Difference between revisions of "Idaho House of Representatives"

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|Term length = [[Length of terms of state representatives|2 years]]
 
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Revision as of 13:00, 27 January 2014

Idaho House of Representatives

Seal of Idaho.svg.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   January 6, 2014
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Scott Bedke, (R)
Majority Leader:   Mike Moyle, (R)
Minority leader:   John Rusche, (D)
Structure
Members:  70
  
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art III, Idaho Constitution
Salary:   $16,116/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (70 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (70 seats)
Redistricting:  Idaho Redistricting Commission
The Idaho House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the Idaho State Legislature. It has 70 members, who are each elected to two-year terms and serve without term limits. Each member represents an average of 22,394 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 18,485 residents.[2]

Legislative compensation is established by a citizens' committee, subject to rejection by the full Legislature. Legislators receive $16,116 per year, plus expenses for housing and travel during the session, and a constituent service allowance of $2,200. The President Pro Tem and Speaker receive an additional $4,000 per year. The Idaho Legislature convenes each January on the Monday on or closest to January 9th. Extraordinary sessions of the Legislature may be called only by the Governor by proclamation and legislators may then act only upon those subjects specified in the proclamation[3].

As of July 2014, Idaho is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article III of the Idaho Constitution establishes when the Legislature is to be in session; section 8 of Article III allows the Legislature to change the starting date by law. According to 67-404 Idaho Code, the Idaho Legislature convenes annually at 12:00 noon on the Monday closest to the 9th of January. Section 8 also states that the Governor of Idaho can convene special sessions of the Legislature at any time.[4][5]

The Idaho Legislature normally convenes at the Idaho State Capitol in downtown Boise.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature will be in session from January 6 through April 1.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2014 legislative session include $350 million worth of educational improvements, the state-based health insurance exchange passed in 2013 and prison reforms.[6]

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 7 through April 4.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2013 legislative session included the creation of a state-controlled health exchange, school reform, business tax breaks and ethics rules.[7]

2012

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was in session from January 9 through March 29.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House was in session from January 10 through April 7. [8]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House was in session from January 11th to March 29th.

Ethics and transparency

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Idaho was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[9]

Elections

2012

See also: Idaho House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Idaho House of Representatives were held in Idaho on November 6, 2012. All 70 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 9, 2012. The primary election day was May 15, 2012.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Idaho House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Idaho State House of Representatives were held in Idaho on November 2, 2010. State house seats in all of the 70 districts were on the ballot in 2010.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 19, 2010, and the primary election day was May 25, 2010.

The partisan breakdown of the House before and after the election was as follows:


Idaho House of Representatives
Party As of November 1, 2010 After the 2010 Election
     Democratic Party 18 13
     Republican Party 52 57
Total 70 70


In 2010, the total amount of contributions raised in house campaigns was $2,164,092. The top 10 donors were: [10]

2008

See also: Idaho House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Idaho House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 27, 2008, and a general election on November 4, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $2,602,887. The top 10 contributors were:[11]

2006

See also: Idaho House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Idaho House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 23, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $2,046,895. The top 10 contributors were:[12]

2004

See also: Idaho House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Idaho House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 25, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004.

During the 2004 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $2,191,196. The top 10 contributors were:[13]

2002

See also: Idaho House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Idaho House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 28, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $1,647,917. The top 10 contributors were:[14]

2000

See also: Idaho House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Idaho House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 23, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000.

During the 2000 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $1,367,658. The top 10 contributors were:[15]

Qualifications

Article III, Section 6 of the Idaho Constitution states: No person shall be a senator or representative who, at the time of his election, is not a citizen of the United States, and an elector of this state, nor anyone who has not been for one year next preceding his election an elector of the county or district whence he may be chosen.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

The Governor is responsible for filling all vacancies in the House of Representatives.

The political party committee that last held the vacant seat has 15 days after the vacancy to submit a list of three recommended candidates to the Governor. The Governor makes the selection based on the recommendations.

If any party committee fails to submit a list of recommended candidates after the 15 day deadline, the Governor has 5 days to appoint a person from the political party that last held the seat. The person appointed to the seat serves for the remainder of the unfilled term.[16]

Redistricting

The Idaho Commission on Reapportionment is responsible for redistricting. The commission has 90 days to finalize a plan; if unable, the Idaho Supreme Court takes over.

2010 census

Idaho received its local census data on March 20, 2011. The five cities with the highest populations were Boise, 205,671; Nampa, 81,557; Meridian, 75,092; Idaho Falls, 56,813; and Pocatello, 54,255. Boise grew by 10.7 percent since the 2000 Census. Nampa grew by 57.2 percent, Meridian grew by 115.0 percent, Idaho Falls grew by 12.0 percent, and Pocatello grew by 5.4 percent.[17]

In the 2011 redistricting process, the commission missed its September 6 deadline to draw new state legislative maps. A new commission was formed, and first met on October 11, 2011; on October 14, they agreed to the final plan, which had 11 county splits and placed many incumbents into the same districts.

Representatives

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Idaho legislature are paid $16,438/year. Legislators receive $122/day per diem if living outside of Boise or $49/day if living inside Boise. Additionally, all members are eligible for actual travel reimbursement between their home districts and the Capitol as prescribed by the Citizen’s Committee on Legislative Compensation.[18]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Idaho legislators assume office after the first day of December following the general election.

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of July 2014
     Democratic Party 13
     Republican Party 57
Total 70


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Idaho State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Idaho State House.PNG

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. [19]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Idaho House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House Scott Bedke Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Leader Mike Moyle Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Majority Leader Brent Crane Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Caucus Leader John Vander Woude Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Leader John Rusche Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Minority Leader Grant Burgoyne Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Caucus Leader Donna Pence Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members

Current members, Iowa House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Eric Anderson Ends.png Republican 2004
1 George Eskridge Ends.png Republican 2000
2 Vito Barbieri Ends.png Republican 2010
2 Ed Morse Ends.png Republican 2012
3 Ron Mendive Ends.png Republican 2012
3 Frank N. Henderson Ends.png Republican 2004
4 Luke Malek Ends.png Republican 2012
4 Kathleen Sims Ends.png Republican 2010
5 Cindy Agidius Ends.png Republican 2012
5 Shirley Gene Ringo Electiondot.png Democratic 2002
6 Thyra K. Stevenson Ends.png Republican 2012
6 John Rusche Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
7 Shannon McMillan Ends.png Republican 2010
7 Paul E. Shepherd Ends.png Republican 2004
8 Terry F. Gestrin Ends.png Republican 2012
8 Lenore Hardy Barrett Ends.png Republican 1992
9 Lawerence E. Denney Ends.png Republican 1996
9 Judy Boyle Ends.png Republican 2008
10 Brandon Hixon Ends.png Republican 2012
10 Darrell Bolz Ends.png Republican 2000
11 Gayle L. Batt Ends.png Republican 2011
11 Christy Perry Ends.png Republican 2010
12 Robert Anderst Ends.png Republican 2012
12 Rick D. Youngblood Ends.png Republican 2012
13 Brent J. Crane Ends.png Republican 2006
13 Gary E. Collins Ends.png Republican 2000
14 Mike Moyle Ends.png Republican 1998
14 Reed DeMordaunt Ends.png Republican 2010
15 Lynn M. Luker Ends.png Republican 2006
15 Patrick McDonald Ends.png Republican 2014
16 Grant Burgoyne Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
16 Hy Kloc Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
17 John L. Gannon Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
17 Sue Chew Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
18 Janie Ward-Engelking Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
18 Phylis K King Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
19 Mathew Erpelding Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
19 Holli High Woodings Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
20 Joe A. Palmer Ends.png Republican 2008
20 James Holtzclaw Ends.png Republican 2012
21 Steven C. Harris Ends.png Republican 2012
21 Thomas E. "Tom" Dayley Ends.png Republican 2012
22 John Vander Woude Ends.png Republican 2010
22 Jason Monks Ends.png Republican 2012
23 Richard Wills Ends.png Republican 2002
23 Pete Nielsen Ends.png Republican 2002
24 Lance W. Clow Ends.png Republican 2012
24 Stephen Hartgen Ends.png Republican 2008
25 Maxine Bell Ends.png Republican 1988
25 Clark Kauffman Ends.png Republican 2012
26 Steve Miller Ends.png Republican 2012
26 Donna Pence Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
27 Scott Bedke Ends.png Republican 2000
27 Fred Wood Ends.png Republican 2006
28 Ken Andrus Ends.png Republican 2004
28 Kelley Packer Ends.png Republican 2012
29 Carolyn Meline Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
29 Elaine Smith Electiondot.png Democratic 2002
30 Jeffery Thompson Ends.png Republican 2008
30 Wendy Horman Ends.png Republican 2012
31 Neil A. Anderson Ends.png Republican 2012
31 Julie Van Orden Ends.png Republican 2012
32 Marc Gibbs Ends.png Republican 2008
32 Tom Loertscher Ends.png Republican 2004
33 Janet Trujillo Ends.png Republican 2012
33 Linden B. Bateman Ends.png Republican 2010
34 Douglas A. Hancey Jr. Ends.png Republican 2012
34 Dell Raybould Ends.png Republican 2000
35 JoAn Wood Ends.png Republican 1982
35 Paul Romrell Ends.png Republican 2012

Standing committees

Idaho House of Representatives has 14 standing committees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Idaho
Partisan breakdown of the Idaho legislature from 1992-2013

Throughout every year from 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Idaho State House of Representatives. The Idaho State House of Representatives is one of 9 state Houses that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. Idaho spent the last 19 years under Republican trifectas.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Idaho, the Idaho State Senate and the Idaho House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Idaho state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Idaho state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Idaho never had a Democratic trifecta during the period of the study, but the state has had a Republican trifecta from 1995 to 2013, and before that divided government between 1992 and 1994. The Idaho state legislature has been in Republican hands since 1992. The state’s lowest SQLI ranking came near the bottom-10 class (40th) in 1999 and 2000 under a Republican trifecta, while its highest ranking (17th) also occurred under a Republican trifecta in 2007. Idaho made its largest leap in the SQLI ranking between the years 2011 and 2012, jumping nine spots in the SQLI ranking in a single year.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: N/A
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 28.50
  • SQLI average with divided government: 31.00
Chart displaying the partisanship of Idaho government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

External links

References

  1. Population in 2010 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013
  2. Population in 2000 of the American states, Accessed November 27, 2013
  3. "Idaho House of Representatives" Idaho Citizen Legislature, March 10, 2009
  4. Idaho Secretary of State, "The Constitution of the State of Idaho," Accessed August 8, 2013
  5. Idaho State Legislature, "Title 67; State Government and State Affairs," Accessed August 8, 2013
  6. spokesman.com, "Idaho’s 2014 legislative session underscored by election," January 5, 2014
  7. Idaho Statesman, "Otter facing battles within GOP as Legislature convenes," January 7, 2013
  8. Idaho Legislature 2011 Session Dates
  9. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  10. Follow the Money: "Idaho House 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  11. Follow the Money, "Idaho 2008 Candidates," Accessed July 18, 2013
  12. Follow the Money, "Idaho 2006 Candidates," Accessed July 18, 2013
  13. Follow the Money, "Idaho 2004 Candidates," Accessed July 18, 2013
  14. Follow the Money, "Idaho 2002 Candidates," Accessed July 18, 2013
  15. Follow the Money, "Idaho 2000 Candidates," Accessed July 18, 2013
  16. Idaho Legislature, "Idaho Statutes," accessed December 16, 2013(Referenced Statute 59-904A)
  17. U.S. Census Bureau, "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Idaho's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting," March 20, 2011. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  18. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  19. Idaho House Leaders