Difference between revisions of "Jim McGovern (Massachusetts)"

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|Cost per vote 2012 = $2.86
 
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{{tnr}}'''James "Jim" McGovern''' (b. November 20, 1959) is a [[Democratic]] member of the [[U.S. House of Representatives]]. McGovern serves the [[Massachusetts' 2nd congressional district|2nd congressional district of Massachusetts]]. He was first elected to the U.S. House in 1996. He ran for and won re-election in 2012 in the 2nd congressional district due to redistricting after previously representing the [[Massachusetts' 3rd congressional district|3rd district]].<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/map/#/House/2012/ ''Politico'' "2012 Election Map, Massachusetts"]</ref>
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{{tnr}}'''James "Jim" McGovern''' (b. November 20, 1959, in Worcester, Massachusetts) is a [[Democratic]] member of the [[United States House of Representatives]] representing [[Massachusetts' 2nd congressional district]]. McGovern was first elected to the House in 1996  and won re-election on  [[Massachusetts' 2nd  congressional district elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]. McGovern had previously represented the 3rd district but due to redistricting in 2012, he now represents the 2nd district<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/map/#/House/2012/ ''Politico,'' "2012 Election Map, Massachusetts"]</ref>.
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McGovern is set to run for re-election in [[Massachusetts' 2nd congressional district]] in the general election on [[Massachusetts' 2nd congressional district elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]].
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Prior to his election to the House, McGovern served as senior aide to Rep. John Joseph Moakley and was also appointed to lead the Moakley Commission Congressional Investigation into the murder of six Jesuit priests by the Salvadoran Army.<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=m000312 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress,'' "Biography of James McGovern," Accessed November 23, 2011]</ref><ref>[http://mcgovern.house.gov/index.cfm?sectionid=115&sectiontree=2,115 ''McGovern House website,'' "About Jim McGovern," Accessed November 23, 2011]</ref>
  
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', McGovern is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|far-left Democratic leader]]".<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/james_mcgovern/400263 ''Gov Track'' "McGovern" Accessed May 18, 2012]</ref>
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{{Introanalysis
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|Party=Democratic
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|Rating=Average
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|Pronoun=he
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|Fullname=Jim McGovern
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|Lastname=McGovern
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}}
  
 
==Biography==
 
==Biography==
McGovern was born in Worcester, [[Massachusetts]], the son of two small business owners.<ref>[http://jimmcgovern.com/about/ ''Jim McGovern Campaign website'' "About Jim," November 23, 2011]</ref> He earned his B.A. and M.P.A. from American University in 1981 and 1984 respectively.<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=m000312 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress'' "McGOVERN, James P., (1959 - )"]</ref>
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McGovern was born in Worcester, [[Massachusetts]], the son of two small business owners.<ref>[http://jimmcgovern.com/about/ ''Jim McGovern Campaign website,'' "About Jim," November 23, 2011]</ref> He earned his B.A. and M.P.A. from American University in 1981 and 1984, respectively.<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=m000312 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress,'' "McGOVERN, James P., (1959 - )"]</ref>
  
In 1990, McGovern was appointed to lead the Moakley Commission Congressional Investigation into the 1989 murder of six Jesuit priests, their housekeeper and her daughter in El Salvador by the Salvadoran Army. That commission's report ultimately led to a change in the U.S. foreign policy on aid to other countries.<ref>[http://mcgovern.house.gov/index.cfm?sectionid=115&sectiontree=2,115 ''McGovern House website'' "About Jim McGovern," Accessed November 23, 2011]</ref>
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In 1990, McGovern was appointed to lead the Moakley Commission Congressional Investigation into the 1989 murder of six Jesuit priests, their housekeeper and her daughter in El Salvador by the Salvadoran Army. That commission's report ultimately led to a change in the U.S. foreign policy on aid to other countries.<ref>[http://mcgovern.house.gov/index.cfm?sectionid=115&sectiontree=2,115 ''McGovern House website,'' "About Jim McGovern," Accessed November 23, 2011]</ref>
  
 
==Career==
 
==Career==
The following is a bulleted list of McGovern's career.<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=m000312 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress'' "Biography of James McGovern," Accessed November 23, 2011]</ref>
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The following is a bulleted list of McGovern's career:<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=m000312 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress,'' "Biography of James McGovern," Accessed November 23, 2011]</ref>
  
 
*1997-Present: [[U.S. House of Representatives]], [[Massachusetts' 3rd congressional district]]
 
*1997-Present: [[U.S. House of Representatives]], [[Massachusetts' 3rd congressional district]]
*1982-1996: Senior aide, [[U.S. House]] representatives John Joseph Moakley
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*1982-1996: Senior aide, [[U.S. House]] Rep. John Joseph Moakley
 
*1984: Presidential campaign staff, George McGovern
 
*1984: Presidential campaign staff, George McGovern
 
*1981-1983: Aide, U.S. Senator George McGovern
 
*1981-1983: Aide, U.S. Senator George McGovern
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====2011-2012====
 
====2011-2012====
McGovern served on the following committees and subcommittees:<ref>[http://mcgovern.house.gov/index.cfm?sectionid=115&sectiontree=2,115 ''Official McGovern House Website'' "Biography," Accessed on November 23, 2011]</ref>
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McGovern served on the following committees and subcommittees:<ref>[http://mcgovern.house.gov/index.cfm?sectionid=115&sectiontree=2,115 ''Official McGovern House Website,'' "Biography," Accessed on November 23, 2011]</ref>
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Rules|Committee on Rules]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Rules|Committee on Rules]]
 
**Subcommittee on Rules and Organization of the House ''Ranking Member''
 
**Subcommittee on Rules and Organization of the House ''Ranking Member''
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==Issues==
 
==Issues==
===Specific votes===
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===Legislative actions===
====Fiscal Cliff====
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====113th Congress====
{{Support vote}}
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[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
McGovern voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was one of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257/167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
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{{113thVotes
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|Lastname=McGovern
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|Passed=22
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|Total=4315
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|Date=August 1, 2013
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|Sen=
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|SenTotal=
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|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record'', "Resume of Congressional Activity," accessed September 23, 2013]</ref>
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}}
  
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====National security====
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===American response in Syria===
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: ''See also: [[United States involvement in Syria]]''
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{{Dem letter on Syria|Name=McGovern}}
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=====NDAA=====
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{{Oppose vote}} McGovern voted in opposition of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.<ref name=ns>[http://votesmart.org/candidate/key-votes/552/jim-mcgovern/22/defense#.UkCDa4akrMl ''Project Vote Smart,'' "Representative Jim McGovern's Voting Records on National Security," accessed September 23, 2013]</ref>
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=====DHS Appropriations=====
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{{Oppose vote}} McGovern voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.<ref name=ns/>
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====Economy====
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=====Farm Bill=====
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: ''See also: [[United States Farm Bill 2013]]''
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{{oppose vote}}
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McGovern voted against the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013.  The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.<ref>[http://votesmart.org/candidate/key-votes/552/jim-mcgovern/4/agriculture-and-food#.UkCEjoakrMk ''Vote Smart'', "McGovern on Agriculture", accessed September 23, 2013]</ref>  The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/12/us/politics/house-bill-would-split-farm-and-food-stamp-programs.html?pagewanted=1&_r=0 ''New York Times'', "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps", accessed September 17, 2013]</ref>
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=====Government shutdown=====
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:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
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{{oppose vote}} On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House,'' "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref> At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. [[Harry Reid]] rejected the call to conference.<ref>[http://www.buzzfeed.com/katenocera/government-shutdown-how-we-got-here?bffb ''Buzzfeed'', "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013]</ref> McGovern voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml''Clerk of the U.S. House,'' "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
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{{support vote}} The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the [[United States Senate|Senate]]. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by [[United States Senate|Senate Democrats]] was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/house-effort-to-end-fiscal-crisis-collapses-leaving-senate-to-forge-last-minute-solution/2013/10/16/1e8bb150-364d-11e3-be86-6aeaa439845b_story_1.html ''The Washington Post'', "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013]</ref> The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from [[Republican]] members. McGovern voted for HR 2775.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll550.xml ''U.S. House,'' "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
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====Immigration====
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=====Morton Memos Prohibition=====
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{{Oppose vote}} McGovern voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:hamdt136: ''The Library of Congress,'' "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013]</ref> The vote largely followed party lines.<ref>[http://votesmart.org/candidate/key-votes/552/jim-mcgovern/40/immigration#.UkCHPYakrMk ''Project Vote Smart,'' "Representative Jim McGovern's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed September 23, 2013]</ref>
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====Healthcare====
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=====Repealing Obamacare=====
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{{Oppose vote}} McGovern has voted against all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.<ref>[http://votesmart.org/candidate/key-votes/552/jim-mcgovern/38/health-and-health-care#.UkCH_4akrMk ''Project Vote Smart,'' "Representative Jim McGovern's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Health Care," accessed September 23, 2013]</ref>
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====Social issues====
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=====Abortion=====
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{{Oppose vote}} McGovern voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.<ref>[http://votesmart.org/candidate/key-votes/552/jim-mcgovern/2/abortion#.UkCJMoakrMk ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Key Vote," accessed September 23, 2013]</ref>
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=====SNAP challenge=====
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{{SNAP challenge|Name=McGovern}}
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====Previous congressional sessions====
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=====Fiscal Cliff=====
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{{Support vote}}
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McGovern voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House,'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
 
===Campaign themes===
 
===Campaign themes===
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
 
On his campaign website, McGovern listed the following seven issues.<ref name="themes"/>
 
On his campaign website, McGovern listed the following seven issues.<ref name="themes"/>
 
*'''Economy and Jobs'''
 
*'''Economy and Jobs'''
On his website, McGovern says, "As the son of small business owners, Jim McGovern knows that small business is the backbone of America’s economy. Jim grew up working in his parent’s package store in Worcester, so he knows what it takes to help businesses grow."
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On his website, McGovern said, "As the son of small business owners, Jim McGovern knows that small business is the backbone of America’s economy. Jim grew up working in his parent’s package store in Worcester, so he knows what it takes to help businesses grow."
 
*'''Education'''
 
*'''Education'''
On his website, McGovern says, "The Third District is home to some of the best institutions of higher education in the world. And Jim McGovern has been worked tirelessly to help families afford a higher education, including authoring legislation to increase Pell Grants. Jim believes that for students who get into college, the focus should be on succeeding in school, not on worrying about how they will pay for it."
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On his website, McGovern said, "The Third District is home to some of the best institutions of higher education in the world. And Jim McGovern has been worked tirelessly to help families afford a higher education, including authoring legislation to increase Pell Grants. Jim believes that for students who get into college, the focus should be on succeeding in school, not on worrying about how they will pay for it."
 
*'''Energy'''
 
*'''Energy'''
On his website, McGovern says, "Jim believes we must reduce our dependence on foreign oil, improve energy efficiency and – most important – create new clean energy jobs here in Massachusetts."
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On his website, McGovern said, "Jim believes we must reduce our dependence on foreign oil, improve energy efficiency and – most important – create new clean energy jobs here in Massachusetts."
 
*'''Iraq and Afghanistan'''
 
*'''Iraq and Afghanistan'''
On his website, McGovern says, "Jim McGovern voted against the war in Iraq. He believes it was a war of choice, not necessity. There were no weapons of mass destruction. The costs have been enormous."
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On his website, McGovern said, "Jim McGovern voted against the war in Iraq. He believes it was a war of choice, not necessity. There were no weapons of mass destruction. The costs have been enormous."
 
*'''Social Security and Medicare'''
 
*'''Social Security and Medicare'''
On his website, McGovern says, "Jim McGovern believes that Social Security and Medicare are sacred promises – commitments that our nation has made to ensure that our senior citizens can live their lives with dignity. Those promises must not be broken."
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On his website, McGovern said, "Jim McGovern believes that Social Security and Medicare are sacred promises – commitments that our nation has made to ensure that our senior citizens can live their lives with dignity. Those promises must not be broken."
 
*'''Veterans'''
 
*'''Veterans'''
On his website, McGovern says, "Jim McGovern believes that there is no higher priority for our nation than providing for our brave men and women who have worn the uniform of the United States. Jim is a strong supporter of programs that provide health care, education, and economic opportunity for our veterans."
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On his website, McGovern said, "Jim McGovern believes that there is no higher priority for our nation than providing for our brave men and women who have worn the uniform of the United States. Jim is a strong supporter of programs that provide health care, education, and economic opportunity for our veterans."
 
*'''Wall Street Reform'''
 
*'''Wall Street Reform'''
On his website, McGovern says, "Jim McGovern believes that for years, Wall Street and the Big Banks exploited loopholes, gambled people’s hard-earned money on complex schemes, and rewarded failure and recklessness while Republicans turned a blind eye. America’s families and businesses paid the price. Jim has been a strong supporter of reforming Wall Street to protect consumers and to hold the people who got us into this mess accountable." <ref name="themes">[http://jimmcgovern.com/issues/ ''Jim McGovern for Congress'' "Issues" August 11, 2012]</ref>
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On his website, McGovern said, "Jim McGovern believes that for years, Wall Street and the Big Banks exploited loopholes, gambled people’s hard-earned money on complex schemes, and rewarded failure and recklessness while Republicans turned a blind eye. America’s families and businesses paid the price. Jim has been a strong supporter of reforming Wall Street to protect consumers and to hold the people who got us into this mess accountable." <ref name="themes">[http://jimmcgovern.com/issues/ ''Jim McGovern for Congress,'' "Issues" August 11, 2012]</ref>
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
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===2014===
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:: ''See also: [[Massachusetts' 2nd congressional district elections, 2014]]''
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McGovern is set to run for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. If he runs, he will seek the Democratic nomination in the primary election. {{Nov2014genelection}}
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===2012===
 
===2012===
 
::''See also: [[Redistricting in Massachusetts]]'' and ''[[United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts, 2012]]''
 
::''See also: [[Redistricting in Massachusetts]]'' and ''[[United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts, 2012]]''
McGovern ran for re-election in 2012. He has been redistricted and won re-election in the [[Massachusetts' 2nd congressional district|2nd congressional district of Massachusetts]]. He defeated [[William Feegbeh]] in the Democratic primary on September 6, 2012.<ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/MA_US_House_0906.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS ''Associated Press'' "Massachusetts Primary Results," Accessed September 6, 2012]</ref>
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McGovern ran for re-election in 2012. He won re-election in the [[Massachusetts' 2nd congressional district|2nd congressional district of Massachusetts]]. He defeated [[William Feegbeh]] in the Democratic primary on September 6, 2012.<ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/MA_US_House_0906.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS ''Associated Press,'' "Massachusetts Primary Results," Accessed September 6, 2012]</ref>
 
====General election====
 
====General election====
 
{{Madis2genelecbox12}}
 
{{Madis2genelecbox12}}
  
====Primary results====
 
 
{{Primary election box 2012
 
{{Primary election box 2012
|Chamber=  Massachusetts' 2th Congressional District
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|Chamber=  Massachusetts' 2nd Congressional District
 
|party= Democratic
 
|party= Democratic
 
|winner1 =Jim McGovern
 
|winner1 =Jim McGovern
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|year=2000
 
|year=2000
 
|Editdate=May 16, 2013  
 
|Editdate=May 16, 2013  
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2012&cid=N00000179&type=I ''Open Secrets'' "Jim McGovernor" Accessed May 16, 2013]</ref>
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|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2012&cid=N00000179&type=I ''Open Secrets,'' "Jim McGovernor," Accessed May 16, 2013]</ref>
 
|party=Democratic
 
|party=Democratic
 
|totalraised2012=1068822
 
|totalraised2012=1068822
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|office2000=U.S. House (Massachusetts, [[Massachusetts' 3rd congressional district|District 3]])
 
|office2000=U.S. House (Massachusetts, [[Massachusetts' 3rd congressional district|District 3]])
 
}}
 
}}
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===2014===
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{{Jim McGovern 2014 FEC}}
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
[[File:James_McGovern-2012_donor_breakdown.png|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of McGovern's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
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[[File:McGovern 2012 Donors.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of McGovern's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
McGovern won election to the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] in 2012. During that election cycle, McGovern's campaign committee raised a total of $1,068,822 and spent $740,709.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00000179&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'' "Jim McGovern 2012 Re-Election Cycle," Accessed February 15, 2013]</ref>
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McGovern won election to the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] in 2012. During that election cycle, McGovern's campaign committee raised a total of $1,068,822 and spent $740,709.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00000179&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets,'' "Jim McGovern 2012 Re-Election Cycle," Accessed February 15, 2013]</ref>
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====Cost per vote====
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McGovern spent $2.86 per vote received in 2012.
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{{Congress donor box 2012
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
|winner = Y
 
|winner = Y
|Chamber = U.S. House of Representatives
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|Chamber = U.S. House, Massachusetts District 2
 
|party = Democratic
 
|party = Democratic
 
|total raised =  $1,068,822  
 
|total raised =  $1,068,822  
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===2010===
 
===2010===
 
[[File:Jim McGovern 2010 Donor Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of McGovern's campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]
 
[[File:Jim McGovern 2010 Donor Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of McGovern's campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]
McGovern won re-election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2010. During that election cycle, McGovern's campaign committee raised a total of $1,839,052 and spent $2,145,195.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2010&cid=N00007999&type=I ''Open Secrets'' "James McGovern 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed November 23, 2011]</ref>
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McGovern won re-election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2010. During that election cycle, McGovern's campaign committee raised a total of $1,839,052 and spent $2,145,195.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2010&cid=N00007999&type=I ''Open Secrets,'' "James McGovern 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed November 23, 2011]</ref>
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
|Chamber = Massachusetts House of Representatives Congressional District 3
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|Chamber = U.S. House, Massachusetts, District 3
 
|party = Democratic
 
|party = Democratic
 
|total raised = $1,839,052
 
|total raised = $1,839,052
 
|total spent = $2,145,195  
 
|total spent = $2,145,195  
|opponent raised = $146x
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|opponent raised = $125,737
|opponent spent = $14xx5
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|opponent spent = $105,305
 
|org1 = Interpublic Group
 
|org1 = Interpublic Group
 
|org2 = Boulder Capital
 
|org2 = Boulder Capital
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==Analysis==
 
==Analysis==
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===Ideology and leadership===
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:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
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Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', McGovern is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|far-left Democratic leader]]," as of June 24, 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/james_mcgovern/400263 ''GovTrack,'' "McGovern," Accessed June 24, 2013]</ref>
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===Like-minded colleagues===
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The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/400263_James_McGovern ''OpenCongress,'' "Jim McGovern," Accessed August 5, 2013]</ref>
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{{col-begin}}
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{{col-break}}
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McGovern most often votes with:
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*{{bluedot}} [[Michael Capuano]]
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*{{reddot}} [[Chris Gibson]]
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{{col-break}}
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McGovern least often votes with:
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*{{bluedot}} [[John Barrow]]
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*{{reddot}} [[Billy Long]]
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{{col-end}}
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===Lifetime voting record===
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' McGovern missed 168 of 11,058 roll call votes from Jan 1997 to Mar 2013, which is 1.5%. This is better than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/james_mcgovern/400263 ''GovTrack,'' "James McGovern" Accessed April 2013]</ref>
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According to the website ''GovTrack,'' McGovern missed 168 of 11,058 roll call votes from Jan 1997 to Mar 2013, which is 1.5%. This is better than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/james_mcgovern/400263 ''GovTrack,'' "James McGovern," Accessed April 2013]</ref>
  
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. McGovern paid his congressional staff a total of $1,042,016 in 2011.  He ranked 91st on the list of the highest paid Democratic Representative Staff Salaries and he ranked 118th overall of the highest paid Representative Staff Salaries in 2011.  Overall, [[Massachusetts]] ranked 2nd in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/362/Rep_Jim_McGovern.html LegiStorm "Jim McGovern"]</ref>
+
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. McGovern paid his congressional staff a total of $1,042,016 in 2011.  He ranked 91st on the list of the highest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 118th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011.  Overall, [[Massachusetts]] ranked 2nd in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/362/Rep_Jim_McGovern.html ''LegiStorm,'' "Jim McGovern"]</ref>
  
 
===Net worth===
 
===Net worth===
Line 273: Line 356:
  
 
====2011====
 
====2011====
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', McGovern's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $1,102,012 and $5,355,000. This averages to $3,228,506, which is a 13.14% increase since 2010. This is lower than the $5,107,874 average net worth for Democratic representatives in 2011.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00000179&year=2011''OpenSecrets.org'', "McGovern, (D-Massachusetts), 2011"]</ref>
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', McGovern's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $1,102,012 and $5,355,000. This averages to $3,228,506, which is a 13.14% increase since 2010. This is lower than the $5,107,874 average net worth for Democratic representatives in 2011.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00000179&year=2011''OpenSecrets.org,'' "McGovern, (D-Massachusetts), 2011"]</ref>
  
 
====2010====
 
====2010====
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', McGovern's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $602,012 and $5,104,999. That averages to $2,853,505.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic Representatives in 2010 of $4,465,875.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00000179&year=2010''OpenSecrets.org'', "McGovern, (D-Massachusetts), 2010"]</ref>
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', McGovern's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $602,012 and $5,104,999. That averages to $2,853,505.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2010 of $4,465,875.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00000179&year=2010''OpenSecrets.org,'' "McGovern, (D-Massachusetts), 2010"]</ref>
  
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
Line 283: Line 366:
  
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
According to the data released in 2013, McGovern was ranked one of the most liberal representative during 2012. There are 13 other representatives that share this ranking. This was the most liberal ranking held by a representative of Massachusetts in 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings/table-house-liberal-scores-by-issue-area-20130221 ''National Journal,'' "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013]</ref>
+
According to the data released in 2013, McGovern was ranked one of the most liberal representatives during 2012. There are 13 other representatives that share this ranking. This was the most liberal ranking held by a representative of Massachusetts in 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings/table-house-liberal-scores-by-issue-area-20130221 ''National Journal,'' "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013]</ref>
  
 
====2011====
 
====2011====
 
According to the data released in 2012, Jim McGovern was ranked the 21st most liberal representative during 2011.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal,'' "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012]</ref>
 
According to the data released in 2012, Jim McGovern was ranked the 21st most liberal representative during 2011.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal,'' "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012]</ref>
  
===Percentage voting with party===
+
===Voting with party===
====November 2011====
+
====June 2013====
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
|name=McGovern
 
|name=McGovern
 
|party=Democratic
 
|party=Democratic
|percent=93.4%
+
|percent=91.7%
|rank=67th
+
|rank=135th
|total=192
+
|total=201
 
|chamber=House
 
|chamber=House
|year=November 2011
+
|year=November 2013
 
|DHouse=Y
 
|DHouse=Y
 
}}
 
}}
 +
 +
==Personal==
 +
McGovern is married to Lisa. They have two children. McGovern has two sisters.<ref>[http://www.votesmart.org/candidate/biography/552/jim-mcgovern ''Project Vote Smart,'' "Summary," Accessed November 23, 2011]</ref>
  
 
==Recent news==
 
==Recent news==
Line 306: Line 392:
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
  
<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Jim+McGovern+Massachusetts+House&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Jim McGovern News Feed</rss>
+
{{RSS|feed=http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Jim+McGovern+Massachusetts+House&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Jim McGovern News Feed}}
 
+
==Personal==
+
McGovern is married to Lisa. They have two children. McGovern has two sisters.<ref>[http://www.votesmart.org/candidate/biography/552/jim-mcgovern ''Project Vote Smart'' "Summary," Accessed November 23, 2011]</ref>
+
 
+
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 
*[http://www.mcgovern.house.gov/ Official House website]
 
*[http://www.mcgovern.house.gov/ Official House website]

Revision as of 16:47, 13 December 2013

Jim McGovern
James P McGovern.jpg
U.S. House, Massachusetts, District 2
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 1996-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 25
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorRichard E. Neal (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$2.86 in 2012
First elected1996
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$7,150,315
Term limitsN/A
Education
Bachelor'sAmerican University
Master'sAmerican University
Personal
BirthdayNovember 20, 1959
Place of birthWorcester, Massachusetts
ProfessionElected official
Net worth$3,228,506
ReligionRoman Catholic
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
James "Jim" McGovern (b. November 20, 1959, in Worcester, Massachusetts) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing Massachusetts' 2nd congressional district. McGovern was first elected to the House in 1996 and won re-election on November 6, 2012. McGovern had previously represented the 3rd district but due to redistricting in 2012, he now represents the 2nd district[1].

McGovern is set to run for re-election in Massachusetts' 2nd congressional district in the general election on November 4, 2014. Prior to his election to the House, McGovern served as senior aide to Rep. John Joseph Moakley and was also appointed to lead the Moakley Commission Congressional Investigation into the murder of six Jesuit priests by the Salvadoran Army.[2][3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, McGovern is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

McGovern was born in Worcester, Massachusetts, the son of two small business owners.[4] He earned his B.A. and M.P.A. from American University in 1981 and 1984, respectively.[5]

In 1990, McGovern was appointed to lead the Moakley Commission Congressional Investigation into the 1989 murder of six Jesuit priests, their housekeeper and her daughter in El Salvador by the Salvadoran Army. That commission's report ultimately led to a change in the U.S. foreign policy on aid to other countries.[6]

Career

The following is a bulleted list of McGovern's career:[7]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

McGovern serves on the following committees:[8]

2011-2012

McGovern served on the following committees and subcommittees:[9]

  • Committee on Rules
    • Subcommittee on Rules and Organization of the House Ranking Member
  • Committee on Agriculture
    • Subcommittee on Department Operations, Oversight, and Credit
    • Subcommittee on General Farm Commodities and Risk Management

Issues

Legislative actions

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[10] For more information pertaining to McGovern's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[11]

National security

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements."[12][13] The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. McGovern was 1 of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.[12][13]

NDAA

Voted "No" McGovern voted in opposition of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[14]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "No" McGovern voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[14]

Economy

Farm Bill
See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Voted "No" McGovern voted against the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[15] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[16]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[17] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[18] McGovern voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[19]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[20] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. McGovern voted for HR 2775.[21]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "No" McGovern voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[22] The vote largely followed party lines.[23]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Voted "No" McGovern has voted against all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[24]

Social issues

Abortion

Voted "No" McGovern voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[25]

SNAP challenge
See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

In June 2013, more than two dozen House Democrats, including McGovern, took part in a SNAP challenge, feeding themselves for a week on the average benefit level of a SNAP recipient.[26]

The SNAP Challenge encouraged participants to get a sense of what life is like for millions of low-income Americans facing hunger. By accepting the SNAP Challenge, participants committed to eat all meals from a limited food budget comparable to that of a SNAP participant, approximately $1.50 per meal, or $4.50 a day.[27]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" McGovern voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.[28]

Campaign themes

2012

On his campaign website, McGovern listed the following seven issues.[29]

  • Economy and Jobs

On his website, McGovern said, "As the son of small business owners, Jim McGovern knows that small business is the backbone of America’s economy. Jim grew up working in his parent’s package store in Worcester, so he knows what it takes to help businesses grow."

  • Education

On his website, McGovern said, "The Third District is home to some of the best institutions of higher education in the world. And Jim McGovern has been worked tirelessly to help families afford a higher education, including authoring legislation to increase Pell Grants. Jim believes that for students who get into college, the focus should be on succeeding in school, not on worrying about how they will pay for it."

  • Energy

On his website, McGovern said, "Jim believes we must reduce our dependence on foreign oil, improve energy efficiency and – most important – create new clean energy jobs here in Massachusetts."

  • Iraq and Afghanistan

On his website, McGovern said, "Jim McGovern voted against the war in Iraq. He believes it was a war of choice, not necessity. There were no weapons of mass destruction. The costs have been enormous."

  • Social Security and Medicare

On his website, McGovern said, "Jim McGovern believes that Social Security and Medicare are sacred promises – commitments that our nation has made to ensure that our senior citizens can live their lives with dignity. Those promises must not be broken."

  • Veterans

On his website, McGovern said, "Jim McGovern believes that there is no higher priority for our nation than providing for our brave men and women who have worn the uniform of the United States. Jim is a strong supporter of programs that provide health care, education, and economic opportunity for our veterans."

  • Wall Street Reform

On his website, McGovern said, "Jim McGovern believes that for years, Wall Street and the Big Banks exploited loopholes, gambled people’s hard-earned money on complex schemes, and rewarded failure and recklessness while Republicans turned a blind eye. America’s families and businesses paid the price. Jim has been a strong supporter of reforming Wall Street to protect consumers and to hold the people who got us into this mess accountable." [29]

Elections

2014

See also: Massachusetts' 2nd congressional district elections, 2014

McGovern is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. If he runs, he will seek the Democratic nomination in the primary election. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: Redistricting in Massachusetts and United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts, 2012

McGovern ran for re-election in 2012. He won re-election in the 2nd congressional district of Massachusetts. He defeated William Feegbeh in the Democratic primary on September 6, 2012.[30]

General election

U.S. House, Massachusetts District 2 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJim McGovern Incumbent 75.6% 259,257
     N/A All Others 1.2% 4,078
     N/A Blank Votes 23.2% 79,401
Total Votes 342,736
Source: Massachusetts Secretary of State "Return of Votes"
Massachusetts' 2nd Congressional District Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJim McGovern Incumbent 91.5% 24,231
William Feegbeh 8.5% 2,258
Total Votes 26,489

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for McGovern is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, McGovern raised a total of $7,150,315 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[39]

Jim McGovern (Massachusetts)'s Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 2) Won $1,068,822
2010 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 3) Won $1,839,052
2008 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 3) Won $1,085,779
2006 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 3) Won $755,594
2004 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 3) Won $924,147
2002 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 3) Won $628,348
2000 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 3) Won $848,573
Grand Total Raised $7,150,315

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are McGovern's reports.[40]

Jim McGovern (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[41]April 8, 2013$354,251.02$132,921.46$(86,217.96)$400,954.52
July Quarterly[42]July 13, 2013$400,954.52$176,275.94$(71,004.08)$506,226.38
October Quarterly[43]October 12, 2013$506,226.38$77,252.11$(70,069.29)$513,409.20
Year-end[44]January 31, 2014$513,409$79,808$(66,255)$526,961
April Quarterly[45]April 15, 2014$526,961$95,056$(106,134)$515,883
Running totals
$561,313.51$(399,680.33)

2012

Breakdown of the source of McGovern's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

McGovern won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, McGovern's campaign committee raised a total of $1,068,822 and spent $740,709.[46]

Cost per vote

McGovern spent $2.86 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of McGovern's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

McGovern won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, McGovern's campaign committee raised a total of $1,839,052 and spent $2,145,195.[47]

U.S. House, Massachusetts, District 3, 2010 - Jim McGovern (Massachusetts) Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $1,839,052
Total Spent $2,145,195
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $125,737
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $105,305
Top contributors to Jim McGovern (Massachusetts)'s campaign committee
Interpublic Group$19,150
Boulder Capital$18,000
JStreetPAC$15,550
Winn Development$14,400
Plumbers/Pipefitters Union$11,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$123,342
Lobbyists$102,750
Real Estate$93,050
Pharmaceuticals/Health Products$64,700
Health Professionals$53,300

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, McGovern is a "far-left Democratic leader," as of June 24, 2013.[48]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[49]

McGovern most often votes with:

McGovern least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, McGovern missed 168 of 11,058 roll call votes from Jan 1997 to Mar 2013, which is 1.5%. This is better than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[50]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. McGovern paid his congressional staff a total of $1,042,016 in 2011. He ranked 91st on the list of the highest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 118th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Massachusetts ranked 2nd in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[51]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

2011

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, McGovern's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $1,102,012 and $5,355,000. This averages to $3,228,506, which is a 13.14% increase since 2010. This is lower than the $5,107,874 average net worth for Democratic representatives in 2011.[52]

2010

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, McGovern's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $602,012 and $5,104,999. That averages to $2,853,505.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2010 of $4,465,875.[53]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year, National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members, in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.

2012

According to the data released in 2013, McGovern was ranked one of the most liberal representatives during 2012. There are 13 other representatives that share this ranking. This was the most liberal ranking held by a representative of Massachusetts in 2012.[54]

2011

According to the data released in 2012, Jim McGovern was ranked the 21st most liberal representative during 2011.[55]

Voting with party

June 2013

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, McGovern has voted with the Democratic Party 91.7% of the time, which ranked 135th among the 201 House Democratic members as of November 2013.[56]

Personal

McGovern is married to Lisa. They have two children. McGovern has two sisters.[57]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Jim + McGovern + Massachusetts + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Jim McGovern News Feed

  • Loading...

External links


References

  1. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Massachusetts"
  2. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Biography of James McGovern," Accessed November 23, 2011
  3. McGovern House website, "About Jim McGovern," Accessed November 23, 2011
  4. Jim McGovern Campaign website, "About Jim," November 23, 2011
  5. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "McGOVERN, James P., (1959 - )"
  6. McGovern House website, "About Jim McGovern," Accessed November 23, 2011
  7. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Biography of James McGovern," Accessed November 23, 2011
  8. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"
  9. Official McGovern House Website, "Biography," Accessed on November 23, 2011
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  11. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 Office of Barbara Lee, "Lee Letter to President Obama," accessed September 2, 2013
  13. 13.0 13.1 Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
  14. 14.0 14.1 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Jim McGovern's Voting Records on National Security," accessed September 23, 2013
  15. Vote Smart, "McGovern on Agriculture", accessed September 23, 2013
  16. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps", accessed September 17, 2013
  17. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  21. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Jim McGovern's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed September 23, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Jim McGovern's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Health Care," accessed September 23, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Key Vote," accessed September 23, 2013
  26. U.S. House.gov, "Full Member List of Congressional Snap Challenge," accessed September 25, 2013
  27. Feeding America, "Taking the SNAP Challenge," accessed September 25, 2013
  28. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," Accessed January 4, 2013.
  29. 29.0 29.1 Jim McGovern for Congress, "Issues" August 11, 2012
  30. Associated Press, "Massachusetts Primary Results," Accessed September 6, 2012
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. Open Secrets, "Jim McGovernor," Accessed May 16, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "Jim McGovern Summary Report," accessed July 25, 2013
  41. Federal Election Commission, "Jim McGovern April Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, "Jim McGovern July Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Jim McGovern October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 17, 2014
  45. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  46. Open Secrets, "Jim McGovern 2012 Re-Election Cycle," Accessed February 15, 2013
  47. Open Secrets, "James McGovern 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed November 23, 2011
  48. GovTrack, "McGovern," Accessed June 24, 2013
  49. OpenCongress, "Jim McGovern," Accessed August 5, 2013
  50. GovTrack, "James McGovern," Accessed April 2013
  51. LegiStorm, "Jim McGovern"
  52. OpenSecrets.org, "McGovern, (D-Massachusetts), 2011"
  53. OpenSecrets.org, "McGovern, (D-Massachusetts), 2010"
  54. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013
  55. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
  56. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed June 6, 2013
  57. Project Vote Smart, "Summary," Accessed November 23, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Richard Neal
U.S. House of Representatives - Massachusetts, District 2
2013-Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
Peter Blute
U.S. House of Representatives - Massachusetts, District 3
1989-2013
Succeeded by
Niki Tsongas