Difference between revisions of "Justin Amash"

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|Pension =
 
|Pension =
 
|Last election = [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]
 
|Last election = [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]
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|Cost per vote 2012 = $6.95
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|Appointed by =
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|Term limits = N/A
 
|Term limits = N/A
 
|Next election = [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
 
|Next election = [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
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|Campaign $ = 2,417,315
 
|Prior office = [[Michigan House of Representatives]]
 
|Prior office = [[Michigan House of Representatives]]
 
|Prior office years = 2008-2010
 
|Prior office years = 2008-2010
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|Campaign logo = Justin_Amash_Logo.png
 
|Campaign logo = Justin_Amash_Logo.png
 
}}
 
}}
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{{tnr}}'''Justin Amash''' (b. April 18, 1980, in Grand Rapids, Michigan) is a [[Republican]] member of the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] representing [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district]]. Amash was first elected to the House in 2010.
  
{{tnr}}'''Justin Amash''' (b. April 18, 1980) is a [[Republican]] member of the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] representing [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district]]. Amash was first elected to the House in 2010. He won re-election in 2012.
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Amash most recently won re-election in 2012 with 52.6% of the general election vote. He defeated [[Steve Pestka]] (D) and [[Bill Gelineau]] (L) in the general election on November 6, 2012.
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Prior to his service in the U.S. House, Amash served one term in the [[Michigan House of Representatives]] from 2008 to 2010.
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Amash is set to run for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014.
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Although Amash is classified as voting more often with the Democratic Party according to [[Justin Amash#Analysis|multiple outside rankings]], this stems from his tendency to vote against many Republican-sponsored bills that he views as not conservative or libertarian enough. This includes the 2014 House Budget bill, H Con Res 25, sponsored by Paul Ryan which had 221 Republican votes. Amash voted "nay" for reasons such as: "It accepts the $600 billion in new taxes established at the time of the so-called fiscal cliff deal (which I opposed). It *increases* government spending at the rate of approximately 3.4 percent per year." His reasoning for breaking with the party on these major votes often is on the opposite side of the spectrum from the reasoning the Democratic Party opposes bill such as this one. <ref>[https://www.facebook.com/repjustinamash/posts/527818680590876 ''Facebook,'' "Justin Amash," March 27, 2013]</ref>
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Amash is the Chairman of the House Liberty Caucus, which is "a congressional caucus dedicated to the principles of limited government, free markets, and individual liberty."<ref>[http://houselibertycaucus-amash.house.gov/membership ''House Liberty Caucus'']</ref>
  
 
==Biography==
 
==Biography==
Amash was born in 1980 in Grand Rapids, [[Michigan]]. After graduating from Grand Rapids Christian High School, Amash went on to earn his A.B. and J.D. at the University of [[Michigan]] in 2002 and 2005, respectively. Prior to his political career, Amash worked as an attorney.<ref name="bioguide">[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=A000367 ''Biographical Guide to Members of Congress'' "Justin Amash" Accessed December 21, 2011]</ref>
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Amash was born in 1980 in Grand Rapids, [[Michigan]]. He attended Grand Rapids Christian High School, graduating as the valedictorian of his class. Amash went on to earn his B.A. and J.D. at the University of [[Michigan]] in 2002 and 2005, respectively. Prior to his political career, Amash worked as an attorney.<ref name="bioguide">[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=A000367 ''Biographical Guide to Members of Congress,'' "Justin Amash," Accessed December 21, 2011]</ref>
  
 
==Career==
 
==Career==
Below is an abbreviated outline of Amash's political career<ref name="bioguide"/>:
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Below is an abbreviated outline of Amash's political career:<ref name="bioguide"/>
*2011-Present: [[U.S. House of Representatives]], [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district]]
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*2008-2010: [[Michigan House of Representatives]]
 
*2008-2010: [[Michigan House of Representatives]]
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*2011-Present: [[U.S. House of Representatives]], [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district]]
  
 
==Committee assignments==
 
==Committee assignments==
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====2011-2012====
 
====2011-2012====
Amash served on the following House committees:<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/committee_info/oal.aspx ''U.S. Congress House Clerk'' "House of Representatives Committee Assignments" Accessed December 21, 2011]</ref>
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Amash served on the following House committees:<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/committee_info/oal.aspx ''U.S. Congress House Clerk,'' "House of Representatives Committee Assignments," Accessed December 21, 2011]</ref>
 
*[[United States Congress Joint Economic Committee|Joint Economic Committee]]
 
*[[United States Congress Joint Economic Committee|Joint Economic Committee]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Budget|Budget Committee]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Budget|Budget Committee]]
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**Subcommittee on TARP, Financial Services, and Bailouts of Public and Private Programs
 
**Subcommittee on TARP, Financial Services, and Bailouts of Public and Private Programs
  
In March 2012, Amash was one of two Republicans who voted against [[Paul Ryan|Paul Ryan's]] budget plan in the [[United States House of Representatives Committee on Budget|House Budget Committee]]. Amash and [[Tim Huelskamp]] both said they felt the plan did not cut the budget fast enough. In December 2012 it was revealed that both representatives would not serve on the House Budget Committee in the [[113th Congress]].<ref>[http://www.slate.com/blogs/weigel/2012/12/03/the_republicans_who_voted_against_the_ryan_budget_won_t_be_on_the_budget.html ''Slate'' "," December 3, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://thehill.com/blogs/on-the-money/budget/217503-ryan-budget-passes-committee-by-single-vote ''The Hill'' "
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In March 2012, Amash was one of two Republicans who voted against [[Paul Ryan|Paul Ryan's]] budget plan in the [[United States House of Representatives Committee on Budget|House Budget Committee]]. Amash and [[Tim Huelskamp]] both said they felt the plan did not cut the budget fast enough. In December 2012 it was revealed that both representatives would not serve on the House Budget Committee in the [[113th Congress]].<ref>[http://www.slate.com/blogs/weigel/2012/12/03/the_republicans_who_voted_against_the_ryan_budget_won_t_be_on_the_budget.html ''Slate,'' "The Republicans Who Voted Against the Ryan Budget Won't Be on the Budget Committee Next Year," December 3, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://thehill.com/blogs/on-the-money/budget/217503-ryan-budget-passes-committee-by-single-vote ''The Hill,'' "Ryan budget passes committee by one vote," March 21, 2012]</ref>
Ryan budget passes committee by one vote," March 21, 2012]</ref>
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==Issues==
 
==Issues==
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===Legislative actions===
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====113th Congress====
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[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
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{{113thVotes
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|Lastname=Amash
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|Passed=22
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|Total=4315
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|Date=August 1, 2013
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|Sen=
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|SenTotal=
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|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record,'' "Resume of Congressional Activity," August 1, 2013]</ref>
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}}
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====National security====
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=====American response in Syria=====
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: ''See also: [[United States involvement in Syria]]''
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It would be illegal for the White House to launch a military strike against Syria without congressional approval, Amash said on August 27, 2013.<ref name="illegal">[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-politics/wp/2013/08/27/amash-syria-strike-unquestionably-unconstitutional-without-congressional-approval/?wprss=rss_politics&clsrd ''Washington Post,'' "Amash: Syria strike ‘unquestionably unconstitutional’ without congressional approval," accessed August 28, 2013]</ref>
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Amash used his Twitter account to respond to the news that [[Speaker of the U.S. House|House Speaker]] [[John Boehner]] ([[Republican|R]]) had been consulted by the [[Barack Obama|Obama]] administration about the potential use of force against Syria.<ref name="illegal"/> He said that if [[John Boehner|Boehner]] believes the president will use force, the speaker should call the [[U.S. House|House]] back to Washington to debate and vote on that decision.<ref name="illegal"/>
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He further stated, "“I don’t think the American people are ready to go to war based on circumstantial evidence.  The case for going to war is not that strong, in any event. … The issue has to remain whether this is in the interests of the United States to get involved. If we go there, are we going to cause more bloodshed or less? That’s not clear to me.”<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/09/justin-amash-john-mccain-syria-96249.html ''Politico'', "Justin Amash takes aim at John McCain", accessed September 5, 2013]</ref>
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=====Amendment to defund NSA surveillance programs=====
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The [[U.S. House of Representatives]] voted on July 24, 2013, to narrowly defeated an amendment brought by Amash meant to halt the National Security Agency's bulk collection of surveillance data.<ref>[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/07/24/justin-amash-amendment_n_3647893.html ''Huffington Post'' "Justin Amash Amendment To Stop NSA Data Collection Voted Down In House (UPDATE)" Accessed July 26, 2013]</ref> The amendment would have stripped funding for an NSA program that collects the telephone records of people in the United States, but not the content of calls.<ref name="nsaamash">[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/07/justin-amash-nsa-amendment-94722.html#ixzz2aAVNMZV1 ''Politico'' "Justin Amash prevails as amendment fails" Accessed July 26, 2013]</ref>
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The vote scrambled the usual ideological fault lines in the [[U.S. House|House]], with conservative [[Republicans]] siding with liberal [[Democrats]].<ref>[http://www.dailykos.com/story/2013/07/25/1226533/-Know-your-caucuses-Breaking-down-the-Amash-amendment-vote-on-the-NSA?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+dailykos%2Findex+%28Daily+Kos%29# ''Daily Kos'' "Know your caucuses: Breaking down the Amash amendment vote on the NSA" Accessed July 26, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/07/justin-amash-nsa-amendment-94716.html ''Politico'' "How the Justin Amash NSA amendment got a vote" Accessed July 26, 2013]</ref> The [[U.S. House|House]] voted 205-217 to defeat the amendment with more [[Democrats]] than [[Republicans]] voting in favor of the amendment.<ref name="wire">[http://www.theatlanticwire.com/politics/2013/07/amash-amendment-fails-despite-democratic-support/67584/ ''The Atlantic Wire'' "The Amash Amendment Fails, Barely" Accessed July 26, 2013]</ref><ref name="nsaamash"/><ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll412.xml ''United States House'' "Final Vote Results" Accessed July 26, 2013]</ref> From Amasha's own [[Republican Party|party]], 134 [[Republican]]s voted against the amendment, with only 94 agreeing with it, while 111 [[Democrats]] voted for the amendment, with 83 voting against.<ref name="wire"/>
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Among the [[Republicans]] opposing the measure was [[Michele Bachmann]]. Bachmann defended the NSA's data collection programs, arguing that "here’s no Fourth Amendment expectation of privacy or right to the business-record exception" concerning the collection of phone metadata.<ref name="wire"/> She continued by saying, “If we take this program and remove from the United States the distinct advantage that we have versus any other country, it will be those who are seeking to achieve the goals of Islamic jihad who will benefit by putting the United States at risk, and it will be the United States which will be at risk. I believe that we need to win the War on Terror. We need to defeat the goals and aims of Islamic jihad, and for that reason I will be voting no on the Amash amendment.”<ref name="wire"/> [[Michele Bachmann|Bachmann]] was joined by, among others, [[Speaker of the U.S. House|Speaker]] [[John Boehner]] and Majority Leader [[Eric Cantor]] in opposing the amendment.<ref name="wire"/>
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The [[U.S. House|House]] on July 24, 2013, overwhelmingly passed a separate NSA amendment, put forward by [[U.S. House|Rep.]] [[Mike Pompeo]], that was intended as a middle ground but was blasted by civil liberties advocates as achieving nothing.<ref name="nsaamash"/> The measure would ensure that the NSA is barred from acquiring or storing the content of emails and phone calls of people in the United States, but it would allow the NSA to continue storing phone metadata.<ref name="nsaamash"/>
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===NSA surveillance programs===
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On June 12, 2013, Amash called for the resignation of James Clapper, the Director of National Intelligence, because in a congressional hearing in March 2013, Clapper affirmatively asserted that the National Security Agency was not involved in a large-scale surveillance program to gather data on American citizens.<ref name=resign>[http://thehill.com/blogs/defcon-hill/policy-and-strategy/305031-rep-amash-calls-for-dni-clapper-to-resign ''The Hill'', "GOP's Amash: Clapper should resign", June 12, 2013]</ref>
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Amash said, "It now appears clear that the director of national intelligence, James Clapper, lied under oath to Congress and the American people...Perjury is a serious crime ... [and] Clapper should resign immediately."<ref name=resign/>
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=====National Defense Authorization Act=====
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{{Oppose vote}} Amash voted against HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45512#.UjdO8j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
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=====Department of Homeland Security Appropriations=====
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{{Oppose vote}} Amash voted against HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44545#.UjdO9j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 2217 - Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
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=====Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act=====
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{{Oppose vote}} Amash voted against HR 624 - the Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act. The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans but divided the Democratic Party.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/43791#.UjdO-j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 624 - Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
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====Economy====
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=====Paul Ryan Budget Proposal=====
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{{Ryan Budget 2013 GOP2|Name=Amash}}
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=====2013 Farm Bill=====
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{{GOP Farm Bill|Name=Amash}}
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=====Federal Statutory Pay Adjustment Elimination=====
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{{Support vote}} Amash voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/42596#.UjdQCD9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
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====Immigration====
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=====Morton Memos Enforcement Prohibition=====
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{{Support vote}} Amash voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:hamdt136: ''The Library of Congress,'' "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref> The vote largely followed party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44693#.UjdQYz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
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====Healthcare====
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=====Health Care Reform Rules=====
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{{Support vote}} Amash voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45799#.UjdQtz9-q1c ''Project Votesmart,'' "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
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====Social issues====
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=====Abortion=====
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{{Support vote}} Amash voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45098#.UjdRJz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
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====Previous congressional sessions====
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=====Fiscal Cliff=====
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{{Oppose vote}}
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Amash voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House,'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," Accessed January 4, 2013]</ref>
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===Presidential preference===
 
===Presidential preference===
 
{{presendorse|2012|Ron Paul}}
 
{{presendorse|2012|Ron Paul}}
===Specific votes===
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====Fiscal Cliff====
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{{Oppose vote}}
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Amash voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was one of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257/167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
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====Paul Ryan Budget Proposal====
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{{Ryan Budget 2013 GOP2|Name=Amash}}
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===Conservative Fight Club===
 
===Conservative Fight Club===
According to the conservative website ''RedState'', Amash is one of 16 U.S. House members in the "Conservative Fight Club", a designation meant to describe the gold standard of conservatives, as outlined by ''RedState.''  They are the 16 Republicans who voted against the continuing appropriations resolution to avoid the impending government shutdown in March.  This type of resolution is used to fund government agencies when a formal federal budget has not been approved.<ref>[http://www.redstate.com/2013/03/06/fight-club/ ''RedState,'' "Fight Club," March 6, 2013]</ref>
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According to the conservative website ''RedState'', Amash is 1 of 16 U.S. House members in the "Conservative Fight Club", a designation meant to describe the gold standard of conservatives, as outlined by ''RedState.''  They are the 16 Republicans who voted against the continuing appropriations resolution to avoid the impending government shutdown in March.  This type of resolution is used to fund government agencies when a formal federal budget has not been approved.<ref>[http://www.redstate.com/2013/03/06/fight-club/ ''RedState,'' "Fight Club," March 6, 2013]</ref>
  
 
===Campaign themes===
 
===Campaign themes===
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
The following were several issues highlighted on Amash's campaign website.<ref>[http://amashforcongress.com/issues Amash's Campaign Website, Issues (Accessed: October 5, 2012)]</ref>
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The following are several issues that were highlighted on Amash's campaign website.<ref>[http://amashforcongress.com/issues ''Amash's Campaign Website,'' "Issues," Accessed October 5, 2012)]</ref>
  
 
*'''Accountability & Transparency'''
 
*'''Accountability & Transparency'''
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==Elections==
 
==Elections==
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===2014===
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::''See also: [[United States Senate elections in Michigan, 2014]]''
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Despite being considered a possible 2014 candidate, sources close to Amash confirmed that he would not seek the open Senate seat, currently occupied by retiring Senator [[Carl Levin]].<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/politics/justin-amash-will-not-run-for-senate-in-michigan-20130917 ''National Journal'', "Justin Amash Will Not Run for Senate in Michigan," accessed September 18, 2013]</ref>
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According to a July ''National Journal'' report, Amash was expanding his fundraising capacity by traveling to the eastern side of Michigan:
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:"...The lawmaker attended a series of fundraisers in the vast expanse known as Metro Detroit—on the opposite side of the state from his district. He met with well-heeled Republican donors in Birmingham, chatted with the Lebanese Chamber of Commerce in Southfield and held private gatherings with a smattering of other business groups, according to a source close to Amash."<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/congress/michigan-s-amash-quietly-tries-to-build-a-national-brand-20130720 ''National Journal'', "Michigan’s Amash Quietly Tries to Build a National Brand," July 20, 2013]</ref>
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===2012===
 
===2012===
 
:: ''See also: [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district elections, 2012]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district elections, 2012]]''
  
Amash won re-election.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/results/senate/michigan/ ''Politico'' "2012 Election Map, Michigan"]</ref> Amash was running in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan, 2012|Michigan's]] [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district elections, 2012|3rd District]]. He ran unopposed in the August 7 Republican primary.  He defeated [[Steve Pestka]] (D) and [[Bill Gelineau]] (L) in the general election on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/MI_US_House_0807.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS Associated Press primary results]</ref>
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Amash won re-election in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan, 2012|Michigan's]] [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district elections, 2012|3rd District]].<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/results/senate/michigan/ ''Politico,'' "2012 Election Map, Michigan"]</ref>  He ran unopposed in the August 7 Republican primary.  He then defeated [[Steve Pestka]] (D) and [[Bill Gelineau]] (L) in the general election on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/MI_US_House_0807.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS ''Associated Press primary results'']</ref>
  
 
{{Midis3genelecbox12}}
 
{{Midis3genelecbox12}}
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|year=2010
 
|year=2010
 
|Editdate=May 16, 2013
 
|Editdate=May 16, 2013
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=Career&cid=N00031938&type=I 'Open Secrets'' "Career Fundraising for Justin Amash," Accessed May 16, 2013]</ref>
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|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=Career&cid=N00031938&type=I ''Open Secrets,'' "Career Fundraising for Justin Amash," Accessed May 16, 2013]</ref>
 
|party=Republican
 
|party=Republican
 
|totalraised2012=1313802
 
|totalraised2012=1313802
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|office2010=US House (Michigan, [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district{{!}}District 3]])
 
|office2010=US House (Michigan, [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district{{!}}District 3]])
 
}}
 
}}
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===2014===
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Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the [[Federal Election Commission]] during the [[United States Congress elections, 2014|2014 elections season]]. Below are
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Amash’s reports.<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/cgi-bin/fecimg/?H0MI03126 ''Federal Election Commission'' "Justin Amash Summary Report," Accessed July 26, 2013]</ref>
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{{Campaign finance reports
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|Name = Justin Amash (2014)
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|Political Party = Republican
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|Report 1 = April Quarterly<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/377/13961616377/13961616377.pdf#navpanes=0 ''Federal Election Commission'' "Justin Amash April Quarterly," Accessed July 26, 2013]</ref>
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|Date 1 =April 15, 2013
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|Beginning Balance 1 = 77843.52
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|Total Contributions 1 = 124307.31
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|Expenditures 1= 87659.08
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|Cash on Hand 1 = 114491.75
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|Report 2 =July Quarterly<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/479/13964085479/13964085479.pdf#navpanes=0 ''Federal Election Commission'' "Justin Amash July Quarterly," Accessed July 26, 2013]</ref>
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|Date 2 =July 15, 2013
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|Beginning Balance 2 = 114491.75
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|Total Contributions 2 = 219463.20
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|Expenditures 2= 169535.80
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|Cash on Hand 2 = 164419.15
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|Report 3 = October Quarterly<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/522/13941816522/13941816522.pdf#navpanes=0 'Federal Election Commission'' "Justin Amash October Quarterly," Accessed October 22, 2013]</ref>
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|Date 3 = October 15, 2013
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|Beginning Balance 3 = 164419.15
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|Total Contributions 3 = 207884.69
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|Expenditures 3 = 58459.13
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|Cash on Hand 3 = 313844.71
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}}
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===2012===
 
===2012===
 
[[File:Justin_Amash-2012_donor_breakdown.png|right|375px|Breakdown of funds according to source.]]
 
[[File:Justin_Amash-2012_donor_breakdown.png|right|375px|Breakdown of funds according to source.]]
Amash won election to the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Amash's campaign committee raised a total of $1,313,803 and spent $1,193,611.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/races/summary.php?id=MI03&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'' " 2012 Re-Election Cycle," Accessed February 15, 2013]</ref>
+
Amash won re-election to the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Amash's campaign committee raised a total of $1,313,803 and spent $1,193,611.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/races/summary.php?id=MI03&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets,'' "2012 Re-Election Cycle," Accessed February 15, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Cost per vote====
 +
Amash spent $6.95 per vote received in 2012.
 +
 
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
|winner = Y
 
|winner = Y
|Chamber = U.S. House of Representatives
+
|Chamber = U.S. House, Michigan District 3
 
|party = Republican
 
|party = Republican
 
|total raised =  $1,313,803  
 
|total raised =  $1,313,803  
Line 192: Line 308:
 
|opponent raised =  $2,078,543
 
|opponent raised =  $2,078,543
 
|opponent spent =  $2,076,680
 
|opponent spent =  $2,076,680
|org1 = Michigan Industrial Tools
+
|org2 = Michigan Industrial Tools
|org2 = Amway/Alticor Inc
+
|org1 = Amway/Alticor Inc
 
|org3 = S Abraham & Sons
 
|org3 = S Abraham & Sons
 
|org4 = Windquest Group
 
|org4 = Windquest Group
 
|org5 = Davis-Lynch Inc
 
|org5 = Davis-Lynch Inc
|orgdonor1 = $30,000
+
|orgdonor1 = $31,000
|orgdonor2 = $28,500
+
|orgdonor2 = $30,000
 
|orgdonor3 = $21,250
 
|orgdonor3 = $21,250
 
|orgdonor4 = $15,200
 
|orgdonor4 = $15,200
Line 205: Line 321:
 
|ind2 = Retired
 
|ind2 = Retired
 
|ind3 = Health Professionals
 
|ind3 = Health Professionals
|ind4 = Lawyers/Law Firms
+
|ind4 = Retail Sales
|ind5 = Leadership PACs
+
|ind5 = Lawyers/Law Firms
|inddonor1 = $80,300
+
|inddonor1 = $87,300
|inddonor2 = $75,300
+
|inddonor2 = $76,300
 
|inddonor3 = $71,350
 
|inddonor3 = $71,350
|inddonor4 = $35,025
+
|inddonor4 = $44,250
|inddonor5 = $35,000
+
|inddonor5 = $42,525
 
|}}
 
|}}
  
 
===2010===
 
===2010===
 
[[File:Justin_Amash_2010_Donor_Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Amash's campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]
 
[[File:Justin_Amash_2010_Donor_Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Amash's campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]
Amash won election to the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] in 2010. During that election cycle, Amash's campaign committee raised a total of $1,103,513 and spent $1,093,007.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2010&type=I&cid=N00031938&newMem=N ''Open Secrets'' "Justin Amash 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed December 21, 2011]</ref>
+
Amash won election to the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] in 2010. During that election cycle, Amash's campaign committee raised a total of $1,103,513 and spent $1,093,007.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2010&type=I&cid=N00031938&newMem=N ''Open Secrets,'' "Justin Amash 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed December 21, 2011]</ref>
  
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
|Chamber = U.S. House of Representatives, Michigan's 3rd Congressional District
+
|Chamber = U.S. House, Michigan District 3
 
|party = Republican
 
|party = Republican
 
|total raised = $1,103,513
 
|total raised = $1,103,513
Line 231: Line 347:
 
|org5 = S Abraham & Sons
 
|org5 = S Abraham & Sons
 
|orgdonor1 = $48,250
 
|orgdonor1 = $48,250
|orgdonor2 = $31,650
+
|orgdonor2 = $36,450
 
|orgdonor3 = $28,500
 
|orgdonor3 = $28,500
 
|orgdonor4 = $19,800
 
|orgdonor4 = $19,800
|orgdonor5 = $15,500
+
|orgdonor5 = $17,500
 
|ind1 = Health Professionals
 
|ind1 = Health Professionals
|ind2 = Leadership PACs
+
|ind4 = Leadership PACs
 
|ind3 = Republican/Conservative
 
|ind3 = Republican/Conservative
|ind4 = Misc Manufacturing & Distributing
+
|ind2 = Misc Manufacturing & Distributing
 
|ind5 = Retail Sales
 
|ind5 = Retail Sales
 
|inddonor1 = $56,950
 
|inddonor1 = $56,950
|inddonor2 = $51,500
+
|inddonor2 = $52,650
 
|inddonor3 = $50,700
 
|inddonor3 = $50,700
|inddonor4 = $50,650
+
|inddonor4 = $48,500
 
|inddonor5 = $44,450
 
|inddonor5 = $44,450
 
|}}
 
|}}
Line 250: Line 366:
 
===Ideology and leadership===
 
===Ideology and leadership===
 
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
====2013====
+
 
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Amash is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|centrist Republican]]".<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/justin_amash/412438 ''Gov Track'' "Justin Amash," Accessed May 9, 2013]</ref>
+
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Amash is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|centrist Republican]]" as of June 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/justin_amash/412438 ''GovTrack,'' "Justin Amash," Accessed June 7, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Like-minded colleagues===
 +
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/412438_Justin_Amash ''OpenCongress,'' "Justin Amash," Accessed August 5, 2013]</ref>
 +
{{col-begin}}
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
Amash most often votes with:
 +
*{{reddot}} [[Thomas Massie]]
 +
*{{bluedot}} [[Jim Matheson]]
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
Amash least often votes with:
 +
*{{reddot}} [[Jon Runyan]]
 +
*{{bluedot}} [[Mark Takano]]
 +
{{col-end}}
  
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
Each year, ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.
+
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
 +
 
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
According to the data released in 2013, Amash was ranked the 185th most liberal representative during 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings/table-house-liberal-scores-by-issue-area-20130221 ''National Journal,'' "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013]</ref>
+
Amash was ranked the 185th most liberal representative during 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings/table-house-liberal-scores-by-issue-area-20130221 ''National Journal,'' "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 
====2011====
 
====2011====
According to the data released in 2012, Justin Amash was ranked the 192nd most liberal representative during 2011.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal,'' "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012]</ref>
+
Amash was ranked the 192nd most liberal representative during 2011.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal,'' "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012]</ref>
  
 
===Voting with party===
 
===Voting with party===
====2011====
+
====2013====
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
{{Congress vote percent
|name=Justin Amash
+
|name=Amash
|party= Republican
+
|party=Republican
|percent=77.7%
+
|percent=78.6%
|rank=240
+
|rank=last
|total=242
+
|total=233
 
|chamber=House
 
|chamber=House
|year=November 2011
+
|year=June 2013
 
|RHouse=Y
 
|RHouse=Y
 
}}
 
}}
Line 276: Line 407:
 
===Lifetime missed votes===
 
===Lifetime missed votes===
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Amash missed 0 of 1,695 roll call votes from Jan 2011 to Mar 2013, which is 0.0% of votes during that period. This is better than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/justin_amash/412438 ''GovTrack,'' "Justin Amash" Accessed April 2013]</ref>
+
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Amash missed 0 of 1,695 roll call votes from Jan 2011 to Mar 2013, which is 0.0% of votes during that period. This is better than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/justin_amash/412438 ''GovTrack,'' "Justin Amash," Accessed April 2013]</ref>
  
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Amash paid his congressional staff a total of $792,266 in 2011.  He ranked 45th on the list of the lowest paid Republican Representative Staff Salaries and he ranked 50th overall of the lowest paid Representative Staff Salaries in 2011.  Overall, [[Michigan]] ranked 13th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/2763/Rep_Justin_Amash.html LegiStorm "Justin Amash"]</ref>
+
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Amash paid his congressional staff a total of $792,266 in 2011.  He ranked 45th on the list of the lowest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 50th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011.  Overall, [[Michigan]] ranked 13th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/2763/Rep_Justin_Amash.html ''LegiStorm'' "Justin Amash"]</ref>
  
 
===Net worth===
 
===Net worth===
 
:: ''See also: [[Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
====2011====
 
====2011====
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Amash's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $477,026 and $1,549,998. This averages to $1,013,512, which is a 0.7843% increase since 2010. This is lower than the $7,859,232 average net worth for Republican representatives in 2011.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00031938&year=2011''OpenSecrets.org'', "Amash, (R-Michigan), 2011"]</ref>
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Amash's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $477,026 and $1,549,998. This averages to $1,013,512, which is a 0.7843% increase since 2010. This is lower than the $7,859,232 average net worth for Republican representatives in 2011.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00031938&year=2011 ''Open Secrets,'', "Amash, (R-Michigan), 2011"]</ref>
 +
 
 
====2010====
 
====2010====
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Amash's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $-23,982 and $1,159,997. That averages to $568,007.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican Representatives in 2010 of $7,561,133.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00031938&year=2010''OpenSecrets.org'', "Amash, (R-Michigan), 2010"]</ref>
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Amash's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $-23,982 and $1,159,997. That averages to $568,007.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2010 of $7,561,133.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00031938&year=2010 ''Open Secrets,'', "Amash, (R-Michigan), 2010"]</ref>
  
 
==Personal==
 
==Personal==
Amash lives in Cascade Charter Township with his wife, Kara, and their three children.<ref>[http://amash.house.gov/about-me/full-biography ''Official House Site'' "Biography," Accessed December 21, 2011]</ref>
+
Amash lives in Cascade Charter Township with his wife, Kara, and their three children.<ref>[http://amash.house.gov/about-me/full-biography ''Official House Site,'' "Biography," Accessed December 21, 2011]</ref>
  
 
==Recent news==
 
==Recent news==
Line 298: Line 430:
  
 
<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Justin+Amash+Michigan+House&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Justin Amash News Feed</rss>
 
<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Justin+Amash+Michigan+House&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Justin Amash News Feed</rss>
 
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 
*[http://amash.house.gov/ Official House website]
 
*[http://amash.house.gov/ Official House website]

Revision as of 10:53, 22 October 2013

Justin Amash
Justin Amash.jpg
U.S. House, Michigan, District 3
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 3
PartyRepublican
PredecessorVern Ehlers (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$6.95 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$2,417,315
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Michigan House of Representatives
2008-2010
Education
High schoolGrand Rapids Christian High School
Bachelor'sUniversity of Michigan, Ann Arbor
J.D.University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Personal
BirthdayApril 18, 1980
Place of birthGrand Rapids, Michigan
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth$1,013,512
ReligionOrthodox Christian
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Justin Amash campaign logo
Justin Amash (b. April 18, 1980, in Grand Rapids, Michigan) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives representing Michigan's 3rd congressional district. Amash was first elected to the House in 2010.

Amash most recently won re-election in 2012 with 52.6% of the general election vote. He defeated Steve Pestka (D) and Bill Gelineau (L) in the general election on November 6, 2012.

Prior to his service in the U.S. House, Amash served one term in the Michigan House of Representatives from 2008 to 2010.

Amash is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014.

Although Amash is classified as voting more often with the Democratic Party according to multiple outside rankings, this stems from his tendency to vote against many Republican-sponsored bills that he views as not conservative or libertarian enough. This includes the 2014 House Budget bill, H Con Res 25, sponsored by Paul Ryan which had 221 Republican votes. Amash voted "nay" for reasons such as: "It accepts the $600 billion in new taxes established at the time of the so-called fiscal cliff deal (which I opposed). It *increases* government spending at the rate of approximately 3.4 percent per year." His reasoning for breaking with the party on these major votes often is on the opposite side of the spectrum from the reasoning the Democratic Party opposes bill such as this one. [1]

Amash is the Chairman of the House Liberty Caucus, which is "a congressional caucus dedicated to the principles of limited government, free markets, and individual liberty."[2]

Biography

Amash was born in 1980 in Grand Rapids, Michigan. He attended Grand Rapids Christian High School, graduating as the valedictorian of his class. Amash went on to earn his B.A. and J.D. at the University of Michigan in 2002 and 2005, respectively. Prior to his political career, Amash worked as an attorney.[3]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Amash's political career:[3]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Amash serves on the following committees:[4]

Joint Economic Committee

2011-2012

Amash served on the following House committees:[5]

In March 2012, Amash was one of two Republicans who voted against Paul Ryan's budget plan in the House Budget Committee. Amash and Tim Huelskamp both said they felt the plan did not cut the budget fast enough. In December 2012 it was revealed that both representatives would not serve on the House Budget Committee in the 113th Congress.[6][7]

Issues

Legislative actions

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[8] For more information pertaining to Amash's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security

American response in Syria
See also: United States involvement in Syria

It would be illegal for the White House to launch a military strike against Syria without congressional approval, Amash said on August 27, 2013.[10]

Amash used his Twitter account to respond to the news that House Speaker John Boehner (R) had been consulted by the Obama administration about the potential use of force against Syria.[10] He said that if Boehner believes the president will use force, the speaker should call the House back to Washington to debate and vote on that decision.[10]

He further stated, "“I don’t think the American people are ready to go to war based on circumstantial evidence. The case for going to war is not that strong, in any event. … The issue has to remain whether this is in the interests of the United States to get involved. If we go there, are we going to cause more bloodshed or less? That’s not clear to me.”[11]

Amendment to defund NSA surveillance programs

The U.S. House of Representatives voted on July 24, 2013, to narrowly defeated an amendment brought by Amash meant to halt the National Security Agency's bulk collection of surveillance data.[12] The amendment would have stripped funding for an NSA program that collects the telephone records of people in the United States, but not the content of calls.[13]

The vote scrambled the usual ideological fault lines in the House, with conservative Republicans siding with liberal Democrats.[14][15] The House voted 205-217 to defeat the amendment with more Democrats than Republicans voting in favor of the amendment.[16][13][17] From Amasha's own party, 134 Republicans voted against the amendment, with only 94 agreeing with it, while 111 Democrats voted for the amendment, with 83 voting against.[16]

Among the Republicans opposing the measure was Michele Bachmann. Bachmann defended the NSA's data collection programs, arguing that "here’s no Fourth Amendment expectation of privacy or right to the business-record exception" concerning the collection of phone metadata.[16] She continued by saying, “If we take this program and remove from the United States the distinct advantage that we have versus any other country, it will be those who are seeking to achieve the goals of Islamic jihad who will benefit by putting the United States at risk, and it will be the United States which will be at risk. I believe that we need to win the War on Terror. We need to defeat the goals and aims of Islamic jihad, and for that reason I will be voting no on the Amash amendment.”[16] Bachmann was joined by, among others, Speaker John Boehner and Majority Leader Eric Cantor in opposing the amendment.[16]

The House on July 24, 2013, overwhelmingly passed a separate NSA amendment, put forward by Rep. Mike Pompeo, that was intended as a middle ground but was blasted by civil liberties advocates as achieving nothing.[13] The measure would ensure that the NSA is barred from acquiring or storing the content of emails and phone calls of people in the United States, but it would allow the NSA to continue storing phone metadata.[13]

NSA surveillance programs

On June 12, 2013, Amash called for the resignation of James Clapper, the Director of National Intelligence, because in a congressional hearing in March 2013, Clapper affirmatively asserted that the National Security Agency was not involved in a large-scale surveillance program to gather data on American citizens.[18]

Amash said, "It now appears clear that the director of national intelligence, James Clapper, lied under oath to Congress and the American people...Perjury is a serious crime ... [and] Clapper should resign immediately."[18]

National Defense Authorization Act

Voted "No" Amash voted against HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[19]

Department of Homeland Security Appropriations

Voted "No" Amash voted against HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[20]

Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act

Voted "No" Amash voted against HR 624 - the Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act. The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans but divided the Democratic Party.[21]

Economy

Paul Ryan Budget Proposal

Nay3.png In March 2013 the Republican controlled House passed the budget proposal set out by Wisconsin Rep. Paul Ryan (R) for the third straight year.[22] However, not all Republican representatives voted in favor of the proposal.[22] Amash was one of the 10 Republican Representatives who voted against Ryan's budget proposal.[22]

The proposal was killed after being voted down in the U.S. Senate with a 40-59 vote.[23]

The proposal would have cut about $5 trillion over the next decade and aimed to balance the budget by the end of the 10-year period.[22] The 2013 bill had opposition from 10 Republicans — the same number that voted against it in 2012. In 2011 only four Republicans cast a vote in opposition.[22] Democrats have unanimously voted against the bill every year.[22]

2013 Farm Bill

Nay3.png In July 2013 the Republican controlled House narrowly passed a scaled-back version of the farm bill after stripping out the popular food-stamp program.[24][25] The bill passed on a 216-208 vote, with no Democrats voting in favor.[26] All but 12 Republicans supported the measure.[27] The group consisted mostly of conservative lawmakers more concerned about spending than farm subsidies.[27][28] Amash was one of the 12 who voted against the measure.[27]

The farm bill historically has included both billions in farm subsidies and billions in food stamps. Including both of the two massive programs has in the past helped win support from rural-state lawmakers and those representing big cities.[26] After the bill failed in the House in June 2013 amid opposition from rank-and-file Republicans, House leaders removed the food stamp portion in a bid to attract conservative support.[26]

Federal Statutory Pay Adjustment Elimination

Voted "Yes" Amash voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[29]

Immigration

Morton Memos Enforcement Prohibition

Voted "Yes" Amash voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[30] The vote largely followed party lines.[31]

Healthcare

Health Care Reform Rules

Voted "Yes" Amash voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[32]

Social issues

Abortion

Voted "Yes" Amash voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[33]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "No" Amash voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[34]

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Justin Amash endorsed Ron Paul in the 2012 presidential election.


Conservative Fight Club

According to the conservative website RedState, Amash is 1 of 16 U.S. House members in the "Conservative Fight Club", a designation meant to describe the gold standard of conservatives, as outlined by RedState. They are the 16 Republicans who voted against the continuing appropriations resolution to avoid the impending government shutdown in March. This type of resolution is used to fund government agencies when a formal federal budget has not been approved.[35]

Campaign themes

2012

The following are several issues that were highlighted on Amash's campaign website.[36]

  • Accountability & Transparency

Excerpt: "I am the first-ever Member of Congress to explain every vote I take on the House floor, which I do on my official congressional Facebook Page. In addition, I have never missed a vote as a state legislator or Member of Congress."

  • Economy & Regulations

Excerpt: "Government can best help the economy by making regulations predictable and uncomplicated, simplifying the tax code, and letting businesses stand or fail on their own merit."

  • Education

Excerpt: "The right of parents to educate their children as they see fit, including the right of homeschooling, should not be infringed. Government-mandated curriculums and teaching methods do not properly account for different learning styles, leaving many children confused and falling short of their potential."

  • Environment

Excerpt: "The best way to protect the environment is through strong enforcement of property rights and pursuit of sound economic policy."

  • Health Care

Excerpt: "As a Member of Congress, I have voted to repeal the President’s plan to force families and individuals to purchase government-approved health insurance... We need reforms that will reduce the real costs of health care, not force participation in a government system."

  • Immigration

Excerpt: "The United States has always welcomed individuals who legally seek to enter our country to work or become citizens, but Congress and the President must make every effort to secure our borders."

  • Life, Faith & Family

Excerpt: "The proper function of government is to protect individual rights—life, liberty, and property. I believe that life begins at conception, and it is unconscionable that government would sanction the taking of the helpless and innocent."

  • National Defense & Civil Liberties

Excerpt: "I have led the fight against big-government initiatives like the Patriot Act, SOPA, CISPA, and the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for FY 2012."

  • Second Amendment

Excerpt: "Congress must halt the unconstitutional practice of restricting a person’s ability to purchase, transport, store, or possess arms on public lands or on that individual’s private property under the guise of regulating interstate commerce."

  • Social Security & Medicare

Excerpt: "We must keep our promises to seniors and not change benefits for those who are currently receiving or soon will receive Social Security or Medicare... We must begin to phase in significant reforms for the benefit of future generations."

  • State Sovereignty & Individual Rights

Excerpt: "The federal government should not improperly apply the General Welfare Clause, the Commerce Clause, or the Necessary and Proper Clause to justify regulating activities that are not within its authority."

Elections

2014

See also: United States Senate elections in Michigan, 2014

Despite being considered a possible 2014 candidate, sources close to Amash confirmed that he would not seek the open Senate seat, currently occupied by retiring Senator Carl Levin.[37]

According to a July National Journal report, Amash was expanding his fundraising capacity by traveling to the eastern side of Michigan:

"...The lawmaker attended a series of fundraisers in the vast expanse known as Metro Detroit—on the opposite side of the state from his district. He met with well-heeled Republican donors in Birmingham, chatted with the Lebanese Chamber of Commerce in Southfield and held private gatherings with a smattering of other business groups, according to a source close to Amash."[38]

2012

See also: Michigan's 3rd congressional district elections, 2012

Amash won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Michigan's 3rd District.[39] He ran unopposed in the August 7 Republican primary. He then defeated Steve Pestka (D) and Bill Gelineau (L) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[40]

U.S. House, Michigan District 3 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Steve Pestka 44.2% 144,108
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJustin Amash Incumbent 52.6% 171,675
     Libertarian Bill Gelineau 3.2% 10,498
     Write-in Steven Butler 0% 2
Total Votes 326,283
Source: Michigan Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Polls

Steve Pestka vs. Justin Amash
Poll Steve Pestka Justin AmashMargin of ErrorSample Size
(August 18-21, 2012)
50%42%+/-4.4501
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Amash is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Amash raised a total of $2,417,315 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[42]

Justin Amash's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Michigan, District 3) Won $1,313,802
2010 US House (Michigan, District 3) Won $1,103,513
Grand Total Raised $2,417,315

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Amash’s reports.[43]

Justin Amash (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[44]April 15, 2013$77,843.52$124,307.31$(87,659.08)$114,491.75
July Quarterly[45]July 15, 2013$114,491.75$219,463.20$(169,535.80)$164,419.15
October Quarterly[46]October 15, 2013$164,419.15$207,884.69$(58,459.13)$313,844.71
Running totals
$551,655.2$(315,654.01)

2012

Breakdown of funds according to source.

Amash won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Amash's campaign committee raised a total of $1,313,803 and spent $1,193,611.[47]

Cost per vote

Amash spent $6.95 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Amash's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Amash won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Amash's campaign committee raised a total of $1,103,513 and spent $1,093,007.[48]

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Amash is a "centrist Republican" as of June 2013.[49]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[50]

Amash most often votes with:

Amash least often votes with:

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2012

Amash was ranked the 185th most liberal representative during 2012.[51]

2011

Amash was ranked the 192nd most liberal representative during 2011.[52]

Voting with party

2013

Amash voted with the Republican Party 78.6% of the time, which ranked last among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[53]

Lifetime missed votes

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Amash missed 0 of 1,695 roll call votes from Jan 2011 to Mar 2013, which is 0.0% of votes during that period. This is better than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[54]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Amash paid his congressional staff a total of $792,266 in 2011. He ranked 45th on the list of the lowest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 50th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Michigan ranked 13th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[55]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

2011

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Amash's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $477,026 and $1,549,998. This averages to $1,013,512, which is a 0.7843% increase since 2010. This is lower than the $7,859,232 average net worth for Republican representatives in 2011.[56]

2010

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Amash's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $-23,982 and $1,159,997. That averages to $568,007.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2010 of $7,561,133.[57]

Personal

Amash lives in Cascade Charter Township with his wife, Kara, and their three children.[58]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Justin + Amash + Michigan + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

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External links


References

  1. Facebook, "Justin Amash," March 27, 2013
  2. House Liberty Caucus
  3. 3.0 3.1 Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Justin Amash," Accessed December 21, 2011
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"
  5. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "House of Representatives Committee Assignments," Accessed December 21, 2011
  6. Slate, "The Republicans Who Voted Against the Ryan Budget Won't Be on the Budget Committee Next Year," December 3, 2012
  7. The Hill, "Ryan budget passes committee by one vote," March 21, 2012
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Washington Post, "Amash: Syria strike ‘unquestionably unconstitutional’ without congressional approval," accessed August 28, 2013
  11. Politico, "Justin Amash takes aim at John McCain", accessed September 5, 2013
  12. Huffington Post "Justin Amash Amendment To Stop NSA Data Collection Voted Down In House (UPDATE)" Accessed July 26, 2013
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 Politico "Justin Amash prevails as amendment fails" Accessed July 26, 2013
  14. Daily Kos "Know your caucuses: Breaking down the Amash amendment vote on the NSA" Accessed July 26, 2013
  15. Politico "How the Justin Amash NSA amendment got a vote" Accessed July 26, 2013
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 The Atlantic Wire "The Amash Amendment Fails, Barely" Accessed July 26, 2013
  17. United States House "Final Vote Results" Accessed July 26, 2013
  18. 18.0 18.1 The Hill, "GOP's Amash: Clapper should resign", June 12, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  20. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  21. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3 22.4 22.5 Washington Post, "10 House Republicans Vote Against Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
  23. CBS News, "Senate Rejects Paul Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
  24. Washington Post, "Farm bill passes narrowly in House, without food stamp funding," accessed July 15, 2013
  25. USA Today, "House passes farm bill; strips out food-stamp program," accessed July 15, 2013
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 Fox News, "House narrowly passes farm bill after Republicans carve out food stamps," accessed July 15, 2013
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 Washington Post, "Which Republicans voted against the Farm Bill?," accessed July 15, 2013
  28. Politico, "Farm bill 2013: House narrowly passes pared-back version," accessed July 15, 2013
  29. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  30. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  31. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  32. Project Votesmart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  33. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  34. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," Accessed January 4, 2013
  35. RedState, "Fight Club," March 6, 2013
  36. Amash's Campaign Website, "Issues," Accessed October 5, 2012)
  37. National Journal, "Justin Amash Will Not Run for Senate in Michigan," accessed September 18, 2013
  38. National Journal, "Michigan’s Amash Quietly Tries to Build a National Brand," July 20, 2013
  39. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Michigan"
  40. Associated Press primary results
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Justin Amash," Accessed May 16, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission "Justin Amash Summary Report," Accessed July 26, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission "Justin Amash April Quarterly," Accessed July 26, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission "Justin Amash July Quarterly," Accessed July 26, 2013
  46. 'Federal Election Commission "Justin Amash October Quarterly," Accessed October 22, 2013
  47. Open Secrets, "2012 Re-Election Cycle," Accessed February 15, 2013
  48. Open Secrets, "Justin Amash 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed December 21, 2011
  49. GovTrack, "Justin Amash," Accessed June 7, 2013
  50. OpenCongress, "Justin Amash," Accessed August 5, 2013
  51. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013
  52. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
  53. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  54. GovTrack, "Justin Amash," Accessed April 2013
  55. LegiStorm "Justin Amash"
  56. Open Secrets,, "Amash, (R-Michigan), 2011"
  57. Open Secrets,, "Amash, (R-Michigan), 2010"
  58. Official House Site, "Biography," Accessed December 21, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Vern Ehlers
U.S. House of Representatives - Michigan, District 3
2011–Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Michigan House of Representatives
2008-2010
Succeeded by
'