John Conyers, Jr.

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John Conyers, Jr.
John Conyers.jpg
U.S. House, Michigan, District 13
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 1965-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 49
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorLucien N. Nedzi (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$4.21 in 2012
First electedNovember 3, 1964
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$5,892,860
Term limitsN/A
Education
Bachelor'sWayne State University
OtherWayne State Law School (LL.B.)
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Army Reserves
Years of service1954-1957
Service branchUnited States Army
Years of service1950-1954
Personal
BirthdayMay 16, 1929
Place of birthDetroit, Michigan
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth$-12,500
ReligionBaptist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
John Conyers, Jr. (b. May 16, 1929, in Detroit, Michigan) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives representing Michigan's 13th Congressional District. Conyers was first elected to the House in 1964.

Conyers most recently won re-election to the 13th Congressional District seat in 2012.

Conyers is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Conyers is one of the most reliable Democratic votes, meaning he can be considered a safe vote for the Democratic Party in Congress.

Biography

Conyers was born in 1929 in Detroit, Michigan. He earned his B.A. and L.L.B. from Wayne State University in 1957 and 1958, respectively.[1]

Career

Prior to his political career, Conyers worked as an attorney.

  • 1948-1950: National Guard
  • 1950-1954: United States Army
  • 1954-1957: United States Army Reserves,
  • 1958-1961: Staff, United States Representative John D. Dingell, Jr., of Michigan
  • 1959-1964: General Counsel for three labor locals in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1961-1963: Referee for Michigan Workmen’s Compensation Department
  • 1963-Present: Executive Board Member of the National Association for the Advanced of Colored People
  • 1964-Present: Executive Board Member of the American Civil Liberties Union
  • 1965-Present: U.S. House of Representatives, Michigan
  • 1988: One of the managers appointed by the House of Representatives to conduct the impeachment proceedings against Alcee Lamar Hastings, Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida.

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Conyers serves on the following committees:[2]

  • Judiciary Committee Ranking Member
    • Subcommittee on the Constitution and Civil Justice
    • Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property, and the Internet

2011-2012

Conyers served on the following House committees:[3]

  • Judiciary Committee Ranking Member
    • Subcommittee on the Constitution
    • Subcommitte on Intellectual Property, Competition, and Internet

Issues

Legislative actions

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[4] For more information pertaining to Conyers's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[5]

National security

NDAA

Voted "No" Conyers voted against HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[6]

DHS Appropriations

Neutral/Abstain Conyers did not vote on HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[7]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "No" Conyers voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[8]

Economy

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[9] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[10] Conyers voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[11]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[12] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Conyers voted for HR 2775.[13]

Federal Pay Adjustment Elimination

Voted "No" Conyers voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[14]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "No" Conyers voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[15] The vote largely followed party lines.[16]

Healthcare

Health Care Reform Rules

Voted "No" Conyers voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[17]

Social issues

Abortion

Voted "No" Conyers voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[18]

SNAP challenge
See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

In June 2013, more than two dozen House Democrats, including Conyers, took part in a SNAP challenge, feeding themselves for a week on the average benefit level of a SNAP recipient.[19]

The SNAP Challenge encouraged participants to get a sense of what life is like for millions of low-income Americans facing hunger. By accepting the SNAP Challenge, participants committed to eat all meals from a limited food budget comparable to that of a SNAP participant, approximately $1.50 per meal, or $4.50 a day.[20]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Conyers voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[21]

House Judiciary Committee

Conyers has served on the House Judiciary Committee since shortly after he was sworn into Congress in 1965.[22] The Congressman holds the distinction of being the first ever African-American to be appointed to the House Judiciary Committee.[22] Conyers was one of the managers responsible for the impeachment trial of federal judge Alcee Hastings in 1989.[23]

Conyers also served on the committee in the impeachment proceedings of former Presidents Bill Clinton in 1998 and Richard Nixon in 1974.[24]

Campaign themes

2012

  • Conyers highlighted the issue of Healthcare on his campaign website:

"It is my belief that the best way to create an efficient, cost effective, and high quality universal health care system in the United States is to pass H.R. 676, and establish a non-profit universal single payer program that would be similar to an improved 'Medicare for all' program."[25]

Elections

2014

See also: Michigan's 13th Congressional District elections, 2014

Conyers is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. If he runs, he will seek the Democratic nomination in the primary election. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: Michigan's 13th Congressional District elections, 2012

Conyers won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Michigan's 13th District.[26] He defeated Glenn Anderson, Bert Johnson, John Goci and Shanelle Jackson in the August 7 Democratic primary. He then defeated Harry T. Sawicki (R), Chris Sharer (L) and Martin Gray (UST) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[27]


John Conyers, Jr., "This is John Conyers "[28]
U.S. House, Michigan District 13 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJohn Conyers, Jr. Incumbent 82.8% 235,336
     Republican Harry T. Sawicki 13.6% 38,769
     Libertarian Chris Sharer 2.1% 6,076
     UST Martin Gray 1.4% 4,089
Total Votes 284,270
Source: Michigan Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Michigan District 13 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJohn Conyers, Jr. 55.4% 38,371
Glenn Anderson 18.2% 12,586
Shanelle Jackson 12.6% 8,708
Bert Johnson 10% 6,928
John Goci 3.8% 2,664
Total Votes 69,257

Endorsements

Conyers was endorsed by the organizations below for the 2012 election.[29]

  • Mich. Regional Council of Carpenters
  • Mich. AFSCME Council 25
  • Seafarers Intl. Union
  • UAW-CAP
  • Detroit Federation of Musicians
  • Operating Engineers Local 324 PAC
  • Mich. Maritime Trades Port Council
  • Mich. State AFL-CIO

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Conyers is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Conyers raised a total of $5,892,860 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[54]

John Conyers, Jr.'s Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Michigan, District 13) Won $1,044,468
2010 US House (Michigan, District 14) Won $1,137,010
2008 US House (Michigan, District 14) Won $1,096,282
2006 US House (Michigan, District 14) Won $1,069,653
2004 US House (Michigan, District 14) Won $560,101
2002 US House (Michigan, District 14) Won $410,787
2000 US House (Michigan, District 14) Won $574,559
Grand Total Raised $5,892,860

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Conyers’ reports.[55]

John Conyers (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[56]April 15, 2013$63,322.67$92,905.18$(82,660.82)$73,567.03
July Quarterly[57]July 15, 2013$73,567.03$90,218.83$(49,472.70)$114,313.16
October Quarterly[58]October 15, 2013$114,313.16$83,684.56$(65,482.43)$132,515.29
Year-End[59]January 31, 2014$132,515.29$75,057.68$(91,262.92)$116,310.05
April Quarterly[60]April 15, 2014$116,310.05$60,921.19$(65,228.62)$112,002.62
Running totals
$402,787.44$(354,107.49)

2012

Breakdown of funds according to source.

Conyers won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Conyers' campaign committee raised a total of $1,044,468 and spent $990,585.[61]

Cost per vote

Conyers spent $4.21 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Conyers' campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Conyers won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Conyers' campaign committee raised a total of $1,137,010 and spent $1,227,587.[62]

U.S. House, Michigan District 14, 2010 - John Conyers, Jr. Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $1,137,010
Total Spent $1,227,587
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $16,506
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $16,506
Top contributors to John Conyers, Jr.'s campaign committee
National Beer Wholesalers Assn$56,700
Law Offices of Peter G Angelos$33,600
Akin, Gump et al$15,102
Intellectual Ventures LLC$12,500
Sheet Metal Workers Union$12,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$129,102
TV/Movies/Music$86,091
Beer, Wine & Liquor$78,361
Computers/Internet$76,483
Lobbyists$53,880

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Conyers is a "far-left Democratic leader" as of June 2013.[63]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[64]

Conyers most often votes with:

Conyers least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Conyers missed 4,398 of 25,638 roll call votes from Jan 1965 to Mar 2013, which is 17.2% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[65]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Conyers paid his congressional staff a total of $1,172,123 in 2011. He ranked 19th on the list of the highest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 22nd overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Michigan ranked 13th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[66]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Conyers' net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-15,000 and $-10,000. That averages to $-12,500, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Conyers ranked as the 108th most wealthy representative in 2012.[67]

John Conyers, Jr. Yearly Net Worth
YearAvg. Net Worth% Difference from previous year
2012$-12,50089.58%
2011$-120,0010%
2010$-120,001N/A

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2012

Conyers was ranked one of the most liberal representative during 2012. Thirteen other representatives across the country held this ranking. This is the most liberal ranking held by any of Michigan's representatives.[68]

2011

Conyers was ranked the 51st most liberal representative during 2011.[69]

Voting with party

2013

Conyers voted with the Democratic Party 93.7% of the time, which ranked 146th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[70]

Personal

Conyers has two sons with his wife, Monica (nee Esters).[71]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term John + Conyers + Michigan + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

John Conyers News Feed

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See also

External links

References

  1. Biographical Guide to Members of Congress "John Conyers, Jr." Accessed December 23, 2011
  2. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"
  3. U.S. Congress House Clerk "House of Representatives Committee Assignments" Accessed December 23, 2011
  4. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  6. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  7. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  8. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  9. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  10. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  11. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  12. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  13. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  14. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  15. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  16. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  17. Project Votesmart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  18. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  19. U.S. House.gov, "Full Member List of Congressional Snap Challenge," accessed September 25, 2013
  20. Feeding America, "Taking the SNAP Challenge," accessed September 25, 2013
  21. U.S. House "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
  22. 22.0 22.1 "Black Americans in Congress" Committee Assignments(See Judiciary)
  23. "House Judiciary Committee" Biography of Chairman John Conyers
  24. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named bio
  25. John Conyers, Jr. "Healthcare," Accessed October 9, 2012
  26. Politico "2012 Election Map, Michigan"
  27. Associated Press primary results
  28. YouTube channel
  29. John Conyers, Jr. "Press Releases," Accessed October 9, 2012.
  30. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1988," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1986," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1984," accessed March 28, 2013
  44. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 1982," accessed March 28, 2013
  45. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1980," accessed March 28, 2013
  46. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 1978," accessed March 28, 2013
  47. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 1976," accessed March 28, 2013
  48. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1974," accessed March 28, 2013
  49. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 1972," accessed March 28, 2013
  50. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1970," accessed March 28, 2013
  51. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1968," accessed March 28, 2013
  52. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1966," accessed March 28, 2013
  53. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1964," accessed March 28, 2013
  54. 'Open Secrets "Career Fundraising for John Conyers, Jr.," Accessed May 16, 2013
  55. Federal Election Commission "John Conyers Summary Report," Accessed July 30, 2013
  56. Federal Election Commission, "John Conyers April Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  57. Federal Election Commission, "John Conyers July Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  58. Federal Election Commission, "John Conyers October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  59. Federal Election Commission, "John Conyers Year-End," accessed February 10, 2014
  60. Federal Election Commission, "John Conyers April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  61. Open Secrets " 2012 Re-Election Cycle," Accessed February 15, 2013
  62. Open Secrets "John Conyers 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed December 23, 2011
  63. Gov Track "John Conyers, Jr.," Accessed June 7 2013
  64. OpenCongress, "John Conyers," Accessed August 6, 2013
  65. GovTrack, "John Conyers" Accessed April 2013
  66. LegiStorm "John Conyers"
  67. OpenSecrets.org, "Conyers, (D-MI), 2012"
  68. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013
  69. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
  70. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  71. Official House Site "Biography," Accessed December 24, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Lucien N. Nedzi
U.S. House of Representatives - Michigan
1965-present
Succeeded by
'