Jesse L. Jackson, Jr.

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Jesse L. Jackson, Jr.
Jesse L. Jackson Jr.jpg
U.S. House, Illinois, District 2
Former Member
In office
December 12, 1995-November 21, 2012
PartyDemocratic
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$5.65 in 2012
First elected1994
Campaign $$6,244,331
Term limitsN/A
Education
Bachelor'sNorth Carolina A&T State University
Master'sChicago Theological Seminary
J.D.University of Illinois College of Law
Personal
BirthdayMarch 11, 1965
Place of birthGreenville, South Carolina
ProfessionPolitician, Civil Rights Leader
Net worth$300,008
ReligionBaptist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Jesse L. Jackson, Jr. campaign logo
Jesse Louis Jackson, Jr. (b. March 11, 1965, in Greenville, SC) was a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Jackson was elected by voters from Illinois' 2nd Congressional District. Jackson won against Brian Woodworth and Marcus Lewis in the November 2012 election.[1] Jackson defeated challenger Debbie Halvorson in the Democratic primary on March 20, 2012.[2]

On November 21, 2012, Jackson resigned his seat effective immediately. A special election was held to fill his seat. He was succeeded by Robin Kelly (D)[3]

The Justice Department filed fraud and conspiracy charges against Jackson on February 15, 2013, saying that he used about $750,000 in campaign money for personal expenses.[4]

On August 14, 2013, U.S. District Court Judge Amy Berman Jackson sentenced Jackson to 30 months in prison, following his guilty plea that he engaged in a scheme to spend $750,000 in campaign funds on personal items.[5][6][7]

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Jackson was a "far-left Democrat."[8]

Biography

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The information about this individual is current as of when his or her last campaign ended. See anything that needs updating? Send a correction to our editors

Jackson was born on March 11, 1965, in Greenville, South Carolina. Jackson graduated magna cum laude from North Carolina A & T State University in Greensboro, North Carolina in 1987 where he earned a Bachelor of Science Degree in Business Management. Three years later, he earned a Master of Arts Degree in Theology from the Chicago Theological Seminary, and in 1993, received his Juris Doctorate from the University of Illinois College of Law.[9]

Career

Committee assignments

U.S. House of Representatives

2011-2012

Jackson served on the following committees:[9]

  • Appropriations Committee
    • Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education
    • Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Vice Chair
    • Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration

Issues

Political Positions

2012

On his campaign website, Jackson has 5 leading issues that he is concerned about. In comparison, Debbie Halvorson, his Democratic Primary opponent, lists 8 issues. Jackson listed the following issues:[10]

Economy

Excerpt: "In the 2nd Congressional District, the biggest issue is jobs. That's why Congressman Jackson has been fighting to build a third airport in the south suburbs, which would bring jobs and economic development to the Southland."

Leading issue for opponent Debbie Halvorson: Approveda


Health care

Excerpt: "Congressman Jackson supported the bill, and believes it should be implemented as passed, so that the promise of health care reform can be fully realized. He also believes that a public option should be considered in the future, and supported such a provision when it was debated in Congress."

Leading issue for opponent Debbie Halvorson: Approveda

Education

Excerpt: "Education is the key to improving the quality of life for millions of Americans who grow up in communities such as the South Side and south suburbs, where economic opportunity is scarce. Congressman Jackson believes that both additional resources and accountability are necessary, so that schools that have been failing can begin to meet higher standards. In addition, Congressman Jackson has proposed a constitutional amendment that would guarantee the right to an education of equal high quality to all Americans."

Leading issue for opponent Debbie Halvorson: Approveda

Energy and environment

Excerpt: "Climate change is a real threat to all Americans and to people across the globe. As temperatures rise, lives and livelihoods are at risk. Simply put, we absolutely must reduce our carbon emissions as quickly as possible, and we must convince our counterparts around the globe to do so as well. Congressman Jackson supports a national cap-and-trade system to put a price on carbon."

Leading issue for opponent Debbie Halvorson: Approveda

International affairs

Excerpt: "In Afghanistan, we must continue to build the government's capacity to effectively govern and secure the country, leading towards the responsible withdrawal of U.S. troops. We must ensure that when we leave, the Taliban and Al Qaeda are unable to return to power and safe harbor there. In the Middle East, Congressman Jackson has been a vocal leader in protecting the security of Israel. In March of 2010, he joined his Republican colleague, Mike Pence of Indiana, in drafting a letter to President Obama that encourages crippling sanctions on Iran in order to prevent them from acquiring nuclear weapons."

Leading issue for opponent Debbie Halvorson: Defeatedd

Endorsements

2012

The following are endorsements from notable persons and organizations:

Endorsed by Statement
Nancy Pelosi "He may be junior in terms of his title in the family, but he is very senior in the amount of respect he commands in the Congress of the United States."[11]
Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel In a statement, the Chicago mayor called Jackson, Jr. a "progressive fighter."[12]
Illinois Gov. Pat Quinn "Time and again, Congressman Jackson has delivered for the residents of the 2nd District in Illinois. Congressman Jackson deserves to go back to Washington, D.C.and help President Obama continue to fight for jobs, economic recovery and everyday Americans."[13]

Campaign tactics and controversies

  • In early-October 2011, campaign-related e-mails were sent by Jackson's staff members in response to campaign statements made by Democratic Primary opponent Debbie Halvorson. The e-mails, according to reports, were sent from the staff members' government accounts after requests by the media. Allegedly, this violated U.S. House rules that prohibit using government email accounts for campaign or political purposes. According to the House rules maual: "[T]he use of one‘s office desktop computer (including one‘s mail.house.gov e-mail address) to send or receive such communications continues to be prohibited." However, Jackson's spokesperson Kitty Kurth claimed that those emails can be categorized as appropriate because of an exemption allowing press secretaries to "answer occasional questions on political matters."[14]
  • Jesse Jackson, Jr. stated during his campaign for re-election that he plans on introducing legislation that would turn the Historic Pullman District in Chicago, Illinois into a national park. The Chicago neighborhood is the first planned industrial community in the United States. The potential proposal would allow for a one-to-three year feasibility study to determine if designating the park at certain locations would work. If so, a proposal to Congress would be made to pass a measure to designate it as a national park.[15]
  • Jackson stated that his Democratic Primary opponent, Debbie Halvorson has not supported President Barack Obama as much as he has. He pointed out that Halvorson voted against the president 88 times while in Congress.[16]

Polls

2012 Election

  • A poll released by the Halvorson campaign in January 2012 showed the following results between Democratic Primary opponents Jesse L. Jackson, Jr. and Debbie Halvorson.[17]
  • A second poll was released at the same time, by Lake Research Partners, showing similar results to the previous one.[17]
    • Neither polls released a margin of error, therefore, the chart shows zero until those numbers are obtained.
  • Lake Research Partners released another poll on March 13, showing Jackson with a considerable lead over Halvorson.[18]
Illinois' Congressional District 2 General election, 2012
Poll Jesse Jackson Jr. (D) Brian Woodworth (R)Marcus Lucas (I)Margin of ErrorSample Size
We Ask America
(October 21, 2012)
58%27%15%+/-3.5819
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Illinois' Congressional District 2 Primary election, 2012
Poll Jesse Jackson Jr. (D) Debbie Halvorson (D)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Debbie Halvorson campaign
(January 10-12, 2012)
48%35%17%+/-0400
Lake Research Partners
(January, 2012)
44%30%26%+/-0496
Lake Research Partners
(March 8-11, 2012)
59%23%18%+/-4.9496
AVERAGES 50.33% 29.33% 20.33% +/-1.63 464
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

Elections

2012

See also: Illinois' 2nd Congressional District elections, 2012

Jackson ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Illinois' 2nd District.

Jackson defeated challenger Debbie Halvorson in the Democratic primary on March 20, 2012.[2] In the Republican primary, Brian Woodworth defeated candidate James H. Taylor, Sr..[2] Jackson defeated Woodworth in the general election on November 6, 2012.

An October 2012 article in The Daily named Jackson one of the 20 worst candidates in 2012.[19]

Jackson resigned on November 21, 2012 amid health issues and federal investigations. He is quoted in his resignation letter as saying he's "doing my best to address the situation responsibly, cooperate with the investigators, and accept responsibility for my mistakes, for they are my mistakes and mine alone.” A special election was held to fill his vacated seat.[20]

U.S. House, Illinois District 2 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJesse Jackson Jr. Incumbent 63.3% 188,303
     Republican Brian Woodworth 23.2% 69,115
     Independent Marcus Lewis 13.5% 40,006
Total Votes 297,424
Source: Illinois Board of Elections "2012 General Election Official Vote Totals"
U.S. House, Illinois District 2 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJesse Jackson, Jr. Incumbent 71.2% 56,109
Deborah Halvorson 28.8% 22,672
Total Votes 78,781

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Jackson is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Jackson raised a total of $6,244,331 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 5, 2013.[29]

Jesse L. Jackson, Jr.'s Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Illinois, District 2) Won $1,003,682
2010 U.S. House (Illinois, District 2) Won $795,723
2008 U.S. House (Illinois, District 2) Won $1,189,930
2006 U.S. House (Illinois, District 2) Won $1,084,135
2004 U.S. House (Illinois, District 2) Won $886,995
2002 U.S. House (Illinois, District 2) Won $738,829
2000 U.S. House (Illinois, District 2) Won $545,037
Grand Total Raised $6,244,331

2012

Breakdown of the source of Jackson's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Jackson won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Jackson's campaign committee raised a total of $1,003,682 and spent $1,063,065.[30] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[31]

Cost per vote

Jackson spent $5.65 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Jackson's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Jackson won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Jackson's campaign committee raised a total of $795,723 and spent $1,032,506 .[32]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

2011

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Jackson's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $114,017 and $486,000. That averages to $300,008, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2011 of $5,107,874. His average calculated net worth[33] increased by 8.50% from 2010.[34]

2010

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Jackson's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $111,015 and $442,000. That averages to $276,507.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2010 of $4,465,875.[35]

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Jackson is a "far-left Democrat" as of June 16, 2013.[36]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Jackson paid his congressional staff a total of $841,038 in 2011. He ranked 12th on the list of the lowest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 87th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Illinois ranked 46th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[37]

National Journal vote ratings

2011

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Jackson ranked 1st in the liberal rankings in 2011.[38]

Personal

Jackson resides in Chicago, Illinois, with his wife Sandi, Chicago's 7th Ward Alderman, daughter Jessica Donatella, and son Jesse L. Jackson, III.[9]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Jesse + Jackson + Illinois + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Jesse Jackson News Feed

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See also

External links


References

  1. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Illinois"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 ABC News 7, "Election Results Primary 2012," accessed March 20, 2012
  3. Politico, "Jesse Jackson Jr. resigns from Congress" accessed November 21, 2012
  4. New York Times, "Jesse Jackson Jr. Charged in Misuse of Campaign Money" accessed February 15, 2013
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named thirty
  6. Chicago Tribune, "Judge sentences Jesse Jackson Jr. to 30 months in prison," accessed August 14, 2013
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named wpsentence
  8. GovTrack, "Jackson" accessed May 18, 2012
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Jesse L. Jackson, Jr Representing Illinois' 2nd Congressional District, "About" accessed October 30, 2011
  10. Jesse Jackson, Jr., Congressman, Second Congressional District of Illinois, "Issues" accessed February 8, 2012
  11. WGN TV.com, "Nancy Pelosi throws her support behind Jesse Jackson Jr.," March 3, 2012
  12. PJ Star, "Mayor Rahm Emanuel Backs Rep. Jesse Jackson Jr. for District 2 Congressman," March 6, 2012
  13. Chicago Tribune, "Quinn backs Jackson, but not in person," March 11, 2012
  14. WBEZ.org, "Jackson's staff sends handful of campaign-related emails from congressional addresses," February 14, 2012
  15. Chicagoist.com, "Jesse Jackson, Jr. Says Pullman Should Be A National Historic site," accessed February 16, 2012
  16. CBS Chicago, "Halvorson voted against the president 88 times while in Congress," February 20, 2012
  17. 17.0 17.1 Sun Times, "Jackson and Halvorson release competing polls in congressional race," January 18, 2012
  18. NBC Chicago, "Poll: Jackson Leads Halvorson 59-23," March 13, 2012
  19. The Daily, "The worst candidates of 2012," accessed October 29, 2012
  20. Politico, "Jesse Jackson Jr. resigns from Congress" accessed November 21, 2012
  21. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  22. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  23. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  24. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  25. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  26. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  27. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  28. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  29. Open Secrets, "Jesse L. Jackson" accessed April 5, 2013
  30. Open Secrets, "Jesse Jackson 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 20, 2013
  31. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  32. Open Secrets, "Jesse L. Jackson, Jr. 2010 Election Cycle," accessed October 30, 2011
  33. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  34. OpenSecrets, "Jackson (D-Ill), 2011"
  35. OpenSecrets, "Jackson, (D-Illinois), 2010"
  36. GovTrack, "Jesse L. Jackson, Jr.," accessed June 16, 2013
  37. LegiStorm, "Jesse Jackson Jr."
  38. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
Political offices
Preceded by
Mel Reynolds
U.S. House of Representatives - Illinois, District 2
1995–November 21, 2012
Succeeded by
'