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[[File:s040_080.gif|right|290px|thumb|Joe Heck's Vote Match results from ''On The Issues''.]]
 
[[File:s040_080.gif|right|290px|thumb|Joe Heck's Vote Match results from ''On The Issues''.]]
 
:: ''See also: [[On The Issues Vote Match]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[On The Issues Vote Match]]''
''On The Issues'' conducts a [http://www.ontheissues.org/Quiz/Quiz2012.asp?quiz=Pres2012 VoteMatch] analysis of all Congressional members based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Heck is a '''Libertarian-Leaning Conservative.''' Heck received a score of 35 percent on personal issues and 80 percent on economic issues.<ref name="ontheissues"/>
+
''On The Issues'' conducts a [http://www.ontheissues.org/Quiz/Quiz2012.asp?quiz=Pres2012 VoteMatch] analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Heck is a '''Libertarian-Leaning Conservative.''' Heck received a score of 35 percent on personal issues and 80 percent on economic issues.<ref name="ontheissues"/>
  
 
{{Ontheissues vote quiz|Name=Heck|Date=2014|Ref=<ref name="ontheissues">[http://House.OnTheIssues.org/House/Joe_Heck.htm ''On The Issues'', "Joe Heck Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014]</ref>
 
{{Ontheissues vote quiz|Name=Heck|Date=2014|Ref=<ref name="ontheissues">[http://House.OnTheIssues.org/House/Joe_Heck.htm ''On The Issues'', "Joe Heck Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014]</ref>

Revision as of 12:02, 16 July 2014

Joe Heck
Joe Heck.jpg
U.S. House, Nevada, District 3
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 3
PartyRepublican
PredecessorDina Titus (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$17.10 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$-3,961,133
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Nevada Senate from the Clark 5 district
2004–2008
Education
Bachelor'sPenn State University
Master'sU.S. Army War College
M.D.Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Army Reserve
Years of service1991–Present
Personal
BirthdayOctober 30, 1961
Place of birthQueens, New York
ProfessionOsteopathic Physician
Net worth$305,004.50
ReligionRoman Catholic
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Joe Heck campaign logo
Joseph John "Joe" Heck (b. October 30, 1961, in Queens, New York) is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from Nevada. Heck was elected by voters from Nevada's 3rd Congressional District. He ran successfully for re-election on November 6, 2012.[1]

Heck has been in the U.S. Army Reserves since 1991. He has been called to active duty three times, including a deployment in Operation Iraqi Freedom.[2][3]

Heck is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. Heck ran uncontested for the Republican nomination in the primary on June 10, 2014. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.[4]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Heck is a more moderate right of center Republican Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Republican Party line more than his fellow members.

Biography

Heck was born in Queens, New York. He earned a B.A. from Pennsylvania State University in 1984 and his Doctor's of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O) from the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine in 1988. He earned a Master's of Strategic Studies at the U.S. Army War College in 2006.[2]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Heck's academic, professional and political career:[2][3]

  • 1991-Present:Colonel, U.S. Army Reserves

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Heck serves on the following committees:[5]

2011-2012

Heck served on the following committees:[6]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[7] For more information pertaining to Heck's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security

American intervention in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

Heck signed a letter asking President Obama to "consult and receive authorization from Congress before ordering the use of U.S. military force in Syria." The letter was sent August 28, 2013.[9]

NDAA

Voted "Yes" Heck supported HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[10]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "Yes" Heck supported HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[10]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "No" Heck opposed House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[10]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Heck supported HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[11] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[10]

Economy

Paul Ryan Budget Proposal

Nay3.png In March 2013 the Republican controlled House passed the budget proposal set out by Wisconsin Rep. Paul Ryan (R) for the third straight year.[12] However, not all Republican representatives voted in favor of the proposal.[12] Heck was one of the 10 Republican Representatives who voted against Ryan's budget proposal.[12]

The proposal was killed after being voted down in the U.S. Senate with a 40-59 vote.[13]

The proposal would have cut about $5 trillion over the next decade and aimed to balance the budget by the end of the 10-year period.[12] The 2013 bill had opposition from 10 Republicans — the same number that voted against it in 2012. In 2011 only four Republicans cast a vote in opposition.[12] Democrats have unanimously voted against the bill every year.[12]

Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Voted "Yes" Heck supported the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[14] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[15]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "Yes" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[16] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[17] Heck voted to support the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[16]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[18] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Heck voted for HR 2775.[19]

Immigration

Immigration reform

Several Republican members of the U.S. House might face a tougher path to re-election in 2014 because immigration reform did not pass in the House in 2013, according to a Public Policy Poll released in July 2013.[20]

According to the poll, a majority of voters in seven Republican congressional districts said they would be less likely to vote for their current representative if he fails support immigration reform. Voters also reported in the poll that they would be less likely to support Republican candidates in the 2014 general election if the Republican House members block immigration reform proposals.[20] Heck is one of the seven representatives who serves in a district that had overwhelming support for the Senate’s immigration reform plan.[20]

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "Yes" Heck supported House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[21] The vote largely followed party lines.[22]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Voted "Yes" Heck has supported all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[23]

Social issues

Abortion

Voted "Yes" Heck supported HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[24]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Heck voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.[25]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Joe Heck's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Heck is a Libertarian-Leaning Conservative. Heck received a score of 35 percent on personal issues and 80 percent on economic issues.[26]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[27]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Neutral
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Unknown
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[26]

Campaign themes

2012

Healthcare

Heck has indicated that he would work to repeal, repair, and replace the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[28] His priorities included protecting the patient-physician relationship, reducing health care costs, and working to protect Medicare for Nevada’s seniors and preserving it for future generations.[29]

Economy

Heck indicated that he has a plan to fast track tourist visas to boost the tourist industry in Southern Nevada.[29] He noted his opposition to government tax burdens and red tape on the private sector.[28]

Government Spending

Heck supported an audit of the Federal Reserve and a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution.[29]

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Joe Heck endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [30]

Elections

2014

BattlegroundRace.jpg
See also: Nevada's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2014

Heck is running in the 2014 election for the U.S. House to represent Nevada's 3rd District. Heck ran uncontested for the Republican nomination in the primary on June 10, 2014. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

Heck is a member of the National Republican Congressional Committee's Patriot Program. The program is designed to assist vulnerable Republican incumbents heading into the 2014 election.[31]

Heck is one of three vulnerable Republican members of the House, who represent substantially Hispanic districts, to be targeted by TV ads from Democratic Super PAC House Majority PAC. The ads provide a preview to Democratic plans to turn immigration into a key issue and brand Republicans as unwilling to embrace immigration reform.[32][33][34][35]

Endorsements

Heck has received the following endorsements for his 2014 re-election campaign:

2012

See also: Nevada's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2012

Heck won re-election in 2012. He defeated Chris Dyer in the Republican primary on June 12, 2012. After the election, the Sunlight Foundation listed four races where outside spending likely pushed the winner over the top. Heck was listed as one of the four, spurred on by more than $2 million in spending by independent groups, including the American Action Network and the National Republican Campaign Committee.[37][38]

U.S. House, Nevada District 3 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic John Oceguera 42.9% 116,823
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJoe Heck Incumbent 50.4% 137,244
     Independent American Party of Nevada Tom Jones 2.1% 5,600
     Independent Jim Murphy 4.7% 12,856
Total Votes 272,523
Source: Nevada Secretary of State "U.S. House of Representatives Results"
U.S House, Nevada District 3 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJoe Heck Incumbent 90.1% 20,798
Chris Dyer 9.9% 2,298
Total Votes 23,096

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Heck is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Heck raised a total of $3,961,133 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 18, 2013.[40]

Joe Heck's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Nevada, District 3) Won $2,423,277
2010 US House (Nevada, District 3) Won $1,537,856
Grand Total Raised $3,961,133

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Heck's reports.[41]

Joe Heck (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[42]April 15, 2013$231,236.32$169,940.84$(108,345.45)$292,831.71
July Quarterly[43]July 15, 2013$292,831.71$431,795.36$(65,985.41)$658,641.66
October Quarterly[44]October 15, 2013$658,641.66$242,700.25$(78,984.17)$822,357.74
Year-End Quarterly[45]December 31, 2013$822,357$262,582$(69,240)$1,020,149
April Quarterly[46]April 15, 2014$1,020,149.60$365,086.36$(146,240.62)$1,238,995.34
Running totals
$1,472,104.81$(468,795.65)

Heck raised $385,030.83 in direct donations, and another $41,714.07 in transfers from committees affiliated with the campaign during the second quarter. He had a total of $658,641.66 cash on hand as of the 2013 July Quarterly. Heck raised more than double any other Nevada representative.[47]

The list of donors to Heck's campaign includes Sheldon Adelson, the Koch Brothers, Sen. Dean Heller, House Speaker John Boehner and House Majority Leader Eric Cantor. The donations are from their own campaign funds or their PACs.[47]

2012

Breakdown of the source of Heck's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Heck won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Heck's campaign committee raised a total of $2,423,277 and spent $2,346,654.[48]

Cost per vote

Heck spent $17.10 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Heck's campaign funds before the 2010 election.
Heck was elected to the U.S. House in 2010. His campaign committee raised a total of $1,537,856 and spent $1,383,242.[49]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have personally benefited from their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics pioneered by the Government Accountability Institute:

PGI: Net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Heck's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $99,010 and $510,999. That averages to $305,004.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Heck ranked as the 315th most wealthy representative in 2012.[50] Between 2009 and 2012, Heck's calculated net worth[51] decreased by an average of 5 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[52]

Joe Heck Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2009$363,332
2012$305,004
Growth from 2009 to 2012:-16%
Average annual growth:-5%[53]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[54]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Heck is a "rank-and-file Republican," as of June 19, 2013.[55]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[56]

Heck most often votes with:

Heck least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Heck missed 1 of 1,698 roll call votes from January 2011 to April 2013. This amounts to .1%, which is better than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.[57]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Heck paid his congressional staff a total of $723,063 in 2011. Overall, Nevada ranks 50th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[58]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

2012

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Heck tied with three other members of the U.S. House of Representatives, ranking 159th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.[59]

2011

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Heck was tied with one other member of the U.S. House of Representatives ranking 215th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.[60]

Voting with party

2013

Joe Heck voted with the Republican Party 93.5% of the time, which ranked 186th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[61]

Personal

Heck enjoys reading and playing/coaching lacrosse. He and his wife Lisa, a registered nurse, have three children: Monica, Chelsea and Joseph III.[3]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Joe + Heck + Nevada + Congress

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Joe Heck News Feed

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See also

External links

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References

  1. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Nevada"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "HECK, Joe, (1961 - )"
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Congressman Joe Heck, Proudly Representing the 3rd District of Nevada, "Full Biography"
  4. Associated Press, "Nevada - Summary Vote Results," accessed June 10, 2014
  5. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"
  6. Congressman Joe Heck, Proudly Representing the 3rd District of Nevada, "Committees and Caucuses"
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  9. Project Vote Smart, "Heck's Political Summary," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Joe Heck's Voting Records on National Security," accessed September 29, 2013
  11. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 Washington Post, "10 House Republicans Vote Against Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
  13. CBS News, "Senate Rejects Paul Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
  14. Project Vote Smart, "Heck on agriculture," accessed September 29, 2013
  15. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  16. 16.0 16.1 Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  18. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  19. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 Politico, "7 GOPers who need immigration vote," accessed July 9, 2013
  21. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Joe Heck's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed September 29, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Joe Heck's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed September 29, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "Heck on abortion," accessed September 29, 2013
  25. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  26. 26.0 26.1 On The Issues, "Joe Heck Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
  27. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  28. 28.0 28.1 Las Vegas Review-Journal, "Cold Shoulders Clash in Heck, Oceguera Congressional Debate"
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 Joe Heck for Congress, "Issues"
  30. The Hill, "2012 GOP Lawmaker Endorsements for President," accessed November 23, 2011
  31. The Washington Post, "11 House Republicans named to incumbent-protection program," accessed April 22, 2013
  32. Politico, "Ads target 3 House Republicans on immigration," accessed July 18, 2013
  33. Roll Call, "House Majority PAC Announces Top 2014 GOP Incumbent Targets," accessed July 16, 2013
  34. The Hill, "Dem super PAC hitting nine House Republicans on shutdown," accessed October 4, 2013
  35. KWTV, "Democratic Group Airs Shutdown Ads Targeting GOP Lawmakers," accessed October 4, 2013
  36. The Washington Post, "Mitt Romney returns to political stage as Republicans prepare for midterms," accessed May 27, 2014
  37. Sunlight Foundation, "Four House races where outside money may have pushed the needle," accessed November 7, 2012
  38. Nevada Secretary of State, "U.S. House of Representatives"
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Joe Heck," accessed April 18, 2013
  41. Federal Election Commission, "Heck 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 22, 2013
  42. FEC, "April Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  43. FEC, "July Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  44. FEC, "October Quarterly," accessed October 25, 2013
  45. FEC, "Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 12, 2014
  46. FEC, "April Quarterly," accessed April 23, 2014
  47. 47.0 47.1 Las Vegas Sun, "Joe Heck leads the pack in campaign contributions," accessed July 17, 2013
  48. Open Secrets, "Joe Heck 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 26, 2013
  49. Open Secrets, "Joe Heck 2010 Election Data," accessed November 14, 2011
  50. Open Secrets, "Joe Heck (R-NV), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  51. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  52. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  53. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  54. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  55. GovTrack, "Joe Heck," accessed June 19, 2013
  56. OpenCongress, "Joe Heck," accessed July 15, 2014
  57. GovTrack, "Heck," accessed April 10, 2013
  58. LegiStorm, "Joe Heck," accessed October 8, 2012
  59. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 5, 2013
  60. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  61. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Dina Titus
U.S. House of Representatives - Nevada, District 3
2011-Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
Ann O'Connell
Nevada State Senate - Clark 5 District
2004-2008
Succeeded by
Shirley Breeden