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Indirect initiated constitutional amendment

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An indirect initiative amendment is when constitutional amendments proposed by citizens through initiative do not go immediately to the ballot after a successful petition drive to collect sufficient valid signatures to qualify the measure.

Rather, once the signatures are collected, the amendment that the citizens are proposing must first be submitted to the state legislature for consideration. Only after the state legislature has considered and possibly also taken a limited range of options open to it that may affect the amendment does it go on the statewide ballot for consideration by the voters.[1]

At present, there are only two states that make use of the indirect initiative amendment process: Massachusetts and Mississippi.

Other types of ballot measures

See also


  1. What is I&R?, Initiative and Referendum Institute