Hawaii's 2nd Congressional District elections, 2012

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Hawaii's 2nd Congressional District

General Election Date
November 6, 2012

Primary Date
August 11, 2012

November 6 Election Winner:
Tulsi Gabbard Democratic Party
Incumbent prior to election:
Mazie K. Hirono Democratic Party
Mazie K. Hirono.jpg

Hawaii U.S. House Elections
District 1District 2

2012 U.S. Senate Elections

Flag of Hawaii.png
The 2nd Congressional District of Hawaii held an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 6, 2012.

Tulsi Gabbard (D) defeated David Crowley (R) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[1] Gabbard was the first Hindu elected to Congress.[2]

Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
June 5, 2012
August 11, 2012
November 6, 2012

Primary: Hawaii has a closed primary system, in which the selection of a party's candidates in an election is limited to registered party members.

Voter registration: Voters had to register to vote in the primary by July 12. For the general election, the voter registration deadline was October 8.[3]

See also: Hawaii elections, 2012

Incumbent: The incumbent heading into the election was Mazie Hirono (D), who was first elected in 2007. In 2012, she ran successfully for election to the U.S. Senate.[4]

This was the first election which used new district maps based on 2010 Census data. Hawaii's 2nd Congressional District all of the Hawaiian islands except for southern Oahu.[5]

The 2nd Congressional District of Hawaii, prior to the 2010-2011 redistricting process.


General election candidates

Democratic Party Tulsi GabbardGreen check mark transparent.png
Republican Party David Crowley

August 11, 2012, primary results

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

Republican Party Republican Primary

Note: Candidate Mark Terry initially filed to run, but failed to appear on the certified candidate list.[13]

Election results

U.S. House, Hawaii District 2 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngTulsi Gabbard 76.9% 168,503
     Republican Kawika "David" Crowley 18.6% 40,707
     n/a Blank Votes 4.5% 9,952
Total Votes 219,162
Source: Hawaii Office of Elections "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Hawaii District 2 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngKawika Crowley 60.8% 9,056
Matthew DiGeronimo 39.2% 5,843
Total Votes 14,899
U.S. House, Hawaii District 2 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngTulsi Gabbard 55.1% 62,882
Mufi Hannemann 34.3% 39,176
Esther Kia'Aina 5.9% 6,681
Bob Marx 3.8% 4,327
Miles Shiratori 0.5% 573
Rafael Del Castillo 0.5% 520
Total Votes 114,159

Impact of redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Hawaii

District partisanship

FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012 study

See also: FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012

In 2012, FairVote did a study on partisanship in the congressional districts, giving each a percentage ranking (D/R) based on the new 2012 maps and comparing that to the old 2010 maps. Hawaii's 2nd District became more Democratic because of redistricting.[14]

  • 2012: 71D / 29R
  • 2010: 70D / 30R

Cook Political Report's PVI

See also: Cook Political Report's Partisan Voter Index

In 2012, Cook Political Report released its updated figures on the Partisan Voter Index, which measures each congressional district's partisanship relative to the rest of the country. Hawaii's 2nd Congressional District has a PVI of D+14, which is the 74th most Democratic district in the country. In 2008, this district was won by Barack Obama (D), 75-25 percent over John McCain (R). In 2004, John Kerry (D) won the district 56-44 percent over George W. Bush (R).[15]

Campaign donors


Tulsi Gabbard (2012)[16] Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[17]April 15, 2012$317,278.87$213,017.44$(65,695.59)$464,600.72
July Quarterly[18]July 15, 2012$464,600.72$320,505.13$(244,589.04)$540,516.81
Running totals

Tulsi Gabbard led all 2nd Congressional District candidates in fundraising in the second quarter of 2012, according to contribution reports filed with the Federal Election Commission.[19] Gabbard’s campaign raised $320,505 from April 1 through June 30, outpacing former Honolulu Mayor Mufi Hannemann’s campaign, which closed the quarter with 252,392 in contributions.[19] Gabbard's total included a $10,000 personal loan to her campaign.[19]

Mufi Hannemann (2012)[20] Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[21]April 15, 2012$509,468.27$250,458.92$(128,961.12)$630,966.07
July Quarterly[22]July 15, 2012$630,966.07$252,861.01$(380,072.27)$503,754.81
Running totals

Other second quarter campaign contribution totals include:[19]

  • Bob Marx’s campaign raised $49,135, of which $38,500 came from the candidate. Marx’s campaign has $384,466 in total contributions but a cash-on-hand deficit of $802
  • Esther Kiaaina's campaign reported $21,022 in contributions, which includes $12,122 in loans and donations from the candidate. Kiaaina’s campaign with $128,889 in total contributions and ended the cycle with $5,246 in cash on hand.

District history


On November 2, 2010, Mazie Hirono won re-election to the United States House of Representatives. She defeated John W. Willoughby (R), Pat Brock (L), and Andrew Vsevolod Von Sonn (I) in the general election.[23]

U.S. House of Representatives, Hawaii's 2nd Congressional District, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngMazie K. Hirono Incumbent 72.2% 132,290
     Republican John W. Willoughby 25.3% 46,404
     Libertarian Pat Brock 1.8% 3,254
     Independent Andrew Vsevolod Von Sonn 0.7% 1,310
Total Votes 183,258

See also

External links


  1. ABC News, "General Election Results 2012-Hawaii," November 7, 2012
  2. The Examiner "Woman first Hindu elected to Congress," November 8, 2012
  3. Hawaii Office of Elections "Voter Registration," Accessed July 21, 2012
  4. Politico "Mazie Hirono to seek Akaka's seat" Accessed December 5, 2011
  5. Hawaii Redistricting Map "Map" Accessed September 25, 2012
  6. 6.0 6.1 Honolulu's Star Advertiser "Hilo attorney Marx announces U.S. House candidacy" accessed December 5, 2011
  7. Roll Call "Tulsi Gabbard Running to Succeed Hirono in Hawaii (VIDEO)" accessed December 5, 2011
  8. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named results
  9. The Hill "Former Honolulu Mayor Hannemann to run for House" accessed December 5, 2011
  10. Roll Call "Mufi Hannemann Announces Open-Seat House Bid in Hawaii" accessed December 5, 2011
  11. West Hawaii Today "Hannemann seeking 2nd Congressional District seat" accessed December 5, 2011
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Hawaii Elections "Primary Candidate Report "June 4, 2012
  13. Hawaii Elections Division "Certified Candidate List" accessed August 10, 2012
  14. "2011 Redistricting and 2012 Elections in Hawaii," September 2012
  15. Cook Political Report "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" Accessed October 2012
  16. FEC Reports "Tulsi Gabbard Summary Report" Accessed July 23, 2012
  17. FEC Reports "April Quarterly" Accessed July 23, 2012
  18. FEC Reports "July Quarterly" Accessed July 23, 2012
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 Star Advertiser "Gabbard outpaces Hannemann in April-June fundraising for U.S. House race" Accessed July 23, 2012
  20. FEC Reports "Mufi Hannemann Summary Reports" Accessed July 23, 2012
  21. FEC Reports "April Quarterly" Accessed July 23, 2012
  22. FEC Reports "July Quarterly" Accessed July 15, 2012
  23. U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010"