Jim McGovern

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Jim McGovern
James P McGovern.jpg
U.S. House, Massachusetts, District 2
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 1997-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 25
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorRichard E. Neal (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$2.86 in 2012
First elected1996
Next primarySeptember 9, 2014
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$7,150,315
Term limitsN/A
Education
Bachelor'sAmerican University
Master'sAmerican University
Personal
BirthdayNovember 20, 1959
Place of birthWorcester, Massachusetts
ProfessionElected official
Net worth$3,206,005
ReligionRoman Catholic
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
James "Jim" McGovern (b. November 20, 1959, in Worcester, Massachusetts) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing Massachusetts' 2nd Congressional District. McGovern was first elected to the House in 1996 and won re-election on November 6, 2012. McGovern had previously represented the 3rd District but due to redistricting in 2012, he now represents the 2nd District.[1]

McGovern is set to run for re-election in Massachusetts' 2nd Congressional District in the general election on November 4, 2014. Prior to his election to the House, McGovern served as senior aide to Rep. John Joseph Moakley and was also appointed to lead the Moakley Commission Congressional Investigation into the murder of six Jesuit priests by the Salvadoran Army.[2][3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, McGovern is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

McGovern was born in Worcester, Massachusetts, the son of two small business owners.[4] He earned his B.A. and M.P.A. from American University in 1981 and 1984, respectively.[5]

In 1990, McGovern was appointed to lead the Moakley Commission Congressional Investigation into the 1989 murder of six Jesuit priests, their housekeeper and her daughter in El Salvador by the Salvadoran Army. That commission's report ultimately led to a change in the U.S. foreign policy on aid to other countries.[6]

Career

The following is a bulleted list of McGovern's career:[7]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

McGovern serves on the following committees:[8][9]

2011-2012

McGovern served on the following committees and subcommittees:[10]

  • Committee on Rules
    • Subcommittee on Rules and Organization of the House Ranking Member
  • Committee on Agriculture
    • Subcommittee on Department Operations, Oversight, and Credit
    • Subcommittee on General Farm Commodities and Risk Management

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[11] For more information pertaining to McGovern's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[12]

National security

NDAA

Voted "No" McGovern voted in opposition of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[13]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "No" McGovern voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[13]

Economy

Farm bill

Voted "No" On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, known as the Farm Bill.[14] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill provides for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[15][16] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[16] McGovern voted with 102 other Democratic representatives against the bill.

2014 Budget

Voted "Yes" On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[17][18] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[18] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[19] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. McGovern joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[17][18]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[20] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[21] McGovern voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[22]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[23] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. McGovern voted for HR 2775.[24]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "No" McGovern voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[25] The vote largely followed party lines.[26]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Voted "No" McGovern has voted against all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[27]

Social issues

Abortion

Voted "No" McGovern voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[28]

SNAP challenge

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

In June 2013, more than two dozen House Democrats, including McGovern, took part in a SNAP challenge, feeding themselves for a week on the average benefit level of a SNAP recipient.[29]

The SNAP Challenge encouraged participants to get a sense of what life is like for millions of low-income Americans facing hunger. By accepting the SNAP Challenge, participants committed to eat all meals from a limited food budget comparable to that of a SNAP participant, approximately $1.50 per meal, or $4.50 a day.[30]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" McGovern voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.[31]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Jim McGovern's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of all Congressional members based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, McGovern is a Hard-Core Liberal. McGovern received a score of 78 percent on personal issues and 4 percent on economic issues.[32]

On The Issues organization logo.
On The Issues Vote Quiz
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Opposes
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Strongly Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Strongly Favors
Privatize Social Security Opposes Never legalize marijuana Strongly Opposes
Note: Information last updated in 2014.[32]

National security

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements."[33][34] The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. McGovern was 1 of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.[33][34]

Social issues

SNAP challenge

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

In June 2013, more than two dozen House Democrats, including McGovern, took part in a SNAP challenge, feeding themselves for a week on the average benefit level of a SNAP recipient.[29]

The SNAP Challenge encouraged participants to get a sense of what life is like for millions of low-income Americans facing hunger. By accepting the SNAP Challenge, participants committed to eat all meals from a limited food budget comparable to that of a SNAP participant, approximately $1.50 per meal, or $4.50 a day.[35]

Campaign themes

2012

On his campaign website, McGovern listed the following seven issues.[36]

  • Economy and Jobs

On his website, McGovern said, "As the son of small business owners, Jim McGovern knows that small business is the backbone of America’s economy. Jim grew up working in his parent’s package store in Worcester, so he knows what it takes to help businesses grow."

  • Education

On his website, McGovern said, "The Third District is home to some of the best institutions of higher education in the world. And Jim McGovern has been worked tirelessly to help families afford a higher education, including authoring legislation to increase Pell Grants. Jim believes that for students who get into college, the focus should be on succeeding in school, not on worrying about how they will pay for it."

  • Energy

On his website, McGovern said, "Jim believes we must reduce our dependence on foreign oil, improve energy efficiency and – most important – create new clean energy jobs here in Massachusetts."

  • Iraq and Afghanistan

On his website, McGovern said, "Jim McGovern voted against the war in Iraq. He believes it was a war of choice, not necessity. There were no weapons of mass destruction. The costs have been enormous."

  • Social Security and Medicare

On his website, McGovern said, "Jim McGovern believes that Social Security and Medicare are sacred promises – commitments that our nation has made to ensure that our senior citizens can live their lives with dignity. Those promises must not be broken."

  • Veterans

On his website, McGovern said, "Jim McGovern believes that there is no higher priority for our nation than providing for our brave men and women who have worn the uniform of the United States. Jim is a strong supporter of programs that provide health care, education, and economic opportunity for our veterans."

  • Wall Street Reform

On his website, McGovern said, "Jim McGovern believes that for years, Wall Street and the Big Banks exploited loopholes, gambled people’s hard-earned money on complex schemes, and rewarded failure and recklessness while Republicans turned a blind eye. America’s families and businesses paid the price. Jim has been a strong supporter of reforming Wall Street to protect consumers and to hold the people who got us into this mess accountable."[36]

Elections

2014

See also: Massachusetts' 2nd Congressional District elections, 2014

McGovern is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. If he runs, he will seek the Democratic nomination in the primary election. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: Redistricting in Massachusetts and United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts, 2012

McGovern ran for re-election in 2012. He won re-election in the 2nd Congressional District of Massachusetts. He defeated William Feegbeh in the Democratic primary on September 6, 2012.[37]

General election

U.S. House, Massachusetts District 2 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJim McGovern Incumbent 75.6% 259,257
     N/A All Others 1.2% 4,078
     N/A Blank Votes 23.2% 79,401
Total Votes 342,736
Source: Massachusetts Secretary of State "Return of Votes"
U.S. House, Massachusetts District 2 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJim McGovern Incumbent 91.5% 24,231
William Feegbeh 8.5% 2,258
Total Votes 26,489

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for McGovern is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, McGovern raised a total of $7,150,315 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[46]

Jim McGovern's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 2) Won $1,068,822
2010 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 3) Won $1,839,052
2008 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 3) Won $1,085,779
2006 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 3) Won $755,594
2004 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 3) Won $924,147
2002 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 3) Won $628,348
2000 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 3) Won $848,573
Grand Total Raised $7,150,315

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are McGovern's reports.[47]

Jim McGovern (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[48]April 8, 2013$354,251.02$132,921.46$(86,217.96)$400,954.52
July Quarterly[49]July 13, 2013$400,954.52$176,275.94$(71,004.08)$506,226.38
October Quarterly[50]October 12, 2013$506,226.38$77,252.11$(70,069.29)$513,409.20
Year-end[51]January 31, 2014$513,409$79,808$(66,255)$526,961
April Quarterly[52]April 15, 2014$526,961$95,056$(106,134)$515,883
Running totals
$561,313.51$(399,680.33)

2012

Breakdown of the source of McGovern's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

McGovern won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, McGovern's campaign committee raised a total of $1,068,822 and spent $740,709.[53]

Cost per vote

McGovern spent $2.86 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of McGovern's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

McGovern won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, McGovern's campaign committee raised a total of $1,839,052 and spent $2,145,195.[54]

U.S. House, Massachusetts District 3, 2010 - Jim McGovern Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $1,839,052
Total Spent $2,145,195
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $125,737
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $105,305
Top contributors to Jim McGovern's campaign committee
Interpublic Group$19,150
Boulder Capital$18,000
JStreetPAC$15,550
Winn Development$14,400
Plumbers/Pipefitters Union$11,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$123,342
Lobbyists$102,750
Real Estate$93,050
Pharmaceuticals/Health Products$64,700
Health Professionals$53,300

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have personally benefited from their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics pioneered by the Government Accountability Institute:

  • The Net Worth Metric
  • The K-Street Metric (coming soon)
  • The Donation Concentration Metric (coming soon)
  • The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric (coming soon)

PGI: Net worth

See also: Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, McGovern's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,107,010 and $5,305,000. That averages to $3,206,005, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. McGovern ranked as the 101st most wealthy representative in 2012.[55] Between 2004 and 2012, McGovern's calculated net worth[56] increased by an average of 57 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[57]

Jim McGovern Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$576,114
2012$3,206,005
Growth from 2004 to 2012:456%
Average annual growth:57%[58]
Comparatively, the average citizen experienced a yearly decline in net worth of 0.94%.[59]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership, and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, McGovern is a "far-left Democratic leader," as of June 24, 2013.[60]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[61]

McGovern most often votes with:

McGovern least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, McGovern missed 168 of 11,058 roll call votes from Jan 1997 to Mar 2013, which is 1.5%. This is better than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[62]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. McGovern paid his congressional staff a total of $1,042,016 in 2011. He ranked 91st on the list of the highest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 118th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Massachusetts ranked 2nd in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[63]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year, National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members, in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.

2012

According to the data released in 2013, McGovern was ranked one of the most liberal representatives during 2012. There are 13 other representatives that share this ranking. This was the most liberal ranking held by a representative of Massachusetts in 2012.[64]

2011

According to the data released in 2012, Jim McGovern was ranked the 21st most liberal representative during 2011.[65]

Voting with party

June 2013

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, McGovern has voted with the Democratic Party 91.7% of the time, which ranked 135th among the 201 House Democratic members as of November 2013.[66]

Personal

McGovern is married to Lisa. They have two children. McGovern has two sisters.[67]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Jim + McGovern + Massachusetts + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Jim McGovern News Feed

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See also

External links


References

  1. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Massachusetts," accessed 2012
  2. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Biography of James McGovern," accessed November 23, 2011
  3. McGovern House website, "About Jim McGovern," accessed November 23, 2011
  4. Jim McGovern Campaign website, "About Jim," accessed November 23, 2011
  5. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "McGOVERN, James P., (1959 - )," accessed 2012
  6. McGovern House website, "About Jim McGovern," accessed November 23, 2011
  7. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Biography of James McGovern," accessed November 23, 2011
  8. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  9. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee assignments," accessed March 31, 2014
  10. Official McGovern House Website, "Biography," accessed on November 23, 2011
  11. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  12. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Jim McGovern's Voting Records on National Security," accessed September 23, 2013
  14. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. Politico, "House clears Farm Bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  20. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  22. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  23. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  24. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  25. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Jim McGovern's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed September 23, 2013
  27. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Jim McGovern's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed September 23, 2013
  28. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Key Vote," accessed September 23, 2013
  29. 29.0 29.1 U.S. House.gov, "Full Member List of Congressional Snap Challenge," accessed September 25, 2013
  30. Feeding America, "Taking the SNAP Challenge," accessed September 25, 2013
  31. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  32. 32.0 32.1 On The Issues, "Jim McGovern Vote Match," accessed July 1, 2014
  33. 33.0 33.1 Office of Barbara Lee, "Lee Letter to President Obama," accessed September 2, 2013
  34. 34.0 34.1 Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
  35. Feeding America, "Taking the SNAP Challenge," accessed September 25, 2013
  36. 36.0 36.1 Jim McGovern for Congress, "Issues," accessed August 11, 2012
  37. Associated Press, "Massachusetts Primary Results," accessed September 6, 2012
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  44. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  45. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  46. Open Secrets, "Jim McGovernor," accessed May 16, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Jim McGovern Summary Report," accessed July 25, 2013
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Jim McGovern April Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Jim McGovern July Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Jim McGovern October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 17, 2014
  52. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  53. Open Secrets, "Jim McGovern 2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 15, 2013
  54. Open Secrets, "James McGovern 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 23, 2011
  55. OpenSecrets, "McGovern (D-MA), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  56. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  57. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  58. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  59. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  60. GovTrack, "McGovern," accessed June 24, 2013
  61. OpenCongress, "Jim McGovern," accessed August 5, 2013
  62. GovTrack, "James McGovern," accessed April 2013
  63. LegiStorm, "Jim McGovern," accessed 2012
  64. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," accessed February 26, 2013
  65. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  66. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed June 6, 2013
  67. Project Vote Smart, "Summary," accessed November 23, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Richard Neal
U.S. House of Representatives - Massachusetts, District 2
2013-Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
Peter Blute
U.S. House of Representatives - Massachusetts, District 3
1989-2013
Succeeded by
Niki Tsongas