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Jack Reed

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Jack Reed
Jack Reed.jpg
U.S. Senate, Rhode Island
In office
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 18
PredecessorClaiborne Pell (D)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2008
First electedNovember 5, 1996
Next general November 4, 2014
Campaign $$8,482,370
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Representative, U.S. House of Representatives
Senator, Rhode Island State Senate
Bachelor'sWest Point, 1971
Master'sHarvard University, 1973
J.D.Harvard Law School, 1982
Military service
Years of service1967-1979
Date of birthNovember 12, 1949
Place of birthProvidence, RI
Net worth$570,022
ReligionRoman Catholic
Office website
Jack Reed (b. November 12, 1949, in Providence, Rhode Island) is a Democratic member of the U.S. Senate from the state of Rhode Island. Reed was first elected to the Senate in 1996, and he won re-election in 2002 and 2008.

Reed was set to run for re-election in 2014. He is considered to be the safest senate incumbent up for re-election next year.[1] The general election took place November 4, 2014.

Before becoming a U.S. Senator, Reed served three terms in the U.S. House, representing Pennsylvania's 2nd Congressional District from 1991-1997. Prior to that, he was a member of the Rhode Island State Senate.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Reed is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.


Below is an abbreviated outline of Reed's academic, professional and political career:[2]

  • 1971: Received his B.S. from United States Military Academy, West Point
  • 1973: Received his M.P.P from Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
  • 1982: Received his J.D. from Harvard Law School
  • 1971-1979: Served in the U.S. Army
  • 1977-1979: Held a position as an associate professor, Department of Social Sciences, U.S. Military Academy
  • 1979-1991: Served int he U.S. Army Reserve
  • 1985-1990: Served as a member of the Rhode Island State senate
  • 1991-1997: Served as a Democrat in the U.S. Congress
  • 1997-Present: U.S Senator from Rhode Island

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate


Reed serves on the following Senate committees[3]:

  • Appropriations
    • Subcommittee on Transportation and Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Military Construction and Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Department of Defense
    • Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
  • Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs
    • Subcommittee on Securities, Insurance and Investment
    • Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer Protection Members
    • Subcommittee on Housing, Transportation and Community Development
  • Armed Services
    • Subcommittee on Strategic Forces
    • Subcommittee on SeaPower
    • Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities


Reed served on the following Senate committees[4]:


Legislative actions

113th Congress


The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[5] The Senate confirmed 13,949 out of 18,323 executive nominations received (76.1 percent). For more information pertaining to Reed's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[6]

National security

John Brennan CIA nomination

Voted "Yes" Reed voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[7]


Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "Yes" During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[8] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Reed voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.[9]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Voted "Yes" Reed voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspended the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[7]

2013 Senate Budget Proposal

Voted "Yes" Reed voted for the 2013 Senate Budget Proposal.[7] On March 23, after an all-night debate that ended just before 5 a.m., by a 50 to 49 vote the Democratically controlled Senate approved its first budget in four years. No Republicans voted for the Senate plan, and four Democrats opposed it. All four are from red states and are up for re-election in 2014. Reed was one of the four Democrats who voted against the budget proposal.[7]

The approved plan is a $3.7 trillion budget for 2014 and would provide a fast track for passage of tax increases, trim spending modestly and leave the government still deeply in the red for the next decade.

The approval of a budget in the Senate began the process of setting up contentious, and potentially fruitless, negotiations with the Republican-controlled House starting in April to reconcile two vastly different plans for dealing with the nation’s economic and budgetary problems.

The House plan would have brought the government’s taxes and spending into balance by 2023 with cuts to domestic spending even below the levels of automatic across-the-board cuts for federal programs now, and it orders up dramatic and controversial changes to Medicare and the tax code.

The Senate plan differed greatly, and included $100 billion in upfront infrastructure spending to bolster the economy and calls for special fast-track rules to overhaul the tax code and raise $975 billion over 10 years in legislation that could not be filibustered. Even with that tax increase and prescribed spending cuts, the plan approved by the Senate would leave the government with a $566 billion annual deficit in 10 years, and $5.2 trillion in additional debt over that window.


Mexico-U.S. border

Voted "No" Reed voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[7]

Social Issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Voted "Yes" Reed voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[7]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Reed voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.[10]



See also: United States Senate elections in Rhode Island, 2014

A Public Policy Poll released February 1, 2013, showed Reed in excellent standing for re-election in 2014: In addition to high job performance approval ratings, poll respondents said they would vote for Reed over all five potential Republican challengers included in the survey, with Reed winning by a minimum of 29 points against Brendan Doherty, and a maximum of 65 points against Curt Schilling.

The results prompted Dean Debna, the President of Public Policy Polling, to say that, “Jack Reed may very well be the least vulnerable Senator in the country up for re-election next year."[1]


On November 4, 2008, Jack Reed won re-election to the United States Senate. He defeated Robert G. Tingle (R) in the general election.[11]

U.S. Senate, Rhode Island General Election, 2008
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democrat Green check mark transparent.pngJack Reed incumbent 73.4% 320,644
     Republican Robert G. Tingle 26.6% 116,174
Total Votes 436,818

Full history

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Reed is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Reed raised a total of $8,482,370 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 22, 2013.[17]

Jack Reed's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2008 US Senate (Rhode Island) Won $4,735,246
2002 US Senate (Rhode Island) Won $3,747,124
Grand Total Raised $8,482,370


Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Reed's reports.[18]

Jack Reed Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April QuarterlyApril 15, 2013$1,859,833$248,715$(56,579)$2,051,969
July QuarterlyJuly 15, 2013$2,051,969$704,411$(189,677)$2,566,703
October Quarterly[19]October 13, 2013$2,566,703.35$426,637.64$(150,119.23)$2,843,221.76
Running totals


Breakdown of the source of Reed's campaign funds before the 2008 election.

Reed won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2008. During that re-election cycle, Reed's campaign committee raised a total of $4,735,246 and spent $3,169,751.[20]


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Reed is a "rank-and-file Democrat" as of July 2013.[21]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[22]

Reed most often votes with:

Reed least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Reed missed 32 of 5,172 roll call votes between January 1997 and April 2013. This amounts to 0.6%, which is better than the median of 1.7% among the lifetime records of senators currently serving as of April 2013.[23]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Reed paid his congressional staff a total of $2,570,396 in 2011. He ranks 18th on the list of the lowest paid Democratic senatorial staff salaries and ranks 52nd overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Rhode Island ranks 30th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[24]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives


Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Reed's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $171,044 and $969,000. That averages to $570,022, which is significantly lower than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2011 of $20,795,450. His average net worth increased by 0.26% from 2010.[25]


Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Reed's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $196,042 and $941,000. That averages to $568,521, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2010 of $19,383,524.[26]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.


Reed ranked 13th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[27][28]


Reed and fellow Democratic Rhode Island Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse both ranked 19th in the liberal rankings in 2011.[29]

Voting with party


Reed voted with the Democratic Party 94.9% of the time, which ranked 28th among the 52 Senate Democratic members as of July 2013.[30]


Jack Reed voted with the Democratic Party 97.0% of the time, which ranked 4th among the 52 Senate Democratic members as of November 2011.[31]


Reed and his wife, Julia, have one child, Emily.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Jack+ Reed+ Rhode Island + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Jack Reed News Feed

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See also

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 Public Policy Polling, "Senator Reed with Large Lead Over Republicans," February 1, 2013
  2. Biographical Director of the United States Congress "Jack Reed," Accessed November 4, 2011
  3. Congressional Quarterly "Senate Committee List" Accessed January 18, 2013
  4. Congressional Quarterly "Senate Committee List" Accessed January 18, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 Project Votesmart, "Jack Reed Key Votes," accessed October 17, 2013
  8. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  9., "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  10. U.S. Senate "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
  11. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  12. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  13. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  14. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  15. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  16. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
  17. Open Secrets "Career Fundraising for Jack Reed," Accessed April 22, 2013
  18. Federal Election Commission "Jack Reed 2014 Summary reports," Accessed October 29, 2013
  19. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 29, 2013
  20. Open Secrets "Jack Reed 2008 Election Cycle," Accessed November 4, 2011
  21. Gov Track "John Reed," Accessed July 5, 2013
  22. OpenCongress, "Sen. John Reed," accessed August 22, 2013
  23. GovTrack, "Jack Reed," Accessed April 17, 2013
  24. LegiStorm "Jack Reed"
  25., "Reed, (D-Rhode Island), 2011"
  26., "Reed, (D-Rhode Island), 2010"
  27. National Journal, "TABLE: Senate Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 21, 2013
  28. National Journal, "TABLE: Senate Conservative Scores by Issue Area," February 21, 2013
  29. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
  30. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  31. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Claiborne Pell
U.S. Senate - Rhode Island
Succeeded by
Preceded by
U.S. House - Rhode Island
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Rhode Island State Senate
Succeeded by