Gubernatorial impeachment procedures

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This page discusses the provisions and procedures for impeaching an elected Governor in the United States.

An impeachment is a trial wherein an elected official is tried by other elected officials, usually of the Legislative branch" for high crimes, misdemeanors, neglect or malfeasance, incompetence, or corruption.

In impeaching an officer, the court of impeachment is usually limited to removing the individual from office and forbidding him to hold future offices. However, a successfully impeached officer may also be both civilly and criminally liable for the same crimes that led to the impeachment.

Colorado

Colorado
See also: Governor of Colorado

Impeachments of civil officers are governed under Article XIII, Sections 1 and 2.

The Colorado House of Representatives is the "sole court of impeachment" and a majority of the House's members must concur to impeach.

If the House does impeach, the Colorado State Senate tries all impeachments, with all Senators required to take an oath or affirmation to be impartial before the trial begins.

If either the Governor or the Lieutenant Governor is being impeached, the Constitution requires the Chief Justice of the Colorado Supreme Court be the presiding officer.

The Governor and Lieutenant Governor are liable to impeachment for "high crimes or misdemeanors or malfeasance in office" but, if impeached, the Senate's judgment only extend to removal from office and disqualification to hold further offices. An impeached officer may still be liable for indictment, trial, and punishment.

Wisconsin

Wisconsin
See also: Governor of Wisconsin

Impeachments of civil officers are governed under Article VII, Section 1 of the Wisconsin Constitution.

An impeachment trial is carried out by the Wisconsin State Assembly, if a majority of its members agree to the impeachment. A governor may also choose to resign from office.

The court of impeachment for a civil officer is the Wisconsin State Senate, a super majority of whose members must agree to impeach. Before the impeachment begins, each Senator must take an oath of impartiality.

Though the Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin is Constitutionally the President of the Senate, she or he may not act as an officer of the court when the officer being impeached is the Governor.

If the Senate does impeach, the punishment may not extend beyond removal from office and disqualification to hold any other office, honor, or profit in the state. However, an impeached officer may still be liable to indictment, trial, and punishment according to law.