supreme Court]] ruled that Barstow's opponent in the election, Coles Bashford, was the election's legitimate winner.  Bashford initially won by 157 votes and was later found to  have forged election returns from non-existent precincts.
 +
 
 +
====Recall====
 +
 
 +
:: ''See also: [[States with gubernatorial recall provisions]]''
 +
 
 +
Recall elections are governed under [[Article XIII, Wisconsin Constitution#Section 12|Article XIII, Section 12]] of the [[Wisconsin Constitution]].
 +
 
 +
All elected officers are subject to recall, after the first year of their term, by filing a petition with the same officer who accepts the nominating petition for the office in question.  For example, as nominating petitions for statewide office are filed with the [[Wisconsin Secretary of State|Secretary of State]], the petition to recall a statewide officer would also be filed with the Secretary of State.
 +
 
 +
The petition must have valid signatures equal to 25% of the votes cast for the Governor in the city, county, or municipality which the targeted incumbent represents.  As the governor ''is'' a statewide office, the petition threshold is 25% of all votes cast for governor in the last election.
 +
 
 +
Currently, that number would be 540,208, or 25% of 2,160,832, the total ballots cast in the [[Wisconsin gubernatorial election, 2010|2010 gubernatorial race]].
 +
 
 +
If the petition is valid, the filing officer must call a recall election for the Tuesday of the 6th week after the petition is filed.  If that Tuesday is a legal holiday, the recall election is held the next day.
 +
 
 +
An incumbent under recall holds his or her office and carries out the duties until the results of the recall are declared.  Unless a recalled incumbent declines to run within ten days of the recall election being called, the incumbent is assumed to have declared for the race.
 +
 
 +
For a partisan office, such as the Governor, a recall primary is held for each party legally entitled to a separate ballot.  if a recall primary is called, it is on the same date as the recall primary.
 +
 
 +
If the recall fails, the incumbent may not be recalled again for the remainder of his or her term.
 +
 
 +
====Impeachment====
 +
 
 +
:: ''See also: [[Gubernatorial impeachment procedures]]''
 +
 
 +
Impeachments of civil officers are governed under [[Article VII, Wisconsin Constitution#Section 1| Article VII, Section 1]] of the [[Wisconsin Constitution]].
 +
 
 +
An impeachment trial is carried out by the [[Wisconsin State Assembly]], if a majority of its members agree to the impeachment. A governor may also choose to resign from office.
 +
 
 +
The court of impeachment for a civil officer is the [[Wisconsin State Senate]], a super majority of whose members must agree to impeach.  Before the impeachment begins, each Senator must take an oath of impartiality.
 +
 
 +
Though the [[Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin]] is Constitutionally the President of the Senate, she or he may not act as an officer of the court when the officer being impeached is the Governor.
 +
 
 +
If the Senate does impeach, the punishment may not extend beyond removal from office and disqualification to hold any other office, honor, or profit in the state.  However, an impeached officer may still be liable to indictment, trial, and punishment according to law.
 +
 
 +
===Partisan composition===
 +
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Wisconsin from 1992-2013.<br>
 +
 
 +
[[File:Governor of Wisconsin Partisanship.PNG]]
 +
 
 +
==Vacancies==
 +
 
 +
:: ''See also: [[How gubernatorial vacancies are filled]]''
 +
 
 +
Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under [[Article V, Wisconsin Constitution#Section 7|Article V, Sections 7 and 8]].
 +
 
 +
If a sitting Governor dies, resigns, or is removed, the [[Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin|Lieutenant Governor]] becomes Governor for the remainder of the term.
 +
 
 +
If a sitting Governor is absent, unable to discharge the office, or impeached, the Lieutenant Governor serves as Acting Governor until the elected Governor returns, recovers, or the impeachment is vacated.  The elected Lieutenant Governor may serve as Acting Governor for the remainder of the term.
 +
 
 +
In either case, if the Lieutenant Governor is unable or unwilling to serve as Acting Governor, the [[Wisconsin Secretary of State|Secretary of State]] is next in the line of succession.
 +
 
 +
==Duties==
 +
{{wiseal}}
 +
The [[governor]] of Wisconsin is responsible for ensuring that the laws of Wisconsin are carried out (§ 4), and is also required to "communicate to the legislature, at every session, the condition of the state, and recommend such matters to them for their consideration as he may deem expedient" (§ 4).
 +
 
 +
The governor is the commander-in-chief of the militia of the state (§ 4). If it is deemed necessary, the governor may also convene extraordinary sessions of the [[Wisconsin Legislature|state legislature]] (§ 4). The governor has the power to pardon or commute sentences or grant reprieves, except in cases of treason or impeachment (§ 6).
 +
 
 +
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
 +
 
 +
* Vetoing bills, including appropriations, subject to a majority override of the legislature and provided the Governor does not alter the meaning of a bill or a word in it by striking out individual letters (§ 10)
 +
 
 +
* Reconvening the [[Wisconsin State Legislature|legislature]] away from the seat of government in the case of emergency, attack, or epidemic (§ 4)
 +
 
 +
* Transacting all civil and military business of the state and expediting all measures resolved upon by the legislature (§ 4)
 +
 
 +
* Issuing writs of election to fill vacancies in either chamber of the legislature (Article IV, § 14)
 +
 
 +
* Making appointments to fill any vacancy on the [http://judgepedia.org/index.php/Wisconsin_Supreme_Court Wisconsin Supreme Court] or or any Court of Record (Article VII, § 9)
 +
 
 +
* Nominating an appointee if the office of the lieutenant governor becomes vacant, subject to confirmation by both the Senate and the General Assembly (Article XIII, § 10)
 +
 
 +
==State budget==
 +
The budget for the Governor's Office in Fiscal Year 2013 was $4,435,800.<ref> [http://www.doa.state.wi.us/debf/docview.asp?budid=74 ''Wisconsin Department of Administration,'' "2013-15 Executive Budget - Office of the Governor,"  accessed April 3, 2013] </ref>
 +
 
 +
==Compensation==
 +
::''See also: [[Compensation of state executive officers]] and [[Comparison of gubernatorial salaries]]''
 +
 
 +
The governor's salary is set by law and may not be raised or diminished effective during the current term.
 +
 
 +
In 2012, the Wisconsin Governor was paid an estimated [[Compensation of state executive officers|$144,423]]. This figure comes from the [[Council of State Governments]].
 +
 
 +
==Contact information==
 +
 
 +
Office of the Governor<BR>
 +
115 East State Capitol<BR>
 +
Madison, WI 53702
 +
 
 +
Phone:608-266-1212<BR>
 +
TTY:608-267-6790<BR>
 +
Fax:608-267-8983
 +
 
 +
==History==
 +
===Partisan balance 1992-2013===
 +
{{who runs badge|align=left}}
 +
::''See also: [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States]] and [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Wisconsin]]''
 +
[[File:Wisconsin gubernatorial pie chart 1992-2013.png|thumb|Partisan breakdown of the Wisconsin governorship from 1992-2013]]
 +
From 1992-2013, in Wisconsin there were Democratic governors in office for eight years while there were Republican governors in office for 14 years, including the last three.  Wisconsin was under Republican [[trifectas]] for the last three years of the study period.
 +
 
 +
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
 +
 
 +
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
 +
 
 +
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the [[Governor of Wisconsin|Office of the Governor of Wisconsin]], the [[Wisconsin State Senate]] and the [[Wisconsin House of Representatives]] from 1992-2013.
 +
[[File:Partisan composition of Wisconsin state government(1992-2013).PNG]]
 +
 
 +
==See also==
 +
 
 +
* [[Scott Walker|Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker]]
 +
* [[Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin]]
 +
* [[Rebecca Kleefisch|Lieutenant Governor Rebecca Kleefisch]]
 +
* [[Wisconsin Attorney General]]
 +
* [[Wisconsin Secretary of State]]
 +
 
 +
==External links==
 +
*[http://www.wisgov.state.wi.us/ ''Office of the Wisconsin Governor'']
  
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Governor_of_Wisconsin Governor of Wisconsin on Wikipedia]
+
==References==
*[http://www.wisgov.state.wi.us/ Office of the Governor]
+
{{reflist}}
  
{{wisconsin}}
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{{Current governors}}
 +
{{state executive offices}}
 +
{{Wisconsin}}
  
[[category:Wisconsin]]
+
[[Category:Wisconsin]]
[[category:Governor]]
+
[[Category:Offices of the American governors]]
 +
[[Category:Wisconsin state executive offices]]

Revision as of 19:12, 21 May 2013

Wisconsin Governor
General information
Office Type:  Partisan
Office website:  Official Link
2013 FY Budget:  $4,435,800
Term limits:  None
Structure
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:  Wisconsin Constitution, Article V, Section I
Selection Method:  Elected
Current Officeholder

Scott Walker 2.jpg
Name:  Scott Walker
Officeholder Party:  Republican
Assumed office:  January 3, 2011
Compensation:  $144,423
Elections
Next election:  November 4, 2014
Last election:  November 2, 2010
Other Wisconsin Executive Offices
GovernorLieutenant GovernorSecretary of StateAttorney GeneralTreasurerAuditorSuperintendent of EducationAgriculture CommissionerInsurance CommissionerNatural Resources CommissionerLabor CommissionerPublic Service Commission
The Governor of the State of Wisconsin is an elected Constitutional officer, the head of the Executive branch, and the highest state office in Wisconsin. The Governor is popularly elected every four years by a plurality and has no term limit.

As of May 2013, Wisconsin is one of 24 Republican state government trifectas.

Current officer

The 45th and current governor is Scott Walker, a Republican elected in 2010.

Authority

The state Constitution addresses the office of the governor in Article V, the Executive Department.

Under Article V, Section I:

The executive power shall be vested in a governor...

Qualifications

Governors
GovernorsLogo.jpg
Current Governors
Gubernatorial Elections
20142013201220112010
Current Lt. Governors
Lt. Governor Elections
20142013201220112010
Breaking news

In order to be eligible for the office of governor of Wisconsin, a candidate must be a citizen of the United States and a qualified voter in the state of Wisconsin.

Additionally general requirements to hold office in Wisconsin stipulate that no candidate may:

  • hold any office, honor or profit under any foreign power
  • hold any federal office
  • be a convicted felon
  • be convicted of any misdemeanor involving a violation of the public trust

Elections

Wisconsin elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not Presidential election years. For Wisconsin, 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first Monday in the January following an election. Thus, January 3, 2011 and January 5, 2015 are inaugural days.

The governor of Wisconsin is elected in a direct election—the candidate with the most votes becomes governor. In the event that two candidates receive an equal number of votes which is higher than that received by any other candidate, the members of the state legislature vote between the two at their next session.

History

Under the original Wisconsin Constitution, governors were elected for a term of two years; in 1967, the constitution was amended to increase the term of office to four years, beginning with the governor elected in the 1970 election. There is no limit to the number of terms a governor may hold.

Term limits

See also: States with gubernatorial term limits

Wisconsin governors do not face any term limits.

Removal

The governor may be removed from office through an impeachment trial or through a recall election.

Four governors have resigned for various reasons, and none have been removed from office through impeachment.

However, Arthur MacArthur, Sr., who, as lieutenant governor, became governor upon the resignation of William Barstow, was removed after the Wisconsin Supreme Court ruled that Barstow's opponent in the election, Coles Bashford, was the election's legitimate winner. Bashford initially won by 157 votes and was later found to have forged election returns from non-existent precincts.

Recall

See also: States with gubernatorial recall provisions

Recall elections are governed under Article XIII, Section 12 of the Wisconsin Constitution.

All elected officers are subject to recall, after the first year of their term, by filing a petition with the same officer who accepts the nominating petition for the office in question. For example, as nominating petitions for statewide office are filed with the Secretary of State, the petition to recall a statewide officer would also be filed with the Secretary of State.

The petition must have valid signatures equal to 25% of the votes cast for the Governor in the city, county, or municipality which the targeted incumbent represents. As the governor is a statewide office, the petition threshold is 25% of all votes cast for governor in the last election.

Currently, that number would be 540,208, or 25% of 2,160,832, the total ballots cast in the 2010 gubernatorial race.

If the petition is valid, the filing officer must call a recall election for the Tuesday of the 6th week after the petition is filed. If that Tuesday is a legal holiday, the recall election is held the next day.

An incumbent under recall holds his or her office and carries out the duties until the results of the recall are declared. Unless a recalled incumbent declines to run within ten days of the recall election being called, the incumbent is assumed to have declared for the race.

For a partisan office, such as the Governor, a recall primary is held for each party legally entitled to a separate ballot. if a recall primary is called, it is on the same date as the recall primary.

If the recall fails, the incumbent may not be recalled again for the remainder of his or her term.

Impeachment

See also: Gubernatorial impeachment procedures

Impeachments of civil officers are governed under Article VII, Section 1 of the Wisconsin Constitution.

An impeachment trial is carried out by the Wisconsin State Assembly, if a majority of its members agree to the impeachment. A governor may also choose to resign from office.

The court of impeachment for a civil officer is the Wisconsin State Senate, a super majority of whose members must agree to impeach. Before the impeachment begins, each Senator must take an oath of impartiality.

Though the Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin is Constitutionally the President of the Senate, she or he may not act as an officer of the court when the officer being impeached is the Governor.

If the Senate does impeach, the punishment may not extend beyond removal from office and disqualification to hold any other office, honor, or profit in the state. However, an impeached officer may still be liable to indictment, trial, and punishment according to law.

Partisan composition

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Wisconsin from 1992-2013.

Governor of Wisconsin Partisanship.PNG

Vacancies

See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled

Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Article V, Sections 7 and 8.

If a sitting Governor dies, resigns, or is removed, the Lieutenant Governor becomes Governor for the remainder of the term.

If a sitting Governor is absent, unable to discharge the office, or impeached, the Lieutenant Governor serves as Acting Governor until the elected Governor returns, recovers, or the impeachment is vacated. The elected Lieutenant Governor may serve as Acting Governor for the remainder of the term.

In either case, if the Lieutenant Governor is unable or unwilling to serve as Acting Governor, the Secretary of State is next in the line of succession.

Duties

Wisconsin

The governor of Wisconsin is responsible for ensuring that the laws of Wisconsin are carried out (§ 4), and is also required to "communicate to the legislature, at every session, the condition of the state, and recommend such matters to them for their consideration as he may deem expedient" (§ 4).

The governor is the commander-in-chief of the militia of the state (§ 4). If it is deemed necessary, the governor may also convene extraordinary sessions of the state legislature (§ 4). The governor has the power to pardon or commute sentences or grant reprieves, except in cases of treason or impeachment (§ 6).

Other duties and privileges of the office include:

  • Vetoing bills, including appropriations, subject to a majority override of the legislature and provided the Governor does not alter the meaning of a bill or a word in it by striking out individual letters (§ 10)
  • Reconvening the legislature away from the seat of government in the case of emergency, attack, or epidemic (§ 4)
  • Transacting all civil and military business of the state and expediting all measures resolved upon by the legislature (§ 4)
  • Issuing writs of election to fill vacancies in either chamber of the legislature (Article IV, § 14)
  • Making appointments to fill any vacancy on the Wisconsin Supreme Court or or any Court of Record (Article VII, § 9)
  • Nominating an appointee if the office of the lieutenant governor becomes vacant, subject to confirmation by both the Senate and the General Assembly (Article XIII, § 10)

State budget

The budget for the Governor's Office in Fiscal Year 2013 was $4,435,800.[1]

Compensation

See also: Compensation of state executive officers and Comparison of gubernatorial salaries

The governor's salary is set by law and may not be raised or diminished effective during the current term.

In 2012, the Wisconsin Governor was paid an estimated $144,423. This figure comes from the Council of State Governments.

Contact information

Office of the Governor
115 East State Capitol
Madison, WI 53702

Phone:608-266-1212
TTY:608-267-6790
Fax:608-267-8983

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Wisconsin
Partisan breakdown of the Wisconsin governorship from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, in Wisconsin there were Democratic governors in office for eight years while there were Republican governors in office for 14 years, including the last three. Wisconsin was under Republican trifectas for the last three years of the study period.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Wisconsin, the Wisconsin State Senate and the Wisconsin House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Wisconsin state government(1992-2013).PNG

See also

External links

References