Indirect initiated constitutional amendment

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An indirect initiative amendment is when constitutional amendments proposed by citizens through initiative do not go immediately to the ballot after a successful petition drive to collect sufficient valid signatures to qualify the measure.

Rather, once the signatures are collected, the amendment that the citizens are proposing must first be submitted to the state legislature for consideration. If the state legislature agrees to adopt the law, then it does not go to the ballot.[1]

At present, there is only one state that makes use of the indirect initiative amendment process: Massachusetts.

See also


  1. What is I&R?, Initiative and Referendum Institute