Difference between revisions of "Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(Senates with elections)
m (Updated link to changed title)
(37 intermediate revisions by 7 users not shown)
Line 3: Line 3:
 
!style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 0.5em;"| [[Impact of term limits on state legislative elections in 2010|Term limits and state legislatures]]<hr>
 
!style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 0.5em;"| [[Impact of term limits on state legislative elections in 2010|Term limits and state legislatures]]<hr>
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Arizona|Arizona]] • [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Arkansas|Arkansas]] • [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#California|California]] <br> [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Colorado|Colorado]] • [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Florida|Florida]] • [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Maine|Maine]] <br>  [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Michigan|Michigan]] • [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Missouri|Missouri]] • [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Montana|Montana]] <br>  [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Nebraska|Nebraska]] • [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Nevada|Nevada]] • [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Ohio|Ohio]] <br>  [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Oklahoma|Oklahoma]] • [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#South Dakota|South Dakota]]  
+
| Click on a state below <br> for state-specific details: <hr>
|}'''15 state senates''' have [[state legislatures with term limits|term limits]].  14 of these states are holding [[state legislative elections, 2010|general elections for state senate seats]] on November 2, 2010, as are 29 state senates where there are no term limits on state senators.
+
|-
 +
| [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Arizona|Arizona]] • [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Arkansas|Arkansas]] • [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#California|California]] <br> [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Colorado|Colorado]] • [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Florida|Florida]] • [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Maine|Maine]] <br>  [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Michigan|Michigan]] • [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Missouri|Missouri]] • [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Montana|Montana]] <br>  [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Nebraska|Nebraska]] • [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Nevada|Nevada]] • [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Ohio|Ohio]] <br>  [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#Oklahoma|Oklahoma]] • [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010#South Dakota|South Dakota]] <hr>
 +
|-
 +
| [[Impact of term limits on state representative elections in 2010|Impact on state representatives]] <hr>
 +
|-
 +
| [[State legislatures with term limits]]<hr>
 +
|}'''15 state senates''' have [[state legislatures with term limits|term limits]].  14 of these states held [[state legislative elections, 2010|general elections for state senate seats]] on November 2, 2010, as did 29 state senates where there are no term limits on state senators.
 +
 
 +
Louisiana is the only state with state senate term limits that did not hold a general election for its state senate in 2010.
  
Louisiana is the only state with state senate term limits that is not holding a general election for its state senate in 2010.
+
122 [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current state senators]] were ineligible to run for re-election in November because of [[State legislatures with term limits|term limit laws]] in their state.  This included 55 incumbent Democratic state senators, 66 incumbent Republican state senators and 1 non-partisan state senator.
  
121 [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current state senators]] are ineligible to run for re-election in November because of [[State legislatures with term limits|term limit laws]] in their state.  This includes 54 incumbent Democratic state senators, 66 incumbent Republican state senators and 1 non-partisan state senator.
+
The 122 state senators who were termed-out represented 36% of the 337 total state senate seats up for election in November in the 14 term-limited state senates with elections in 2010.
  
 
==Differential impact on parties==
 
==Differential impact on parties==
  
* In 7 states, the term limits axe falls more heavily on incumbent Republicans:  Arizona, Florida, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Ohio and South Dakota.   
+
Going into the November 2010 election, the [[Democratic Party]] was the [[partisan composition of state senates|majority party]] in 5 of the 14 state senates with term limits.  The [[Republican Party]] was the majority party in 8 of the term-limited state senates.  Nebraska's state senate is term-limited and officially non-partisan.
* In 4 states, the term limits axe falls more heavily on incumbent Democrats:  Arkansas, Colorado, Nevada and Oklahoma.   
+
 
* In 2 states, the axe falls equally on both parties (California and Maine).
+
* In 7 states, the term limits axe fell more heavily on incumbent Republicans:  Arizona, Florida, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Ohio and South Dakota.  In all seven of these states, the [[partisan composition of state senates|current majority party]] was also the Republican Party.
* Nebraska's senate is officially non-partisan.
+
* In 4 states, the term limits axe fell more heavily on incumbent Democrats:  Arkansas, Colorado, Nevada and Oklahoma.  In three of these states, the [[partisan composition of state senates|current majority party]] was also the [[Democratic Party]].
 +
* In 2 states, the axe fell equally on both parties (California and Maine).
 +
* The [[Oklahoma State Senate elections, 2010|Oklahoma State Senate elections]] were in the only state where the minority party (the Democratic Party) lost more senators (4) than the majority party, the Republicans, who lost 2 senators.
  
 
==Senates with elections==
 
==Senates with elections==
  
'''Note:''' The figures in Column 5 ([[Impact of term limits on state legislative elections in 2010#State senates|"Seats impacted by term limits"]]) only reflects [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members of state senates]] who are unable to run for re-election to their state's senate in 2010 because of term limits.  In some cases, including cases in Arizona, Colorado and Nevada, state senators who would have been unable to run for re-election in November resigned earlier in the year.  Senators who resigned, and are not current members of their state senates, are not counted in these figures.
+
'''Note:''' The figures in Column 5 ([[Impact of term limits on state legislative elections in 2010#State senates|"Seats impacted by term limits"]]) only reflects [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members of state senates]] who were unable to run for re-election to their state's senate in 2010 because of term limits.  In some cases, including cases in Arizona, Colorado and Nevada, state senators who would have been unable to run for re-election in November resigned earlier in the year.  Senators who resigned, and are not current members of their state senates, were not counted in these figures.
  
{|class="wikitable" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" border="1" style="background:none" style="width:80%;"
+
{|class="wikitable" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" border="1" style="background:none" style="width:90%;"
 
|-
 
|-
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Term-limited state senate
+
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Senate with limits
 
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Majority party
 
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Majority party
 
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Seats in senate
 
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Seats in senate
 
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Up for election in 2010
 
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Up for election in 2010
 
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Seats impacted by term limits
 
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Seats impacted by term limits
 +
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Party with most losses
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 35: Line 46:
 
| align="center" | 30
 
| align="center" | 30
 
| align="center" | 4 {{bluedot}} + 6 {{reddot}} = '''10'''
 
| align="center" | 4 {{bluedot}} + 6 {{reddot}} = '''10'''
 +
| align="center" |{{reddot}}
 +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Arkansas]]: ([[Arkansas State Senate|Senate]]), ([[Arkansas State Senate elections, 2010|2010 elections]])
 
| [[Arkansas]]: ([[Arkansas State Senate|Senate]]), ([[Arkansas State Senate elections, 2010|2010 elections]])
Line 41: Line 54:
 
| align="center" | 17
 
| align="center" | 17
 
| align="center" | 12 {{bluedot}} + 1 {{reddot}} = '''13'''
 
| align="center" | 12 {{bluedot}} + 1 {{reddot}} = '''13'''
 +
| align="center" | {{bluedot}}
 +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[California]]: ([[California State Senate|Senate]]), ([[California State Senate elections, 2010|2010 elections]])
 
| [[California]]: ([[California State Senate|Senate]]), ([[California State Senate elections, 2010|2010 elections]])
Line 47: Line 62:
 
| align="center" | 21
 
| align="center" | 21
 
| align="center" | 4 {{bluedot}} + 4 {{reddot}} = '''8'''
 
| align="center" | 4 {{bluedot}} + 4 {{reddot}} = '''8'''
 +
| align="center" | {{purpledot}}
 +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Colorado]]: ([[Colorado State Senate|Senate]]), ([[Colorado State Senate elections, 2010|2010 elections]])
 
| [[Colorado]]: ([[Colorado State Senate|Senate]]), ([[Colorado State Senate elections, 2010|2010 elections]])
Line 53: Line 70:
 
| align="center" | 19
 
| align="center" | 19
 
| align="center" | 2 {{bluedot}} + 1 {{reddot}} = '''3'''
 
| align="center" | 2 {{bluedot}} + 1 {{reddot}} = '''3'''
 +
| align="center" | {{bluedot}}
 +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Florida]]: ([[Florida State Senate|Senate]]), ([[Florida State Senate elections, 2010|2010 elections]])
 
| [[Florida]]: ([[Florida State Senate|Senate]]), ([[Florida State Senate elections, 2010|2010 elections]])
Line 59: Line 78:
 
| align="center" | 23
 
| align="center" | 23
 
| align="center" | 1 {{bluedot}} + 6 {{reddot}} = '''7'''
 
| align="center" | 1 {{bluedot}} + 6 {{reddot}} = '''7'''
 +
| align="center" | {{reddot}}
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 66: Line 86:
 
| align="center" | 35
 
| align="center" | 35
 
| align="center" | 2 {{bluedot}} + 2 {{reddot}} = '''4'''
 
| align="center" | 2 {{bluedot}} + 2 {{reddot}} = '''4'''
 +
| align="center" | {{purpledot}}
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 73: Line 94:
 
| align="center" | 38
 
| align="center" | 38
 
| align="center" | 12 {{bluedot}} + 17 {{reddot}} = '''29'''
 
| align="center" | 12 {{bluedot}} + 17 {{reddot}} = '''29'''
 +
| align="center" | {{reddot}}
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 80: Line 102:
 
| align="center" | 17
 
| align="center" | 17
 
| align="center" | 2 {{bluedot}} + 8 {{reddot}} = '''10'''
 
| align="center" | 2 {{bluedot}} + 8 {{reddot}} = '''10'''
 +
| align="center" | {{reddot}}
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 87: Line 110:
 
| align="center" | 26
 
| align="center" | 26
 
| align="center" | 5 {{bluedot}} + 10 {{reddot}} = '''15'''
 
| align="center" | 5 {{bluedot}} + 10 {{reddot}} = '''15'''
 +
| align="center" | {{reddot}}
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 94: Line 118:
 
| align="center" | 24
 
| align="center" | 24
 
| align="center" | {{greydot}} '''1'''  
 
| align="center" | {{greydot}} '''1'''  
 +
| align="center" | NA
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 101: Line 126:
 
| align="center" | 11
 
| align="center" | 11
 
| align="center" | 3 {{bluedot}} + 1 {{reddot}} = '''4'''
 
| align="center" | 3 {{bluedot}} + 1 {{reddot}} = '''4'''
 +
| align="center" | {{bluedot}}
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 108: Line 134:
 
| align="center" | 17
 
| align="center" | 17
 
| align="center" | 2 {{bluedot}} + 5 {{reddot}} = '''7'''
 
| align="center" | 2 {{bluedot}} + 5 {{reddot}} = '''7'''
 +
| align="center" | {{reddot}}
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 115: Line 142:
 
| align="center" | 24
 
| align="center" | 24
 
| align="center" | 4 {{bluedot}} + 2 {{reddot}} = '''6'''
 
| align="center" | 4 {{bluedot}} + 2 {{reddot}} = '''6'''
 +
| align="center" | {{bluedot}}
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 122: Line 150:
 
| align="center" | 35
 
| align="center" | 35
 
| align="center" | 1 {{bluedot}} + 3 {{reddot}} = '''4'''
 
| align="center" | 1 {{bluedot}} + 3 {{reddot}} = '''4'''
 +
| align="center" | {{reddot}}
  
 
|-valign="top"
 
|-valign="top"
| style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | '''Totals:''' || text align="center" | (5) {{bluedot}} (8) {{reddot}} (1) {{greydot}} || text align="center"| '''523''' || text align="center"| '''337'''  || text align="center"| '''55''' {{bluedot}} + '''66''' {{reddot}} + '''1''' {{greydot}} = '''122'''
+
| style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | '''Totals:''' || text align="center" | (5) {{bluedot}} (8) {{reddot}} (1) {{greydot}} || text align="center"| '''523''' || text align="center"| '''337'''  || text align="center"| '''55''' {{bluedot}} + '''66''' {{reddot}} + '''1''' {{greydot}} = '''122''' || align="center" | '''4''' {{bluedot}}, '''7''' {{reddot}}, '''2''' {{purpledot}}
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 137: Line 166:
 
:: ''See also: [[Arizona State Senate elections, 2010]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Arizona State Senate elections, 2010]]''
  
All of Arizona's [[:Category:Current member, Arizona State Senate|30 state senate seats]] are up for election on November 2.  Arizona senators serve [[Length of terms of state senators|two-year terms]] with a [[State legislatures with term limits|four-term/eight-year]] limit that was imposed by [[Arizona Term Limits Initiative, Proposition 107 (1992)|Proposition 107 in 1992]].  Arizona's term limits apply to parts of terms and not just full terms.  One state senator in 2010, [[Albert Hale]], is affected by this provision of Arizona's law.
+
All of Arizona's [[:Category:Current member, Arizona State Senate|30 state senate seats]] were up for election on November 2.  Arizona senators serve [[Length of terms of state senators|two-year terms]] with a [[State legislatures with term limits|four-term/eight-year]] limit that was imposed by [[Arizona Term Limits, Proposition 107 (1992)|Proposition 107 in 1992]].  Arizona's term limits apply to parts of terms and not just full terms.  One state senator in 2010, [[Albert Hale]], was affected by this provision of Arizona's law.
  
 
In the 2010 state senate elections, ten senators who were first elected in 2002 (four [[Democratic]] state senators and six [[Republican|GOP]] state senators) cannot run for re-election.   
 
In the 2010 state senate elections, ten senators who were first elected in 2002 (four [[Democratic]] state senators and six [[Republican|GOP]] state senators) cannot run for re-election.   
  
 
An 11th individual, [[Jim Waring]] (R), was also ineligible to run again in 2010.  However, he resigned his seat in the state senate on January 28, 2010 to run for the U.S. House seat vacated by Rep. John Shadegg<ref>[http://www.kswt.com/Global/story.asp?S=11896520 ''KSWT'' "Waring quits Arizona Senate to run for Congress," January 28, 2010]</ref>
 
An 11th individual, [[Jim Waring]] (R), was also ineligible to run again in 2010.  However, he resigned his seat in the state senate on January 28, 2010 to run for the U.S. House seat vacated by Rep. John Shadegg<ref>[http://www.kswt.com/Global/story.asp?S=11896520 ''KSWT'' "Waring quits Arizona Senate to run for Congress," January 28, 2010]</ref>
 +
 +
In addition to the 10 state senators who are leaving office because of Arizona's term limits, [[Impact of term limits on state representative elections in 2010#Arizona|13 state representatives were also termed-out]].
  
 
'''Democrats (4)'''
 
'''Democrats (4)'''
Line 165: Line 196:
 
:: ''See also: [[Arkansas State Senate elections, 2010]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Arkansas State Senate elections, 2010]]''
  
The [[Arkansas State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since Arkansas voters approved the [[Arkansas Term Limits Initiative (1992)|Arkansas Term Limits Initiative]] in 1992 as an {{icafull}}.
+
The [[Arkansas State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since Arkansas voters approved the [[Arkansas Term Limits Initiative, Amendment 4 (1992)|Arkansas Term Limits Initiative]] in 1992 as an {{icafull}}.
  
There are 35 [[Arkansas State Senator]]s.  In 2010, 13 of them who are [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] are ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  They are:
+
There are 35 [[Arkansas State Senator]]s.  In 2010, 13 of them who are [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] were ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  They are:
  
 
'''Democrats (12):'''
 
'''Democrats (12):'''
Line 194: Line 225:
 
The [[California State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since California voters approved [[California Term Limits, Proposition 140 (1990)|Proposition 140 in 1990]].  Under the terms of Proposition 140, California's senators can serve no more than two 4-year terms in the state senate.  This is a lifetime limit, as is the case in five other states with state senatorial term limits.
 
The [[California State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since California voters approved [[California Term Limits, Proposition 140 (1990)|Proposition 140 in 1990]].  Under the terms of Proposition 140, California's senators can serve no more than two 4-year terms in the state senate.  This is a lifetime limit, as is the case in five other states with state senatorial term limits.
  
There are 40 [[California State Senator]]s.  In 2010, 8 who are [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] are ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  They are:
+
There are 40 [[California State Senator]]s.  In 2010, 8 who were [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] were ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  They were:
  
 
'''Democrats (4):'''
 
'''Democrats (4):'''
Line 219: Line 250:
 
The [[Colorado State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since Colorado voters approved [[Colorado Term Limits Act (1990)|Issue 5 in 1990]].  The affirmative vote by Colorado's electorate in Issue 5 altered [[Article V, Colorado Constitution#Section 3|Section 3 of Article V]] on the [[Colorado Constitution]] to say that [[Colorado State Senator]]s could serve no more than two 4-year terms in office.
 
The [[Colorado State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since Colorado voters approved [[Colorado Term Limits Act (1990)|Issue 5 in 1990]].  The affirmative vote by Colorado's electorate in Issue 5 altered [[Article V, Colorado Constitution#Section 3|Section 3 of Article V]] on the [[Colorado Constitution]] to say that [[Colorado State Senator]]s could serve no more than two 4-year terms in office.
  
There are 35 [[Colorado State Senator]]s.  In 2010, 3 who are [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] are ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  [[Paula Sandoval]] also would have been ineligible to run, but she resigned earlier in the year.
+
There are 35 [[Colorado State Senator]]s.  In 2010, 3 who were [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] were ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  [[Paula Sandoval]] also would have been ineligible to run, but she resigned earlier in the year.
  
The three current members of the state senate who are ineligible to run in November are:
+
The three current members of the state senate who were ineligible to run in November were:
  
 
'''Democrats (2):'''
 
'''Democrats (2):'''
Line 247: Line 278:
 
The [[Florida State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since Florida voters approved [[Florida Term Limits, Amendment 9 (1992)|Amendment 9 in 1992]].  Amendment 9 altered [[Article VI, Florida Constitution#Section 4|Article VI, section 4]] of the [[Florida Constitution]] to impose a maximum of two 4-year terms on [[Florida State Senator]]s.
 
The [[Florida State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since Florida voters approved [[Florida Term Limits, Amendment 9 (1992)|Amendment 9 in 1992]].  Amendment 9 altered [[Article VI, Florida Constitution#Section 4|Article VI, section 4]] of the [[Florida Constitution]] to impose a maximum of two 4-year terms on [[Florida State Senator]]s.
  
There are 40 [[Florida State Senator]]s.  In 2010, 7 who are [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] are ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  They are:
+
There are 40 [[Florida State Senator]]s.  In 2010, 7 who were [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] were ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  They were:
  
 
'''Democrats (1):'''
 
'''Democrats (1):'''
Line 275: Line 306:
 
The [[Maine State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since Maine voters approved [[Maine Term Limits, Question 1 (1993)|Question 1 in 1993]].  Under this law, state senators can serve no more than four consecutive 2-year terms.  The [[Maine State Legislature]] tried, unsuccessfully, in 2007 to get the state's voters to extend the number of years they could consecutively serve in office by putting the [[Maine Term Limits Extension (2007)|Maine Term Limits Extension]] act on the ballot.  Voters overwhelmingly (67-33%) rejected it.
 
The [[Maine State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since Maine voters approved [[Maine Term Limits, Question 1 (1993)|Question 1 in 1993]].  Under this law, state senators can serve no more than four consecutive 2-year terms.  The [[Maine State Legislature]] tried, unsuccessfully, in 2007 to get the state's voters to extend the number of years they could consecutively serve in office by putting the [[Maine Term Limits Extension (2007)|Maine Term Limits Extension]] act on the ballot.  Voters overwhelmingly (67-33%) rejected it.
  
There are 35 [[Maine State Senator]]s.  In 2010, 4 who are [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] are ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  They are:
+
There are 35 [[Maine State Senator]]s.  In 2010, 4 who were [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] were ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  They were:
  
 
'''Democrats (2):'''
 
'''Democrats (2):'''
Line 299: Line 330:
 
:: ''See also: [[Michigan State Senate elections, 2010]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Michigan State Senate elections, 2010]]''
  
The [[Michigan State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since Michigan voters approved [[Michigan Term Limits Amendment, Proposal B (1992)|Proposal B in 1992]].  Proposal B created [[Article IV, Michigan Constitution#Section 54|Section 54 of Article IV]] of the [[Michigan Constitution]].
+
The [[Michigan State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since Michigan voters approved [[Michigan Term Limits Amendment, Proposal B (1992)|Proposal B in 1992]].  Proposal B created [[Article IV, Michigan Constitution#Section 54|Section 54 of Article IV]] of the [[Michigan Constitution]], limiting state senators to 2 four-year terms.  As with 5 other states, this is a lifetime limit.
  
There are 38 [[Michigan State Senator]]s.  In 2010, 29 who are [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] are ineligible to run for the senate again in November.<ref>[http://www.governing.com/blogs/politics/Michigan-Senate-Madness.html ''Governing'', "The Michigan Senate's Term Limits Madness", June 14, 2010]</ref>  The turn-over due to term limits applies to more than 75% of the total membership of the state's senate in one election season.<ref>[http://www.stateline.org/live/details/story?contentId=490993 ''Stateline'', "Term limits will create rookie league in some legislatures", June 11, 2010]</ref>
+
There are 38 [[Michigan State Senator]]s.  In 2010, 25 who are [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] were ineligible to run for the senate again in November.<ref>[http://www.governing.com/blogs/politics/Michigan-Senate-Madness.html ''Governing'', "The Michigan Senate's Term Limits Madness", June 14, 2010]</ref>  The turn-over due to term limits applies to more than 65% of the total membership of the state's senate in one election season.<ref>[http://www.stateline.org/live/details/story?contentId=490993 ''Stateline'', "Term limits will create rookie league in some legislatures", June 11, 2010]</ref>
  
'''Democrats (12):'''
+
'''Democrats (19):'''
 
{{colbegin|3}}
 
{{colbegin|3}}
 
<dpl>
 
<dpl>
Line 313: Line 344:
 
{{colend}}
 
{{colend}}
  
'''Republicans (17):'''
+
'''Republicans (6):'''
 
{{colbegin|3}}
 
{{colbegin|3}}
 
<dpl>
 
<dpl>
Line 327: Line 358:
 
:: ''See also: [[Missouri State Senate elections, 2010]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Missouri State Senate elections, 2010]]''
  
The [[Missouri State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since Missouri voters approved [[Missouri State Legislative Term Limits, Amendment 13 (1992)|Amendment 13 in 1992]].  Amendment 13 created [[Article III, Missouri Constitution#Section 8|Section 8 of Article III]] of the [[Missouri Constitution]].  (Section 8 was later amended by [[Missouri Partial Terms Don't Count Toward Term Limit Calculations, Amendment 3 (2002)|Amendment 3]] in [[Missouri 2002 ballot measures|2002]] so that it does not apply to partial terms.)
+
The [[Missouri State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since Missouri voters approved [[Missouri State Legislative Term Limits, Amendment 12 (1992)|Amendment 12 in 1992]].  Amendment 12 created [[Article III, Missouri Constitution#Section 8|Section 8 of Article III]] of the [[Missouri Constitution]], limiting state senators to 2 4-year termsThis is a lifetime limit, as is the case in 5 other states with state legislative term limits. Section 8 was later amended by [[Missouri Term Limit Calculations, Amendment 3 (2002)|Amendment 3]] in [[Missouri 2002 ballot measures|2002]] so that it does not apply to partial terms.
  
Altogether, there are 34 [[Missouri State Senator]]s.  In 2010, 10 of them who are [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] are ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  They are:
+
Altogether, there are 34 [[Missouri State Senator]]s.  In 2010, 10 of them who were [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] were ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  They were:
  
 
'''Democrats (2):'''
 
'''Democrats (2):'''
Line 355: Line 386:
 
:: ''See also: [[Montana State Senate elections, 2010]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Montana State Senate elections, 2010]]''
  
The [[Montana State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since Montana voters approved [[Montana Term Limits Initiative, C-64 (1992)|C-64 in 1992]].  C-64 created [[Article IV, Montana Constitution#Section 8|Section 8 of Article IV]] of the [[Montana Constitution]], which says that [[Montana State Senator]]s cannot serve 8 or more years in any 16-year period as a state senator.  
+
The [[Montana State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since Montana voters approved [[Montana Term Limits, Amendment CI-64 (1992)|CI-64 in 1992]].  C-64 created [[Article IV, Montana Constitution#Section 8|Section 8 of Article IV]] of the [[Montana Constitution]], which says that [[Montana State Senator]]s cannot serve 8 or more years in any 16-year period as a state senator.  
  
Altogether, there are 50 [[Montana State Senator]]s.  In 2010, 15 of them who are [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] are ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  They are:
+
Altogether, there are 50 [[Montana State Senator]]s.  In 2010, 15 of them who were [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] were ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  They were:
  
 
'''Democrats (5):'''
 
'''Democrats (5):'''
Line 382: Line 413:
 
The [[Nebraska State Senate (Unicameral)|Nebraska State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since Nebraska voters approved [[Nebraska State Legislative Term Limits, Initiative 415 (2000)|Initiative 415 (2000)]].  Under the terms of Initiative 415, Nebraska's senators can serve no more than two consecutive 4-year terms in the state senate.   
 
The [[Nebraska State Senate (Unicameral)|Nebraska State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since Nebraska voters approved [[Nebraska State Legislative Term Limits, Initiative 415 (2000)|Initiative 415 (2000)]].  Under the terms of Initiative 415, Nebraska's senators can serve no more than two consecutive 4-year terms in the state senate.   
  
There are 49 [[Nebraska State Senator]]s.  In 2010, only one who is a [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current member]] is ineligible to run for the senate again in November:
+
There are 49 [[Nebraska State Senator]]s.  In 2010, only one who was a [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current member]] was ineligible to run for the senate again in November:
  
 
<dpl>
 
<dpl>
Line 395: Line 426:
 
:: ''See also: [[Nevada State Senate elections, 2010]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Nevada State Senate elections, 2010]]''
  
2010 is the first year that some [[Nevada State Senator]]s are ineligible to run for office because of the term limits law first passed in 1994.
+
2010 is the first year that some [[Nevada State Senator]]s were ineligible to run for office because of the term limits law first passed in 1994.
  
Nevada voters approved [[Nevada Term Limits Initiative (1996)|Question 9A in 1996]]. Question 9A was a second vote on a [[Nevada Term Limit Measure (1994)|term limits amendment first approved in 1994]].  Alone among the states with [[ballot initiative]]s, Nevada voters must approve a proposed constitutional amendment twice before it goes into the [[Nevada Constitution]].  The 1994 and 1996 votes cumulatively led to [[Article 4, Nevada Constitution#Section 4|Paragraph 2 of Section 4 of Article 4]] of the [[Nevada Constitution]], which says, "No person may be elected or appointed as a Senator who has served in that Office, or at the expiration of his current term if he is so serving will have served, 12 years or more, from any district of this State."
+
Nevada voters approved [[Nevada State and Local Public Officer Term Limits, Question 9A (1996)|Question 9A in 1996]]. Question 9A was a second vote on a [[Nevada State and Local Public Officer Term Limits, Question 9 (1994)|term limits amendment first approved in 1994]].  Alone among the states with [[ballot initiative]]s, Nevada voters must approve a proposed constitutional amendment twice before it goes into the [[Nevada Constitution]].  The 1994 and 1996 votes cumulatively led to [[Article 4, Nevada Constitution#Section 4|Paragraph 2 of Section 4 of Article 4]] of the [[Nevada Constitution]], which says, "No person may be elected or appointed as a Senator who has served in that Office, or at the expiration of his current term if he is so serving will have served, 12 years or more, from any district of this State."
  
Altogether, there are 21 [[Nevada State Senator]]s.  In 2010, five of them who are [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] are ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  In addition, two former Republican state senators ([[Mark Amodei]] and [[Randolph Townsend]]) who resigned earlier in 2010 are or would have been ineligible had they stayed in office.
+
Altogether, there are 21 [[Nevada State Senator]]s.  In 2010, five of them who were [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] were ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  In addition, two former Republican state senators ([[Mark Amodei]] and [[Randolph Townsend]]) who resigned earlier in 2010 are or would have been ineligible had they stayed in office.
  
Ineligible current state senators are:  
+
Ineligible current state senators were:  
  
 
'''Democrats (4):'''
 
'''Democrats (4):'''
Line 427: Line 458:
 
The [[Ohio State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since Ohio voters approved [[Ohio State Legislative Term Limits Initiative (1992)|Ballot Issue 4]], an {{icafull}}, in [[Ohio 1992 ballot measures|1992]].  This amendment became part of [[Article II, Ohio Constitution#Section 2|Section 2 of Article II]] of the [[Ohio Constitution]] and limits the amount of time that an [[Ohio State Senator]] can stay in office to two 4-year terms, saying, "No person shall hold the office of State Senator for a period longer than two successive terms of four years."  Senators can run for office again after being out-of-office for at least a four-year period.
 
The [[Ohio State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since Ohio voters approved [[Ohio State Legislative Term Limits Initiative (1992)|Ballot Issue 4]], an {{icafull}}, in [[Ohio 1992 ballot measures|1992]].  This amendment became part of [[Article II, Ohio Constitution#Section 2|Section 2 of Article II]] of the [[Ohio Constitution]] and limits the amount of time that an [[Ohio State Senator]] can stay in office to two 4-year terms, saying, "No person shall hold the office of State Senator for a period longer than two successive terms of four years."  Senators can run for office again after being out-of-office for at least a four-year period.
  
There are 33 [[Ohio State Senator]]s.  In 2010, seven of them who are [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] are ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  They are:  
+
There are 33 [[Ohio State Senator]]s.  In 2010, seven of them who were [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] were ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  They were:  
  
 
'''Democrats (2):'''
 
'''Democrats (2):'''
Line 453: Line 484:
 
The [[Oklahoma State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since Oklahoma voters approved [[Oklahoma State Legislative Term Limits, State Question 632 (1990)|State Question 632 in 1990]], as an {{icafull}}.  This amendment became part of [[Article V, Oklahoma Constitution#Section 17A|Section 17A of Article V]] of the [[Oklahoma Constitution]] and limits the amount of time that an [[Oklahoma State Senator]] can serve to a cumulative total of 12 years in either or both chambers of the [[Oklahoma State Legislature]].
 
The [[Oklahoma State Senate]] has been a term-limited state senate since Oklahoma voters approved [[Oklahoma State Legislative Term Limits, State Question 632 (1990)|State Question 632 in 1990]], as an {{icafull}}.  This amendment became part of [[Article V, Oklahoma Constitution#Section 17A|Section 17A of Article V]] of the [[Oklahoma Constitution]] and limits the amount of time that an [[Oklahoma State Senator]] can serve to a cumulative total of 12 years in either or both chambers of the [[Oklahoma State Legislature]].
  
Altogether, there are 48 [[Oklahoma State Senator]]s.  In 2010, five of them who are [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] are ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  A sixth current state senator, [[Mary Easley]], technically could run again but because of the timing of when she first began to serve in the state legislature, she could only hold office for four months.  Thus, she is included in a list below of six members who are effected by term limits in this year's senate elections:
+
Altogether, there are 48 [[Oklahoma State Senator]]s.  In 2010, five of them who were [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] were ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  A sixth current state senator, [[Mary Easley]], technically could have run again but because of the timing of when she first began to serve in the state legislature, she could only hold office for four months.  Thus, she is included in a list below of six members who are effected by term limits in this year's senate elections:
  
 
'''Democrats (4):'''
 
'''Democrats (4):'''
Line 481: Line 512:
 
The [[South Dakota State Legislature]] has tried on more than one occasion, each time unsuccessfully, to persuade the state's voters to repeal term limits.  The most recent such failed attempt was when [[South Dakota Repeal Term Limits, Constitutional Amendment J (2008)|Amendment J]] lost in 2008 by 75-25%.
 
The [[South Dakota State Legislature]] has tried on more than one occasion, each time unsuccessfully, to persuade the state's voters to repeal term limits.  The most recent such failed attempt was when [[South Dakota Repeal Term Limits, Constitutional Amendment J (2008)|Amendment J]] lost in 2008 by 75-25%.
  
Altogether, there are 35 [[South Dakota State Senator]]s.  In 2010, four of them who are [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] are ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  They are:
+
Altogether, there are 35 [[South Dakota State Senator]]s.  In 2010, four of them who were [[:Category:Current members of state senates|current members]] were ineligible to run for the senate again in November.  They were:
  
 
'''Democrats (1):'''
 
'''Democrats (1):'''
Line 501: Line 532:
 
noresultsheader=&nbsp;
 
noresultsheader=&nbsp;
 
</dpl>
 
</dpl>
 +
 +
==See also==
 +
 +
* [[State legislatures with term limits]]
 +
* [[Impact of term limits on state representative elections in 2010]]
 +
* [[Impact of term limits on state legislative elections in 2010]]
 +
 +
==References==
 +
{{reflist}}
 
{{state legislatures}}
 
{{state legislatures}}
 
[[Category:State legislative elections, 2010]]
 
[[Category:State legislative elections, 2010]]
  
 
__NOTOC__
 
__NOTOC__

Revision as of 11:40, 8 August 2011

See also: State senate elections and Impact of term limits on state legislative elections
Term limits and state legislatures
Click on a state below
for state-specific details:
ArizonaArkansasCalifornia
ColoradoFloridaMaine
MichiganMissouriMontana
NebraskaNevadaOhio
OklahomaSouth Dakota
Impact on state representatives
State legislatures with term limits
15 state senates have term limits. 14 of these states held general elections for state senate seats on November 2, 2010, as did 29 state senates where there are no term limits on state senators.

Louisiana is the only state with state senate term limits that did not hold a general election for its state senate in 2010.

122 current state senators were ineligible to run for re-election in November because of term limit laws in their state. This included 55 incumbent Democratic state senators, 66 incumbent Republican state senators and 1 non-partisan state senator.

The 122 state senators who were termed-out represented 36% of the 337 total state senate seats up for election in November in the 14 term-limited state senates with elections in 2010.

Differential impact on parties

Going into the November 2010 election, the Democratic Party was the majority party in 5 of the 14 state senates with term limits. The Republican Party was the majority party in 8 of the term-limited state senates. Nebraska's state senate is term-limited and officially non-partisan.

  • In 7 states, the term limits axe fell more heavily on incumbent Republicans: Arizona, Florida, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Ohio and South Dakota. In all seven of these states, the current majority party was also the Republican Party.
  • In 4 states, the term limits axe fell more heavily on incumbent Democrats: Arkansas, Colorado, Nevada and Oklahoma. In three of these states, the current majority party was also the Democratic Party.
  • In 2 states, the axe fell equally on both parties (California and Maine).
  • The Oklahoma State Senate elections were in the only state where the minority party (the Democratic Party) lost more senators (4) than the majority party, the Republicans, who lost 2 senators.

Senates with elections

Note: The figures in Column 5 ("Seats impacted by term limits") only reflects current members of state senates who were unable to run for re-election to their state's senate in 2010 because of term limits. In some cases, including cases in Arizona, Colorado and Nevada, state senators who would have been unable to run for re-election in November resigned earlier in the year. Senators who resigned, and are not current members of their state senates, were not counted in these figures.

Senate with limits Majority party Seats in senate Up for election in 2010 Seats impacted by term limits Party with most losses
Arizona: (Senate), (2010 elections) Republican Party 30 30 4 Democratic Party + 6 Republican Party = 10 Republican Party
Arkansas: (Senate), (2010 elections) Democratic Party 35 17 12 Democratic Party + 1 Republican Party = 13 Democratic Party
California: (Senate), (2010 elections) Democratic Party 40 21 4 Democratic Party + 4 Republican Party = 8 Constitution_Party#Independent_American_Party_of_Nevada
Colorado: (Senate), (2010 elections) Democratic Party 35 19 2 Democratic Party + 1 Republican Party = 3 Democratic Party
Florida: (Senate), (2010 elections) Republican Party 40 23 1 Democratic Party + 6 Republican Party = 7 Republican Party
Maine: (Senate), (2010 elections) Democratic Party 35 35 2 Democratic Party + 2 Republican Party = 4 Constitution_Party#Independent_American_Party_of_Nevada
Michigan: (Senate), (2010 elections) Republican Party 38 38 12 Democratic Party + 17 Republican Party = 29 Republican Party
Missouri: (Senate), (2010 elections) Republican Party 34 17 2 Democratic Party + 8 Republican Party = 10 Republican Party
Montana: (Senate), (2010 elections) Republican Party 50 26 5 Democratic Party + 10 Republican Party = 15 Republican Party
Nebraska: (Senate), (2010 elections) Independent 49 24 Independent 1 NA
Nevada: (Senate), (2010 elections) Democratic Party 21 11 3 Democratic Party + 1 Republican Party = 4 Democratic Party
Ohio: (Senate), (2010 elections) Republican Party 33 17 2 Democratic Party + 5 Republican Party = 7 Republican Party
Oklahoma: (Senate), (2010 elections) Republican Party 48 24 4 Democratic Party + 2 Republican Party = 6 Democratic Party
South Dakota: (Senate), (2010 elections) Republican Party 35 35 1 Democratic Party + 3 Republican Party = 4 Republican Party
Totals: (5) Democratic Party (8) Republican Party (1) Independent 523 337 55 Democratic Party + 66 Republican Party + 1 Independent = 122 4 Democratic Party, 7 Republican Party, 2 Constitution_Party#Independent_American_Party_of_Nevada

States

Legend:
Democratic Party = Democratic Party is majority partyRepublican Party = Republican Party is majority partyIndependent = Non-partisan senate chamber



Republican Party Arizona

Arizona
See also: Arizona State Senate elections, 2010

All of Arizona's 30 state senate seats were up for election on November 2. Arizona senators serve two-year terms with a four-term/eight-year limit that was imposed by Proposition 107 in 1992. Arizona's term limits apply to parts of terms and not just full terms. One state senator in 2010, Albert Hale, was affected by this provision of Arizona's law.

In the 2010 state senate elections, ten senators who were first elected in 2002 (four Democratic state senators and six GOP state senators) cannot run for re-election.

An 11th individual, Jim Waring (R), was also ineligible to run again in 2010. However, he resigned his seat in the state senate on January 28, 2010 to run for the U.S. House seat vacated by Rep. John Shadegg[1]

In addition to the 10 state senators who are leaving office because of Arizona's term limits, 13 state representatives were also termed-out.

Democrats (4)

Republicans (6):

Democratic Party Arkansas

Arkansas
See also: Arkansas State Senate elections, 2010

The Arkansas State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since Arkansas voters approved the Arkansas Term Limits Initiative in 1992 as an initiated constitutional amendment.

There are 35 Arkansas State Senators. In 2010, 13 of them who are current members were ineligible to run for the senate again in November. They are:

Democrats (12):

Republicans (1):

Democratic Party California

California
See also: California State Senate elections and California state senators whose terms end in 2010

The California State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since California voters approved Proposition 140 in 1990. Under the terms of Proposition 140, California's senators can serve no more than two 4-year terms in the state senate. This is a lifetime limit, as is the case in five other states with state senatorial term limits.

There are 40 California State Senators. In 2010, 8 who were current members were ineligible to run for the senate again in November. They were:

Democrats (4):

Republicans (4):

Democratic Party Colorado

Colorado
See also: Colorado State Senate elections, 2010

The Colorado State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since Colorado voters approved Issue 5 in 1990. The affirmative vote by Colorado's electorate in Issue 5 altered Section 3 of Article V on the Colorado Constitution to say that Colorado State Senators could serve no more than two 4-year terms in office.

There are 35 Colorado State Senators. In 2010, 3 who were current members were ineligible to run for the senate again in November. Paula Sandoval also would have been ineligible to run, but she resigned earlier in the year.

The three current members of the state senate who were ineligible to run in November were:

Democrats (2):

Republicans (1):

Republican Party Florida

Florida
See also: Florida State Senate elections, 2010

The Florida State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since Florida voters approved Amendment 9 in 1992. Amendment 9 altered Article VI, section 4 of the Florida Constitution to impose a maximum of two 4-year terms on Florida State Senators.

There are 40 Florida State Senators. In 2010, 7 who were current members were ineligible to run for the senate again in November. They were:

Democrats (1):

Republicans (6):

Democratic Party Maine

Maine
See also: Maine State Senate elections, 2010

The Maine State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since Maine voters approved Question 1 in 1993. Under this law, state senators can serve no more than four consecutive 2-year terms. The Maine State Legislature tried, unsuccessfully, in 2007 to get the state's voters to extend the number of years they could consecutively serve in office by putting the Maine Term Limits Extension act on the ballot. Voters overwhelmingly (67-33%) rejected it.

There are 35 Maine State Senators. In 2010, 4 who were current members were ineligible to run for the senate again in November. They were:

Democrats (2):

Republicans (2):

Republican Party Michigan

Michigan
See also: Michigan State Senate elections, 2010

The Michigan State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since Michigan voters approved Proposal B in 1992. Proposal B created Section 54 of Article IV of the Michigan Constitution, limiting state senators to 2 four-year terms. As with 5 other states, this is a lifetime limit.

There are 38 Michigan State Senators. In 2010, 25 who are current members were ineligible to run for the senate again in November.[2] The turn-over due to term limits applies to more than 65% of the total membership of the state's senate in one election season.[3]

Democrats (19):

Republicans (6):

Republican Party Missouri

Missouri
See also: Missouri State Senate elections, 2010

The Missouri State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since Missouri voters approved Amendment 12 in 1992. Amendment 12 created Section 8 of Article III of the Missouri Constitution, limiting state senators to 2 4-year terms. This is a lifetime limit, as is the case in 5 other states with state legislative term limits. Section 8 was later amended by Amendment 3 in 2002 so that it does not apply to partial terms.

Altogether, there are 34 Missouri State Senators. In 2010, 10 of them who were current members were ineligible to run for the senate again in November. They were:

Democrats (2):

Republicans (8):

Republican Party Montana

Montana
See also: Montana State Senate elections, 2010

The Montana State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since Montana voters approved CI-64 in 1992. C-64 created Section 8 of Article IV of the Montana Constitution, which says that Montana State Senators cannot serve 8 or more years in any 16-year period as a state senator.

Altogether, there are 50 Montana State Senators. In 2010, 15 of them who were current members were ineligible to run for the senate again in November. They were:

Democrats (5):

Republicans (10):

Independent Nebraska

Nebraska
See also: Nebraska State Senate elections, 2010

The Nebraska State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since Nebraska voters approved Initiative 415 (2000). Under the terms of Initiative 415, Nebraska's senators can serve no more than two consecutive 4-year terms in the state senate.

There are 49 Nebraska State Senators. In 2010, only one who was a current member was ineligible to run for the senate again in November:

Democratic Party Nevada

Nevada
See also: Nevada State Senate elections, 2010

2010 is the first year that some Nevada State Senators were ineligible to run for office because of the term limits law first passed in 1994.

Nevada voters approved Question 9A in 1996. Question 9A was a second vote on a term limits amendment first approved in 1994. Alone among the states with ballot initiatives, Nevada voters must approve a proposed constitutional amendment twice before it goes into the Nevada Constitution. The 1994 and 1996 votes cumulatively led to Paragraph 2 of Section 4 of Article 4 of the Nevada Constitution, which says, "No person may be elected or appointed as a Senator who has served in that Office, or at the expiration of his current term if he is so serving will have served, 12 years or more, from any district of this State."

Altogether, there are 21 Nevada State Senators. In 2010, five of them who were current members were ineligible to run for the senate again in November. In addition, two former Republican state senators (Mark Amodei and Randolph Townsend) who resigned earlier in 2010 are or would have been ineligible had they stayed in office.

Ineligible current state senators were:

Democrats (4):

Republicans (1):

Republican Party Ohio

Ohio
See also: Ohio State Senate elections, 2010

The Ohio State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since Ohio voters approved Ballot Issue 4, an initiated constitutional amendment, in 1992. This amendment became part of Section 2 of Article II of the Ohio Constitution and limits the amount of time that an Ohio State Senator can stay in office to two 4-year terms, saying, "No person shall hold the office of State Senator for a period longer than two successive terms of four years." Senators can run for office again after being out-of-office for at least a four-year period.

There are 33 Ohio State Senators. In 2010, seven of them who were current members were ineligible to run for the senate again in November. They were:

Democrats (2):

Republicans (5):

Republican Party Oklahoma

Oklahoma
See also: Oklahoma State Senate elections, 2010

The Oklahoma State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since Oklahoma voters approved State Question 632 in 1990, as an initiated constitutional amendment. This amendment became part of Section 17A of Article V of the Oklahoma Constitution and limits the amount of time that an Oklahoma State Senator can serve to a cumulative total of 12 years in either or both chambers of the Oklahoma State Legislature.

Altogether, there are 48 Oklahoma State Senators. In 2010, five of them who were current members were ineligible to run for the senate again in November. A sixth current state senator, Mary Easley, technically could have run again but because of the timing of when she first began to serve in the state legislature, she could only hold office for four months. Thus, she is included in a list below of six members who are effected by term limits in this year's senate elections:

Democrats (4):

Republicans (2):

Republican Party South Dakota

South Dakota
See also: South Dakota State Senate elections, 2010

The South Dakota State Senate has been a term-limited state senate since South Dakota voters approved Ballot Issue A in 1992, an initiated constitutional amendment. This amendment became part of Section 6 of Article III of the South Dakota Constitution and limits the amount of time that a South Dakota State Senator can stay in office to no more than four consecutive 2-year terms.

The South Dakota State Legislature has tried on more than one occasion, each time unsuccessfully, to persuade the state's voters to repeal term limits. The most recent such failed attempt was when Amendment J lost in 2008 by 75-25%.

Altogether, there are 35 South Dakota State Senators. In 2010, four of them who were current members were ineligible to run for the senate again in November. They were:

Democrats (1):

Republicans (3):

See also

References