Indiana House of Representatives

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Indiana House of Representatives

Seal of Indiana.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   January 15, 2013
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Brian Bosma, (R)
Majority Leader:   William Friend, (R)
Minority leader:   Linda Lawson, (D)
Structure
Members:  100
   Democratic Party (29)
Republican Party (71)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art 4, Indiana Constitution
Salary:   $22,616.46/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (100 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (100 seats)
Redistricting:  Indiana Legislature has control
The Indiana House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the Indiana State Legislature. It has 100 members, who are each elected to two-year terms and serve without term limits. Each member represents an average of 64,838 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 60,805 residents.[2] Elections are held in even-numbered years. The sessions of the House of Representatives begin on the Second Tuesday in January of each year in which the General Assembly meets unless a different day or place shall have been appointed by law. However, the Governor, the public welfare shall require it, by proclamation call a special session. The length and frequency of the sessions of the General Assembly are fixed by law[3].

As of December 2012, Indiana is one of 24 Republican state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article 4 of the Indiana Constitution establishes when the Indiana General Assembly, of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to be in session. Section 9 of Article 4 states that the General Assembly will begin its regular session on the Tuesday following the second Monday in January of each year. However, Section 9 allows the starting state for the session to be changed by law. This has happened in Indiana in 2010, as the General Assembly's session convened on January 5th instead of the constitutionally designated date, which was January 12th.

Section 9 also gives the Governor of Indiana the power to call special sessions of the General Assembly.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the General Assembly will be in session from January 7 through April 29.

Major issues

As Republicans flex their new super-majority, the main topic of discussion will be a new two-year state budget. Gov. Mike Pence (R) is seeking to reduce the state's income tax.[4]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was in session from January 4 through March 14.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House was in session from January 5 through April 29.

Session highlights

In the 2011 session, the Indiana legislature reduced the corporate income tax from 8.5 to 6.5 percent, spread over four years. [5]

Budget surplus

At the end of the 2011 fiscal year in July 2011, the Daniels administration revealed a $1.2 billion surplus.

The state's unexpected extra income came from the administration's ability to make deep budget cuts, along with higher than anticipated tax revenues. The budget cuts raked in nearly $460 million more than the $597 million the state had originally aimed for last July. Tax collections also contributed to the surplus, bringing in $204 million more than it had projected, with $195 million coming from income taxes.[6]

Despite the optimism, not everyone in Indiana viewed the surplus positively. House Minority Leader Pat Bauer claimed that the administration's report was "gimmicky," referring to cuts that were made to health care and education. The state school system reportedly bore much of the budget cutting burden since July 2010, returning $325 million from the $6.9 billion that it was allotted in the previous budget.[6]

David Patterson, spokesman for the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees Council 62, said that "demonized" state employees should receive some of the surplus, in part because they had to work harder to account for the many eliminated positions.[6]

After the surplus was revealed, Daniels stated that the extra money would be put into savings, rather than trying to fix the past and reverse previous cuts.[6]

Hoosiers nearly made off with their own piece of the surplus, but the numbers fell just shy. The amount necessary to trigger automatic tax refunds is 10 percent or more of general spending. The $1.2 billion landed just short of that, at 9.1 percent.[6]

Governmental streamlining

On June 30, the state's largest agency, the Family and Social Services Administration, was accidentally eliminated, due to a major clerical error during the drafting of legislation related to the Family and Social Services Administration. The Administration helps more than a million people access Medicaid and food stamps in Indiana.[7]

According to the AP, "Senate Bill 331 was intended to repeal a provision already in law that would have automatically eliminated (the Family and Social Services Administration) - called a sunset. The sunset language was set for June 30. The bill that repealed the sunset provision went into effect July 1, so technically, FSSA was eliminated minutes before the bill intended to save it went into effect."[7]

The mistake was noticed days after the new law went into effect, and caught many welfare recipients and legislative leaders off guard. On July 7, Governor Mitch Daniels signed an executive order on Thursday, July 7, to correct the mistake.[7]

Legislative walkout

36 Democratic representatives participated in a legislative walkout on Tuesday, February 22, in opposition to proposed legislation limiting union powers in Indiana. The Democratic departure left the House void of a quorum, leaving only 58 of the 67 Representatives needed to establish a quorum. [8] Terri Austin, Steven Stemler, and Vanessa Summers stayed behind to provide, if necessary, a motion and a seconding motion, which would enable them to stop any official business from proceeding should the Republicans try to do so. [8]

On Monday, March 7, House minority leader B. Patrick Bauer revealed the Democratic caucus' hideout to be the Comfort Suites in Urbana, Illinois.[9] According to the Indiana Constitution, Article 4, sections 11 and 14, the House may enforce fines and other methods to compel absent members to return. Beginning on March 7, the Democrats are subject to a fine of $250, to be withheld from future expense or salary payments, for each day they are not present in the statehouse. [10] Regarding their actual pay, House Speaker Brian Bosma has announced that the 37 lawmakers are required to be physically present in the chambers to receive their per diem payment, which is $152/day. [9] This move came as a result of the approximated $40,000 in per diem payments automatically made to the legislators during their seven days of absence. According to reports, the representatives have promised to either return the money, or donate it to charity. [9]

Tuesday, March 22 marked the start of the fourth consecutive week of Democratic absenteeism, complete with an increased incentive to return. Governor Daniels and House Republicans upped the ante with daily fines increasing from $250/day to $350/day, effective Monday, March 21. Despite the increased penalties, Democratic resolve remained intact. House Minority Leader B. Patrick Bauer stated that Democrats "will remain steadfast" in their opposition to bills hurting wages and education in Indiana. [11] Rep. Winfield Moses, Jr. (D) called the increase "a poke in the eye," and promised that it would do nothing to break the impasse. [12]

The Democrats ended the standoff after 36 days, returning on March 28. The two sides agreed to compromise on a number of issues, including shelving the controversial "right-to-work" bill.[10] Although the Democrats returned with some of their wishes granted, their actions were not without consequence. Each absent member has accrued a total of $3500 in fines, given by Republicans. [10]

The absence of the Democrats did not only hold up changes to worker's rights, but also the passage of a new state budget. The legislature has until April 29 to pass the new budget, however, if no budget passes, Gov. Daniels will be forced to call a for a special session. The current budget is set to expire June 30, 2011.

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House of Representatives was in session from January 5th to March 12th.

Elections

2012

See also: Indiana House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Indiana House of Representatives were held in Indiana on November 6, 2012. All 100 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was February 24, 2012. The primary election day was May 8, 2012.

This chamber was mentioned in a November 2012 Pew Center on the States article that addressed supermajorities at stake in the 2012 election. Supermajority generally means a party controls two-thirds of all seats. While it varies from state to state, being in this position gives a party much greater power. Going into the election, Republicans in the Indiana House held a solid majority and looked to gain a supermajority.[13]

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Indiana House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Indiana House of Representatives were held on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was February 19, 2010 for Republicans and Democrats, and was June 30 for Independents and other candidates. The primary election day was on May 4, 2010.

Out of the 100 districts, the incumbent ran for re-election in 93 of them.

The partisan breakdown of the House before and after the election was as follows:


Indiana House of Representatives
Party As of November 1, 2010 After the 2010 Election
     Democratic Party 52 40
     Republican Party 48 60
Total 100 100


An April 2010 analysis in the Wall Street Journal said that what's at stake in the Indiana House elections of November 2010 is the U.S. Congressional redistricting that will take place after the 2010 census:

"In Indiana, for example, Democrats controlled redistricting after the 2000 elections and picked up three additional congressional seats over the past decade. Now, Republicans are trying to reverse those gains. If the GOP picks up just three seats in the state House, the party will control both chambers of the legislature and strengthen its hand in the redistricting process."[14]

In 2010, the total amount of contributions raised in state house elections was $19,009,965. The top 10 donors were: [15]


Qualifications

To be eligible to serve in the Indiana House of Representatives, a candidate must be:[16]

  • A United States citizen at the time of the election
  • Have resided in the state for at least two years and in the house district for at least one year before the election
  • Be at least twenty-one years old upon taking office
  • Registered to vote in the election district the person seeks to represent not later than the deadline for filing the declaration or petition of candidacy or certificate of nomination.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures

Whenever there is a vacancy in the House, the state committee of the party that last held the seat must appoint a replacement. This is contingent upon the approval of the respective state chairperson of the party. Any vacant seat held by an independent must be filled by a special election[17].

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Arkansas

Redistricting is handled primarily by the General Assembly. Should it fail to enact a redistricting plan, the five-person Indiana Citizens Redistricting Commission is then tasked with redrawing legislative boundaries.

2010 census

Census figures for Indiana were released on December 21, 2010. The state's population grew 6.6 percent to almost 6.5 million. The redistricting process began the week of April 11, 2011. Although the deadline of April 29 only applied to congressional districts, Republicans insisted on a speedy process, to the dissatisfaction of Democrats who argued that the plan reduced competition and posed a disadvantage to minorities. With the signature of Gov. Mitch Daniels on May 10, 2011, Indiana became the third state -- after Iowa and Louisiana -- to complete its entire redistricting process.

Representatives

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Indiana legislature are paid $22,616.46/year. Additionally, legislators receive $152/day per diem tied to the federal rate.[18]

Pensions

Indiana legislators created a 401(k) plan for themselves in 1989, becoming the first in the nation to do so. Lawmakers who took office after April 1989 were ineligible for the traditional pension plan, receiving the individual retirement account instead.

Legislators pay 5% of their annual salary into the 401(k). In 2007, they voted to include per diem allowances, expense payments and leadership stipends into the calculation, thus raising their retirement accounts.[19]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Indiana legislators assume office on the second Tuesday after the general election.

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of November 2014
     Democratic Party 29
     Republican Party 71
Total 100


Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body.[20][21]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Indiana House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
Speaker of the House Brian Bosma Ends.png Republican
State House Speaker Pro Tempore P. Eric Turner Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Floor Leader William Friend Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Caucus Leader Kathy Kreag Richardson Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip David Frizzell Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Leader Scott Pelath Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Minority Leader Ryan Dvorak Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Caucus Leader Vanessa Summers Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Minority Caucus Leader Rochelle VanDenburgh Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Floor Leader Linda Lawson Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Minority Floor Leader Gail Riecken Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Whip Terri Austin Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Minority Whip Sheila Ann Klinker Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members

District Party Representative
1 Electiondot.png Democratic Linda Lawson
2 Electiondot.png Democratic Earl Harris
3 Electiondot.png Democratic Charlie Brown
4 Ends.png Republican Edmond Soliday
5 Ends.png Republican Dale R. DeVon
6 Electiondot.png Democratic B. Patrick Bauer
7 Electiondot.png Democratic David Niezgodski
8 Electiondot.png Democratic Ryan Dvorak
9 Electiondot.png Democratic Scott Pelath
10 Electiondot.png Democratic Charles Moseley
11 Ends.png Republican Rick Niemeyer
12 Electiondot.png Democratic Mara Candelaria Reardon
13 Ends.png Republican Sharon Negele
14 Electiondot.png Democratic Vernon Smith
15 Ends.png Republican Harold Slager
16 Ends.png Republican Douglas Gutwein
17 Ends.png Republican Timothy P. Harman
18 Ends.png Republican David Alan Wolkins
19 Electiondot.png Democratic Rochelle VanDenburgh
20 Ends.png Republican Tom Dermody
21 Ends.png Republican Timothy Wesco
22 Ends.png Republican Rebecca Kubacki
23 Ends.png Republican William Friend
24 Ends.png Republican Steven Braun
25 Ends.png Republican Donald J. Lehe
26 Ends.png Republican Randolph Truitt
27 Electiondot.png Democratic Sheila Ann Klinker
28 Ends.png Republican Jeffrey Thompson
29 Ends.png Republican Kathy Kreag Richardson
30 Ends.png Republican Michael Karickhoff
31 Ends.png Republican Kevin Mahan
32 Ends.png Republican P. Eric Turner
33 Ends.png Republican Bill Davis
34 Electiondot.png Democratic Sue E. Errington
35 Ends.png Republican L. Jack Lutz
36 Electiondot.png Democratic Terri Austin
37 Ends.png Republican Todd Huston
38 Ends.png Republican Heath VanNatter
39 Ends.png Republican Gerald Torr
40 Ends.png Republican Gregory Steuerwald
41 Ends.png Republican Timothy Brown
42 Ends.png Republican Alan P. Morrison
43 Electiondot.png Democratic Clyde Kersey
44 Ends.png Republican James Baird
45 Electiondot.png Democratic Kreg Battles
46 Ends.png Republican Bob Heaton
47 Ends.png Republican John Price
48 Ends.png Republican Timothy Neese
49 Ends.png Republican Wes Culver
50 Ends.png Republican Daniel Leonard
51 Ends.png Republican Dennis J. Zent
52 Ends.png Republican Ben Smaltz
53 Ends.png Republican Robert Cherry
54 Ends.png Republican Thomas Saunders
55 Ends.png Republican Cindy Meyer Ziemke
56 Ends.png Republican Richard Hamm
57 Ends.png Republican Sean Eberhart
58 Ends.png Republican Charles Burton
59 Ends.png Republican Milo Smith
60 Ends.png Republican Peggy Mayfield
61 Electiondot.png Democratic Matt Pierce
62 Ends.png Republican Matt Ubelhor
63 Ends.png Republican Mark Messmer
64 Ends.png Republican Thomas W. Washburne
65 Ends.png Republican Eric Allan Koch
66 Electiondot.png Democratic Terry Goodin
67 Ends.png Republican Randy Frye
68 Ends.png Republican Jud McMillin
69 Ends.png Republican Jim Lucas
70 Ends.png Republican Rhonda Rhoads
71 Electiondot.png Democratic Steven Stemler
72 Ends.png Republican Edward Clere
73 Ends.png Republican Steve Davisson
74 Ends.png Republican Lloyd Arnold
75 Ends.png Republican Ron Bacon
76 Ends.png Republican Wendy McNamara
77 Electiondot.png Democratic Gail Riecken
78 Ends.png Republican Suzanne Crouch
79 Ends.png Republican Matthew Lehman
80 Electiondot.png Democratic Phil GiaQuinta
81 Ends.png Republican Martin Carbaugh
82 Ends.png Republican David L. Ober
83 Ends.png Republican Kathy Heuer
84 Ends.png Republican Bob Morris
85 Ends.png Republican Phyllis Pond
86 Electiondot.png Democratic Edward DeLaney
87 Electiondot.png Democratic Christina Hale
88 Ends.png Republican Brian Bosma
89 Ends.png Republican Cindy Kirchhofer
90 Ends.png Republican Mike Speedy
91 Ends.png Republican Robert Behning
92 Electiondot.png Democratic Karlee D. Macer
93 Ends.png Republican David Frizzell
94 Electiondot.png Democratic Cherrish Pryor
95 Electiondot.png Democratic John Bartlett
96 Electiondot.png Democratic Gregory Porter
97 Electiondot.png Democratic Justin Moed
98 Electiondot.png Democratic Robin Shackleford
99 Electiondot.png Democratic Vanessa Summers
100 Electiondot.png Democratic Dan Forestal

Standing committees

Indiana house has 24 standing committees:

External links

References

  1. Population in 2010 of the American states
  2. Population in 2000 of the American states
  3. "Indiana General Assembly" About The Indiana General Assembly, March 12, 2009
  4. Courier Press, "Legislative preview: $1.2 billion extra will go fast," January 6, 2013
  5. Stateline.org, States balance budgets with cuts, not taxes, June 15, 2011
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Nwi.com, Indiana ends budget year with $1.2B surplus, July 14, 2011
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Stateline, Clerical error eliminates Indiana's largest state agency, July 11, 2011
  8. 8.0 8.1 IndyStar.com, Indiana Democrats trigger Statehouse showdown over anti-union legislation, 22 Feb. 2011
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Fox 59, Fines begin for absent House Democrats, 7 March 2011
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 The Wall Street Journal, Pressure Mounts on Absent Democrats in Wisconsin, Indiana, 3 March 2011
  11. IndyStar.com, Dems' walkout drags on, among nation's longest, 23 March 2011
  12. WFIE.com, Indiana Republicans say they're done negotiating, 17 March 2011
  13. Stateline, "In Legislative Elections, Majorities and Supermajorities at Stake," November 2, 2012
  14. "How state legislative campaigns can change the country", April 7, 2010
  15. Follow the Money: "Indiana House 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  16. 2010 Candidate Guide - Qualifications for House of Representatives
  17. FindLaw "Indiana Code"(Referenced Statute Indiana Code §3-13-5-0.1)
  18. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  19. USA Today, "How state lawmakers pump up pensions in ways you can't," April 16, 2012
  20. Indiana House Democratic Leadership
  21. Indiana House Republican Leadership