Difference between revisions of "Harry Reid"

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==References==

Revision as of 08:48, 14 July 2013

Harry Reid
Harry Reid.jpg
U.S. Senate, Nevada
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 1987-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 27
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorPaul D. Laxalt (R)
Leadership
Senate Majority Leader
2007-Present
Senate Minority Leader
2005-2007
Senate Majority Whip
2001-2003
Senate Minority Whip
1999-2001, 2003-2005
Compensation
Base salary$193,400/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 2, 2010
First electedJanuary 3, 1987
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$33,722,950
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
United States House of Representatives District 1
1983-1987
Chairman of the Nevada Gaming Commission
1977-1981
Lieutenant Governor of Nevada
1971-1974
Education
Bachelor'sUtah State University
J.D.George Washington University
Personal
BirthdayDecember 2, 1939
Place of birthSearchlight, Nevada
ProfessionLawyer
Net worth$4,491,031
ReligionThe Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon)
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Harry Mason Reid (b. December 2, 1939) is a Democratic member of the United States Senate from the state of Nevada. Reid was first elected to the Senate in 1987. He has served as Senate Majority Leader since January 2007.

Prior to his election to the United States Senate, Reid served in the U.S. House of Representatives.[1]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Reid is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Reid was born in Searchlight, Nevada. Reid attended Southern Utah University and graduated from Utah State University. He then went to George Washington University Law School earning a J.D. while working for the United States Capitol Police.[1]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Reid's academic, professional and political career:[1]

  • 1969-1970: Nevada State Assembly
  • 1977-1981: chairman, Nevada Gaming Commission
  • 1983-1987: U.S. House of Representatives

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate

2011-2012

Reid served on the following committee:

Issues

IRS targeting

On May 10, 2013, news broke that various branches of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) had specifically targeted conservative groups' applications for tax-exempt status. This began during the tea party surge in 2010. The agency was separating tax-exempt applications by searching for political terms such as "tea party" and "patriot." In June 2011, an IRS official was briefed on these transgressions and asked that this practice end. The flagging continued, however, when the criteria was changed in January 2012 to look out for groups educating on the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.[2]

The targeting included allegations that tea party groups were forced to provide information not asked of other tax exempt groups. Examples of this included requests for donor information, Facebook posts, resumes and political intentions of group officials and connections to other groups.[3][4]

On May 16, IRS Commissioner Steven Miller announced his resignation. He still testified at the hearings the next day.[5]

As a result of this scandal, Republicans and many Democratic members of Congress, including Reid, publicly called for a deeper investigation into these matters. The House Ways and Means Committee held a hearing on May 17 during which it was disclosed that the Obama administration was made aware of the targeting on June 4, 2012.[6]

On May 20, Senators Max Baucus and Orrin Hatch sent a written inquiry regarding the process for how the agency reviewed applications for tax exempt status. The letter also requested any correspondence between White House officials and the IRS mentioning 501(c) organizations.[7]

During the May 22 House committee hearing on the issue, Lois Lerner, head of the IRS tax-exempt organizations office, declined to answer questions citing her Fifth Amendment right.[8] The next day, May 23, Lerner was placed on administrative leave pending an investigation after Senators John McCain and Carl Levin called on IRS officials to place her on suspension.[9] Lerner retired on September 23, 2013.[10]

Earmarks

A Washington Post investigation in February 2012 revealed that 33 members of Congress helped direct more than $300 million in earmarks to public projects in close proximity to commercial and residential real estate owned by the lawmakers or their family members.[11] According to the report, Reid secured $21.5 million to build a bridge over the Colorado River, linking the gambling resort town of Laughlin, Nev., with Bullhead City, Ariz. Reid owns 160 acres of undeveloped land in Bullhead City.[12]

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Reid voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89/8 vote on January 1, 2013.[13]

Elections

2010

On November 2, 2010, Reid won re-election to the United States Senate. He defeated Sharron Angle (R), None of the Above, Scott Ashjian (Tea Party), Timothy Fasano (Independent American), and independent candidates Michael L. Haines, Jesse Holland, Jeffery C. Reeves, and Wil Stand.[14]

U.S. Senate, Nevada General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngHarry Reid Incumbent 50.3% 362,785
     Republican Sharron Angle 44.5% 321,361
     None of the Above - 2.2% 16,174
     Tea Party Scott Ashjian 0.8% 5,811
     Independent Michael L. Haines 0.6% 4,261
     Independent American Timothy Fasano 0.4% 3,185
     Independent Jesse Holland 0.4% 3,175
     Independent Jeffery C. Reeves 0.3% 2,510
     Independent Wil Stand 0.3% 2,119
Total Votes 721,381

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Reid is available dating back to 2004. Based on available campaign finance records, Reid raised a total of $33,722,950 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 25, 2013.[19]

Harry Reid's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2010 U.S. Senate (Nevada) Won $24,815,104
2004 U.S. Senate (Nevada) Won $8,907,846
Grand Total Raised $33,722,950

2010

Breakdown of the source of Reid's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Reid was re-elected to the U.S. Senate in 2010. His campaign committee raised a total of $24,815,104 and spent $25,975,547.[20]

U.S. Senate, Nevada, 2010 - Harry Reid Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $24,815,104
Total Spent $25,975,547
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $28,162,049
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $28,262,487
Top contributors to Harry Reid's campaign committee
MGM Resorts International$199,850
Weitz & Luxenberg$112,850
Girardi & Keese$105,200
Simmons Cooper LLC$105,200
Caesars Entertainment$83,600
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$3,680,169
Securities & Investment$1,272,208
Lobbyists$1,059,990
Real Estate$903,431
Health Professionals$786,615

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Reid is a "moderate Democratic leader," as of July 1, 2013.[21]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Reid missed 94 of 8,799 roll call votes from January 1987 to April 2013. This amounts to 1.1%, which is better than the median of 1.7% among current senators as of April 2013.[22]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Reid paid his congressional staff a total of $2,465,489 in 2011. He ranks 9th on the list of the lowest paid Democratic Senatorial Staff Salaries and he ranks 35th overall of the lowest paid Senatorial Staff Salaries in 2011. Overall, Nevada ranks 42nd in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[23]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

2011

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics, Reid's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $2,781,063 to $6,201,000. That averages to $4,491,031, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic Senators in 2011 of $20,795,449.53. His average net worth decreased by 34.01% from 2010.[24]

2010

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics, Reid's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $3,302,053 and $10,309,999. That averages to $6,806,026, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic Senators in 2010 of $19,383,524.[25]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

2012

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of congress voted in the previous year. Reid tied with two other members of the U.S. Senate, ranking 7th in the liberal rankings among U.S. Senators.[26]

2011

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of congress voted in the previous year. Reid ranked 18th in the liberal rankings among U.S. Senators.[27]

Political positions

Voting with party

2013

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Harry Reid has voted with the Democratic Party 94.8% of the time, which ranked 30th among the 52 Senate Democratic members as of June 2013.[28]

Personal

In 1959, Reid married his high school sweetheart, Landra Gould. They have five children, a daughter and four sons.[29]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Harry + Reid + Nevada + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

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External links


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress "REID, Harry - Biographical Information," Accessed July 1, 2013
  2. USA Today, "IRS knew of Tea Party profiling in 2011, report shows," accessed May 16, 2013
  3. Politico, "The IRS wants YOU- to share everything," accessed May 16, 2013
  4. Washington Post, "IRS officials in Washington were involved in targeting of conservative groups," accessed May 16, 2013
  5. CNN, "'Angry' Obama announces IRS leader's ouster after conservatives targeted," accessed May 16, 2013
  6. The New York Times, "Treasury Knew of I.R.S. Inquiry in 2012, Official Says," accessed May 17, 2013
  7. Politico, "Max Baucus and Orrin Hatch expand IRS probe," May 20,2013
  8. The Washington Post, "Lois Lerner invokes Fifth Amendment in House hearing on IRS targeting," May 22, 2013
  9. CBS, "IRS official Lois Lerner placed on leave," May 23, 2013
  10. Wall Street Journal, "Lois Lerner, at Center of IRS Investigation, Retires," accessed December 16, 2013
  11. Washington Post "Congressional earmarks sometimes used to fund projects near lawmakers' properties," February 6, 2012
  12. Washington Post "Mapping the earmarks," February 6, 2012
  13. U.S. Senate "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
  14. U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010"
  15. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  16. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  17. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  18. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1986," accessed March 28, 2013
  19. Open Secrets "Donor history for Harry Reid" Accessed April 25, 2013
  20. Open Secrets "Harry Reid 2010 Election Data," Accessed October 28, 2011
  21. Gov Track "Harry Reid," Accessed July 1, 2013
  22. GovTrack, "Reid," Accessed April 11, 2013
  23. LegiStorm "Harry Reid"
  24. OpenSecrets.org "Harry Reid (D-Nev), 2011," accessed February 13, 2013
  25. OpenSecrets.org, "Reid, (D-Nev), 2010"
  26. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," March 5, 2013
  27. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
  28. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed June 6, 2013
  29. United States Senator for Nevada, Harry Reid "Biography"
Political offices
Preceded by
Paul Laxalt
United States Senate - Nevada
1987–Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
James David Santini
United States House of Representatives - District 1
1983–1987
Succeeded by
James Bilbray
Preceded by
'
Chairman of the Nevada Gaming Commission
1977–1981
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
Edward Fike
Nevada Lieutenant Governor
1971–1975
Succeeded by
Robert Rose
Preceded by
'
Nevada Assembly
1968–1971
Succeeded by
'