Difference between revisions of "John Kerry"

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|Religion = Roman Catholic
 
|Religion = Roman Catholic
 
|Personal website =
 
|Personal website =
}}{{tnr}}'''John Kerry''' (b. December 11, 1943) is the current [[U.S. Department of State|Secretary of State of the United States]] of America. He is also a former [[Democratic]] member of the [[United States Senate|U.S. Senate]] from the state of [[Massachusetts]]. Kerry served in the Senate from 1985-2013. He was confirmed as Secretary of State of the United States on January 29, 2013. Kerry then [[United States Senate special election in Massachusetts, 2013|resigned]] his seat in the [[United States Senate|U.S. Senate]].<ref name=confirmed/>
+
}}{{tnr}}'''John Kerry''' (b. December 11, 1943, in Aurora, Colorado) is the current [[U.S. Department of State|Secretary of State of the United States]] of America. He is also a former [[Democratic]] member of the [[United States Senate|U.S. Senate]] from the state of [[Massachusetts]]. Kerry served in the Senate from 1985-2013. He was confirmed as Secretary of State of the United States on January 29, 2013. Kerry then [[United States Senate special election in Massachusetts, 2013|resigned]] his seat in the [[United States Senate|U.S. Senate]].<ref name=confirmed/>
  
 
On December 21, 2012, President [[Barack Obama]] announced that he was nominating Kerry to the position of Secretary of State. On January 29, 2013, the Senate confirmed Kerry's appointment by a vote of 94-3. He succeeded Secretary Hillary Clinton on Feb 1, 2013.<ref name=confirmed>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-politics/wp/2013/01/29/john-kerry-confirmed-as-secretary-of-state/ ''The Washington Post'', "John Kerry confirmed as secretary of state," January 29, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-250_162-57560462/obama-taps-john-kerry-to-be-secretary-of-state/ ''CBS News'' "Obama taps John Kerry to be Secretary of State," December 21, 2012]</ref>
 
On December 21, 2012, President [[Barack Obama]] announced that he was nominating Kerry to the position of Secretary of State. On January 29, 2013, the Senate confirmed Kerry's appointment by a vote of 94-3. He succeeded Secretary Hillary Clinton on Feb 1, 2013.<ref name=confirmed>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-politics/wp/2013/01/29/john-kerry-confirmed-as-secretary-of-state/ ''The Washington Post'', "John Kerry confirmed as secretary of state," January 29, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-250_162-57560462/obama-taps-john-kerry-to-be-secretary-of-state/ ''CBS News'' "Obama taps John Kerry to be Secretary of State," December 21, 2012]</ref>
  
 
==Biography==
 
==Biography==
While Kerry was born in Aurora, Colorado, his family moved to Massachusetts when he was young. He eventually was accepted to and graduated from Yale University. Kerry then volunteered for the U.S. Navy and served two tours of duty in Vietnam. He earned a Silver Star, Bronze Star and three Purple Hearts.
+
While Kerry was born in Aurora, Colorado, his family moved to Massachusetts when he was young. He eventually was accepted to and graduated from Yale University. Kerry then volunteered for the U.S. Navy and served two tours of duty in Vietnam. He earned a Silver Star, Bronze Star and three Purple Hearts.<ref>[http://www.biography.com/people/john-kerry-10673562 ''Biography.com'', "John Kerry," accessed September 17, 2013]</ref>
  
 
Kerry has been in public service since first running for office in 1972.  
 
Kerry has been in public service since first running for office in 1972.  
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===U.S. Senate===
 
===U.S. Senate===
 
====2013-2014====
 
====2013-2014====
Kerry served on the following Senate committees<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/index.php?chamber=senate ''Congressional Quarterly'', "Senate Committee List" (accessed January 22, 2013)]</ref>:
+
Kerry served on the following Senate committees<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/index.php?chamber=senate ''Congressional Quarterly'', "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013]</ref>:
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations|Foreign Relations Committee]] ''Chairman''
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations|Foreign Relations Committee]] ''Chairman''
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation|Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee]]
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation|Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee]]
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===Congressional positions===
 
===Congressional positions===
 
====Iraq====
 
====Iraq====
According to Kerry's campaign website, he supported a true end to the Iraq war. Specifically, Kerry promoted the establishment of a specific date to withdraw all troops.<ref>[http://www.johnkerry.com/pages/iraq ''John Kerry Campaign website'', "Iraq," (accessed August 27, 2011)]</ref>
+
According to Kerry's campaign website, he supported a true end to the Iraq war. Specifically, Kerry promoted the establishment of a specific date to withdraw all troops.<ref>[http://www.johnkerry.com/pages/iraq ''John Kerry Campaign website'', "Iraq," accessed August 27, 2011]</ref>
 
===Fiscal Cliff===
 
===Fiscal Cliff===
 
{{Support vote}}
 
{{Support vote}}
Kerry voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89/8 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=112&session=2&vote=00251 ''U.S. Senate'', "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" (accessed January 4, 2013)]</ref>
+
Kerry voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89/8 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=112&session=2&vote=00251 ''U.S. Senate'', "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013]</ref>
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
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{{Masengenelecbox08}}
 
{{Masengenelecbox08}}
 +
 +
<big>'''2004 presidential election'''</big>
 +
 +
In 2004, Kerry was defeated by incumbent George W. Bush for the United States presidency.
 +
{{2004PresResults}}
  
 
===Full history===
 
===Full history===
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===2008===
 
===2008===
 
[[File:John Kerry 2008 Donor Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Kerry's campaign funds before the 2008 election.]]
 
[[File:John Kerry 2008 Donor Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Kerry's campaign funds before the 2008 election.]]
Kerry won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2008. During that re-election cycle, Kerry's campaign committee raised a total of $11,105,663 and spent $17,016,823.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?type=I&cid=N00000245&newMem=N&cycle=2008 ''Open Secrets'', "John Kerry 2008 Election Cycle," (accessed October 2011)]</ref>
+
Kerry won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2008. During that re-election cycle, Kerry's campaign committee raised a total of $11,105,663 and spent $17,016,823.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?type=I&cid=N00000245&newMem=N&cycle=2008 ''Open Secrets'', "John Kerry 2008 Election Cycle," accessed October 2011]</ref>
  
 
{{congress donor box 2008
 
{{congress donor box 2008
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===2002===
 
===2002===
 
[[File:John Kerry 2002 Donor Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Kerry's campaign funds before the 2002 election.]]
 
[[File:John Kerry 2002 Donor Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Kerry's campaign funds before the 2002 election.]]
Kerry won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2002. During that re-election cycle, Kerry's campaign committee raised a total of $15,468,903 and spent $10,297,909.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2002&type=I&cid=N00000245&newMem=N ''Open Secrets'', "John Kerry 2002 Election Cycle," (accessed October 2011)]</ref>
+
Kerry won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2002. During that re-election cycle, Kerry's campaign committee raised a total of $15,468,903 and spent $10,297,909.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2002&type=I&cid=N00000245&newMem=N ''Open Secrets'', "John Kerry 2002 Election Cycle," accessed October 2011]</ref>
  
 
His top 5 contributors between 2003-2008 were:
 
His top 5 contributors between 2003-2008 were:
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:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Kerry was a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|far-left Democratic leader]]".<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/person.xpd?id=300060 ''Gov Track'', "John Kerry," (accessed March 3, 2012)]</ref>  
+
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Kerry was a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|far-left Democratic leader]]".<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/person.xpd?id=300060 ''GovTrack'', "John Kerry," accessed March 3, 2012]</ref>  
  
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
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===Voting with party===
 
===Voting with party===
 
====2011====
 
====2011====
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Kerry voted with the Democratic Party '''97.2%''' of the time, which ranked 6th among the 51 Senate Democrats in November 2011.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/votes_with_party/senate/democrat ''OpenCongress'', "Voting With Party," (accessed October 5, 2011)]</ref>
+
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Kerry voted with the Democratic Party '''97.2%''' of the time, which ranked 6th among the 51 Senate Democrats in November 2011.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/votes_with_party/senate/democrat ''OpenCongress'', "Voting With Party," accessed October 5, 2011]</ref>
  
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
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====2010====
 
====2010====
 
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Kerry's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $181,469,521 and $281,976,067. That averages to $231,722,794, which is higher than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2010 of $19,383,524 .<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00000245&year=2010 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Kerry, (D-Massachusetts), 2010"]</ref>
 
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Kerry's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $181,469,521 and $281,976,067. That averages to $231,722,794, which is higher than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2010 of $19,383,524 .<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00000245&year=2010 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Kerry, (D-Massachusetts), 2010"]</ref>
 
+
==Personal==
 +
Kerry is married to Theresa Heinz. He and his first wife, Julia Thorne, were divorced in 1988. Kerry has two children from his first marriage -- Alexandra and Vanessa. He has three stepsons -- H. John Heinz IV, Andre Heinz and Christopher Heinz.
 
==Recent news==
 
==Recent news==
 
This section displays the most recent stories in a google news search for the term '''John + Kerry + Secretary + State'''
 
This section displays the most recent stories in a google news search for the term '''John + Kerry + Secretary + State'''
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<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=John+Kerry+Secretary+State&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=John Kerry News Feed</rss>
 
<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=John+Kerry+Secretary+State&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=John Kerry News Feed</rss>
 
==Personal==
 
 
Kerry is married to Theresa Heinz. He and his first wife, Julia Thorne, were divorced in 1988. Kerry has two children from his first marriage -- Alexandra and Vanessa. He has three stepsons -- H. John Heinz IV, Andre Heinz and Christopher Heinz.
 
 
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 
{{CongLinks | congbio = k000148 | rollcall = 225 | votesmart = 53306 | govtrack = 300060 | opencong = 300060_John_Kerry | ontheissues = Senate/John_Kerry.htm | congress = john-kerry/1379 | natjournal = 257 | legistorm = 57/Sen_John_Kerry.html | fec =  | opensecrets = N00000245 | followthemoney = | cspan = 1485 | rose = 1757 | imdb = nm0449902/?ref_=fn_al_nm_2 | factcheck = john-kerry | politifact = john-kerry | snopes = kerry/kerry.asp | bloomberg = john-kerry | guardian = world/john-kerry | nyt = k/john_kerry | wsj = | washpo = gIQAjm0s6O | worldcat = lccn-n2002-14262 | fb = johnkerry | flickr = | twitter = JohnKerry | youtube = senatorkerry | nndb = 512/000024440 | wikipedia = John_Kerry }}
 
{{CongLinks | congbio = k000148 | rollcall = 225 | votesmart = 53306 | govtrack = 300060 | opencong = 300060_John_Kerry | ontheissues = Senate/John_Kerry.htm | congress = john-kerry/1379 | natjournal = 257 | legistorm = 57/Sen_John_Kerry.html | fec =  | opensecrets = N00000245 | followthemoney = | cspan = 1485 | rose = 1757 | imdb = nm0449902/?ref_=fn_al_nm_2 | factcheck = john-kerry | politifact = john-kerry | snopes = kerry/kerry.asp | bloomberg = john-kerry | guardian = world/john-kerry | nyt = k/john_kerry | wsj = | washpo = gIQAjm0s6O | worldcat = lccn-n2002-14262 | fb = johnkerry | flickr = | twitter = JohnKerry | youtube = senatorkerry | nndb = 512/000024440 | wikipedia = John_Kerry }}

Revision as of 14:14, 17 September 2013

John Kerry
John Kerry.jpg
U.S. Secretary of State
Incumbent
In office
February 1, 2013-Present
PartyDemocratic
Elections and appointments
NominatedDecember 21, 2012
ConfirmedJanuary 29, 2013
AppointedFebruary 1, 2013
Appointed byBarack Obama
Prior offices
United States Senator
1985-February 1, 2013
Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts
1983-1985
Education
Bachelor'sYale University
J.D.Boston College
Military service
Service/branchU.S. Navy
Years of service1966-1970
CitationsSilver Star, Bronze Star, Purple Heart (3)
Personal
BirthdayDecember 11, 1943
Place of birthBoston
ProfessionAttorney
ReligionRoman Catholic
Websites
Office website
John Kerry (b. December 11, 1943, in Aurora, Colorado) is the current Secretary of State of the United States of America. He is also a former Democratic member of the U.S. Senate from the state of Massachusetts. Kerry served in the Senate from 1985-2013. He was confirmed as Secretary of State of the United States on January 29, 2013. Kerry then resigned his seat in the U.S. Senate.[1]

On December 21, 2012, President Barack Obama announced that he was nominating Kerry to the position of Secretary of State. On January 29, 2013, the Senate confirmed Kerry's appointment by a vote of 94-3. He succeeded Secretary Hillary Clinton on Feb 1, 2013.[1][2]

Biography

While Kerry was born in Aurora, Colorado, his family moved to Massachusetts when he was young. He eventually was accepted to and graduated from Yale University. Kerry then volunteered for the U.S. Navy and served two tours of duty in Vietnam. He earned a Silver Star, Bronze Star and three Purple Hearts.[3]

Kerry has been in public service since first running for office in 1972.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Kerry's academic, professional and political career:[4]

  • 1966: Graduated from Yale
  • 1966-1970: Served in U.S. Navy including two tours in Vietnam
  • 1976: Graduated from Boston College Law School
  • 1977-1982: Assistant District Attorney of Massachusetts
  • 1982-1984: Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts
  • 1984-2013: U.S. Senator from Massachusetts
  • 2004: Ran unsuccessfully for U.S. President
  • 2013-Present: U.S. Secretary of State

Confirmation vote

Kerry was confirmed as the Secretary of State on January 29, 2013, by a vote of 94-3. The notable votes included three Republicans who voted against the confirmation: Ted Cruz (R-TX), John Cornyn (R-TX) and Jim Inhofe (R-OK). Kerry voted present.[5]

John Kerry Confirmation vote, January 29, 2013
Party Votes for Approveda Votes against Defeatedd Total votes
Democratic Party Democrats 48 0 48
Republican Party Republicans 46 3 49
Independent Independents 0 0 0
Total Votes 94 3 97


Committee assignments


Kerry discusses sending the possibility of sending more troops abroad in this 2009 video on CBS.

U.S. Senate

2013-2014

Kerry served on the following Senate committees[6]:

2011-2012

During the 112th Congress, Kerry served on the following committees.

Issues

Secretary of State positions

Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

In response to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's alleged use of chemical weapons on rebels and civilians in a Damascus suburb, Kerry supports President Obama's decision to use a limited military strike against the Syrian government.[7] Kerry stated: "Well, we know that the Assad regime has the largest chemical weapons programs in the entire Middle East. We know that the regime has used those weapons multiple times this year, and has used them on a smaller scale but still it has used them against its own people, including not very far from where last Wednesday's attack happened."[8]

"It matters because if we choose to live in the world where a thug and a murderer like Bashar al-Assad can gas thousands of his own people with impunity, even after the United States and our allies said no, and then the world does nothing about it, there will be no end to the test of our resolve and the dangers that will flow from those others who believe that they can do as they will."[8]

Congressional positions

Iraq

According to Kerry's campaign website, he supported a true end to the Iraq war. Specifically, Kerry promoted the establishment of a specific date to withdraw all troops.[9]

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Kerry voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89/8 vote on January 1, 2013.[10]

Elections

2008

On November 4, 2008, John Kerry won re-election to the United States Senate. He defeated Jeffrey K. Beatty (R) and Robert J. Underwood (L) in the general election.[11]

U.S. Senate, Massachusetts General Election, 2008
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJohn Kerry incumbent 63.6% 1,971,974
     Republican Jeffrey K. Beatty 29.8% 926,044
     Libertarian Robert J. Underwood 3% 93,716
     N/A All Others 0.1% 2,516
     N/A Blank/Scattering 3.5% 108,748
Total Votes 3,102,998

2004 presidential election

In 2004, Kerry was defeated by incumbent George W. Bush for the United States presidency.

U.S. presidential election, 2004
Party Candidate Vote % Votes Electoral votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngGeorge W. Bush/Dick Cheney Incumbent 50.8% 62,039,572 286
     Democratic John Kerry/John Edwards 48.3% 59,027,115 251
     Independent Ralph Nader/Peter Camejo 0.4% 465,642 0
     Libertarian Michael Badnarik/Richard Campagna 0.3% 397,265 0
     Constitution Michael Peroutka/Charles Baldwin 0.1% 144,650 0
     Green David Cobb/Pat LaMarche 0.1% 119,910 0
Total Votes 122,194,154 537
Election Results Via: 2004 Presidential General Election Results


Other candidates that appeared on the ballot received less than 0.1% of the vote. Those candidates included: Leonard Peltier, Walt Brown, Róger Calero, Thomas Harens, Gene Amondson, Bill Van Auken, John Parker, Charles Jay, Stanford Andress and Earl Dodge.[12]

Full history


Campaign donors

2008

Breakdown of the source of Kerry's campaign funds before the 2008 election.

Kerry won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2008. During that re-election cycle, Kerry's campaign committee raised a total of $11,105,663 and spent $17,016,823.[17]


2002

Breakdown of the source of Kerry's campaign funds before the 2002 election.

Kerry won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2002. During that re-election cycle, Kerry's campaign committee raised a total of $15,468,903 and spent $10,297,909.[18]

His top 5 contributors between 2003-2008 were:


Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

2012

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Kerry was a "far-left Democratic leader".[19]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year, National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members, in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.

2012

According to the data released in 2013, Kerry was ranked the 24th most liberal senator during 2012.[20]

2011

According to the data released in 2012, John Kerry was ranked the 24th most liberal senator during 2011.[21]

Voting with party

2011

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Kerry voted with the Democratic Party 97.2% of the time, which ranked 6th among the 51 Senate Democrats in November 2011.[22]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Kerry paid his congressional staff a total of $2,828,790 in 2011. He ranks 15th on the list of the highest paid Democratic senatorial staff salaries and ranks 20th overall of the highest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Massachusetts ranks 12th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[23]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

2011

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Kerry's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $184,268,546 and $287,685,063.00. That averages to $235,976,804.00, which is significantly higher than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2011 of $20,795,449.53. His average net worth increased by 1.84% from 2010.[24]

2010

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Kerry's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $181,469,521 and $281,976,067. That averages to $231,722,794, which is higher than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2010 of $19,383,524 .[25]

Personal

Kerry is married to Theresa Heinz. He and his first wife, Julia Thorne, were divorced in 1988. Kerry has two children from his first marriage -- Alexandra and Vanessa. He has three stepsons -- H. John Heinz IV, Andre Heinz and Christopher Heinz.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a google news search for the term John + Kerry + Secretary + State

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

  • Loading...

External links


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Washington Post, "John Kerry confirmed as secretary of state," January 29, 2013
  2. CBS News "Obama taps John Kerry to be Secretary of State," December 21, 2012
  3. Biography.com, "John Kerry," accessed September 17, 2013
  4. Biographical Director of the United States Congress, "John Forbes Kerry," (accessed August 27, 2011)
  5. Politico, "Senate backs Max Baucus for China ambassador", February 6, 2014
  6. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
  7. The Guardian, "US draft resolution allows Obama 90 days for military action against Syria," September 4, 2013
  8. 8.0 8.1 The Guardian, "John Kerry statement on US intervention in Syria – full text," August 30, 2013
  9. John Kerry Campaign website, "Iraq," accessed August 27, 2011
  10. U.S. Senate, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  11. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  12. U.S. Election Atlas, "2004 Presidential General Election," accessed September 18, 2013
  13. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  14. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  15. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
  16. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1984," accessed March 28, 2013
  17. Open Secrets, "John Kerry 2008 Election Cycle," accessed October 2011
  18. Open Secrets, "John Kerry 2002 Election Cycle," accessed October 2011
  19. GovTrack, "John Kerry," accessed March 3, 2012
  20. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013
  21. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
  22. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed October 5, 2011
  23. LegiStorm, "John Kerry"
  24. OpenSecrets.org, "Kerry, (D-Massachusetts), 2011"
  25. OpenSecrets.org, "Kerry, (D-Massachusetts), 2010"
Political offices
Preceded by
Hillary Clinton
U.S. Secretary of State
2013-Present
Succeeded by
-
Preceded by
Paul Tsongas
U.S. Senate - Massachusetts
1985-2013
Succeeded by
Mo Cowan