Difference between revisions of "Justin Amash"

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|Per diem =
 
|Per diem =
 
|Pension =
 
|Pension =
|Last election = [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]
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|Last election = [[Michigan's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
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|Cost per vote 2012 = $6.95
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|First elected = November 2, 2010
 
|First elected = November 2, 2010
 
|Term limits = N/A
 
|Term limits = N/A
|Next election = [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
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|Next primary=
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|Next election =
 
|Campaign $ = 2,417,315
 
|Campaign $ = 2,417,315
 
|Prior office = [[Michigan House of Representatives]]
 
|Prior office = [[Michigan House of Representatives]]
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|Place of birth = Grand Rapids, Michigan
 
|Place of birth = Grand Rapids, Michigan
 
|Profession = Attorney
 
|Profession = Attorney
|Net worth = $1,013,512
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|Net worth = $1,545,013
 
|Religion = Orthodox Christian
 
|Religion = Orthodox Christian
 
|Office website = http://amash.house.gov/
 
|Office website = http://amash.house.gov/
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|Campaign logo = Justin_Amash_Logo.png
 
|Campaign logo = Justin_Amash_Logo.png
 
}}
 
}}
{{tnr}}'''Justin Amash''' (b. April 18, 1980, in Grand Rapids, Michigan) is a [[Republican]] member of the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] representing [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district]]. Amash was first elected to the House in 2010.
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{{tnr}}'''Justin Amash''' (b. April 18, 1980, in Grand Rapids, [[Michigan|MI]]) is a [[Republican]] member of the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] representing [[Michigan's 3rd Congressional District]]. Amash was first elected to the House in 2010.
 
+
Amash most recently won re-election in 2012 with 52.6% of the general election vote. He defeated [[Steve Pestka]] (D) and [[Bill Gelineau]] (L) in the general election on November 6, 2012.
+
  
 
Prior to his service in the U.S. House, Amash served one term in the [[Michigan House of Representatives]] from 2008 to 2010.
 
Prior to his service in the U.S. House, Amash served one term in the [[Michigan House of Representatives]] from 2008 to 2010.
  
Amash is set to run for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014.
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Amash won re-election to [[United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan, 2014|Michigan's]] [[Michigan's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2014|3rd District]] in 2014.
  
Although Amash is classified as voting more often with the Democratic Party according to [[Justin Amash#Analysis|multiple outside rankings]], this stems from his tendency to vote against many Republican-sponsored bills that he views as not conservative or libertarian enough. This includes the 2014 House Budget bill, H Con Res 25, sponsored by Paul Ryan which had 221 Republican votes. Amash voted "nay" for reasons such as: "It accepts the $600 billion in new taxes established at the time of the so-called fiscal cliff deal (which I opposed). It *increases* government spending at the rate of approximately 3.4 percent per year." His reasoning for breaking with the party on these major votes often is on the opposite side of the spectrum from the reasoning the Democratic Party opposes bill such as this one. <ref>[https://www.facebook.com/repjustinamash/posts/527818680590876 ''Facebook,'' "Justin Amash," March 27, 2013]</ref>
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Although Amash was classified as voting more often with the Democratic Party according to [[Justin Amash#Analysis|multiple outside rankings]], this stems from his tendency to vote against many Republican-sponsored bills that he views as not conservative or libertarian enough. This includes the 2014 House Budget bill, H Con Res 25, sponsored by Paul Ryan which had 221 Republican votes. Amash voted "nay" for reasons such as: "It accepts the $600 billion in new taxes established at the time of the so-called fiscal cliff deal (which I opposed). It *increases* government spending at the rate of approximately 3.4 percent per year." His reasoning for breaking with the party on these major votes was opposite of the Democratic Party.<ref>[https://www.facebook.com/repjustinamash/posts/527818680590876 ''Facebook,'' "Justin Amash," March 27, 2013]</ref>
  
Amash is the Chairman of the House Liberty Caucus, which is "a congressional caucus dedicated to the principles of limited government, free markets, and individual liberty."<ref>[http://houselibertycaucus-amash.house.gov/membership ''House Liberty Caucus'']</ref>
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Amash is the Chairman of the House Liberty Caucus, which is "a congressional caucus dedicated to the principles of limited government, free markets, and individual liberty."<ref>[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://houselibertycaucus-amash.house.gov/membership ''House Liberty Caucus'']</ref>
  
 
==Biography==
 
==Biography==
Amash was born in 1980 in Grand Rapids, [[Michigan]]. He attended Grand Rapids Christian High School, graduating as the valedictorian of his class. Amash went on to earn his B.A. and J.D. at the University of [[Michigan]] in 2002 and 2005, respectively. Prior to his political career, Amash worked as an attorney.<ref name="bioguide">[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=A000367 ''Biographical Guide to Members of Congress,'' "Justin Amash," Accessed December 21, 2011]</ref>
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Amash was born in 1980 in Grand Rapids, [[Michigan]]. He attended Grand Rapids Christian High School, graduating as the valedictorian of his class. Amash went on to earn his B.A. and J.D. at the University of [[Michigan]] in 2002 and 2005, respectively. Prior to his political career, Amash worked as an attorney.<ref name="bioguide">[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=A000367 ''Biographical Guide to Members of Congress'', "Justin Amash," accessed December 21, 2011]</ref>
  
 
==Career==
 
==Career==
 
Below is an abbreviated outline of Amash's political career:<ref name="bioguide"/>
 
Below is an abbreviated outline of Amash's political career:<ref name="bioguide"/>
 +
*2011-Present: [[U.S. House of Representatives]], [[Michigan's 3rd Congressional District]]
 
*2008-2010: [[Michigan House of Representatives]]
 
*2008-2010: [[Michigan House of Representatives]]
*2011-Present: [[U.S. House of Representatives]], [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district]]
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 +
Prior to his political career, Amash worked as an attorney.
  
 
==Committee assignments==
 
==Committee assignments==
 
===U.S. House===
 
===U.S. House===
 
====2013-2014====
 
====2013-2014====
Amash serves on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com,'' "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"]</ref>
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Amash serves on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com'', "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013]</ref>
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Government Reform|Oversight and Government Reform Committee]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Government Reform|Oversight and Government Reform Committee]]
 
**Subcommittee on Government Operations
 
**Subcommittee on Government Operations
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====2011-2012====
 
====2011-2012====
Amash served on the following House committees:<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/committee_info/oal.aspx ''U.S. Congress House Clerk,'' "House of Representatives Committee Assignments," Accessed December 21, 2011]</ref>
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Amash served on the following House committees:<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/committee_info/oal.aspx ''U.S. Congress House Clerk,'' "House of Representatives Committee Assignments," accessed December 21, 2011]</ref>
 
*[[United States Congress Joint Economic Committee|Joint Economic Committee]]
 
*[[United States Congress Joint Economic Committee|Joint Economic Committee]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Budget|Budget Committee]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Budget|Budget Committee]]
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**Subcommittee on TARP, Financial Services, and Bailouts of Public and Private Programs
 
**Subcommittee on TARP, Financial Services, and Bailouts of Public and Private Programs
  
In March 2012, Amash was one of two Republicans who voted against [[Paul Ryan|Paul Ryan's]] budget plan in the [[United States House of Representatives Committee on Budget|House Budget Committee]]. Amash and [[Tim Huelskamp]] both said they felt the plan did not cut the budget fast enough. In December 2012 it was revealed that both representatives would not serve on the House Budget Committee in the [[113th Congress]].<ref>[http://www.slate.com/blogs/weigel/2012/12/03/the_republicans_who_voted_against_the_ryan_budget_won_t_be_on_the_budget.html ''Slate,'' "The Republicans Who Voted Against the Ryan Budget Won't Be on the Budget Committee Next Year," December 3, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://thehill.com/blogs/on-the-money/budget/217503-ryan-budget-passes-committee-by-single-vote ''The Hill,'' "Ryan budget passes committee by one vote," March 21, 2012]</ref>
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In March 2012, Amash was one of two Republicans who voted against [[Paul Ryan|Paul Ryan's]] budget plan in the [[United States House of Representatives Committee on Budget|House Budget Committee]]. Amash and [[Tim Huelskamp]] both said they felt the plan did not cut the budget fast enough. In December 2012 it was revealed that both representatives would not serve on the House Budget Committee in the [[113th Congress]].<ref>[http://www.slate.com/blogs/weigel/2012/12/03/the_republicans_who_voted_against_the_ryan_budget_won_t_be_on_the_budget.html ''Slate,'' "The Republicans Who Voted Against the Ryan Budget Won't Be on the Budget Committee Next Year," December 3, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://thehill.com/blogs/on-the-money/budget/217503-ryan-budget-passes-committee-by-single-vote ''The Hill'', "Ryan budget passes committee by one vote," March 21, 2012]</ref>
  
==Issues==
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==Key votes==
===Legislative actions===
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===113th Congress===
====113th Congress====
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[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
 
[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
 
{{113thVotes
 
{{113thVotes
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|Sen=
 
|Sen=
 
|SenTotal=
 
|SenTotal=
|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record,'' "Resume of Congressional Activity," August 1, 2013]</ref>
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|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record'', "Resume of Congressional Activity," accessed August 1, 2013]</ref>
 
}}
 
}}
  
====National security====
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===National security===
=====American response in Syria=====
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====American response in Syria====
 
: ''See also: [[United States involvement in Syria]]''
 
: ''See also: [[United States involvement in Syria]]''
  
It would be illegal for the White House to launch a military strike against Syria without congressional approval, Amash said on August 27, 2013.<ref name="illegal">[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-politics/wp/2013/08/27/amash-syria-strike-unquestionably-unconstitutional-without-congressional-approval/?wprss=rss_politics&clsrd ''Washington Post,'' "Amash: Syria strike ‘unquestionably unconstitutional’ without congressional approval," accessed August 28, 2013]</ref>
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It would be illegal for the White House to launch a military strike against Syria without congressional approval, Amash said on August 27, 2013.<ref name="illegal">[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-politics/wp/2013/08/27/amash-syria-strike-unquestionably-unconstitutional-without-congressional-approval/?wprss=rss_politics&clsrd ''Washington Post'', "Amash: Syria strike ‘unquestionably unconstitutional’ without congressional approval," accessed August 28, 2013]</ref>
  
 
Amash used his Twitter account to respond to the news that [[Speaker of the U.S. House|House Speaker]] [[John Boehner]] ([[Republican|R]]) had been consulted by the [[Barack Obama|Obama]] administration about the potential use of force against Syria.<ref name="illegal"/> He said that if [[John Boehner|Boehner]] believes the president will use force, the speaker should call the [[U.S. House|House]] back to Washington to debate and vote on that decision.<ref name="illegal"/>
 
Amash used his Twitter account to respond to the news that [[Speaker of the U.S. House|House Speaker]] [[John Boehner]] ([[Republican|R]]) had been consulted by the [[Barack Obama|Obama]] administration about the potential use of force against Syria.<ref name="illegal"/> He said that if [[John Boehner|Boehner]] believes the president will use force, the speaker should call the [[U.S. House|House]] back to Washington to debate and vote on that decision.<ref name="illegal"/>
  
He further stated, "“I don’t think the American people are ready to go to war based on circumstantial evidence.  The case for going to war is not that strong, in any event. … The issue has to remain whether this is in the interests of the United States to get involved. If we go there, are we going to cause more bloodshed or less? That’s not clear to me.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/09/justin-amash-john-mccain-syria-96249.html ''Politico'', "Justin Amash takes aim at John McCain", accessed September 5, 2013]</ref>
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He further stated, "I don’t think the American people are ready to go to war based on circumstantial evidence.  The case for going to war is not that strong, in any event. … The issue has to remain whether this is in the interests of the United States to get involved. If we go there, are we going to cause more bloodshed or less? That’s not clear to me."<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/09/justin-amash-john-mccain-syria-96249.html ''Politico'', "Justin Amash takes aim at John McCain," accessed September 5, 2013]</ref>
  
=====Amendment to defund NSA surveillance programs=====
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====NSA surveillance programs====
The [[U.S. House of Representatives]] voted on July 24, 2013, to narrowly defeated an amendment brought by Amash meant to halt the National Security Agency's bulk collection of surveillance data.<ref>[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/07/24/justin-amash-amendment_n_3647893.html ''Huffington Post'' "Justin Amash Amendment To Stop NSA Data Collection Voted Down In House (UPDATE)" Accessed July 26, 2013]</ref> The amendment would have stripped funding for an NSA program that collects the telephone records of people in the United States, but not the content of calls.<ref name="nsaamash">[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/07/justin-amash-nsa-amendment-94722.html#ixzz2aAVNMZV1 ''Politico'' "Justin Amash prevails as amendment fails" Accessed July 26, 2013]</ref>
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=====James Clapper=====
 +
On June 12, 2013, Amash called for the resignation of James Clapper, the Director of National Intelligence, because in a congressional hearing in March 2013, Clapper affirmatively asserted that the National Security Agency was not involved in a large-scale surveillance program to gather data on American citizens.<ref name=resign>[http://thehill.com/blogs/defcon-hill/policy-and-strategy/305031-rep-amash-calls-for-dni-clapper-to-resign ''The Hill'', "GOP's Amash: Clapper should resign," June 12, 2013]</ref>
  
The vote scrambled the usual ideological fault lines in the [[U.S. House|House]], with conservative [[Republicans]] siding with liberal [[Democrats]].<ref>[http://www.dailykos.com/story/2013/07/25/1226533/-Know-your-caucuses-Breaking-down-the-Amash-amendment-vote-on-the-NSA?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+dailykos%2Findex+%28Daily+Kos%29# ''Daily Kos'' "Know your caucuses: Breaking down the Amash amendment vote on the NSA" Accessed July 26, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/07/justin-amash-nsa-amendment-94716.html ''Politico'' "How the Justin Amash NSA amendment got a vote" Accessed July 26, 2013]</ref> The [[U.S. House|House]] voted 205-217 to defeat the amendment with more [[Democrats]] than [[Republicans]] voting in favor of the amendment.<ref name="wire">[http://www.theatlanticwire.com/politics/2013/07/amash-amendment-fails-despite-democratic-support/67584/ ''The Atlantic Wire'' "The Amash Amendment Fails, Barely" Accessed July 26, 2013]</ref><ref name="nsaamash"/><ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll412.xml ''United States House'' "Final Vote Results" Accessed July 26, 2013]</ref> From Amasha's own [[Republican Party|party]], 134 [[Republican]]s voted against the amendment, with only 94 agreeing with it, while 111 [[Democrats]] voted for the amendment, with 83 voting against.<ref name="wire"/>
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Amash said, "It now appears clear that the director of national intelligence, James Clapper, lied under oath to Congress and the American people...Perjury is a serious crime ... [and] Clapper should resign immediately."<ref name=resign/>
  
Among the [[Republicans]] opposing the measure was [[Michele Bachmann]]. Bachmann defended the NSA's data collection programs, arguing that "here’s no Fourth Amendment expectation of privacy or right to the business-record exception" concerning the collection of phone metadata.<ref name="wire"/> She continued by saying, “If we take this program and remove from the United States the distinct advantage that we have versus any other country, it will be those who are seeking to achieve the goals of Islamic jihad who will benefit by putting the United States at risk, and it will be the United States which will be at risk. I believe that we need to win the War on Terror. We need to defeat the goals and aims of Islamic jihad, and for that reason I will be voting no on the Amash amendment.”<ref name="wire"/> [[Michele Bachmann|Bachmann]] was joined by, among others, [[Speaker of the U.S. House|Speaker]] [[John Boehner]] and Majority Leader [[Eric Cantor]] in opposing the amendment.<ref name="wire"/>
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====NDAA====
 +
{{Nay vote}} Amash voted against HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45512#.UjdO8j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
  
The [[U.S. House|House]] on July 24, 2013, overwhelmingly passed a separate NSA amendment, put forward by [[U.S. House|Rep.]] [[Mike Pompeo]], that was intended as a middle ground but was blasted by civil liberties advocates as achieving nothing.<ref name="nsaamash"/> The measure would ensure that the NSA is barred from acquiring or storing the content of emails and phone calls of people in the United States, but it would allow the NSA to continue storing phone metadata.<ref name="nsaamash"/>
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====DHS Appropriations====
 +
{{Nay vote}} Amash voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44545#.UjdO9j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
  
===NSA surveillance programs===
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====CISPA (2013)====
On June 12, 2013, Amash called for the resignation of James Clapper, the Director of National Intelligence, because in a congressional hearing in March 2013, Clapper affirmatively asserted that the National Security Agency was not involved in a large-scale surveillance program to gather data on American citizens.<ref name=resign>[http://thehill.com/blogs/defcon-hill/policy-and-strategy/305031-rep-amash-calls-for-dni-clapper-to-resign ''The Hill'', "GOP's Amash: Clapper should resign", June 12, 2013]</ref>
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{{Nay vote}} Amash voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/43791#.UjdO-j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
  
Amash said, "It now appears clear that the director of national intelligence, James Clapper, lied under oath to Congress and the American people...Perjury is a serious crime ... [and] Clapper should resign immediately."<ref name=resign/>
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===Economy===
 +
{{find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-JustinAmash-SponsoredLegislationBySubject</htmlet>|right|width=10}}
 +
====Farm Bill (2014)====
 +
{{House Farm Bill GOP No|Name=Amash}}
 +
====Budget (2014)====
 +
{{House Budget 2014 GOP No|Name=Amash}}
 +
====Government shutdown====
 +
:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
 +
{{Yea vote}}
 +
On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref> At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. [[Harry Reid]] rejected the call to conference.<ref>[http://www.buzzfeed.com/katenocera/government-shutdown-how-we-got-here?bffb ''Buzzfeed'', "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013]</ref> Amash voted in favor of the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
  
=====National Defense Authorization Act=====
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{{Nay vote}} The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the [[United States Senate|Senate]]. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by [[United States Senate|Senate Democrats]] was to require income verification for [[Obamacare]] subsidies.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/house-effort-to-end-fiscal-crisis-collapses-leaving-senate-to-forge-last-minute-solution/2013/10/16/1e8bb150-364d-11e3-be86-6aeaa439845b_story_1.html ''The Washington Post'', "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013]</ref> The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from [[Republican]] members. Amash voted against HR 2775.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll550.xml ''U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
{{Oppose vote}} Amash voted against HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45512#.UjdO8j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
+
  
=====Department of Homeland Security Appropriations=====
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====Paul Ryan Budget Proposal====
{{Oppose vote}} Amash voted against HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44545#.UjdO9j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 2217 - Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
+
 
+
=====Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act=====
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{{Oppose vote}} Amash voted against HR 624 - the Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act. The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans but divided the Democratic Party.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/43791#.UjdO-j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 624 - Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
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====Economy====
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=====Paul Ryan Budget Proposal=====
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{{Ryan Budget 2013 GOP2|Name=Amash}}
 
{{Ryan Budget 2013 GOP2|Name=Amash}}
  
=====2013 Farm Bill=====
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====2013 Farm Bill====
 
{{GOP Farm Bill|Name=Amash}}
 
{{GOP Farm Bill|Name=Amash}}
  
=====Federal Statutory Pay Adjustment Elimination=====
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====Federal Pay Adjustment Elimination====
{{Support vote}} Amash voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/42596#.UjdQCD9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
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{{Yea vote}} Amash voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/42596#.UjdQCD9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
  
====Immigration====
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====Drought Information System====
=====Morton Memos Enforcement Prohibition=====
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{{Nay vote}} Amash voted against HR 2431 - The National Integrated Drought Information System Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill passed the House on February 10, 2014 with a vote of 365 - 21 with 45 not voting. All 21 nays came from Republicans.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2014/roll055.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House'', "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 5," accessed February 14, 2014]</ref> The bill intended to amend the National Integrated Drought Information System Act of 2006 to specify that the National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS) Program's purpose shall be to better inform and provide for more timely decision-making to reduce drought related impacts and costs.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:HR02431:@@@L&summ2=m& ''Thomas Library of Congress,'' "Bill Summary & Status 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) H.R.2431 All Information," accessed February 14, 2014]</ref>
{{Support vote}} Amash voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:hamdt136: ''The Library of Congress,'' "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref> The vote largely followed party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44693#.UjdQYz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
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====Healthcare====
+
===Immigration===
=====Health Care Reform Rules=====
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====Morton Memos Prohibition====
{{Support vote}} Amash voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45799#.UjdQtz9-q1c ''Project Votesmart,'' "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
+
{{Yea vote}} Amash voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:hamdt136: ''The Library of Congress'', "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref> The vote largely followed party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44693#.UjdQYz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
  
====Social issues====
+
===Healthcare===
=====Abortion=====
+
====Healthcare Reform Rules====
{{Support vote}} Amash voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45098#.UjdRJz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
+
{{Yea vote}} Amash voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45799#.UjdQtz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
  
====Previous congressional sessions====
+
===Social issues===
=====Fiscal Cliff=====
+
====Abortion====
{{Oppose vote}}
+
{{Yea vote}} Amash voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45098#.UjdRJz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
Amash voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House,'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," Accessed January 4, 2013]</ref>
+
 
 +
===Government affairs===
 +
====HR 676====
 +
{{Obama lawsuit GOP Yes|Name=Amash}}
 +
 
 +
===Previous congressional sessions===
 +
====Fiscal Cliff====
 +
{{Nay vote}}
 +
Amash voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'', "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
==Issues==
 +
===On The Issues Vote Match===
 +
[[File:s040_080.gif|right|290px|thumb|Amash's Vote Match results from ''On The Issues''.]]
 +
:: ''See also: [[On The Issues Vote Match]]''
 +
''On The Issues'' conducts a [http://www.ontheissues.org/Quiz/Quiz2012.asp?quiz=Pres2012 VoteMatch] analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Amash is a '''Libertarian Conservative.''' Amash received a score of 43 percent on social issues and 81 percent on economic issues.<ref name="ontheissues"/>
 +
 
 +
{{Ontheissues vote quiz|Name=Amash|Date=2014|Ref=<ref name="ontheissues">[http://House.OnTheIssues.org/MI/Justin_Amash.htm ''On The Issues'', "XXNAMEXX Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014]</ref>
 +
|Abortion= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Hiring= Opposes
 +
|Marriage= Strongly Opposes
 +
|God= Unknown
 +
|ObamaCare=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Social Security= Unknown
 +
|School Choice= Strongly Favors
 +
|Animals=Unknown
 +
|Crime= Unknown
 +
|Guns= Strongly Favors
 +
|Taxes=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Citizenship=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Free Trade= Unknown
 +
|United Nations=Unknown
 +
|Military=Unknown
 +
|Campaign Funds= Unknown
 +
|Iran=Favors
 +
|Energy=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Marijuana=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Stimulus=Opposes
 +
}}
  
 
===Presidential preference===
 
===Presidential preference===
 
{{presendorse|2012|Ron Paul}}
 
{{presendorse|2012|Ron Paul}}
 
===Conservative Fight Club===
 
According to the conservative website ''RedState'', Amash is 1 of 16 U.S. House members in the "Conservative Fight Club", a designation meant to describe the gold standard of conservatives, as outlined by ''RedState.''  They are the 16 Republicans who voted against the continuing appropriations resolution to avoid the impending government shutdown in March.  This type of resolution is used to fund government agencies when a formal federal budget has not been approved.<ref>[http://www.redstate.com/2013/03/06/fight-club/ ''RedState,'' "Fight Club," March 6, 2013]</ref>
 
  
 
===Campaign themes===
 
===Campaign themes===
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
The following are several issues that were highlighted on Amash's campaign website.<ref>[http://amashforcongress.com/issues ''Amash's Campaign Website,'' "Issues," Accessed October 5, 2012)]</ref>
+
The following are several issues that were highlighted on Amash's campaign website.<ref>[http://amashforcongress.com/issues ''Amash's Campaign Website,'' "Issues," accessed October 5, 2012)] ''([[dead link]])''</ref>
  
 
*'''Accountability & Transparency'''
 
*'''Accountability & Transparency'''
Line 194: Line 232:
 
Excerpt: "The best way to protect the environment is through strong enforcement of property rights and pursuit of sound economic policy."
 
Excerpt: "The best way to protect the environment is through strong enforcement of property rights and pursuit of sound economic policy."
  
*'''Health Care'''
+
*'''Healthcare'''
 
Excerpt: "As a Member of Congress, I have voted to repeal the President’s plan to force families and individuals to purchase government-approved health insurance... We need reforms that will reduce the real costs of health care, not force participation in a government system."
 
Excerpt: "As a Member of Congress, I have voted to repeal the President’s plan to force families and individuals to purchase government-approved health insurance... We need reforms that will reduce the real costs of health care, not force participation in a government system."
  
Line 217: Line 255:
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
 
===2014===
 
===2014===
::''See also: [[United States Senate elections in Michigan, 2014]]''
 
  
Despite being considered a possible 2014 candidate, sources close to Amash confirmed that he would not seek the open Senate seat, currently occupied by retiring Senator [[Carl Levin]].<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/politics/justin-amash-will-not-run-for-senate-in-michigan-20130917 ''National Journal'', "Justin Amash Will Not Run for Senate in Michigan," accessed September 18, 2013]</ref>
+
::''See also: [[Michigan's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2014]]''
  
According to a July ''National Journal'' report, Amash was expanding his fundraising capacity by traveling to the eastern side of Michigan:
+
Amash ran for re-election to [[United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan, 2014|Michigan's]] [[Michigan's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2014|3rd District]] in 2014. Amash won the Republican nomination in the primary against [[Brian Ellis]] on August 5, 2014. He defeated [[Bob Goodrich]] (D) and [[Tonya Duncan]] (Green) in the general election on November 4, 2014.
:"...The lawmaker attended a series of fundraisers in the vast expanse known as Metro Detroit—on the opposite side of the state from his district. He met with well-heeled Republican donors in Birmingham, chatted with the Lebanese Chamber of Commerce in Southfield and held private gatherings with a smattering of other business groups, according to a source close to Amash."<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/congress/michigan-s-amash-quietly-tries-to-build-a-national-brand-20130720 ''National Journal'', "Michigan’s Amash Quietly Tries to Build a National Brand," July 20, 2013]</ref>
+
{{Midis3genelecbox14}}
 +
{{Mi3GOPprimary2014}}
 +
====Conservative Fight Club====
 +
According to the conservative website ''RedState'', Amash was one of 16 U.S. House members in the "Conservative Fight Club," a designation meant to describe the "gold standard for conservatives in the House," as outlined by ''RedState.''  They were the 16 Republicans who voted against the continuing appropriations resolution to avoid the impending government shutdown in March 2013.  This type of resolution is used to fund government agencies when a formal federal budget has not been approved.<ref>[http://www.redstate.com/2013/03/06/fight-club/ ''RedState'', "Fight Club," accessed March 6, 2013]</ref>
 +
====Polls====
 +
{{MIdis32014polls}}
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
:: ''See also: [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district elections, 2012]]''
+
:: ''See also: [[Michigan's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2012]]''
  
Amash won re-election in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan, 2012|Michigan's]] [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district elections, 2012|3rd District]].<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/results/senate/michigan/ ''Politico,'' "2012 Election Map, Michigan"]</ref>  He ran unopposed in the August 7 Republican primary.  He then defeated [[Steve Pestka]] (D) and [[Bill Gelineau]] (L) in the general election on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/MI_US_House_0807.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS ''Associated Press primary results'']</ref>
+
Amash won re-election in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan, 2012|Michigan's]] [[Michigan's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2012|3rd District]].<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/results/senate/michigan/ ''Politico'', "2012 Election Map, Michigan"]</ref>  He ran unopposed in the August 7, 2012, Republican primary.  He then defeated [[Steve Pestka]] (D) and [[Bill Gelineau]] (L) in the general election on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/MI_US_House_0807.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS ''Associated Press primary results'']</ref>
  
 
{{Midis3genelecbox12}}
 
{{Midis3genelecbox12}}
Line 253: Line 295:
  
 
==Campaign donors==
 
==Campaign donors==
 +
===Fundraising events===
 +
The below chart from [http://members-of-congress.findthebest.com/l/1/Justin-Amash Find The Best] tracks the fundraising events Amash attends.
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-JustinAmash-FundraisingEvents</htmlet>|float="center"|width=400px}}
 +
<br>
 +
 +
===Comprehensive donor history===
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
|Name=Amash
 
|Name=Amash
 
|year=2010
 
|year=2010
 
|Editdate=May 16, 2013
 
|Editdate=May 16, 2013
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=Career&cid=N00031938&type=I ''Open Secrets,'' "Career Fundraising for Justin Amash," Accessed May 16, 2013]</ref>
+
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=Career&cid=N00031938&type=I ''Open Secrets'', "Career Fundraising for Justin Amash," accessed May 16, 2013]</ref>
 
|party=Republican
 
|party=Republican
 
|totalraised2012=1313802
 
|totalraised2012=1313802
 
|result2012=Won
 
|result2012=Won
|office2012=US House (Michigan, [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district{{!}}District 3]])
+
|office2012=US House (Michigan, [[Michigan's 3rd Congressional District{{!}}District 3]])
 
|totalraised2010=1103513
 
|totalraised2010=1103513
 
|result2010=Won
 
|result2010=Won
|office2010=US House (Michigan, [[Michigan's 3rd congressional district{{!}}District 3]])
+
|office2010=US House (Michigan, [[Michigan's 3rd Congressional District{{!}}District 3]])
 
}}
 
}}
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-JustinAmash-CampaignContributions</htmlet>|float=right|width=300px}}
 
===2014===
 
===2014===
Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the [[Federal Election Commission]] during the [[United States Congress elections, 2014|2014 elections season]]. Below are  
+
Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the [[Federal Election Commission]] during the [[United States Congress elections, 2014|2014 elections season]]. Below are  
Amash’s reports.<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/cgi-bin/fecimg/?H0MI03126 ''Federal Election Commission'' "Justin Amash Summary Report," Accessed July 26, 2013]</ref>
+
Amash’s reports.<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/cgi-bin/fecimg/?H0MI03126 ''Federal Election Commission'', "Justin Amash Summary Report," accessed July 26, 2013]</ref>
{{Campaign finance reports
+
 
|Name = Justin Amash (2014)
+
{{Justin Amash 2014 FEC}}
|Political Party = Republican
+
|Report 1 = April Quarterly<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/377/13961616377/13961616377.pdf#navpanes=0 ''Federal Election Commission'' "Justin Amash April Quarterly," Accessed July 26, 2013]</ref>
+
|Date 1 =April 15, 2013
+
|Beginning Balance 1 = 77843.52
+
|Total Contributions 1 = 124307.31
+
|Expenditures 1= 87659.08
+
|Cash on Hand 1 = 114491.75
+
|Report 2 =July Quarterly<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/479/13964085479/13964085479.pdf#navpanes=0 ''Federal Election Commission'' "Justin Amash July Quarterly," Accessed July 26, 2013]</ref>
+
|Date 2 =July 15, 2013
+
|Beginning Balance 2 = 114491.75
+
|Total Contributions 2 = 219463.20
+
|Expenditures 2= 169535.80
+
|Cash on Hand 2 = 164419.15
+
  
}}
 
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
[[File:Justin_Amash-2012_donor_breakdown.png|right|375px|Breakdown of funds according to source.]]
+
[[File:Justin_Amash-2012_donor_breakdown.png|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Amash's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
Amash won re-election to the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Amash's campaign committee raised a total of $1,313,803 and spent $1,193,611.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/races/summary.php?id=MI03&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets,'' "2012 Re-Election Cycle," Accessed February 15, 2013]</ref>
+
Amash won re-election to the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Amash's campaign committee raised a total of $1,313,803 and spent $1,193,611.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/races/summary.php?id=MI03&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'', "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 15, 2013]</ref>
  
 
====Cost per vote====
 
====Cost per vote====
Line 325: Line 360:
 
===2010===
 
===2010===
 
[[File:Justin_Amash_2010_Donor_Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Amash's campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]
 
[[File:Justin_Amash_2010_Donor_Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Amash's campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]
Amash won election to the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] in 2010. During that election cycle, Amash's campaign committee raised a total of $1,103,513 and spent $1,093,007.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2010&type=I&cid=N00031938&newMem=N ''Open Secrets,'' "Justin Amash 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed December 21, 2011]</ref>
+
Amash won election to the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] in 2010. During that election cycle, Amash's campaign committee raised a total of $1,103,513 and spent $1,093,007.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2010&type=I&cid=N00031938&newMem=N ''Open Secrets'', "Justin Amash 2010 Election Cycle," accessed December 21, 2011]</ref>
  
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
Line 354: Line 389:
 
|inddonor4 = $48,500
 
|inddonor4 = $48,500
 
|inddonor5 = $44,450
 
|inddonor5 = $44,450
 +
|}}
 +
 +
==Personal Gain Index==
 +
[[File:Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png|right|200px|link=Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]
 +
::''See also: [[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''<br>
 +
The '''[[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''' is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the [[United States Congress|U.S. Congress]] have prospered during their tenure as public servants. <br>
 +
It consists of four different metrics:
 +
*[[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)|Changes in Net Worth]]
 +
*[[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Donation Concentration Metric]]
 +
*[[The K-Street Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The K-Street Metric]]
 +
*[[The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric]]
 +
===PGI: Change in net worth===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)]] and [[Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 +
[[File:Net Worth Metric graphic.png|left|170px]]
 +
Based on [[Household net worth (Member of Congress)|congressional financial disclosure forms]] and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Amash's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $890,026 and $2,200,000. That averages to '''$1,545,013''', which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Amash ranked as the 174th most wealthy representative in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00031938&year=2012 ''OpenSecrets'', "Amash (R-MI), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014]</ref> Between 2009 and 2012, Amash's calculated net worth<ref>This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.</ref> increased by an average of 28 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2014, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.<ref>This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation. For example, for Chellie Pingree, her total net worth increase was divided by five, since it was calculated for five years (2007-2012). If the incumbent had been in office earlier than 2004, it would still only be divided by eight (2004-2012), since those are the only years for which we have available data.</ref>
 +
{{Net worth PIG
 +
|Collapse=
 +
|Name =Justin Amash
 +
|Political Party = Republican
 +
|2010 = 568007
 +
|2011 =1013512
 +
|2012 =1545013
 +
|Year 0 = 2009
 +
|Average 0 = 844388
 +
}}
 +
 +
===PGI: Donation Concentration Metric===
 +
:: ''See also: [[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)]]''
 +
 +
Filings required by the [[Federal Election Commission]] report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Amash received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the ''Republican/Conservative'' industry.
 +
 +
From 2009-2014, '''26.17 percent of Amash's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.'''<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=Career&type=I&cid=N00031938&newMem=N ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Rep. Justin Amash," accessed September 24, 2014]</ref>
 +
[[File:Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png|left|179px]]
 +
{{Cong career industries
 +
|party = Republican
 +
|total raised = 4044234
 +
|total spent = 3126988
 +
|ind1 = Republican/Conservative
 +
|ind2 = Misc Manufacturing & Distribution
 +
|ind3 = Retired
 +
|ind4 = Health Professionals
 +
|ind5 = Retail Sales
 +
|inddonor1 = 335605
 +
|inddonor2 = 227565
 +
|inddonor3 = 187482
 +
|inddonor4 = 176509
 +
|inddonor5 = 131120
 +
|district =
 +
|committee =
 +
|rank =
 
|}}
 
|}}
  
 
==Analysis==
 
==Analysis==
 +
''Note: Because Amash often breaks with the Republican Party for ideologically conservative reasons, some of the analysis points to him being '''liberal''', however, that may or may not be the case because of his reasoning behind certain votes.''
 
===Ideology and leadership===
 
===Ideology and leadership===
 
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
  
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Amash is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|centrist Republican]]" as of June 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/justin_amash/412438 ''GovTrack,'' "Justin Amash," Accessed June 7, 2013]</ref>
+
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Amash is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|centrist Republican]]" as of July 2014.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/justin_amash/412438 ''GovTrack'', "Justin Amash," accessed July 29, 2014]</ref> This was the same rating Amash received in July 2014.
  
 
===Like-minded colleagues===
 
===Like-minded colleagues===
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/412438_Justin_Amash ''OpenCongress,'' "Justin Amash," Accessed August 5, 2013]</ref>
+
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/412438_Justin_Amash ''OpenCongress'', "Justin Amash," accessed July 29, 2013]</ref>
 
{{col-begin}}
 
{{col-begin}}
 
{{col-break}}
 
{{col-break}}
Line 371: Line 457:
 
{{col-break}}
 
{{col-break}}
 
Amash least often votes with:
 
Amash least often votes with:
*{{reddot}} [[Jon Runyan]]
+
*{{reddot}} [[Christopher Gibson]]
 
*{{bluedot}} [[Mark Takano]]
 
*{{bluedot}} [[Mark Takano]]
 
{{col-end}}
 
{{col-end}}
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-JustinAmash-IdeologyBreakdown</htmlet>|width=450px}}
  
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
Line 379: Line 466:
 
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.  Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
 
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.  Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
  
 +
====2013====
 +
Amash ranked 219th in the conservative rankings in 2013.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2013-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2014 Congressional Vote Ratings," July 29, 2014]</ref>
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
Amash was ranked the 185th most liberal representative during 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings/table-house-liberal-scores-by-issue-area-20130221 ''National Journal,'' "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013]</ref>
+
Amash ranked 185th in the liberal rankings in 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings/table-house-liberal-scores-by-issue-area-20130221 ''National Journal'', "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013]</ref>
  
 
====2011====
 
====2011====
Amash was ranked the 192nd most liberal representative during 2011.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal,'' "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012]</ref>
+
Amash ranked 192nd in the conservative rankings in 2012..<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal'', "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012]</ref>
  
 
===Voting with party===
 
===Voting with party===
 +
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
 +
====2014====
 +
{{Congress vote percent
 +
|name=Amash
 +
|party=Republican
 +
|percent=77.7 percent
 +
|rank=229th
 +
|total=234
 +
|chamber=House
 +
|year=July 2014
 +
|RHouse=Y
 +
}}
 
====2013====
 
====2013====
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
|name=Amash
 
|name=Amash
 
|party=Republican
 
|party=Republican
|percent=78.6%
+
|percent=78.6 percent
 
|rank=last
 
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===Lifetime missed votes===
 
===Lifetime missed votes===
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Amash missed 0 of 1,695 roll call votes from Jan 2011 to Mar 2013, which is 0.0% of votes during that period. This is better than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/justin_amash/412438 ''GovTrack,'' "Justin Amash," Accessed April 2013]</ref>
+
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Amash missed 0 of 2,703 roll call votes from January 2011 to July 2014. This amounts to 0.0 percent of votes, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/justin_amash/412438 ''GovTrack'', "Justin Amash," accessed July 29, 2014]</ref>
  
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Amash paid his congressional staff a total of $792,266 in 2011.  He ranked 45th on the list of the lowest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 50th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011.  Overall, [[Michigan]] ranked 13th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/2763/Rep_Justin_Amash.html ''LegiStorm'' "Justin Amash"]</ref>
+
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Amash paid his congressional staff a total of $792,266 in 2011.  He ranked 45th on the list of the lowest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 50th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011.  Overall, [[Michigan]] ranked 13th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/2763/Rep_Justin_Amash.html ''LegiStorm'', "Justin Amash," accessed December 15, 2012]</ref>
 
+
===Net worth===
+
:: ''See also: [[Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
+
====2011====
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Amash's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $477,026 and $1,549,998. This averages to $1,013,512, which is a 0.7843% increase since 2010. This is lower than the $7,859,232 average net worth for Republican representatives in 2011.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00031938&year=2011 ''Open Secrets,'', "Amash, (R-Michigan), 2011"]</ref>
+
 
+
====2010====
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Amash's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $-23,982 and $1,159,997. That averages to $568,007.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2010 of $7,561,133.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00031938&year=2010 ''Open Secrets,'', "Amash, (R-Michigan), 2010"]</ref>
+
  
 
==Personal==
 
==Personal==
Amash lives in Cascade Charter Township with his wife, Kara, and their three children.<ref>[http://amash.house.gov/about-me/full-biography ''Official House Site,'' "Biography," Accessed December 21, 2011]</ref>
+
Amash lives in Cascade Charter Township with his wife, Kara, and their three children.<ref>[http://amash.house.gov/about-me/full-biography ''Official House Site,'' "Biography," accessed December 21, 2011]</ref>
  
 
==Recent news==
 
==Recent news==
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:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
  
<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Justin+Amash+Michigan+House&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Justin Amash News Feed</rss>
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{{RSS|feed=http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Justin+Amash+Michigan+Congress&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Justin Amash News Feed}}
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==See also==
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*[[United States House of Representatives]]
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*[[United States congressional delegations from Michigan]]
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*[[Michigan's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2014]]
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*[[Michigan's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2012]]
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*[[Michigan's 3rd Congressional District]]
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==External links==
 
==External links==
 +
{{political tracker|Link=http://politicaltracker.com/officials/congress/activity/rep-justin-amash/105566|Name=Justin Amash}}
 
*[http://amash.house.gov/ Official House website]
 
*[http://amash.house.gov/ Official House website]
 
*[http://amashforcongress.com/ Official campaign website]
 
*[http://amashforcongress.com/ Official campaign website]
 +
*[http://vote-mi.org/Intro.aspx?State=MI&Id=MIAmashJustin Profile by Vote-USA]
 
{{CongLinks | congbio = A000367 | rollcall = 31947 | votesmart = 105566 | washpo = gIQAMkzZKP | govtrack = 412438 | opencong = 412438_Justin_Amash | c-span = justinamash | surge = 225963 | natjournal = 1801 | legistorm = 2763/Rep_Justin_Amash_MI.html | ontheissues = MI/Justin_Amash.htm | fec = H0MI03126 | opensecrets = N00031938 | followthemoney = 9740 | nyt = | findagrave = | fb = justinamash | twitter = repjustinamash | youtube = AmashMI03 | wikipedia = Justin_Amash | merge=MI03}}
 
{{CongLinks | congbio = A000367 | rollcall = 31947 | votesmart = 105566 | washpo = gIQAMkzZKP | govtrack = 412438 | opencong = 412438_Justin_Amash | c-span = justinamash | surge = 225963 | natjournal = 1801 | legistorm = 2763/Rep_Justin_Amash_MI.html | ontheissues = MI/Justin_Amash.htm | fec = H0MI03126 | opensecrets = N00031938 | followthemoney = 9740 | nyt = | findagrave = | fb = justinamash | twitter = repjustinamash | youtube = AmashMI03 | wikipedia = Justin_Amash | merge=MI03}}
  
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{{congcandidate|Year=2012|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W|Redistricting=}}
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{{congcandidate|Year=2014|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W}}

Latest revision as of 14:02, 13 November 2014

Justin Amash
Justin Amash.jpg
U.S. House, Michigan, District 3
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 3
PartyRepublican
PredecessorVern Ehlers (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$6.95 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Campaign $$2,417,315
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Michigan House of Representatives
2008-2010
Education
High schoolGrand Rapids Christian High School
Bachelor'sUniversity of Michigan, Ann Arbor
J.D.University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Personal
BirthdayApril 18, 1980
Place of birthGrand Rapids, Michigan
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth$1,545,013
ReligionOrthodox Christian
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Justin Amash campaign logo
Justin Amash (b. April 18, 1980, in Grand Rapids, MI) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives representing Michigan's 3rd Congressional District. Amash was first elected to the House in 2010.

Prior to his service in the U.S. House, Amash served one term in the Michigan House of Representatives from 2008 to 2010.

Amash won re-election to Michigan's 3rd District in 2014.

Although Amash was classified as voting more often with the Democratic Party according to multiple outside rankings, this stems from his tendency to vote against many Republican-sponsored bills that he views as not conservative or libertarian enough. This includes the 2014 House Budget bill, H Con Res 25, sponsored by Paul Ryan which had 221 Republican votes. Amash voted "nay" for reasons such as: "It accepts the $600 billion in new taxes established at the time of the so-called fiscal cliff deal (which I opposed). It *increases* government spending at the rate of approximately 3.4 percent per year." His reasoning for breaking with the party on these major votes was opposite of the Democratic Party.[1]

Amash is the Chairman of the House Liberty Caucus, which is "a congressional caucus dedicated to the principles of limited government, free markets, and individual liberty."[2]

Biography

Amash was born in 1980 in Grand Rapids, Michigan. He attended Grand Rapids Christian High School, graduating as the valedictorian of his class. Amash went on to earn his B.A. and J.D. at the University of Michigan in 2002 and 2005, respectively. Prior to his political career, Amash worked as an attorney.[3]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Amash's political career:[3]

Prior to his political career, Amash worked as an attorney.

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Amash serves on the following committees:[4]

Joint Economic Committee

2011-2012

Amash served on the following House committees:[5]

In March 2012, Amash was one of two Republicans who voted against Paul Ryan's budget plan in the House Budget Committee. Amash and Tim Huelskamp both said they felt the plan did not cut the budget fast enough. In December 2012 it was revealed that both representatives would not serve on the House Budget Committee in the 113th Congress.[6][7]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[8] For more information pertaining to Amash's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

It would be illegal for the White House to launch a military strike against Syria without congressional approval, Amash said on August 27, 2013.[10]

Amash used his Twitter account to respond to the news that House Speaker John Boehner (R) had been consulted by the Obama administration about the potential use of force against Syria.[10] He said that if Boehner believes the president will use force, the speaker should call the House back to Washington to debate and vote on that decision.[10]

He further stated, "I don’t think the American people are ready to go to war based on circumstantial evidence. The case for going to war is not that strong, in any event. … The issue has to remain whether this is in the interests of the United States to get involved. If we go there, are we going to cause more bloodshed or less? That’s not clear to me."[11]

NSA surveillance programs

James Clapper

On June 12, 2013, Amash called for the resignation of James Clapper, the Director of National Intelligence, because in a congressional hearing in March 2013, Clapper affirmatively asserted that the National Security Agency was not involved in a large-scale surveillance program to gather data on American citizens.[12]

Amash said, "It now appears clear that the director of national intelligence, James Clapper, lied under oath to Congress and the American people...Perjury is a serious crime ... [and] Clapper should resign immediately."[12]

NDAA

Nay3.png Amash voted against HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[13]

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Amash voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[14]

CISPA (2013)

Nay3.png Amash voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[15]

Economy


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Farm Bill (2014)

Nay3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[16] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[17][18] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[18] Amash voted with 62 other Republican representatives against the bill.

Budget (2014)

Nay3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[19][20] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[20] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[21] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Amash joined with the 63 other Republicans and 3 Democrats who voted against the bill.[19][20]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[22] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[23] Amash voted in favor of the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[24]

Nay3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[25] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Amash voted against HR 2775.[26]

Paul Ryan Budget Proposal

Nay3.png In March 2013 the Republican controlled House passed the budget proposal set out by Wisconsin Rep. Paul Ryan (R) for the third straight year.[27] However, not all Republican representatives voted in favor of the proposal.[27] Amash was one of the 10 Republican Representatives who voted against Ryan's budget proposal.[27]

The proposal was killed after being voted down in the U.S. Senate with a 40-59 vote.[28]

The proposal would have cut about $5 trillion over the next decade and aimed to balance the budget by the end of the 10-year period.[27] The 2013 bill had opposition from 10 Republicans — the same number that voted against it in 2012. In 2011 only four Republicans cast a vote in opposition.[27] Democrats have unanimously voted against the bill every year.[27]

2013 Farm Bill

Nay3.png In July 2013 the Republican controlled House narrowly passed a scaled-back version of the farm bill after stripping out the popular food-stamp program.[29][30] The bill passed on a 216-208 vote, with no Democrats voting in favor.[31] All but 12 Republicans supported the measure.[32] The group consisted mostly of conservative lawmakers more concerned about spending than farm subsidies.[32][33] Amash was one of the 12 who voted against the measure.[32]

The farm bill historically has included both billions in farm subsidies and billions in food stamps. Including both of the two massive programs has in the past helped win support from rural-state lawmakers and those representing big cities.[31] After the bill failed in the House in June 2013 amid opposition from rank-and-file Republicans, House leaders removed the food stamp portion in a bid to attract conservative support.[31]

Federal Pay Adjustment Elimination

Yea3.png Amash voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[34]

Drought Information System

Nay3.png Amash voted against HR 2431 - The National Integrated Drought Information System Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill passed the House on February 10, 2014 with a vote of 365 - 21 with 45 not voting. All 21 nays came from Republicans.[35] The bill intended to amend the National Integrated Drought Information System Act of 2006 to specify that the National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS) Program's purpose shall be to better inform and provide for more timely decision-making to reduce drought related impacts and costs.[36]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Amash voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[37] The vote largely followed party lines.[38]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png Amash voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[39]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Amash voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[40]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[41] Amash joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[42][43]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Nay3.png Amash voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[44]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Amash's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Amash is a Libertarian Conservative. Amash received a score of 43 percent on social issues and 81 percent on economic issues.[45]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[46]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Unknown
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Unknown Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Unknown Maintain US sovereignty from UN Unknown
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Unknown
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Favors
Privatize Social Security Unknown Never legalize marijuana Strongly Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[45]

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Justin Amash endorsed Ron Paul in the 2012 presidential election.


Campaign themes

2012

The following are several issues that were highlighted on Amash's campaign website.[47]

  • Accountability & Transparency

Excerpt: "I am the first-ever Member of Congress to explain every vote I take on the House floor, which I do on my official congressional Facebook Page. In addition, I have never missed a vote as a state legislator or Member of Congress."

  • Economy & Regulations

Excerpt: "Government can best help the economy by making regulations predictable and uncomplicated, simplifying the tax code, and letting businesses stand or fail on their own merit."

  • Education

Excerpt: "The right of parents to educate their children as they see fit, including the right of homeschooling, should not be infringed. Government-mandated curriculums and teaching methods do not properly account for different learning styles, leaving many children confused and falling short of their potential."

  • Environment

Excerpt: "The best way to protect the environment is through strong enforcement of property rights and pursuit of sound economic policy."

  • Healthcare

Excerpt: "As a Member of Congress, I have voted to repeal the President’s plan to force families and individuals to purchase government-approved health insurance... We need reforms that will reduce the real costs of health care, not force participation in a government system."

  • Immigration

Excerpt: "The United States has always welcomed individuals who legally seek to enter our country to work or become citizens, but Congress and the President must make every effort to secure our borders."

  • Life, Faith & Family

Excerpt: "The proper function of government is to protect individual rights—life, liberty, and property. I believe that life begins at conception, and it is unconscionable that government would sanction the taking of the helpless and innocent."

  • National Defense & Civil Liberties

Excerpt: "I have led the fight against big-government initiatives like the Patriot Act, SOPA, CISPA, and the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for FY 2012."

  • Second Amendment

Excerpt: "Congress must halt the unconstitutional practice of restricting a person’s ability to purchase, transport, store, or possess arms on public lands or on that individual’s private property under the guise of regulating interstate commerce."

  • Social Security & Medicare

Excerpt: "We must keep our promises to seniors and not change benefits for those who are currently receiving or soon will receive Social Security or Medicare... We must begin to phase in significant reforms for the benefit of future generations."

  • State Sovereignty & Individual Rights

Excerpt: "The federal government should not improperly apply the General Welfare Clause, the Commerce Clause, or the Necessary and Proper Clause to justify regulating activities that are not within its authority."

Elections

2014

See also: Michigan's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2014

Amash ran for re-election to Michigan's 3rd District in 2014. Amash won the Republican nomination in the primary against Brian Ellis on August 5, 2014. He defeated Bob Goodrich (D) and Tonya Duncan (Green) in the general election on November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, Michigan District 3 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJustin Amash Incumbent 57.9% 125,747
     Democratic Bob Goodrich 39% 84,713
     Green Tonya Duncan 3.1% 6,689
Total Votes 217,149
Source: Secretary of State 100% reporting Vote totals above are unofficial and will be updated once official totals are made available.
U.S. House, Michigan District 3 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJustin Amash Incumbent 57.4% 39,706
Brian Ellis 42.6% 29,422
Total Votes 69,128
Source: Michigan Secretary of State

Conservative Fight Club

According to the conservative website RedState, Amash was one of 16 U.S. House members in the "Conservative Fight Club," a designation meant to describe the "gold standard for conservatives in the House," as outlined by RedState. They were the 16 Republicans who voted against the continuing appropriations resolution to avoid the impending government shutdown in March 2013. This type of resolution is used to fund government agencies when a formal federal budget has not been approved.[48]

Polls

Michigan's 3rd District Republican Primary
Poll Justin Amash Brian EllisMargin of ErrorSample Size
Strategic National (July 12-14, 2014)
47%24%+/-4.4500
EPIC-MRA (June 10-11, 2014)
55%35%+/-3.5814
Pratical Political Consulting (May 27-29, 2014)
42%23%+/-4.56,000
AVERAGES 48% 27.33% +/-4.13 2,438
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

2012

See also: Michigan's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2012

Amash won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Michigan's 3rd District.[49] He ran unopposed in the August 7, 2012, Republican primary. He then defeated Steve Pestka (D) and Bill Gelineau (L) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[50]

U.S. House, Michigan District 3 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Steve Pestka 44.2% 144,108
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJustin Amash Incumbent 52.6% 171,675
     Libertarian Bill Gelineau 3.2% 10,498
     Write-in Steven Butler 0% 2
Total Votes 326,283
Source: Michigan Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Polls

Steve Pestka vs. Justin Amash
Poll Steve Pestka Justin AmashMargin of ErrorSample Size
(August 18-21, 2012)
50%42%+/-4.4501
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org.

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Amash attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Amash is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Amash raised a total of $2,417,315 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[52]

Justin Amash's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Michigan, District 3) Won $1,313,802
2010 US House (Michigan, District 3) Won $1,103,513
Grand Total Raised $2,417,315

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Amash’s reports.[53]

Justin Amash (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[54]April 15, 2013$77,843.52$124,307.31$(87,659.08)$114,491.75
July Quarterly[55]July 15, 2013$114,491.75$219,463.20$(169,535.80)$164,419.15
October Quarterly[56]October 15, 2013$164,419.15$207,884.69$(58,459.13)$313,844.71
Year-End[57]January 31, 2014$313,844.71$518,776.33$(100,743.15)$731,877.89
April Quarterly[58]April 15, 2014$731,877.89$224,593.18$(115,463.81)$841,007.26
July Quarterly[59]July 15, 2014$841,007.00$272,200.00$(311,994.00)$801,487.00
October Quarterly[60]October 15, 2014$768,967$139,633$(432,504)$476,097
Running totals
$1,706,857.71$(1,276,358.97)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Amash's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Amash won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Amash's campaign committee raised a total of $1,313,803 and spent $1,193,611.[61]

Cost per vote

Amash spent $6.95 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Amash's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Amash won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Amash's campaign committee raised a total of $1,103,513 and spent $1,093,007.[62]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Amash's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $890,026 and $2,200,000. That averages to $1,545,013, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Amash ranked as the 174th most wealthy representative in 2012.[63] Between 2009 and 2012, Amash's calculated net worth[64] increased by an average of 28 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2014, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[65]

Justin Amash Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2009$844,388
2012$1,545,013
Growth from 2009 to 2012:83%
Average annual growth:28%[66]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[67]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Amash received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Republican/Conservative industry.

From 2009-2014, 26.17 percent of Amash's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[68]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Justin Amash Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $4,044,234
Total Spent $3,126,988
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Republican/Conservative$335,605
Misc Manufacturing & Distribution$227,565
Retired$187,482
Health Professionals$176,509
Retail Sales$131,120
% total in top industry8.3%
% total in top two industries13.93%
% total in top five industries26.17%

Analysis

Note: Because Amash often breaks with the Republican Party for ideologically conservative reasons, some of the analysis points to him being liberal, however, that may or may not be the case because of his reasoning behind certain votes.

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Amash is a "centrist Republican" as of July 2014.[69] This was the same rating Amash received in July 2014.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[70]

Amash most often votes with:

Amash least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Amash ranked 219th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[71]

2012

Amash ranked 185th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[72]

2011

Amash ranked 192nd in the conservative rankings in 2012..[73]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Amash voted with the Republican Party 77.7 percent of the time, which ranked 229th among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[74]

2013

Amash voted with the Republican Party 78.6 percent of the time, which ranked last among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[75]

Lifetime missed votes

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Amash missed 0 of 2,703 roll call votes from January 2011 to July 2014. This amounts to 0.0 percent of votes, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[76]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Amash paid his congressional staff a total of $792,266 in 2011. He ranked 45th on the list of the lowest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 50th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Michigan ranked 13th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[77]

Personal

Amash lives in Cascade Charter Township with his wife, Kara, and their three children.[78]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Justin + Amash + Michigan + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Justin Amash News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Justin Amash


References

  1. Facebook, "Justin Amash," March 27, 2013
  2. House Liberty Caucus
  3. 3.0 3.1 Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Justin Amash," accessed December 21, 2011
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  5. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "House of Representatives Committee Assignments," accessed December 21, 2011
  6. Slate, "The Republicans Who Voted Against the Ryan Budget Won't Be on the Budget Committee Next Year," December 3, 2012
  7. The Hill, "Ryan budget passes committee by one vote," March 21, 2012
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Washington Post, "Amash: Syria strike ‘unquestionably unconstitutional’ without congressional approval," accessed August 28, 2013
  11. Politico, "Justin Amash takes aim at John McCain," accessed September 5, 2013
  12. 12.0 12.1 The Hill, "GOP's Amash: Clapper should resign," June 12, 2013
  13. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  14. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  15. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  16. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  17. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  18. 18.0 18.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, With clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  19. 19.0 19.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  21. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  22. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  23. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  24. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  25. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  26. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 27.4 27.5 Washington Post, "10 House Republicans Vote Against Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
  28. CBS News, "Senate Rejects Paul Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
  29. Washington Post, "Farm bill passes narrowly in House, without food stamp funding," accessed July 15, 2013
  30. USA Today, "House passes farm bill; strips out food-stamp program," accessed July 15, 2013
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 Fox News, "House narrowly passes farm bill after Republicans carve out food stamps," accessed July 15, 2013
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 Washington Post, "Which Republicans voted against the Farm Bill?," accessed July 15, 2013
  33. Politico, "Farm bill 2013: House narrowly passes pared-back version," accessed July 15, 2013
  34. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  35. Clerk of the U.S. House, "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 5," accessed February 14, 2014
  36. Thomas Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) H.R.2431 All Information," accessed February 14, 2014
  37. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  38. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  39. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  40. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  41. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  42. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  43. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  44. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  45. 45.0 45.1 On The Issues, "XXNAMEXX Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
  46. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  47. Amash's Campaign Website, "Issues," accessed October 5, 2012) (dead link)
  48. RedState, "Fight Club," accessed March 6, 2013
  49. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Michigan"
  50. Associated Press primary results
  51. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  52. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Justin Amash," accessed May 16, 2013
  53. Federal Election Commission, "Justin Amash Summary Report," accessed July 26, 2013
  54. Federal Election Commission, "Justin Amash April Quarterly," accessed July 26, 2013
  55. Federal Election Commission, "Justin Amash July Quarterly," accessed July 26, 2013
  56. Federal Election Commission, "Justin Amash October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  57. Federal Election Commission, "Justin Amash Year-End," accessed February 10, 2014
  58. Federal Election Commission, "Justin Amash April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  59. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  60. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  61. Open Secrets, "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 15, 2013
  62. Open Secrets, "Justin Amash 2010 Election Cycle," accessed December 21, 2011
  63. OpenSecrets, "Amash (R-MI), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  64. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  65. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation. For example, for Chellie Pingree, her total net worth increase was divided by five, since it was calculated for five years (2007-2012). If the incumbent had been in office earlier than 2004, it would still only be divided by eight (2004-2012), since those are the only years for which we have available data.
  66. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  67. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  68. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Justin Amash," accessed September 24, 2014
  69. GovTrack, "Justin Amash," accessed July 29, 2014
  70. OpenCongress, "Justin Amash," accessed July 29, 2013
  71. National Journal, "2014 Congressional Vote Ratings," July 29, 2014
  72. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013
  73. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  74. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  75. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  76. GovTrack, "Justin Amash," accessed July 29, 2014
  77. LegiStorm, "Justin Amash," accessed December 15, 2012
  78. Official House Site, "Biography," accessed December 21, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Vern Ehlers
U.S. House of Representatives - Michigan, District 3
2011–Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Michigan House of Representatives
2008-2010
Succeeded by
'