Difference between revisions of "Hawaii House of Representatives"

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Throughout every year from 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Hawaii State house of Representatives. The Hawaii State House of Representatives is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. During the final three years of the study, Hawaii was under Democratic [[trifectas]].
 
Throughout every year from 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Hawaii State house of Representatives. The Hawaii State House of Representatives is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. During the final three years of the study, Hawaii was under Democratic [[trifectas]].
  
Across the country, there were 579 Democratic and 482 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992-2013.
+
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.
  
 
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
 
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

Revision as of 14:23, 24 May 2013

Hawaii House of Representatives

Seal of Hawaii.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   January 16, 2013
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Calvin Say, (D)
Majority Leader:   Pono Chong, (D)
Minority leader:   Gene Ward, (R)
Structure
Members:  51
   Democratic Party (44)
Republican Party (7)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Article III of the Hawaii Constitution
Salary:   $48,708/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (51 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (51 seats)
Redistricting:  Hawaii Reapportionment Commission
The Hawaii House of Representatives is the lower house of the Hawaiʻi State Legislature. It has 51 members who are elected from 51 districts. Each member represents an average of 26,673 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 23,756 residents.[2]

The 51 members of the House are elected to two-year terms with no term limits. The House of Representatives convenes each session on the third Wednesday in January. Regular sessions are limited to a period of 60 working days, which exclude Saturdays, Sundays, holidays, and designated recess days[3].

As of May 2013, Hawaii is one of 12 Democratic state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article III of the Hawaii Constitution establishes when the Hawaii State Legislature, which the House of Representatives is a part of, is to be in session. Section 10 of Article III states that the Legislature shall convene in regular session on the third Wednesday in January of every year. Regular sessions are limited to sixty legislative days, but they can be extended by fifteen days by the Governor of Hawaii or by the request of two-thirds of each legislative house. Section 10 mandates that the Legislature take a mandatory recess of at least five days during each regular session.

Section 10 also contains provisions regarding special sessions of the Legislature. Special sessions can involve both houses of the Legislature or the Senate alone. Special sessions can be convened by the Governor of Hawaii or by two-thirds of the house or houses seeking to convene. Special sessions are limited in length. They are not to last more than thirty legislative days, but they, like regular sessions, can be extended for fifteen days.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature will be in session from January 16 to mid-March.

Major issues

Much of the 60 day session will be focused on finances and the state budget. Major issues will include revenue, hotel room tax, GET increase, education funding, and renewable energy tax credits.[4]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was in session from January 18 to May 3.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House was in session from January 19 through May 5.

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House of Representatives was in session from January 20th to April 29th.

Elections

2012

See also: Hawaii House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Hawaii House of Representatives were held in Hawaii on November 6, 2012. All 51 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was July 12, 2012. The primary election day was August 11, 2012.[5]

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Hawaii House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Hawaii State Representative were held in Hawaii on November 2, 2010.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was July 20, 2010, and the primary election day was September 18, 2010.

The partisan breakdown of the House before and after the election was as follows:


Hawaii House of Representatives
Party As of November 1, 2010 After the 2010 Election
     Democratic Party 45 43
     Republican Party 6 8
Total 51 51


In 2010, the total amount of contributions raised in house campaigns was $3,066,163. The top donors were: [6]


Qualifications

From Article III, Section 7 of the Hawaii Constitution: No person shall be eligible to serve as a member of the house of representatives unless the person has been a resident of the State for not less than three years, has attained the age of majority and is, prior to filing nomination papers and thereafter continues to be, a qualified voter of the representative district from which the person seeks to be elected; except that in the year of the first general election following reapportionment, but prior to the primary election, an incumbent representative may move to a new district without being disqualified from completing the remainder of the incumbent representative's term.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the House, the Governor is responsible for appointing a replacement. For all vacancies, the Governor must appoint a replacement within 60 days after the vacancy happened. The candidate is selected from a list of three prospective candidates submitted by the political party that last held the vacant seat. The party has thirty days after the vacancy to submit a list of prospective candidates. If the person leaving the seat is a independent, the Governor must select a resident from the vacant district that is not a member of any political party[7] [8].

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Hawaii

Redistricting is handled by the nine-member Hawaii Reapportionment Commission.

2010 census

Hawaii received its local census data on February 22, 2011. Governor Neil Abercrombie suggested that a constitutional amendment be put on the ballot to return Hawaii to multi-member districts, which had not been used since 1981 following a court decision. Though the state Attorney General cleared the path without the need for an amendment, the Commission shot down the idea.[9][10]

After having its first set of maps struck down by the Hawaii Supreme Court due to the exclusion of some non-residents, the Commission approved the final set of maps on March 8, 2012. A federal lawsuit to these maps was cleared in April, but a federal panel refused to overturn the maps in May, clearing the way for the elections to continue as scheduled even as the court case had yet to be heard.[11][12]

Representatives

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of November 2014
     Democratic Party 44
     Republican Party 7
Total 51

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Hawaii State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Hawaii State House.PNG

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. Duties of the Speaker include preserving order and decorum and appointing all committee and subcommittee members.[13]

The 2011 session began on January 19 without Democratic leadership. A rift between old-line and progressive Democrats left members divided over leadership.[14]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Hawaii House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House Joseph Souki Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Speaker Emeritus Calvin Say Electiondot.png Democratic
State Vice Speaker of the House John Mizuno Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Leader Scott Saiki Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Floor Leader Karen Leinani Awana Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Whip Romy Cachola Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Whip Sharon Har Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Whip Ken Ito Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Leader Aaron Johanson Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Floor Leader Beth Fukumoto Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Minority Leader Cynthia Thielen Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Whip Lauren Kealohilani Cheape Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Whip Richard Fale Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Whip Bob McDermott Ends.png Republican

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Hawaii legislature are paid $46,272/year. Additionally, legislators receive $150/day for per diem for members living outside Oahu during session, and $120/day during the interim while conducting official legislative business. Members living inside Oahu receive $10/day during the interim while conducting legislative business.[15]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Hawaii legislators assume office the first day of Legislative session following the election (usually the third Wednesday of January).

Current members

District Representative Party Residence
1 Mark Nakashima Electiondot.png Democratic Honoka'a
2 Clift Tsuji Electiondot.png Democratic Hilo
3 Richard Onishi Electiondot.png Democratic Hilo
4 Faye Hanohano Electiondot.png Democratic Pahoa
5 Denny Coffman Electiondot.png Democratic Volcano
6 Nicole Lowen Electiondot.png Democratic
7 Cindy Evans Electiondot.png Democratic
8 Joe Souki Electiondot.png Democratic Wailuku
9 Justin Woodson Electiondot.png Democratic
10 Angus McKelvey Electiondot.png Democratic Lahaina
11 Kaniela Ing Electiondot.png Democratic Kiheu
12 Kyle Yamashita Electiondot.png Democratic
13 Diana Mele Carroll Electiondot.png Democratic Maui
14 Derek Kawakami Electiondot.png Democratic
15 James Tokioka Electiondot.png Democratic
16 Daynette Morikawa Electiondot.png Democratic
17 Gene Ward Ends.png Republican Honolulu
18 Mark Hashem Electiondot.png Democratic
19 Bert Kobayashi Electiondot.png Democratic Honolulu
20 Calvin Say Electiondot.png Democratic Honolulu
21 Scott Nishimoto Electiondot.png Democratic
22 Tom Brower Electiondot.png Democratic Honolulu
23 Isaac Choy Electiondot.png Democratic Waikiki
24 Della Au Belatti Electiondot.png Democratic
25 Sylvia Luke Electiondot.png Democratic Honolulu
26 Scott Saiki Electiondot.png Democratic Honolulu
27 Takashi Ohno Electiondot.png Democratic Honolulu
28 John Mizuno Electiondot.png Democratic
29 Karl Rhoads Electiondot.png Democratic
30 Romy Cachola Electiondot.png Democratic
31 Aaron Johanson Ends.png Republican
32 Linda Ichiyama Electiondot.png Democratic
33 K. Mark Takai Electiondot.png Democratic
34 Gregg Takayama Electiondot.png Democratic Aiea
35 Roy Takumi Electiondot.png Democratic Waipahu
36 Beth Fukumoto Ends.png Republican Pearl City
37 Ryan Yamane Electiondot.png Democratic Mililani
38 Henry Aquino Electiondot.png Democratic Mililani
39 Ty Cullen Electiondot.png Democratic Wahiawa
40 Bob McDermott Ends.png Republican
41 Rida Cabanilla Arakawa Electiondot.png Democratic
42 Sharon Har Electiondot.png Democratic Waupaku
43 Karen Leinani Awana Electiondot.png Democratic Ewa Beach
44 Jo Jordan Electiondot.png Democratic
45 Lauren Kealohilani Cheape Ends.png Republican
46 Marcus Oshiro Electiondot.png Democratic
47 Richard Fale Ends.png Republican Kaneohe
48 Jessica Wooley Electiondot.png Democratic Kaneohe
49 Ken Ito Electiondot.png Democratic Kaneohe
50 Cynthia Thielen Ends.png Republican Kailua
51 Chris Lee Electiondot.png Democratic

Standing committees

Hawaii House of Representatives has 20 standing committees:[16]

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Hawaii
Partisan breakdown of the Hawaii legislature from 1992-2013

Throughout every year from 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Hawaii State house of Representatives. The Hawaii State House of Representatives is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. During the final three years of the study, Hawaii was under Democratic trifectas.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Hawaii, the Hawaii State Senate and the Hawaii House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Hawaii state government(1992-2013).PNG

External links

References