PGI logo cropped.png
Congressional Millionaire’s Club
The Personal Gain Index shines a light on how members of Congress benefit during their tenure.

Difference between revisions of "Jeff Denham"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Text replace - "Department of Homeland Security Appropriations" to "DHS Appropriations Act (2014)")
m (Text replace - "lieutenant gubernatorial election, 2014" to "Lieutenant Gubernatorial election, 2014")
Line 216: Line 216:
:''See also: [[California lieutenant gubernatorial election, 2014]]''
:''See also: [[California Lieutenant Gubernatorial election, 2014]]''
[[File:BattlegroundRace.jpg|right|180px|link=U.S. House battleground districts, 2014]]
[[File:BattlegroundRace.jpg|right|180px|link=U.S. House battleground districts, 2014]]

Revision as of 16:59, 9 May 2014

Jeff Denham
Jeff Denham.jpg
U.S. House, California, District 10
In office
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 3
PredecessorGeorge Radanovich (R)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$24.01 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next primaryJune 3, 2014
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$4,013,333
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
California State Senate
Bachelor'sCalifornia Polytechnic State University
Associate'sVictor Valley Junior College
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Air Force
Years of service1984-1988
BirthdayJuly 29, 1967
Place of birthHawthorne, California
Net worth$15,705,002
Office website
Campaign website
Jeffrey John "Jeff" Denham (b. July 29, 1967, in Hawthorne, California) is a Republican member of the U.S. House representing California's 10th Congressional District. Denham was first elected to the House in 2010.

Denham won re-election[1] in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 10th District. He defeated Jose Hernandez (D) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[2] He was displaced from the 19th District by redistricting.

Denham's political career began with his service in the California State Senate from 2002 to 2010.

Denham is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Denham is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.


Denham was born in Hawthorne, California. He earned his A.A. from Victor Valley Junior College in 1989 and a B.A. from California Polytechnic State University in 1992.[3]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Denham's academic, professional and political career:[3]

  • 1984-1988: United States Air Force
  • 1988-2000: United States Air Force Reserve
  • 2002-2010: California State Senate
  • 2011-Present: U.S. House of Representatives

Committee assignments

U.S. House


Denham serves on the following committees:[4]


Denham served on the following committees:[5]

State Senate


Denham served on these legislative committees:


Legislative actions

113th Congress


The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[11] For more information pertaining to Denham's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[12]

National security


Voted "Yes" Denham voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[13]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "Yes" Denham voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[14]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Denham voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[15]


Farm bill

Voted "Yes" On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[16] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[17][18] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[18] Denham voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Voted "Yes" On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[19][20] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[20] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[21] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Denham voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[19]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "Yes" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[22] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[23] Denham voted for the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[24]

Voted "No" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[25] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Denham voted against HR 2775.[26]

Federal Pay Adjustment Elimination

Voted "Yes" Denham voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[27]


King Amendment

Voted "No" In June 2013 the House approved an amendment to the Department of Homeland Security spending bill that would end the department's discretion policies by cutting off funding for the proposed DREAM Act, which would have temporarily halted the deportations of young immigrants if they have served in the military or are attending college. This vote overturns an executive order signed by President Obama that formalized a process for the "Dreamers" to remain in the U.S.[28][20][29]

The amendment, offered by Rep. Steve King (R) of Iowa, passed the House by a vote of 224-201 and was approved mostly along party lines. However, three Democrats supported the amendment and six Republicans opposed it, while nine members did not vote.[29]Denham was one of the six Republican members who voted against the amendment.[20]

The amendment would effectively demand the government force out "Dreamers" who came to the U.S. as children.[29] It contrasts with comprehensive immigration reform efforts, including proposed DREAM Act style legislation, and would resume the deportation of hundreds of thousands of immigrants brought illegally to the United States as children.[30] The amendment was the first immigration-related vote in either chamber of Congress in 2013, and blocks many of the provisions that are mirrored in the Senate’s Gang of Eight bill.[31][29]

Immigration reform

Several Republican members of the U.S. House might face a tougher path to re-election in 2014 if immigration reform does not pass in the House, according to a Public Policy Poll released on July 9, 2013.[32]

According to the poll, a majority of voters in seven Republican congressional districts would be less likely to vote for their current representative if he fails support immigration reform. Voters also reported in the poll that they would be less likely to support Republican candidates in the 2014 general election if the Republican House members block the current immigration reform proposal.[32] Denham is one of the seven representatives who serves in a district with overwhelming support for the Senate’s immigration reform plan.[32]

In October 2013, Denham became the first House Republican to publicly announce his support of the sweeping immigration bill the Senate passed earlier in 2013, largely due to the work of the Senate's bipartisan Gang of Eight.[33]


Healthcare Reform Rules

Voted "Yes" Denham voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[34]

Social issues


Voted "Yes" Denham voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[35]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Denham voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[36]

Legislative scorecard

Capitol Weekly, California's major weekly periodical covering the state legislature, publishes an annual legislative scorecard to pin down the political or ideological leanings of every member of the legislature passed on how they voted on an assortment of bills in the most recent legislative session. The 2009 scores were passed on votes on 19 bills, but did not include how legislators voted on the Proposition 1A (2009). On the scorecard, "100" is a perfect liberal score and "0" is a perfect conservative score.[37][38]

On the 2009 Capitol Weekly legislative scorecard, Denham ranked as a 17.[39]

Presidential preference


See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Jeff Denham endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [40]

Campaign themes


Denham's campaign website listed the following issues:[41]

  • Healthcare
Excerpt: "Americans need improved access to greater quality and more affordable healthcare. While we have the best trained medical professionals and the most technologically advanced facilities and equipment, our health care system is too complex and exclusive, and many individuals fall through the cracks."
  • Protecting Medicare Benefits For Our Seniors
Excerpt: "I won’t support any plan that will rob our seniors of the Medicare benefits they have paid into for their entire lives. They have earned those benefits. I want to guarantee that anyone over the age of 55 will see the benefits they deserve."
  • Economy and Jobs
Excerpt: "Currently, the unemployment rate in the San Joaquin Valley rests at an unacceptable 17 percent. We can turn this around and restore jobs to the Valley but it will require the adoption of pro-growth policies."
  • Veterans
Excerpt: "I am proud to have served my country in the United States Air Force, and I have tremendous respect for America’s military men and women who have consistently served our country with honor and valor."
  • Defense
Excerpt: "The most important duty of Congress is to provide for the defense of our nation. We must be prepared to fully support the needs of our troops in the field while preparing to meet future threats. These threats will come from other nations as well as terrorist networks that continue to threaten our way of life."



See also: California Lieutenant Gubernatorial election, 2014

Denham is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He will compete in the blanket primary on June 3, 2013. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

Denham filed a "Statement of Intention" to run for Lieutenant Governor of California in the 2014 elections, but never formally entered the June 3 primary race. [42][43]

Denham is a member of the National Republican Congressional Committee's Patriot Program. The program is designed to assist vulnerable Republican incumbents heading into the 2014 election.[44]


See also: California's 10th Congressional District elections, 2012

Denham won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 10th District as a Republican.[1][45] He was displaced from the 19th District by redistricting. He and Jose Hernandez (D) advanced past the blanket primary on June 5, 2012, defeating Mike Barkley (D), Chad Condit (Ind) and Troy Wayne McComak (Ind). They faced off in the general election on November 6, 2012.[46][47]

U.S. House, California District 10 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJeff Denham Incumbent 52.7% 110,265
     Democratic Jose Hernandez 47.3% 98,934
Total Votes 209,199
Source: California Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, California District 10 Open Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJeff Denham (R) Incumbent 49.2% 45,779
Green check mark transparent.pngJose Hernandez (D) 28% 26,072
Chad Condit (NPP) 15% 13,983
Michael Barkley (D) 5.4% 5,028
Toroy Wayne McComak (NPP) 2.3% 2,114
Total Votes 92,976

Full history


In 2006 Denham was elected to the California State Senate, District 12. He finished with 90,288 votes while his opponent Wiley Nickel (D) finished with 65,130 votes.[49] Denham raised $2,372,472 in campaign funds.

California State Senate, District 12
Candidates Votes
Green check mark transparent.png Jeff Denham (R) 90,288
Wiley Nickel (D) 65,130

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Denham is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Denham raised a total of $4,013,333 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.[50]

Jeff Denham's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (California, District 10) Won $2,756,588
2010 US House (California, District 19) Won $1,256,745
Grand Total Raised $4,013,333


Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Denham's reports.[51]

Jeff Denham (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[52]April 15, 2013$155,472.27$215,438.67$(46,830.81)$324,080.13
July Quarterly[53]July 15, 2013$324,080.13$581,613.72$(70,857.55)$834,836.30
October Quarterly[54]October 15, 2013$834,836.30$355,148.60$(57,135.50)$1,132,849.40
Year-End[55]January 31, 2014$1,132,849$228,276$(63,250)$1,297,875
April Quarterly[56]April 15, 2014$1,297,875$360,711$(103,194)$1,555,392
Pre-Primary[57]May 22, 2014$1,555,392$111,084$(115,588)$1,550,888
July Quarterly[58]July 15, 2014$1,550,888$249,652$(112,488)$1,688,047
Running totals


Breakdown of the source of Denham's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Denham won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Denham's campaign committee raised a total of $2,756,588 and spent $2,647,697.[59] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[60]

Cost per vote

Denham spent $24.01 per vote received in 2012.


Breakdown of the source of Denham's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Denham won election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Denham's campaign committee raised a total of $1,256,745 and spent $1,208,461.[61]

His top 5 contributors between 2009-2010 were:

U.S. House, California District 19, 2010 - Jeff Denham Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $1,256,745
Total Spent $1,208,461
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $44,492
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $46,862
Top contributors to Jeff Denham's campaign committee
Copart Inc$19,200
RC Farms$14,400
Tanimura & Antle$14,400
Blue Cross/Blue Shield$10,000
Every Republican is Crucial PAC$10,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Crop Production & Basic Processing$152,864
Leadership PACs$56,756
Real Estate$44,991


In 2006 Denham raised $2,372,472 in campaign donations. His top four donors are listed below.[62]

Donor Amount
Merced County Republican Party $148,010
Stanislaus County Republican Central CMTE $139,500
Monterey County Republican Party $125,000
California Republican Party $102,500

2008 recall

Main article: Jeff Denham recall

Denham faced a recall election in 2008 on June 3, which he overwhelmingly survived.


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Denham is a "rank-and-file Republican" as of June 2013.[63]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[64]

Denham most often votes with:

Denham least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Denham missed 33 of 1,695 roll call votes from January 2011 to March 2013. This amounts to 1.9%, which is better than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.[65]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Denham paid his congressional staff a total of $907,508 in 2011. He ranked 123rd on the list of the lowest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 152nd overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, California ranked 5th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[66]

Net worth

See also: Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Denham's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $5,310,006 and $26,099,999. That averages to $15,705,002, which is higher than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Denham ranked as the 38th most wealthy representative in 2012.[67]

Jeff Denham Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings


Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Denham ranked 163rd in the conservative rankings in 2012.[68]


Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Denham ranked 71st in the conservative rankings.[69]

Voting with party


Denham voted with the Republican Party 96.4% of the time, which ranked 139th among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[70]


Denham and his wife, Sonia, have two children.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Jeff + Denham + California + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Jeff Denham News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 CNN, "California Districts Race - 2012 Election Center," accessed December 1, 2012
  2. Roll Call, "Astronaut Challenging Freshman Jeff Dunham," accessed March 3, 2012
  3. 3.0 3.1 Biographical Director of the United States Congress, "Jeff Denham"
  4., "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  5. United States Representative Jeff Denham, Proudly Serving You in Congress, "Committees and Caucuses," accessed August 1, 2011
  6. California Senate, "Senate Business, Professions and Economic Development committee membership list," accessed March 1, 2010
  7. California Senate, "Senate Education committee membership list," accessed March 1, 2010
  8. California Senate, "Senate Standing Committee on Food and Agriculture," accessed March 1, 2010
  9. California Senate, "Senate Standing Committee on Veterans Affairs," accessed March 1, 2010
  10. California Senate, "Senate Standing Committee on Government Organization," accessed March 1, 2010
  11. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  12. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  13. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  14. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  15. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  16. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  17. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  18. 18.0 18.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  19. 19.0 19.1, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  21. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  22. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  23. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  24. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  25. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  26. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  27. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  28. LA Times, "GOP rejects Dream Act-like deportation deferrals," accessed June 10, 2013
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 Huffington Post, "Steve King Amendment Passes House To Deport More Dreamers," accessed June 10, 2013
  30. Fox News, "House votes to resume deporting young DREAM Act immigrants," accessed June 10, 2013
  31. Huffington Post, "Steve King's Amendment To The Immigration Bill Worsens The GOP's Latino Problem," accessed June 10, 2013
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 Politico, "7 GOPers who need immigration vote," accessed July 9, 2013
  33. The Washington Post, "Jeff Denham, political outlier," accessed October 28, 2013
  34. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  35. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  36. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  37. Capitol Weekly, "Capitol Weekly's Legislative Scorecard," December 17, 2009
  38. Fox and Hounds Daily, "Random Thoughts on the Political Scene," December 18, 2009
  39. Capitol Weekly, "2009 Capitol Weekly State Legislative Scorecard (Archived)," accessed March 13, 2014
  40. The Hill, "Romney earns endorsement of freshman Rep. Jeff Denham," March 27, 2012
  41. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed August 10, 2012
  42. California Secretary of State, "Campaign Finance:Statement of Intention," accessed November 27, 2012
  43. California Secretary of State, "Campaign Finance: Candidates & Elected Officials," accessed March 25, 2014
  44. The Washington Post, "11 House Republicans named to incumbent-protection program," April 22, 2013
  45. Roll Call, "Astronaut Challenging Freshman Jeff Dunham," accessed March 3, 2012
  46. California Secretary of State, "Official primary candidate list," accessed March 13, 2014
  47. California Secretary of State, "Unofficial election results," November 6, 2012
  48. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  49. California Secretary of State, "Official 2008 General election results," accessed March 13, 2014
  50. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Jeff Denham," accessed March 22, 2013
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Jeff Denham Summary Report," accessed July 23, 2013
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Jeff Denham April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  53. Federal Election Commission, "Jeff Denham July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  54. Federal Election Commission, "Jeff Denham October Quarterly," accessed October 21, 2013
  55. Federal Election Commission, "Jeff Denham Year-End," accessed February 4, 2014
  56. Federal Election Commission, "Jeff Denham April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  57. Federal Election Commission, "Jeff Denham Pre-Primary," accessed June 2, 2014
  58. Federal Election Commission, "Jeff Denham July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
  59. Open Secrets, "Jeff Denham 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 20, 2013
  60. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  61. Open Secrets, "Jeff Denham 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 3, 2011
  62. Follow the Money, "Campaign donors," accessed August 1, 2011
  63. GovTrack, "Jeff Denham," accessed June 7 2013
  64. OpenCongress, "Jeff Denham," accessed July 31, 2013
  65. GovTrack, "Jeff Denham," accessed April 2, 2013
  66. LegiStorm, "Jeff Denham," accessed August 21, 2012
  67. OpenSecrets, "Jeff Denham (R-Calif), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  68. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
  69. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  70. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
George Radanovich
U.S. House of Representatives - California
Succeeded by
Preceded by
California State Senate, District 12
Succeeded by
Anthony Cannella