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Difference between revisions of "Green Party"

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|year = 2001
 
|affiliated =  
 
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|website = http://www.gp.org/
 
|website = http://www.gp.org/
}}{{tnr}}The '''Green Party''' is one of the political parties in the United States, and similar in mission to many of the worldwide Green Parties.  
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}}{{tnr}}The '''Green Party''' is one of the political parties in the United States, and similar in mission to many of the worldwide Green Parties. According to their website, "The mission of the Green Party of the United States is to build the Green Party into a viable political alternative in the United States, and our operating principle has been to keep it simple and focused."<ref name=history>[http://www.gp.org/index.php/what-we-believe/history.html ''Green Party'', "History", accessed December 3, 2013]</ref>
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
 
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The Green Party began as a series of movements in the 1970s in New Zealand. In 1984, the Green Party met in Minnesota and voted on their "10 Key Values" platform.  In 1990, Alaska was the first state to put the party on the ballot, but disagreements over how to participate in the political process. The disagreements halted the growth of the party. In 1996, state Green Parties joined together and formed the Association of State Green Parties.  In 2000, they became the Green Party of the United States.  They obtained national party status with the Federal Election Commission in 2001.<ref name=history>[http://www.gp.org/index.php/what-we-believe/history.html ''Green Party'', "History", accessed December 3, 2013]</ref>
The Greens have been active as a third party since 2001. The party first gained widespread public attention during [[Ralph Nader]]'s presidential runs in 1996 and 2000. Currently, the primary national Green Party organization in the U.S. is the '''Green Party of the United States''', which has eclipsed the earlier Greens/Green Party USA.
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The Green Party in the United States has won elected office mostly at the local level; most winners of public office in the United States who are considered Greens have won nonpartisan-ballot elections (that is, the winning Greens won offices in elections in which candidates were not identified on the ballot as affiliated with any political party).<ref>[http://www.feinstein.org/greenparty/electeds.html Green Party members holding elected office in the United States] Green Party of [[California]], June 2007</ref> The highest-ranking Greens ever elected in the nation were [[Richard Carroll]] [http://www.arktimes.com/Articles/ArticleViewer.aspx?ArticleID=bf458f35-158e-4226-9826-1f2e1ffb209f] who is a member of the [[Arkansas House of Representatives]] elected in 2008, [[John Eder]] who was a member of the [[Maine State Legislature|Maine House of Representatives]] 2002-2006, and [[Audie Bock]], who was elected to the [[California State Legislature|California State Assembly]] in 1999 but switched her registration to Independent seven months later<ref>[http://ca.rand.org/statebulls/bulletins/statebull218aa.html Sole Green Party Legislator Makes Switch] RAND California Policy Bulletin, Oct. 18, 1999</ref> running as an independent in the 2000 election.<ref>[http://www.courtinfo.ca.gov/courtadmin/aoc/documents/capcon1100.pdf Ca 2000 Election Night Returns (PDF)] The Capital Connection, Nov. 08, 2000</ref> In 2005, the Party had 305,000 registered members in states that allow party registration, as well as tens of thousands of members and contributors in the rest of the country.<ref>[http://web.greens.org/stats/ Green Party Ballot Status and Voter Registration Totals (United States)] Green Party of California, May 2005</ref> During the 2006 elections the party had ballot access in 31 states.<ref>[http://www.gp.org/press/pr_2006_09_05.shtml Greens Win Ballot Access in 31 States, Up From 17 in January] Green Party of the United States, Sep. 05, 2006</ref>
 
The Green Party in the United States has won elected office mostly at the local level; most winners of public office in the United States who are considered Greens have won nonpartisan-ballot elections (that is, the winning Greens won offices in elections in which candidates were not identified on the ballot as affiliated with any political party).<ref>[http://www.feinstein.org/greenparty/electeds.html Green Party members holding elected office in the United States] Green Party of [[California]], June 2007</ref> The highest-ranking Greens ever elected in the nation were [[Richard Carroll]] [http://www.arktimes.com/Articles/ArticleViewer.aspx?ArticleID=bf458f35-158e-4226-9826-1f2e1ffb209f] who is a member of the [[Arkansas House of Representatives]] elected in 2008, [[John Eder]] who was a member of the [[Maine State Legislature|Maine House of Representatives]] 2002-2006, and [[Audie Bock]], who was elected to the [[California State Legislature|California State Assembly]] in 1999 but switched her registration to Independent seven months later<ref>[http://ca.rand.org/statebulls/bulletins/statebull218aa.html Sole Green Party Legislator Makes Switch] RAND California Policy Bulletin, Oct. 18, 1999</ref> running as an independent in the 2000 election.<ref>[http://www.courtinfo.ca.gov/courtadmin/aoc/documents/capcon1100.pdf Ca 2000 Election Night Returns (PDF)] The Capital Connection, Nov. 08, 2000</ref> In 2005, the Party had 305,000 registered members in states that allow party registration, as well as tens of thousands of members and contributors in the rest of the country.<ref>[http://web.greens.org/stats/ Green Party Ballot Status and Voter Registration Totals (United States)] Green Party of California, May 2005</ref> During the 2006 elections the party had ballot access in 31 states.<ref>[http://www.gp.org/press/pr_2006_09_05.shtml Greens Win Ballot Access in 31 States, Up From 17 in January] Green Party of the United States, Sep. 05, 2006</ref>

Revision as of 16:11, 3 December 2013



Green Party
Green Party logo.PNG
Year created:2001
Website:http://www.gp.org/
The Green Party is one of the political parties in the United States, and similar in mission to many of the worldwide Green Parties. According to their website, "The mission of the Green Party of the United States is to build the Green Party into a viable political alternative in the United States, and our operating principle has been to keep it simple and focused."[1]

History

The Green Party began as a series of movements in the 1970s in New Zealand. In 1984, the Green Party met in Minnesota and voted on their "10 Key Values" platform. In 1990, Alaska was the first state to put the party on the ballot, but disagreements over how to participate in the political process. The disagreements halted the growth of the party. In 1996, state Green Parties joined together and formed the Association of State Green Parties. In 2000, they became the Green Party of the United States. They obtained national party status with the Federal Election Commission in 2001.[1]

The Green Party in the United States has won elected office mostly at the local level; most winners of public office in the United States who are considered Greens have won nonpartisan-ballot elections (that is, the winning Greens won offices in elections in which candidates were not identified on the ballot as affiliated with any political party).[2] The highest-ranking Greens ever elected in the nation were Richard Carroll [1] who is a member of the Arkansas House of Representatives elected in 2008, John Eder who was a member of the Maine House of Representatives 2002-2006, and Audie Bock, who was elected to the California State Assembly in 1999 but switched her registration to Independent seven months later[3] running as an independent in the 2000 election.[4] In 2005, the Party had 305,000 registered members in states that allow party registration, as well as tens of thousands of members and contributors in the rest of the country.[5] During the 2006 elections the party had ballot access in 31 states.[6]

State affiliates

In some states, the Green Party has affiliates under different names.

Mountain Party

The Mountain Party is the West Virginia affiliate of the Green Party.[7]

The Mountain Party came into existence as a ballot-qualified political party in 2000, when novelist Denise Giardina ran for Governor of West Virginia as a candidate of the party and won more than 1% of the vote. West Virginia's election laws say that when a party's candidate for governor achieves 1% or more of the vote for governor in the most recent general election, the party will be defined as ballot-qualified and can run candidates under its ballot label.[8]

2010 candidates:

Progressive Party of Missouri

The Progressive Party of Missouri is the official affiliate of the Green Party in the State of Missouri[10]. The Progressive Party of Missouri has a platform that is compatible with the by-laws of the national Green Party[11].

2010 candidates:

  • Midge Potts, candidate for the United States Senate seat vacated by the retirement of Kit Bond.
  • Nicholas Ladendorf, candidate for United States Congress in Missouri's 7th District[12].

The Progressive Party of Missouri did not qualify any candidates for state legislature on the 2010 ballot[13].

2010 elections

State legislatures

See also: Political parties with candidates in state house elections in 2010, Political parties with candidates in state senate elections in 2010

The Green Party fielded a total of 69 candidates for State House across the nation in 2010. The Green Party qualified state house candidates in 17 states. The Green Party also fielded 5 candidates that qualified on the ballot for State Senate in 4 states. The Green Party accounted for 0.62% of State House candidates and 0.18% of State Senate candidates in 2010.

Governors

See also: Gubernatorial elections, 2010

The Green Party fielded two candidates for gubernatorial elections in 2010 out of the 37 that were contested nationwide.

See also

External links

References