Difference between revisions of "Indiana House of Representatives"

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===Vacancies===
 
===Vacancies===
  
:: ''See also: [[How vacancies are filled in state legislatures]]
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:: ''See also: [[How vacancies are filled in state legislatures]]''{{Vacancies map}}
  
Whenever there is a vacancy in the House, the state committee of the party that last held the seat must appoint a replacement.  This is contingent upon the approval of the respective state chairperson of the party.  Any vacant seat held by an independent must be filled by a special election<ref>[http://codes.lp.findlaw.com/incode/3/13/5/3-13-5-0.1 ''FindLaw'' "Indiana Code"](Referenced Statute Indiana Code §3-13-5-0.1)</ref>.
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Whenever there is a vacancy in the House, the state committee of the party that last held the seat must appoint a replacement.  This is contingent upon the approval of the respective state chairperson of the party.  Any vacant seat held by an independent must be filled by a special election.<ref>[http://codes.lp.findlaw.com/incode/3/13/5/3-13-5-0.1 ''FindLaw'' "Indiana Code"](Referenced Statute Indiana Code §3-13-5-0.1)</ref>
  
 
==Redistricting==
 
==Redistricting==

Revision as of 16:18, 19 November 2013

Indiana House of Representatives

Seal of Indiana.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   January 15, 2013
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Brian Bosma, (R)
Majority Leader:   William Friend, (R)
Minority leader:   Linda Lawson, (D)
Structure
Members:  100
   Democratic Party (29)
Republican Party (71)
Vacant (1)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art 4, Indiana Constitution
Salary:   $22,616.46/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (100 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (100 seats)
Redistricting:  Indiana Legislature has control
The Indiana House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the Indiana State Legislature. It has 100 members, who are each elected to two-year terms and serve without term limits. Each member represents an average of 64,838 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 60,805 residents.[2] Elections are held in even-numbered years. The sessions of the House of Representatives begin on the Second Tuesday in January of each year in which the General Assembly meets unless a different day or place shall have been appointed by law. However, the Governor, the public welfare shall require it, by proclamation call a special session. The length and frequency of the sessions of the General Assembly are fixed by law[3].

As of December 2014, Indiana is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article 4 of the Indiana Constitution establishes when the Indiana General Assembly, of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to be in session. Section 9 of Article 4 states that the General Assembly will begin its regular session on the Tuesday following the second Monday in January of each year. However, Section 9 allows the starting state for the session to be changed by law. This has happened in Indiana in 2010, as the General Assembly's session convened on January 5th instead of the constitutionally designated date, which was January 12th.

Section 9 also gives the Governor of Indiana the power to call special sessions of the General Assembly.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the General Assembly is projected to be in session from January 1 through March 1.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the General Assembly will be in session from January 7 through April 29.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2013 legislative session included education funding, utility bills, riverboat gambling, and regulation of how much pseudoephedrine individuals can buy annually.[4]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was in session from January 4 through March 14.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House was in session from January 5 through April 29.

Session highlights

In the 2011 session, the Indiana legislature reduced the corporate income tax from 8.5 to 6.5 percent, spread over four years. [5]

Budget surplus

At the end of the 2011 fiscal year in July 2011, the Daniels administration revealed a $1.2 billion surplus.

The state's unexpected extra income came from the administration's ability to make deep budget cuts, along with higher than anticipated tax revenues. The budget cuts raked in nearly $460 million more than the $597 million the state had originally aimed for last July. Tax collections also contributed to the surplus, bringing in $204 million more than it had projected, with $195 million coming from income taxes.[6]

Despite the optimism, not everyone in Indiana viewed the surplus positively. House Minority Leader Pat Bauer claimed that the administration's report was "gimmicky," referring to cuts that were made to health care and education. The state school system reportedly bore much of the budget cutting burden since July 2010, returning $325 million from the $6.9 billion that it was allotted in the previous budget.[6]

David Patterson, spokesman for the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees Council 62, said that "demonized" state employees should receive some of the surplus, in part because they had to work harder to account for the many eliminated positions.[6]

After the surplus was revealed, Daniels stated that the extra money would be put into savings, rather than trying to fix the past and reverse previous cuts.[6]

Hoosiers nearly made off with their own piece of the surplus, but the numbers fell just shy. The amount necessary to trigger automatic tax refunds is 10 percent or more of general spending. The $1.2 billion landed just short of that, at 9.1 percent.[6]

Governmental streamlining

On June 30, the state's largest agency, the Family and Social Services Administration, was accidentally eliminated, due to a major clerical error during the drafting of legislation related to the Family and Social Services Administration. The Administration helps more than a million people access Medicaid and food stamps in Indiana.[7]

According to the AP, "Senate Bill 331 was intended to repeal a provision already in law that would have automatically eliminated (the Family and Social Services Administration) - called a sunset. The sunset language was set for June 30. The bill that repealed the sunset provision went into effect July 1, so technically, FSSA was eliminated minutes before the bill intended to save it went into effect."[7]

The mistake was noticed days after the new law went into effect, and caught many welfare recipients and legislative leaders off guard. On July 7, Governor Mitch Daniels signed an executive order on Thursday, July 7, to correct the mistake.[7]

Legislative walkout

36 Democratic representatives participated in a legislative walkout on Tuesday, February 22, in opposition to proposed legislation limiting union powers in Indiana. The Democratic departure left the House void of a quorum, leaving only 58 of the 67 Representatives needed to establish a quorum. [8] Terri Austin, Steven Stemler, and Vanessa Summers stayed behind to provide, if necessary, a motion and a seconding motion, which would enable them to stop any official business from proceeding should the Republicans try to do so. [8]

On Monday, March 7, House minority leader B. Patrick Bauer revealed the Democratic caucus' hideout to be the Comfort Suites in Urbana, Illinois.[9] According to the Indiana Constitution, Article 4, sections 11 and 14, the House may enforce fines and other methods to compel absent members to return. Beginning on March 7, the Democrats are subject to a fine of $250, to be withheld from future expense or salary payments, for each day they are not present in the statehouse. [10] Regarding their actual pay, House Speaker Brian Bosma has announced that the 37 lawmakers are required to be physically present in the chambers to receive their per diem payment, which is $152/day. [9] This move came as a result of the approximated $40,000 in per diem payments automatically made to the legislators during their seven days of absence. According to reports, the representatives have promised to either return the money, or donate it to charity. [9]

Tuesday, March 22 marked the start of the fourth consecutive week of Democratic absenteeism, complete with an increased incentive to return. Governor Daniels and House Republicans upped the ante with daily fines increasing from $250/day to $350/day, effective Monday, March 21. Despite the increased penalties, Democratic resolve remained intact. House Minority Leader B. Patrick Bauer stated that Democrats "will remain steadfast" in their opposition to bills hurting wages and education in Indiana. [11] Rep. Winfield Moses, Jr. (D) called the increase "a poke in the eye," and promised that it would do nothing to break the impasse. [12]

The Democrats ended the standoff after 36 days, returning on March 28. The two sides agreed to compromise on a number of issues, including shelving the controversial "right-to-work" bill.[10] Although the Democrats returned with some of their wishes granted, their actions were not without consequence. Each absent member has accrued a total of $3500 in fines, given by Republicans. [10]

The absence of the Democrats did not only hold up changes to worker's rights, but also the passage of a new state budget. The legislature has until April 29 to pass the new budget, however, if no budget passes, Gov. Daniels will be forced to call a for a special session. The current budget is set to expire June 30, 2011.

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House of Representatives was in session from January 5th to March 12th.

Ethics and transparency

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Indiana was given a grade of D in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[13]

Elections

2012

See also: Indiana House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Indiana House of Representatives were held in Indiana on November 6, 2012. All 100 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was February 24, 2012. The primary election day was May 8, 2012.

This chamber was mentioned in a November 2012 Pew Center on the States article that addressed supermajorities at stake in the 2012 election. Supermajority generally means a party controls two-thirds of all seats. While it varies from state to state, being in this position gives a party much greater power. Going into the election, Republicans in the Indiana House held a solid majority and looked to gain a supermajority.[14]

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Indiana House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Indiana House of Representatives were held on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was February 19, 2010 for Republicans and Democrats, and was June 30 for Independents and other candidates. The primary election day was on May 4, 2010.

Out of the 100 districts, the incumbent ran for re-election in 93 of them.

The partisan breakdown of the House before and after the election was as follows:


Indiana House of Representatives
Party As of November 1, 2010 After the 2010 Election
     Democratic Party 52 40
     Republican Party 48 60
Total 100 100


An April 2010 analysis in the Wall Street Journal said that what's at stake in the Indiana House elections of November 2010 is the U.S. Congressional redistricting that will take place after the 2010 census:

"In Indiana, for example, Democrats controlled redistricting after the 2000 elections and picked up three additional congressional seats over the past decade. Now, Republicans are trying to reverse those gains. If the GOP picks up just three seats in the state House, the party will control both chambers of the legislature and strengthen its hand in the redistricting process."[15]

In 2010, the total amount of contributions raised in state house elections was $19,009,965. The top 10 donors were: [16]

2008

See also: Indiana House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Indiana House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 6, 2008, and a general election on November 4, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $17,009,173. The top 10 contributors were:[17]

2006

See also: Indiana House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Indiana House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 2, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $19,440,487. The top 10 contributors were:[18]

2004

See also: Indiana House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Indiana House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 4, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004.

During the 2004 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $12,531,227. The top 10 contributors were:[19]

2002

See also: Indiana House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Indiana House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 7, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $9,717,739. The top 10 contributors were:[20]

2000

See also: Indiana House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Indiana House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 2, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000.

During the 2000 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $9,126,881. The top 10 contributors were:[21]

Qualifications

To be eligible to serve in the Indiana House of Representatives, a candidate must be:[22]

  • A United States citizen at the time of the election
  • Have resided in the state for at least two years and in the house district for at least one year before the election
  • Be at least twenty-one years old upon taking office
  • Registered to vote in the election district the person seeks to represent not later than the deadline for filing the declaration or petition of candidacy or certificate of nomination.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

Whenever there is a vacancy in the House, the state committee of the party that last held the seat must appoint a replacement. This is contingent upon the approval of the respective state chairperson of the party. Any vacant seat held by an independent must be filled by a special election.[23]

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Arkansas

Redistricting is handled primarily by the General Assembly. Should it fail to enact a redistricting plan, the five-person Indiana Citizens Redistricting Commission is then tasked with redrawing legislative boundaries.

2010 census

Census figures for Indiana were released on December 21, 2010. The state's population grew 6.6 percent to almost 6.5 million. The redistricting process began the week of April 11, 2011. Although the deadline of April 29 only applied to congressional districts, Republicans insisted on a speedy process, to the dissatisfaction of Democrats who argued that the plan reduced competition and posed a disadvantage to minorities. With the signature of Gov. Mitch Daniels on May 10, 2011, Indiana became the third state -- after Iowa and Louisiana -- to complete its entire redistricting process.

Representatives

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Indiana legislature are paid $22,616.46/year. Additionally, legislators receive $152/day per diem tied to the federal rate.[24]

Pensions

Indiana legislators created a 401(k) plan for themselves in 1989, becoming the first in the nation to do so. Lawmakers who took office after April 1989 were ineligible for the traditional pension plan, receiving the individual retirement account instead.

Legislators pay 5% of their annual salary into the 401(k). In 2007, they voted to include per diem allowances, expense payments and leadership stipends into the calculation, thus raising their retirement accounts.[25]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Indiana legislators assume office on the second Tuesday after the general election.

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of December 2014
     Democratic Party 29
     Republican Party 71
Total 100


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Indiana State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Indiana State House.PNG

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body.[26][27]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Indiana House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
Speaker of the House Brian Bosma Ends.png Republican
State House Speaker Pro Tempore P. Eric Turner Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Floor Leader William Friend Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Caucus Leader Kathy Kreag Richardson Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip David Frizzell Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Leader Scott Pelath Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Minority Leader Ryan Dvorak Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Caucus Leader Vanessa Summers Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Minority Caucus Leader Rochelle VanDenburgh Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Floor Leader Linda Lawson Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Minority Floor Leader Gail Riecken Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Whip Terri Austin Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Minority Whip Sheila Ann Klinker Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members

Current members, Indiana House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Linda Lawson Electiondot.png Democratic 1998
2 Earl Harris Electiondot.png Democratic 1982
3 Charlie Brown Electiondot.png Democratic 1982
4 Edmond Soliday Ends.png Republican 2006
5 Dale R. DeVon Ends.png Republican 2012
6 B. Patrick Bauer Electiondot.png Democratic 1970
7 David Niezgodski Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
8 Ryan Dvorak Electiondot.png Democratic 2002
9 Scott Pelath Electiondot.png Democratic 1998
10 Charles Moseley Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
11 Rick Niemeyer Ends.png Republican 2012
12 Mara Candelaria Reardon Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
13 Sharon Negele Ends.png Republican 2012
14 Vernon Smith Electiondot.png Democratic 1990
15 Harold Slager Ends.png Republican 2012
16 Douglas Gutwein Ends.png Republican 2008
17 Timothy P. Harman Ends.png Republican 2012
18 David Alan Wolkins Ends.png Republican 1988
19 Rochelle VanDenburgh Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
20 Tom Dermody Ends.png Republican 2006
21 Timothy Wesco Ends.png Republican 2010
22 Rebecca Kubacki Ends.png Republican 2010
23 William Friend Ends.png Republican 1992
24 Steven Braun Ends.png Republican 2012
25 Donald J. Lehe Ends.png Republican 1990
26 Randolph Truitt Ends.png Republican 2008
27 Sheila Ann Klinker Electiondot.png Democratic 1982
28 Jeffrey Thompson Ends.png Republican 1998
29 Kathy Kreag Richardson Ends.png Republican 1992
30 Michael Karickhoff Ends.png Republican 2010
31 Kevin Mahan Ends.png Republican 2010
32 P. Eric Turner Ends.png Republican 1994
33 Vacant
34 Sue E. Errington Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
35 L. Jack Lutz Ends.png Republican 1991
36 Terri Austin Electiondot.png Democratic 2002
37 Todd Huston Ends.png Republican 2012
38 Heath VanNatter Ends.png Republican 2010
39 Gerald Torr Ends.png Republican 1996
40 Gregory Steuerwald Ends.png Republican 2007
41 Timothy Brown Ends.png Republican 1994
42 Alan P. Morrison Ends.png Republican 2012
43 Clyde Kersey Electiondot.png Democratic 1996
44 James Baird Ends.png Republican 2010
45 Kreg Battles Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
46 Bob Heaton Ends.png Republican 2010
47 John Price Ends.png Republican 2012
48 Timothy Neese Ends.png Republican 2002
49 Wes Culver Ends.png Republican 2008
50 Daniel Leonard Ends.png Republican 2002
51 Dennis J. Zent Ends.png Republican 2012
52 Ben Smaltz Ends.png Republican 2012
53 Robert Cherry Ends.png Republican 1998
54 Thomas Saunders Ends.png Republican 1996
55 Cindy Meyer Ziemke Ends.png Republican 2012
56 Richard Hamm Ends.png Republican 2012
57 Sean Eberhart Ends.png Republican 2006
58 Charles Burton Ends.png Republican 1988
59 Milo Smith Ends.png Republican 2006
60 Peggy Mayfield Ends.png Republican 2012
61 Matt Pierce Electiondot.png Democratic 2002
62 Matt Ubelhor Ends.png Republican 2010
63 Mark Messmer Ends.png Republican 2008
64 Thomas W. Washburne Ends.png Republican 2012
65 Eric Allan Koch Ends.png Republican 2002
66 Terry Goodin Electiondot.png Democratic 2000
67 Randy Frye Ends.png Republican 2010
68 Jud McMillin Ends.png Republican 2010
69 Jim Lucas Ends.png Republican 2012
70 Rhonda Rhoads Ends.png Republican 2010
71 Steven Stemler Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
72 Edward Clere Ends.png Republican 2008
73 Steve Davisson Ends.png Republican 2010
74 Lloyd Arnold Ends.png Republican 2012
75 Ron Bacon Ends.png Republican 2010
76 Wendy McNamara Ends.png Republican 2010
77 Gail Riecken Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
78 Suzanne Crouch Ends.png Republican 2005
79 Matthew Lehman Ends.png Republican 2008
80 Phil GiaQuinta Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
81 Martin Carbaugh Ends.png Republican 2012
82 David L. Ober Ends.png Republican 2012
83 Kathy Heuer Ends.png Republican 2010
84 Bob Morris Ends.png Republican 2010
85 Casey Cox Ends.png Republican Oct. 2013
86 Edward DeLaney Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
87 Christina Hale Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
88 Brian Bosma Ends.png Republican 1986
89 Cindy Kirchhofer Ends.png Republican 2010
90 Mike Speedy Ends.png Republican 2010
91 Robert Behning Ends.png Republican 1992
92 Karlee D. Macer Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
93 David Frizzell Ends.png Republican 1992
94 Cherrish Pryor Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
95 John Bartlett Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
96 Gregory Porter Electiondot.png Democratic 1992
97 Justin Moed Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
98 Robin Shackleford Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
99 Vanessa Summers Electiondot.png Democratic 1991
100 Dan Forestal Electiondot.png Democratic 2012

Standing committees

Indiana house has 24 standing committees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Indiana
Partisan breakdown of the Indiana legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Indiana State House of Representatives for seven years while the Democrats were the majority for 13 years. During the final three years of the study, Indiana was under Republican trifectas.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Indiana, the Indiana State Senate and the Indiana House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Indiana state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Indiana state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Indiana had a long period of divided government between 1992 and 2004 until the arrival of a Republican trifecta in 2005. Indiana reverted back to divided government between 2007 and 2010 before reverting yet again to a Republican trifecta in 2011. The state has never had a Democratic trifecta. Indiana’s highest SQLI ranking came in 1995 (12th) under divided government, while the state’s lowest SQLI ranking came in 2009 (34th), also under divided government. The state’s greatest leap in the ranking occurred between 1994 and 1995, where Indiana rose seven spots. Its greatest decline in the ranking occurred between 2003 and 2004, where the state dropped seven spots.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: N/A
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 29.25
  • SQLI average with divided government: 20.82
Chart displaying the partisanship of Indiana government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

External links

References

  1. Population in 2010 of the American states
  2. Population in 2000 of the American states
  3. "Indiana General Assembly" About The Indiana General Assembly, March 12, 2009
  4. indianaeconomicdigest.net, "Legislators sort key issues of the General Assembly's 2013 session," April 28, 2013
  5. Stateline.org, States balance budgets with cuts, not taxes, June 15, 2011
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Nwi.com, Indiana ends budget year with $1.2B surplus, July 14, 2011
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Stateline, Clerical error eliminates Indiana's largest state agency, July 11, 2011
  8. 8.0 8.1 IndyStar.com, Indiana Democrats trigger Statehouse showdown over anti-union legislation, 22 Feb. 2011
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Fox 59, Fines begin for absent House Democrats, 7 March 2011
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 The Wall Street Journal, Pressure Mounts on Absent Democrats in Wisconsin, Indiana, 3 March 2011
  11. IndyStar.com, Dems' walkout drags on, among nation's longest, 23 March 2011
  12. WFIE.com, Indiana Republicans say they're done negotiating, 17 March 2011
  13. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  14. Stateline, "In Legislative Elections, Majorities and Supermajorities at Stake," November 2, 2012
  15. "How state legislative campaigns can change the country", April 7, 2010
  16. Follow the Money: "Indiana House 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  17. Follow the Money, "Indiana 2008 Candidates," Accessed July 18, 2013
  18. Follow the Money, "Indiana 2006 Candidates," Accessed July 18, 2013
  19. Follow the Money, "Indiana 2004 Candidates," Accessed July 18, 2013
  20. Follow the Money, "Indiana 2002 Candidates," Accessed July 18, 2013
  21. Follow the Money, "Indiana 2000 Candidates," Accessed July 18, 2013
  22. 2010 Candidate Guide - Qualifications for House of Representatives
  23. FindLaw "Indiana Code"(Referenced Statute Indiana Code §3-13-5-0.1)
  24. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  25. USA Today, "How state lawmakers pump up pensions in ways you can't," April 16, 2012
  26. Indiana House Democratic Leadership
  27. Indiana House Republican Leadership