John Kitzhaber

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For an article on the story of his resignation, see Resignation of Oregon Governor John Kitzhaber
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John Kitzhaber
John Kitzhaber 2013.jpg
Governor of Oregon
Former officeholder
In office
1995-2003, 2011-2015
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorTed Kulongoski (D)
Leadership
President, Oregon State Senate
1985 – 1993
Compensation
Base salary$98,600
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Campaign $$11,809,663
Term limits8 years in a 12 year period
Prior offices
Governor of Oregon
January 9, 1995 – January 13, 2003
Oregon State Senate
1980-1993
Oregon House of Representatives
1978-1981
Education
High schoolSouth Eugene High School (1965)
Bachelor'sDartmouth College (1968)
M.D.Oregon Health & Science University (1973)
Personal
Date of birthMarch 5, 1947
Place of birthColfax, Washington
ProfessionPhysician
ReligionNondenominational
Websites
Office website
Personal website
Campaign website
John Albert Kitzhaber (b. March 5, 1947 in Colfax, Washington) is the former Democratic Governor of Oregon. He previously served as the 35th governor from 1995-2003. Kitzhaber began his political career in the Oregon Legislature, serving one term in the House and three in the Senate.[1]

Kitzhaber announced his resignation from office on February 13, 2015, with Secretary of State Kate Brown (D) assuming office on February 18.[2] Only three months after winning re-election, Kitzhaber faced speculation about his resignation due to ethics concerns in his administration. To learn more about this story, jump to the story in our Political career section.

Kitzhaber ran for an unprecedented fourth term in 2014.[3] In December 2013, Governing named Kitzhaber as one of the nine Public Officials of the Year.[4]

A physician by trade, Kitzhaber has long focused on healthcare policy. During his time in the legislature, Kitzhaber listed his "most memorable achievement" as working to create the Oregon Health Plan, which provides healthcare coverage to low-income citizens.[5] After his first two terms as governor, Kitzhaber continued to work on improving access to cost-effective healthcare, an issue that led him to seek the office once again in 2010.

Oregon's unique healthcare program has been watched nationally. In 2011, the state faced a $2 billion Medicaid deficit, which led Kitzhaber to strike a deal with the Obama administration where the federal government gives the state $1.9 billion over five years as long as the state's Medicaid program grows at a rate 2 percent slower than the rest of the nation. If successful, it is expected to create $11 billion in savings over a decade and could become a model for other states.[6]

Biography

Education

  • Oregon Health & Science University, M.D., 1973
  • Dartmouth College, 1968
  • South Eugene High School, 1965

Career

Originally from Colfax, Washington, Kitzhaber moved to Oregon when he was 11 and has lived in the state ever since. He graduated from South Eugene High School in 1965, Dartmouth College in 1969 and Oregon Health & Science University with a medical degree in 1973.[1]

Beginning in 1974, Kitzhaber practiced in rural Roseburg, Oregon, as an emergency physician. This led to his interest in healthcare policy, and his first run for public office.

Kitzhaber serves, or has previously served, in several roles outside his duties as governor, including, but not limited to:

  • Director, Center for Evidence Based Policy at Oregon Health & Science University
  • Endowed chair in health care policy, The Foundation for Medical Excellence
  • President, Estes Park Institute
  • Founder, Archimedes Movement

Political career

Governor of Oregon (1995-2003, 2011-2015)

Upon leaving the Senate, Kitzhaber ran for and was elected governor in 1994; in his first term he passed the Oregon Children's Plan. He went on to win re-election and served until 2003. Oregon's term limit laws do not limit the total number of terms one person may serve, but they do limit an individual to two consecutive terms.

Following the end of his second term, Kitzhaber returned to the medical field and became involved with several non-profits and educational groups. Much of his work has been directed at increasing government funding of and involvement in medical care. He did not have the same success in lobbying for healthcare legislation he had known as Senate President and as governor. In 2009, he announced he would seek a third term in office. He was elected to an "unprecedented" third term as Governor in 2010 and a fourth term in 2014.[1]

Kitzhaber announced his resignation from office on February 13, 2015, in the face of ethics allegations that emerged in October 2014. He left office on February 18, with Secretary of State Kate Brown assuming the office until a special election for the remainder of Kitzhaber's term in November 2016.

Ethics concerns for first lady

See also: Resignation of Oregon Governor John Kitzhaber and John Kitzhaber recall, Oregon (2015)

John Kitzhaber 2013.jpg

Resignation of Oregon Governor John Kitzhaber

Term in office: 1995-2003, 2011-2015

Next in succession:
Secretary of State Kate Brown (D)

Related pages
Resignation overview
February 11 story
February 13 story
Impeachment amendment
Recall effort
Cylvia Hayes
Kate Brown
Ellen Rosenblum
Governor of Oregon
Governor
Vacancy process

Flag of Oregon.png

Kitzhaber announced his resignation from office on February 13, 2015, effective February 18. The following sections detail the story surrounding Kitzhaber's resignation.

Ethics concerns before 2014 election

On October 13, 2014, Kitzhaber requested an investigation by the Oregon Government Ethics Commission into whether his fiancee, Cylvia Hayes, used her access to the governor's office to improve her consulting business. A story in the Willamette Week indicated that Hayes advised Kitzhaber about economic and energy issues while also providing consulting services in the same policy areas. On February 5, 2015, Kitzhaber announced that Hayes would no longer serve as a policy advisor following conflict of interest allegations.[7] Oregon's government ethics regulations are designed to prevent conflicts of interest among public officials. Hayes did not receive payments from the state when advising Kitzhaber, but the governor's general counsel, Liani Reeves, noted that she was considered a public official due to her dual role as advisor and first lady.[8]

Kitzhaber's aides insisted that all contracts and policy documents were reviewed prior to approval to comply with state ethics laws. Hayes stated that accusations about conflicts of interest are inaccurate and that she worked as an advisor and outside consultant to ensure "a clean economy and more sustainable future for Oregon."[8] Dennis Richardson (R), Kitzhaber's opponent in the 2014 election, jumped on the opportunity to criticize the governor over ethics concerns, calling his administration "inept and unethical" and musing rhetorically that he might be hiding more secrets.[8][9]

Financial disclosures

Three ethics complaints were filed against Kitzhaber following his October 13 request, including an October 15 complaint by the Oregon Republican Party, an October 16 complaint by state Rep. Vicki Berger (R) and an October 30 complaint by 2014 Democratic primary foe Ifeanyichukwu Diru.[10][11] The seven-member ethics commission held no meetings prior to the November 4 general election. A hearing in March 2015 would have determined if the commission proceeded with a formal investigation of these complaints, though Kitzhaber's resignation cast doubt about the commission's role in future investigations.

Disclosures made to the commission in January 2015 revealed $213,000 in earnings as a consultant from 2011 to 2014, including $118,000 in unreported payments from the Clean Economy Development Center. These totals were at odds with statements made by the governor and his staff as well as federal income tax documents from that period.[12] The editorial board of The Oregonian made national news by calling for Kitzhaber's resignation on February 4, given the paper's endorsement of the governor during his previous election bids.[13]

Emails about Genuine Progress Indicator

On February 6, 2015, the Oregon Department of Administrative Services released emails between Hayes, Kitzhaber and department director Michael Jordan regarding a new economic policy called the Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI). These emails, sent between April 2013 and April 2014, revealed Hayes' close involvement in implementing the policy. Hayes was under contract with Demos, a New York-based think tank, from June to November 2013. Hayes sent an email to Jordan requesting a meeting on May 13, 2013, to discuss challenges for the GPI, only three days after signing a contract with Demos. An email from October 30, 2013, requested $125,000 to launch the GPI and listed Hayes and Demos among the "Oregon GPI Team."[14]

Emails from the same period showed Kitzhaber's efforts to hire Sean McGuire, an advisor under contract with Demos. McGuire had previously worked with Demos to install the GPI, a measurement of economic progress that takes into account well-being and productivity, in Maryland. On December 30, 2013, Kitzhaber lobbied Jordan to hire McGuire, indicating that he was the "best person to do this work...and we need to find a way to bring him on." McGuire was hired in spring 2014 for a one-year contract totaling $65,000, though Jordan downplayed suggestions that Kitzhaber pressured him into the decision.[14]

Investigation by Attorney General

Oregon Attorney General Ellen Rosenblum (D) announced on February 9 that she was initiating a criminal investigation of Kitzhaber and Hayes.[15] She announced the investigation on the same day as Kitzhaber publicly requested a criminal investigation of his administration. The attorney general's office has the ability to request records, issue subpoenas to witnesses and charge the governor and his advisors with illegal activity. Rosenblum delayed an investigation because she was concerned about her office's role as attorney for the executive branch, though former state officials argued that she is responsible for investigating corruption within the branch. Republican legislators including Ted Ferrioli support the investigation, but are arguing that a special prosecutor should be appointed to eliminate concerns about Rosenblum's objectivity in dealing with a fellow Democratic official.[16]

On February 20, defense attorney Janet Hoffman sent a request to halt review of Kitzhaber's emails by the attorney general until she had an opportunity to evaluate the documents. Hoffman argued that the former governor's personal emails were co-mingled with official emails without his permission. She also argued that DAS did not "legitimately possess" personal emails, invalidating the documents from becoming evidence in state or federal investigations. Hoffman also requested an independent investigation into leaks of Kitzhaber's emails to Willamette Weekly and The Oregonian.[17]

Speculation about resignation

On February 11, local and national media speculated that Kitzhaber could resign from office. The governor cancelled a Valentine's Day appearance with Tigard-based Friends of Trees on that day. The head of Friends of Trees, Scott Fogarty, noted that the plans were tentative and saw no connection with ongoing ethics concerns.[18] Jim McDermott, an attorney representing Kitzhaber, told reporters on the 11th that the governor had no intention of resigning.[19] Kitzhaber confirmed McDermott's statement later in the day in an interview with The Statesman Journal.[20]

Secretary of State Kate Brown (D) also stoked speculation by ending a trip to Washington, D.C., two days early to return home on the 11th.

Kitzhaber denies intent to resign

Late in the day on February 11, Kitzhaber issued an official statement denying that he had any intention of resigning: "Let me be as clear as I was last week, that I have no intention of resigning as Governor of the state of Oregon."[21]

Sources report Kitzhaber change-of-heart

On February 12, multiple outlets reported that Kitzhaber told aides on the 8th that he would resign, requested Brown's return to Salem and met with legislative leaders on the 10th before reconsidering resignation on the 11th.[22][23]

Kate Brown's February 12 statement

Brown issued a statement in the mid-afternoon on February 12 saying that her return to Oregon on February 11 was requested by Kitzhaber but that when she returned and met with him, he asked her why she had returned to the state. She described this back-and-forth as "bizarre."[24]

The following is Brown's full statement:

Late Tuesday afternoon, I received a call from the Governor while I was in Washington, DC at a Secretaries of State conference. He asked me to come back to Oregon as soon as possible to speak with him in person and alone.

I got on a plane yesterday morning and arrived at 3:40 in the afternoon. I was escorted directly into a meeting with the Governor. It was a brief meeting. He asked me why I came back early from Washington, DC, which I found strange. I asked him what he wanted to talk about. The Governor told me he was not resigning, after which, he began a discussion about transition.

This is clearly a bizarre and unprecedented situation.

I informed the Governor that I am ready, and my staff will be ready, should he resign. Right now I am focused on doing my job for the people of Oregon. [24][25]

Legislative leaders, treasurer call for resignation

On the same afternoon as Brown's statement, Senate President Pete Courtney (D), House Speaker Tina Kotek (D) and State Treasurer Ted Wheeler (D) called on Kitzhaber to resign from office.[26][27] The trio announced their support for Kitzhaber's resignation following an emergency caucus of state Democrats. Wheeler made the following statement to The Oregonian:

It is with deep sadness that I ask Governor John Kitzhaber to resign his position as Governor of Oregon. He has accomplished many great things during his long career, and history will be kinder to him than current events suggest.

Unfortunately, the current situation has become untenable, and I cannot imagine any scenario by which things improve. Oregon deserves a Governor who is fully focused on the duties of state.

I hope the Governor will do the right thing for Oregon and its citizens. [25]

The Oregonian, (2015) [28]

Attempted deletion of personal emails

A records request by Willamette Week and 101.9 FM KINK in Oregon found that the governor's office ordered the deletion of emails from Kitzhaber's personal account on February 5. The order, sent by executive assistant Jan Murdock, asked for all messages in Kitzhaber's personal email to be removed from servers. Several supervisors at the Department of Administrative Service's Technology Support Center refused to comply with the order. Any personal emails used to discuss government business would be considered public records according to the state's open records laws.[29]

Attorney general order for Hayes emails

On February 12, Rosenblum ordered Hayes to deliver personal emails related to state business to The Oregonian following a public records request by the newspaper on December 29, 2014. Attorney Whitney Boise, speaking on behalf of Hayes, argued to Rosenblum that his client's emails are private because she is not a public official. This claim was rejected by Rosenblum's office, which issued the order based on the fact that Hayes worked "extensively on government matters." Hayes must comply with the attorney general's order or seek an injunction by February 19.[30]

February 13 resignation

Kitzhaber announced his resignation from the governor's office on the morning of Friday, February 13. His resignation became effective on Wednesday, February 18. In a statement to the media, Kitzhaber stated:

I am announcing today that I will resign as Governor of the State of Oregon.

It is not in my nature to walk away from a job I have undertaken – it is to stand and fight for the cause. For that reason I apologize to all those people who gave of their faith, time, energy and resources to elect me to a fourth term last year and who have supported me over the past three decades. I promise you that I will continue to pursue our shared goals and our common cause in another venue.

I must also say that it is deeply troubling to me to realize that we have come to a place in the history of this great state of ours where a person can be charged, tried, convicted and sentenced by the media with no due process and no independent verification of the allegations involved. But even more troubling – and on a very personal level as someone who has given 35 years of public service to Oregon – is that so many of my former allies in common cause have been willing to simply accept this judgment at its face value.

It is something that is hard for me to comprehend – something we might expect in Washington, D.C. but surely not in Oregon. I do not know what it means for our shared future but I do know that it is seriously undermining civic engagement in this state and the quality of the public discourse that once made Oregon stand out from the pack.

Nonetheless, I understand that I have become a liability to the very institutions and policies to which I have dedicated my career and, indeed, my entire adult life. As a former presiding officer I fully understand the reasons for which I have been asked to resign. I wish Speaker Kotek and President Courtney and their colleagues on both sides of the aisle success in this legislative session and beyond. And I hope that they are truly committed to carrying forward the spirit of bipartisanship and collaboration that has marked the last four years in Oregon. [25]

—Oregon Public Broadcasting, (2015) [31]

Federal subpoena
Copy of subpoena available here

On February 12, federal prosecutors issued a subpoena to the Department of Administrative Services for emails and records from Kitzhaber, Hayes and other members of the outgoing administration. The subpoena also sought records of payments to Hayes and her firm, 3E Strategies. All subpoenaed documents will be presented to a federal grand jury scheduled to convene on March 10.[32]

Issues

Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")

In December 2012, Kitzhaber declined to enter Oregon into the federal health-exchange system established under the Affordable Care Act, otherwise known as "Obamacare," in favor of setting up a state-based system.[33] Oregon is one of 18 states - including Colorado, Maryland, New York, New Mexico and Washington - that decided to create and run individual health-exchange systems by the deadline on December 14, 2012. The exchange is an online marketplace for citizens to purchase health insurance.[34][35]

Death penalty

Kitzhaber believes that Oregon's death penalty laws are "compromised and inequitable," and he favors giving murderers life sentences without possibility for parole.[36] When he first took office in 1995, he pledged not to allow any executions to be administered while he was governor, but during his first term, two prisoners were voluntarily executed. In December 2011, during his third term as governor, Kitzhaber, determined to recommit to his initial pledge, issued an order to delay the execution of twice-convicted murderer Gary Haugen. Haugen rejected the reprieve and brought the matter to court. In August 2012, Circuit Court Senior Judge Timothy Alexander ruled that Haugen was not obligated to accept Kitzhaber's pardon, due partially to its impermanence; the reprieve would only remain in effect for as long as Kitzhaber held the office.[37]

Oregon has twice outlawed the death penalty and twice legalized it, most recently in 1984. In pushing this case, the governor sought to provoke a "public re-evaluation" about the death penalty, which could have led voters to initiate a ballot measure for its repeal, but the case had the unintended consequence of probing the boundaries of the governor's authority.[36] Judge Alexander's ruling laid down limits to the governor's power over the fates of condemned prisoners, limits with which Kitzhaber and his lawyers disagreed.

Gun control

According to Tim Raphael, Kitzhaber's spokeman, gun control was on the governor's agenda for 2013. "The Governor sees no reason for civilians to have assault weapons – period. He's directed staff to research a range of options for him to consider on firearms regulation, mental health and school safety measures that could be the basis for a comprehensive approach to the problem," Raphael stated.[38]

Job creation ranking

In a June 2013 analysis by The Business Journals, which ranked 45 of the country's 50 governors by their job creation records, Kitzhaber was ranked number 20. The five governors omitted from the analysis all assumed office in 2013. The ranking was based on a comparison of the annual private sector growth rate in all 50 states using data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.[39][40]

State Senate (1980-1993)

Following a single term in the lower House, Kitzhaber was elected to the first of what became three Senate terms. During his legislative tenure, he was elected Senate President in 1985 and used his position to draft and pass the Oregon Health Plan.

State House of Representatives (1978-1980)

Kitzhaber made his first bid for elected office in 1978 when he campaigned successfully for a seat in the Oregon House of Representatives.

On The Issues Vote Match

John Kitzhaber's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Kitzhaber is a Moderate Liberal. Kitzhaber received a score of 60 percent on social issues and 28 percent on economic issues.[41]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[42]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Opposes
Support & expand free trade Strongly Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Neutral
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Unknown
Prioritize green energy Favors Expand the military Unknown
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Neutral
Privatize Social Security Neutral Never legalize marijuana Opposes
Note: Information last updated: June 25, 2014.[41] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.

Elections

2014

See also: Oregon gubernatorial election, 2014

Kitzhaber ran for re-election to the office of Governor of Oregon. Kitzhaber won the Democratic nomination in the primary. The general election took place November 4, 2014.

Results

Primary election

Kitzhaber easily overcame one little-known challenger to win the primary.

Governor of Oregon, Democratic Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJohn Kitzhaber Incumbent 89.6% 286,654
Ifeanyichukwu Diru 8.7% 27,833
Write-ins 1.7% 5,388
Total Votes 319,875
Election Results via Oregon Secretary of State.
General election
Governor of Oregon, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJohn Kitzhaber Incumbent 49.9% 733,230
     Republican Dennis Richardson 44.1% 648,542
     Pacific Green Jason Levin 2% 29,561
     Libertarian Paul Grad 1.5% 21,903
     Constitution Aaron Auer 1.1% 15,929
     Progressive Chris Henry 0.9% 13,898
     Nonpartisan Write-in votes 0.5% 6,654
Total Votes 1,469,717
Election Results via Oregon Secretary of State.

Endorsements

  • Oregon Business Association[43]

Race background

See also: Resignation of Oregon Governor John Kitzhaber

Incumbent John Kitzhaber previously served as Governor of Oregon from 1995 to 2003 and was running for a fourth non-consecutive term in 2014. He stressed a renewed focus on tax changes and job creation aimed at reducing inequality in his fourth term.[44][45]

Kitzhaber earned credit following his election in 2010 for increasing health coverage for Oregon residents and reducing the financial burdens of state pensions. Republican opponent Dennis Richardson and his supporters highlighted problems over the previous four years including a false start for the state's Cover Oregon health exchange that cost taxpayers $250 million.[8]

Kitzhaber also drew scrutiny for myriad revelations about potential conflicts of interest by first lady and advisor Cylvia Hayes. On October 13, Kitzhaber requested an investigation by the Oregon Government Ethics Commission into whether Hayes leveraged her role in the governor's office to improve her consulting business. Richardson jumped on the opportunity to criticize the governor over ethics concerns, calling his administration "inept and unethical" and musing rhetorically that he might have been hiding more secrets.[8] The seven-member ethics commission had no scheduled meetings prior to the November 4 general election.[46]

2010

See also: Oregon gubernatorial election, 2010 and Gubernatorial elections, 2010

General election
On November 2, 2010, John Kitzhaber won election to the office of Governor of Oregon. He defeated Chris Dudley, Wes Wagner and Greg Kord in the general election.

Governor of Oregon, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJohn Kitzhaber 49.3% 716,525
     Republican Chris Dudley 47.8% 694,287
     Constitution Greg Kord 1.4% 20,475
     Libertarian Wes Wagner 1.3% 19,048
     Miscellaneous - 0.2% 3,213
Total Votes 1,453,548
Election Results Via: Oregon Secretary of State

Primary election

2010 Race for Governor - Democrat Primary[47]
Candidates Percentage
Bill Bradbury (D) 29.46%
Green check mark.jpg John Kitzhaber (D) 64.78%
Roger Obrist (D) 4.29%
(write-in) 1.47%
Total votes 374,404

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Kitzhaber is available dating back to 1994. Based on available campaign finance records, Kitzhaber raised a total of $11,809,663 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 13, 2013.[48]

John Kitzhaber's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 Governor of Oregon Not up for election $247,547
2010 Governor of Oregon Won $7,746,150
1998 Governor of Oregon Won $1,295,501
1994 Governor of Oregon Won $2,520,465
Grand Total Raised $11,809,663

1994-2010

Ballotpedia collects information on campaign donors for each year in which a candidate or incumbent is running for election. The following table offers a breakdown of John Kitzhaber's donors each year.[49] Click [show] for more information.


Personal

From 1993 to 2003, Kitzhaber was married to Sharon LaCroix. Their divorce was finalized shortly after the end of his second gubernatorial term. They have one son, Logan.[50]

Recent news

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See also

External links

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References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Governor of Oregon John Kitzhaber, "About John Kitzhaber," accessed July 10, 2012
  2. Oregon Public Broadcasting, "NEWS RELEASE: Governor Kitzhaber Announces Resignation," February 13, 2015
  3. Oregon Live, "John Kitzhaber announces for historic fourth term," December 9, 2013
  4. Governing, "2013 Public Officials of the Year," December 2013
  5. Oregon Health Plan, "About us," accessed June 21, 2013
  6. Washington Post, "Can Oregon save American health care?," January 18, 2013
  7. Governing, "Oregon Governor Says His Fiancee Will Have No Policy Role, But It Might Be Too Late," February 5, 2015
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Willamette Week, "First Lady Inc.," October 8, 2014
  9. KGW, "Kitzhaber requests ethics review of Cylvia Hayes," October 15, 2014
  10. The Oregonian, "Republican Vicki Berger filed first ethics complaint naming John Kitzhaber, Cylvia Hayes," October 16, 2014
  11. GoLocalPDX, "Democrat Joins with Richardson, Demands Kitzhaber Release Records," October 30, 2014
  12. The Oregonian, "Cylvia Hayes discloses another $118,000 for consulting fees," January 28, 2015
  13. The Oregonian, "John Kitzhaber must resign: Editorial," February 5, 2015
  14. 14.0 14.1 The Oregonian, "John Kitzhaber controversy: Cylvia Hayes directed state officials on policy she was being paid to promote, emails show," February 6, 2015
  15. New York Times, "Oregon Bedfellows Make for Strange Politics," February 11, 2015
  16. Governing, "Oregon AG Launches Criminal Investigation of Gov. Kitzhaber and His Fiancee," February 10, 2015
  17. The Oregonian, "Kitzhaber's defense lawyer wants to block ex-governor's emails from feds," February 20, 2015
  18. The Oregonian, "John Kitzhaber cancels plans to attend weekend event in Tigard," February 11, 2015
  19. Oregon Public Broadcasting, "Lawyer: Gov. John Kitzhaber Isn't Resigning," February 11, 2015
  20. The Statesman Journal, "Gov. Kitzhaber says he is not resigning," February 11, 2015
  21. ABC News, "Oregon Gov. John Kitzhaber Says He's Not Resigning," February 11, 2015
  22. Governing, "Oregon Governor Planned to Resign Then Changed His Mind, Sources Say," February 12, 2015
  23. Herald and News, "Kitzhaber reconsiders resignation," February 12, 2015
  24. 24.0 24.1 Politico, "Oregon secretary of state describes ‘bizarre’ John Kitzhaber meeting," February 12, 2015
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  26. ABC News, "Top Democrats Call on Kitzhaber to Resign Governorship," February 12, 2015
  27. The Statesman Journal, "Courtney, Wheeler calling for Kitzhaber to resign," February 12, 2015
  28. The Oregonian, "Treasurer Ted Wheeler calls for John Kitzhaber to resign," February 12, 2015
  29. Willamette Week, "Gov. John Kitzhaber's Office Sought To Destroy Thousands of His Emails," February 12, 2015
  30. The Oregonian, "Oregon attorney general orders Cylvia Hayes to disclose emails to The Oregonian/OregonLive," February 12, 2015
  31. Oregon Public Broadcasting, "NEWS RELEASE: Governor Kitzhaber Announces Resignation," February 13, 2015
  32. The Oregonian, "Federal authorities subpoena Oregon Governor John Kitzhaber records," February 13, 2015
  33. The New York Times, "Most states miss deadline to set up health exchange," December 14, 2012
  34. The New York Times, "Most states miss deadline to set up health exchange," December 14, 2012
  35. The Daily Times, "Governor Susana Martinez to tackle state-based health exchange," January 9, 2013
  36. 36.0 36.1 Herald Net, "Judge OKs Oregon death-row inmate's rejection of reprieve," August 3, 2013
  37. The Oregonian, "Gov. John Kitzhaber's reprieve of Gary Haugen's execution goes before Oregon Supreme Court," March 13, 2013
  38. USA Today, "Where each state stands on gun-control legislation," January 14, 2013
  39. The Business Journals, "Governors and jobs: How governors rank for job creation in their states," June 27, 2013
  40. The Business Journals, "How state governors rank on their job-growth record," June 27, 2013
  41. 41.0 41.1 On The Issues, "John Kitzhaber Vote Match," accessed June 25, 2014
  42. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  43. Portland Tribune, "Kitzhaber snares early endorsement of business group," December 11, 2013
  44. Statesman Journal, "Kitzhaber's 2014 campaign will focus on tax reform," January 8, 2014
  45. KGW Portland, "Kitzhaber announces bid for historic 4th term," January 8, 2014
  46. KGW, "Kitzhaber requests ethics review of Cylvia Hayes," October 15, 2014
  47. Oregon Secretary of State, "May 18, 2010 Primary Election Abstract of Votes," accessed July 19, 2010
  48. Follow the Money, "Career fundraising for John Kitzhaber," accessed May 13, 2013
  49. Follow the Money.org, "Home," accessed February 17, 2015
  50. Project Vote Smart, "Kitzhaber Bio," accessed July 10, 2012
Political offices
Preceded by
Ted Kulongoski (D)
Governor of Oregon
2011-2015
Succeeded by
Kate Brown (D)
Preceded by
Barbara Roberts
Governor of Oregon
1995-2003
Succeeded by
Ted Kulongoski (D)