Indirect initiated state statute

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Citizen initiatives
Indirect initiative
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Citizen initiatives
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An indirect initiated state statute has the following characteristics:

(1) It is citizen-initiated, through the collection of signatures.
(2) Once the signatures are collected, the proposed law is sent to that state's state legislature.
(3) Depending on the specific laws in that state, the state legislature typically can either choose:

  • Not to act on the measure at all, in which case the measure is placed on the state's statewide ballot and the voters decide its fate.
  • To pass the law as written by the group that initiated it.
  • To amend and then pass the law.
  • To come up with a law of its own addressing the same subject as the citizen-initiated measure and place that law on the ballot along with the citizen-initiated measure, allowing the state's voters to choose the version they prefer.[1]

States with indirect initiated statutes

These states have some version of the indirect initiative:

The direct democracy process in California enabled the use of the indirect initiated state statute process from 1911 through 1966.[2]

Alternative proposals

In Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nevada and Washington, state legislatures are granted the right to place an alternative proposition on the ballot alongside an initiative they have chosen not to adopt.

Other types of ballot measures

Other types of ballot measures that appear in multiple states are:

Some related terms:

See also