Difference between revisions of "Kevin Brady"

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|Status = Incumbent
 
|Status = Incumbent
 
|Tenure = January 3, 1997-present
 
|Tenure = January 3, 1997-present
|Term ends = January 3, 2015
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|Term ends = January 3, 2017
 
|Assumed office = 1997
 
|Assumed office = 1997
 
|Political party = Republican
 
|Political party = Republican
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|Per diem =
 
|Per diem =
 
|Pension =
 
|Pension =
|Last election = [[Texas' 8th congressional district elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]
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|Last election = [[Texas' 8th Congressional District elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
 +
|Cost per vote 2014 = $17.47
 +
|Cost per vote 2012 = $6.54
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|First elected = November 5, 1996
 
|First elected = November 5, 1996
 
|Term limits = N/A
 
|Term limits = N/A
|Next election = [[Texas' 8th congressional district elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
+
|Next primary =  
|Campaign $ = 5,014,275
+
|Next election = November 8, 2016
 +
|Campaign $ = 7,540,216
 
|Prior office = [[Texas House of Representatives]]
 
|Prior office = [[Texas House of Representatives]]
 
|Prior office years = 1990-1996
 
|Prior office years = 1990-1996
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|Place of birth = Vermillion, South Dakota
 
|Place of birth = Vermillion, South Dakota
 
|Profession = Public Affairs Director
 
|Profession = Public Affairs Director
|Net worth = $486,013
+
|Net worth = (2012) $453,513
 
|Religion = Roman Catholic
 
|Religion = Roman Catholic
 
|Office website = http://www.house.gov/brady/
 
|Office website = http://www.house.gov/brady/
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}}
 
}}
 
:: ''For the 2012 New York Assembly candidate, see [[Kevin C. Brady]].''
 
:: ''For the 2012 New York Assembly candidate, see [[Kevin C. Brady]].''
{{tnr}}'''Kevin Patrick Brady''' (b. April 11, 1955 in Vermillion, South Dakota) is a [[Republican]] member of the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] from the state of [[Texas]]. Brady represents [[Texas' 8th congressional district]] and was first elected to the House in 1996.  
+
{{tnr}}'''Kevin Patrick Brady''' (b. April 11, 1955, in Vermillion, [[South Dakota|SD]]) is a [[Republican]] member of the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] from the state of [[Texas]]. Brady represents [[Texas' 8th Congressional District]] and was first elected to the House in 1996.  
 
+
Brady most recently won re-election on November 6, 2012. He defeated [[Neil Burns]] (D) and [[Roy Hall]] (L) in the November 6, 2012, general election.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/map/#/House/2012/ ''Politico'' "2012 Election Map, Texas"]</ref>
+
  
 
Brady began his political career in the [[Texas House of Representatives]], where he served from 1990 until his election to the [[U.S. House]] in 1996.
 
Brady began his political career in the [[Texas House of Representatives]], where he served from 1990 until his election to the [[U.S. House]] in 1996.
 +
 +
Brady won [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. He defeated [[Craig McMichael]] in the Republican primary on March 4, 2014. He defeated [[Ken Petty]] (L) in the general election on November 4, 2014.<ref name=huffpost14>[http://elections.huffingtonpost.com/2014/results ''The Huffington Post'', "Election 2014," November 4, 2014]</ref>
  
 
{{Introanalysis
 
{{Introanalysis
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==Biography==
 
==Biography==
Brady was born in Vermillion, [[South Dakota]]. He earned his B.A. from the University of [[South Dakota]] in 1990.<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=B000755 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress'' "BRADY, Kevin Patrick, (1955 - )"]</ref>
+
Brady was born in Vermillion, [[South Dakota]]. He earned his B.A. from the University of [[South Dakota]] in 1990.<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=B000755 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress'', "BRADY, Kevin Patrick, (1955 - )," accessed August 5, 2011]</ref>
  
 
==Career==
 
==Career==
* 1990-1996: [[Texas House of Representatives]]
+
Below is an abbreviated outline of Brady's academic, professional and political career:<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=B000755 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress'', "BRADY, Kevin Patrick, (1955 - )," accessed February 5, 2015]</ref>
* 1997-Present: [[U.S. House of Representatives]], [[Texas' 8th congressional district]]
+
  
Brady was an executive for the Chamber of Commerce for 18 years before pursuing his political career.<ref name="bio">[http://kevinbrady.house.gov/kevin-bradys-biography/ ''Congressman Kevin Brady, Proudly Representing the 8th District of Texas'' "Kevin Brady's Biography"]</ref>
+
*1997-Present: U.S. Representative from [[Texas' 8th Congressional District]]
 +
*1990-1996: [[Texas House of Representatives]]
 +
*1990: Graduated from the University of South Dakota, Vermillion, with a B.A.
  
 
==Committee assignments==
 
==Committee assignments==
 
===U.S. House===
 
===U.S. House===
 +
====2015-2016====
 +
Brady serves on the following committees:<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/committee_info/oal.aspx ''U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk'', "Committee Information," accessed February 20, 2015]</ref>
 +
 +
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Ways and Means|Ways and Means Committee]]
 +
**[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Ways and Means#Health|Subcommittee on Health]], ''Chairman''
 +
**[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Ways and Means#Trade|Subcommittee on Trade]]
 +
 
====2013-2014====
 
====2013-2014====
Brady serves on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com,'' House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress]</ref>
+
Brady served on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com,'' "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013]</ref>
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Ways and Means|House Ways & Means Committee]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Ways and Means|House Ways & Means Committee]]
**Subcommittee on Health ''Chair''
+
**Subcommittee on Health ''Chairman''
 
**Subcommittee on Social Security
 
**Subcommittee on Social Security
 
**Subcommittee on Trade
 
**Subcommittee on Trade
[[Joint Economic Committee]]
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*[[United States Congress Joint Committee on Taxation|Joint Committee on Taxation]]
  
 
====2011-2012====
 
====2011-2012====
 
Brady was a member of the following House committees:<ref name="bio"/>
 
Brady was a member of the following House committees:<ref name="bio"/>
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Ways and Means|House Ways & Means Committee]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Ways and Means|House Ways & Means Committee]]
**Subcommittee on Trade ''Chair''
+
**Subcommittee on Trade ''Chairman''
 
**Subcommittee on Social Security
 
**Subcommittee on Social Security
 
*Joint Economic Committee ''Vice Chair''
 
*Joint Economic Committee ''Vice Chair''
  
==Issues==
+
==Key votes==
===Specific votes===
+
====113th Congress====
 +
[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
 +
{{113thVotes
 +
|Lastname=Brady
 +
|Passed=22
 +
|Total=4315
 +
|Date=August 1, 2013
 +
|Sen=
 +
|SenTotal=
 +
|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record'', "Resume of Congressional Activity," accessed August 1, 2013]</ref>
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
===National security===
 +
====NDAA====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Brady voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45512#.UjdO8j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====DHS Appropriations====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Brady voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44545#.UjdO9j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====CISPA (2013)====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Brady voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/43791#.UjdO-j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Economy===
 +
====Farm bill====
 +
{{House Farm Bill GOP Yes|Name=Brady}}
 +
 
 +
====2014 Budget====
 +
{{House Budget 2014 GOP Yes|Name=Brady}}
 +
 
 +
====Government shutdown====
 +
:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
 +
{{Yea vote}}
 +
On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref> At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. [[Harry Reid]] rejected the call to conference.<ref>[http://www.buzzfeed.com/katenocera/government-shutdown-how-we-got-here?bffb ''Buzzfeed'', "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013]</ref> Brady voted in favor of the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
{{nay vote}}The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the [[United States Senate|Senate]]. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by [[United States Senate|Senate Democrats]] was to require income verification for [[Obamacare]] subsidies.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/house-effort-to-end-fiscal-crisis-collapses-leaving-senate-to-forge-last-minute-solution/2013/10/16/1e8bb150-364d-11e3-be86-6aeaa439845b_story_1.html ''The Washington Post'', "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013]</ref> The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from [[Republican]] members. Brady voted against HR 2775.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll550.xml ''U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Federal Pay Adjustment Act====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Brady voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/42596#.UjdQCD9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Immigration===
 +
{{find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-KevinBrady-SponsoredLegislationBySubject</htmlet>|right|width=10}}
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====Morton Memos Prohibition====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Brady voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:hamdt136: ''The Library of Congress'', "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref> The vote largely followed party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44693#.UjdQYz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Healthcare===
 +
====Healthcare Reform Rules====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Brady voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45799#.UjdQtz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Social issues===
 +
====Abortion====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Brady voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45098#.UjdRJz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Government affairs===
 +
====HR 676====
 +
{{Obama lawsuit GOP Yes|Name=Brady}}
 +
 
 +
===Previous congressional sessions===
 
====Fiscal Cliff====
 
====Fiscal Cliff====
{{Support vote}}
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{{Yea vote}}
Brady voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257/167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
+
Brady voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'', "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
==Issues==
 +
===On The Issues Vote Match===
 +
[[File:S010_100.gif|right|290px|thumb|Kevin Brady's Vote Match results from ''On The Issues''.]]
 +
:: ''See also: [[On The Issues Vote Match]]''
 +
''On The Issues'' conducts a [http://www.ontheissues.org/Quiz/Quiz2014.asp?quiz=Pres2016 VoteMatch] analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Brady is a '''Hard-Core Conservative'''. Brady received a score of 14 percent on social issues and 96 percent on economic issues.<ref name="ontheissues"/>
 +
{{Ontheissues vote quiz|Name=Brady|Date=April 19, 2015|Ref=<ref name="ontheissues">[http://House.OnTheIssues.org/TX/Kevin_Brady.htm ''On The Issues'', "Kevin Brady Vote Match," accessed April 19, 2015]</ref>
 +
|Abortion= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Hiring= Opposes
 +
|Marriage= Strongly Opposes
 +
|God= Strongly Favors
 +
|ObamaCare= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Social Security= Strongly Favors
 +
|School Choice= Strongly Favors
 +
|Animals= Favors
 +
|Crime= Favors
 +
|Guns= Strongly Favors
 +
|Taxes= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Citizenship= Opposes
 +
|Free Trade= Favors
 +
|United Nations= Strongly Favors
 +
|Military= Strongly Favors
 +
|Campaign Funds= Favors
 +
|Iran= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Energy= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Marijuana= Strongly Favors
 +
|Stimulus= Strongly Opposes
 +
}}
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
 
===2014===
 
===2014===
  
:: ''See also: [[Texas' 8th congressional district elections, 2014]]''
+
:: ''See also: [[Texas' 8th Congressional District elections, 2014]]''
  
Brady is set to run for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. If he runs, he will seek the Republican nomination in the primary election on March 4, 2014. {{Nov2014genelection}}
+
Brady won [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. He defeated [[Craig McMichael]] to win the Republican nomination in the primary election on March 4, 2014. He defeated [[Ken Petty]] (L) in the general election on November 4, 2014.<ref name=huffpost14/>
 +
 
 +
{{Txdis8genelecbox14}}
 +
{{Tx8GOPprimary2014}}
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
:: ''See also: [[Texas' 8th congressional district elections, 2012]]''
+
:: ''See also: [[Texas' 8th Congressional District elections, 2012]]''
  
Brady won re-election in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in Texas, 2012|Texas']] [[Texas' 8th congressional district elections, 2012|8th District]]. He defeated [[Larry Youngblood]] in the May 29, 2012, Republican primary.  He then defeated [[Neil Burns]] (D) and [[Roy Hall]] (L) in the November 6, 2012, general election.<ref>[http://candidates.texasgop.org/offices/united-states-representative Republican candidate list]</ref><ref>[http://enr.sos.state.tx.us/enr/results/may29_160_state.htm Unofficial Republican primary results]</ref>
+
Brady won re-election in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in Texas, 2012|Texas']] [[Texas' 8th Congressional District elections, 2012|8th District]]. He defeated [[Larry Youngblood]] in the Republican primary on May 29, 2012.  He then defeated [[Neil Burns]] (D) and [[Roy Hall]] (L) in the general election on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://candidates.texasgop.org/offices/united-states-representative ''Texas GOP'', "Republican candidate list," accessed May 10, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://enr.sos.state.tx.us/enr/results/may29_160_state.htm ''Texas Secretary of State'', "Unofficial Republican primary results," May 29, 2012] ''([[timed out]])''</ref>
  
 
{{Txdis8genelecbox12}}
 
{{Txdis8genelecbox12}}
 
  
 
{{Primary election box 2012
 
{{Primary election box 2012
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{{Txdis8genelecbox98}}
 
{{Txdis8genelecbox98}}
 
<big>'''1996'''</big><br>
 
<big>'''1996'''</big><br>
On December 10, 1996, Kevin Brady won election to the [[United States House]]. He defeated Gene Fontenot (R) in the special primary runoff election.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/1996election.pdf ''U.S. Congress House Clerk'' "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010"]</ref>
+
On December 10, 1996, Kevin Brady won election to the [[United States House]]. He defeated Gene Fontenot (R) in the special primary runoff election.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/1996election.pdf ''U.S. Congress House Clerk'', "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," December 10, 1996]</ref>
 
{{Txdis8genelecbox96}}
 
{{Txdis8genelecbox96}}
 
}}
 
}}
  
 
==Campaign donors==
 
==Campaign donors==
 +
===Fundraising events===
 +
The below chart from [http://members-of-congress.findthebest.com/l/283/Kevin-Brady Find The Best] tracks the fundraising events Brady attends.
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-KevinBrady-FundraisingEvents</htmlet>|float="center"|width=400px}}
 +
<br>
 +
 +
===Comprehensive donor history===
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
|Name=Brady
 
|Name=Brady
|Editdate=March 25, 2013
+
|Editdate=January 27, 2015
 
|year=2000
 
|year=2000
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=Career&cid=N00005883&type=I ''Open Secrets'' "Career Fundraising for Kevin Brady," Accessed March 25, 2013]</ref>
+
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=Career&cid=N00005883&type=I ''Open Secrets'', "Career Fundraising for Kevin Brady," accessed January 27, 2015]</ref>
 
|party=Republican
 
|party=Republican
 +
|totalraised2014=2525941
 +
|result2014=Won
 +
|office2014=U.S. House (Texas, [[Texas' 8th Congressional District{{!}}District 8]])
 
|totalraised2012=1385893
 
|totalraised2012=1385893
 
|result2012=Won
 
|result2012=Won
|office2012=US House (Texas, [[Texas' 8th congressional district{{!}}District 8]])
+
|office2012=U.S. House (Texas, [[Texas' 8th Congressional District{{!}}District 8]])
 
|totalraised2010=1028855
 
|totalraised2010=1028855
 
|result2010=Won
 
|result2010=Won
|office2010=US House (Texas, [[Texas' 8th congressional district{{!}}District 8]])
+
|office2010=U.S. House (Texas, [[Texas' 8th Congressional District{{!}}District 8]])
 
|totalraised2008=621911
 
|totalraised2008=621911
 
|result2008=Won
 
|result2008=Won
|office2008=US House (Texas, [[Texas' 8th congressional district{{!}}District 8]])
+
|office2008=U.S. House (Texas, [[Texas' 8th Congressional District{{!}}District 8]])
 
|totalraised2006=515795
 
|totalraised2006=515795
 
|result2006=Won
 
|result2006=Won
|office2006=US House (Texas, [[Texas' 8th congressional district{{!}}District 8]])
+
|office2006=U.S. House (Texas, [[Texas' 8th Congressional District{{!}}District 8]])
 
|totalraised2004=732619
 
|totalraised2004=732619
 
|result2004=Won
 
|result2004=Won
|office2004=US House (Texas, [[Texas' 8th congressional district{{!}}District 8]])
+
|office2004=U.S. House (Texas, [[Texas' 8th Congressional District{{!}}District 8]])
 
|totalraised2002=367670
 
|totalraised2002=367670
 
|result2002=Won
 
|result2002=Won
|office2002=US House (Texas, [[Texas' 8th congressional district{{!}}District 8]])
+
|office2002=U.S. House (Texas, [[Texas' 8th Congressional District{{!}}District 8]])
 
|totalraised2000=361532
 
|totalraised2000=361532
 
|result2000=Won
 
|result2000=Won
|office2000=US House (Texas, [[Texas' 8th congressional district{{!}}District 8]])
+
|office2000=U.S. House (Texas, [[Texas' 8th Congressional District{{!}}District 8]])
}}
+
}}<br>
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-KevinBrady-CampaignContributions</htmlet>|width=300px}}
 +
 
 
===2014===
 
===2014===
Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the [[Federal Election Commission]] during the [[United States Congress elections, 2014|2014 elections season]]. Below are Brady's reports.<ref>[http://query.nictusa.com/cgi-bin/cancomsrs/?_12+H6TX08100 ''Federal Election Commission'' "Kevin Brady Summary Report," Accessed July 23, 2013]</ref>  
+
Brady won re-election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2014. During that election cycle, Brady's campaign committee raised a total of $2,525,941 and spent $2,184,911.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00005883&cycle=2014 ''Open Secrets'', "Kevin Brady 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 1, 2015]</ref> This is more than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/overview/bigspenders.php?cycle=2014&display=A&Memb=H&sort=O ''Open Secrets'', "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 1, 2015]</ref>
  
{{Campaign finance reports
+
====Cost per vote====
|Collapse=
+
Brady spent $17.47 per general election vote received in 2014.
|Name = Kevin Brady (2014)
+
 
|Political Party = Republican
+
{{Congress donor box 2014
|Report 1 = April Quarterly<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/162/13940552162/13940552162.pdf#navpanes=0 'Federal Election Commission'' "Kevin Brady April Quarterly," Accessed July 23, 2013]</ref>
+
|winner = Y
|Date 1 = April 15, 2013
+
|Chamber = U.S. House, Texas District 8
|Beginning Balance 1 = 317257.53
+
|party = Republican
|Total Contributions 1 = 132481.28
+
|total raised = $2,525,941
|Expenditures 1 = 87922.60
+
|total spent = $2,184,911
|Cash on Hand 1 = 361818.21
+
|opponent raised = $0
|Report 2 = July Quarterly<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/163/13941145163/13941145163.pdf#navpanes=0 'Federal Election Commission'' "Kevin Brady July Quarterly," Accessed July 23, 2013]</ref>
+
|opponent spent = $0
|Date 2 = July 15, 2013
+
|org1 = Votesane PAC
|Beginning Balance 2 = 361816.21
+
|org2 = Anadarko Petroleum
|Total Contributions 2 = 347957.58
+
|org3 = Express Scripts
|Expenditures 2 = 90444.36
+
|org4 = Ernst & Young
|Cash on Hand 2 = 619329.43
+
|org5 = Richie's Specialty Pharmacy
 +
|orgdonor1 = $76,725
 +
|orgdonor2 = $41,000
 +
|orgdonor3 = $34,478
 +
|orgdonor4 = $33,500
 +
|orgdonor5 = $20,200
 +
|ind1 = Oil & Gas
 +
|ind2 = Health Professionals
 +
|ind3 = Insurance
 +
|ind4 = Health Services/HMOs
 +
|ind5 = Real Estate
 +
|inddonor1 = $318,450
 +
|inddonor2 = $272,067
 +
|inddonor3 = $151,200
 +
|inddonor4 = $134,878
 +
|inddonor5 = $131,974
 
|}}
 
|}}
 +
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Kevin Brady Donors 2014.JPG|left|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Brady's campaign funds before the 2014 election.]]}}
 +
 +
Below are Brady's FEC reports.<ref>[http://query.nictusa.com/cgi-bin/cancomsrs/?_12+H6TX08100 ''Federal Election Commission'', "Kevin Brady Summary Report," accessed July 23, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
{{Kevin Brady 2014 FEC}}
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
[[File:Kevin Brady 2012 Donor Breakdown.png|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Brady's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
+
Brady won re-election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Brady's campaign committee raised a total of $1,385,894 and spent $1,268,522.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00005883&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'', "Kevin Brady 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 5, 2013]</ref> This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/news/2013/06/2012-overview.html ''Open Secrets'', "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013]</ref>
Brady won re-election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Brady's campaign committee raised a total of $1,385,894 and spent $1,268,522.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00005883&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'' "Kevin Brady 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed March 5, 2013]</ref> This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/news/2013/06/2012-overview.html ''Open Secrets,'' "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," June 19, 2013]</ref>
+
  
 
====Cost per vote====
 
====Cost per vote====
Line 221: Line 348:
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
|winner = Y
 
|winner = Y
|Chamber = U.S. House of Representatives, Texas' 8th Congressional District  
+
|Chamber = U.S. House, Texas District 8
 
|party = Republican
 
|party = Republican
 
|total raised = $1,385,894
 
|total raised = $1,385,894
Line 248: Line 375:
 
|inddonor5 = $49,000
 
|inddonor5 = $49,000
 
|}}
 
|}}
 +
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Kevin Brady 2012 Donor Breakdown.png|left|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Brady's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]}}
  
 
===2010===
 
===2010===
[[File:Kevin Brady 2010 Donor Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Brady's campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]
+
Brady won re-election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2010. During that election cycle, Brady's campaign committee raised a total of $1,028,855 and spent $945,193.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00005883&cycle=2010 ''Open Secrets'', "Kevin Brady 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 29, 2011]</ref>
Brady won re-election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2010. During that election cycle, Brady's campaign committee raised a total of $1,028,855 and spent $945,193.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00005883&cycle=2010 ''Open Secrets'' "Kevin Brady 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed November 29, 2011]</ref>
+
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
|Chamber = U.S. House of Representatives, Texas, 8th District
+
|Chamber = U.S. House, Texas District 8
 
|party = Republican
 
|party = Republican
 
|total raised = $1,028,855
 
|total raised = $1,028,855
Line 261: Line 388:
 
|org1 = Charter Brokerage LLC
 
|org1 = Charter Brokerage LLC
 
|org2 = American Crystal Sugar
 
|org2 = American Crystal Sugar
|org3 = American Health Care Assn
+
|org3 = American Healthcare Assn
 
|org4 = American Resort Development Assn
 
|org4 = American Resort Development Assn
 
|org5 = American Seniors Housing Assn
 
|org5 = American Seniors Housing Assn
Line 279: Line 406:
 
|inddonor4 = $49,650
 
|inddonor4 = $49,650
 
|inddonor5 = $44,650
 
|inddonor5 = $44,650
 +
|}}
 +
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Kevin Brady 2010 Donor Breakdown.PNG|left|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Brady's campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]}}
 +
 +
==Personal Gain Index==
 +
[[File:Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png|right|200px|link=Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]
 +
::''See also: [[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''<br>
 +
The '''[[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''' is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the [[United States Congress|U.S. Congress]] have prospered during their tenure as public servants. <br>
 +
It consists of two different metrics:
 +
*[[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)|Changes in Net Worth]]
 +
*[[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Donation Concentration Metric]]
 +
 +
===PGI: Change in net worth===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)]] and [[Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 +
[[File:Net Worth Metric graphic.png|left|170px]]
 +
 +
Based on [[Household net worth (Member of Congress)|congressional financial disclosure forms]] and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Brady's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $197,026 and $710,000. That averages to '''$453,513''', which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Brady ranked as the 281st most wealthy representative in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00005883&year=2012 ''OpenSecrets'', "Kevin Brady (R-Texas), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014]</ref> Between 2004 and 2012, Brady's calculated net worth<ref>This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).</ref> decreased by an average of 2 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.<ref>This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.</ref>
 +
 +
{{Net worth PIG
 +
|Collapse=
 +
|Name = Kevin Brady
 +
|Political Party = Republican
 +
|Year 0 = 2004
 +
|Average 0 = 528117
 +
|2010 = 551515
 +
|2011 =  486013
 +
|2012 = 453513
 +
}}
 +
 +
===PGI: Donation Concentration Metric===
 +
:: ''See also: [[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)]]''
 +
 +
Filings required by the [[Federal Election Commission]] report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). In the [[113th Congress]], Brady is the Chair of the [[United States Congress Joint Economic Committee]]. Brady received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the ''Oil & Gas'' industry.
 +
 +
From 1995-2014, '''32.84 percent of Brady's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.'''<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=Career&type=I&cid=N00005883&newMem=N ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Rep. Kevin Brady," accessed September 19, 2014]</ref>
 +
[[File:Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png|left|179px]]
 +
{{Cong career industries
 +
|party = Republican
 +
|total raised = 8645603
 +
|total spent = 7385201
 +
|ind1 = Oil & Gas
 +
|ind2 = Health Professionals
 +
|ind3 = Insurance
 +
|ind4 = Real Estate
 +
|ind5 = Lawyers/Law Firms
 +
|inddonor1 = 922862
 +
|inddonor2 = 714554
 +
|inddonor3 = 491400
 +
|inddonor4 = 383125
 +
|inddonor5 = 327237
 +
|district =
 +
|committee = [[United States Congress Joint Economic Committee]]
 +
|rank = Chair
 
|}}
 
|}}
  
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:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
  
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Brady is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|moderate Republican leader]]" as of June 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/kevin_brady/400046 ''Gov Track'' "Kevin Brady," Accessed June 7 2013]</ref>  
+
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Brady was a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|moderate Republican leader]]" as of July 2014. This was the same rating Brady received in June 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/kevin_brady/400046 ''GovTrack'', "Kevin Brady," accessed July 21, 2014]</ref>  
  
 
===Like-minded colleagues===
 
===Like-minded colleagues===
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/400046_Kevin_Brady ''OpenCongress,'' "Kevin Brady," Accessed August 2, 2013]</ref>
+
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/400046_Kevin_Brady ''OpenCongress'', "Kevin Brady," accessed July 18, 2014]</ref>
 
{{col-begin}}
 
{{col-begin}}
 
{{col-break}}
 
{{col-break}}
 
Brady most often votes with:
 
Brady most often votes with:
*{{reddot}} [[Pete Olson]]
+
*{{reddot}} [[Mac Thornberry]]
 
*{{bluedot}} [[Jim Matheson]]
 
*{{bluedot}} [[Jim Matheson]]
 
{{col-break}}
 
{{col-break}}
 
Brady least often votes with:
 
Brady least often votes with:
 
*{{reddot}} [[Chris Gibson]]
 
*{{reddot}} [[Chris Gibson]]
*{{bluedot}} [[James McGovern]]
+
*{{bluedot}} [[Barbara Lee]]
 
{{col-end}}
 
{{col-end}}
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-KevinBrady-IdeologyBreakdown</htmlet>|width=450px}}
  
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Brady missed 489 of 11,058 roll call votes from January 1997 to March 2013. This amounts to 4.4%, which is worse than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/kevin_brady/400046 ''GovTrack,'' "Kevin Brady," Accessed April 2, 2013]</ref>
+
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Brady missed 531 of 12,041 roll call votes from January 1997 to July 2014. This amounts to 4.4 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/kevin_brady/400046 ''GovTrack'', "Kevin Brady," accessed July 21, 2014]</ref>
  
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Brady paid his congressional staff a total of $834,529 in 2011. Overall, [[Texas]] ranks 27th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/2801/Rep_Kevin_Brady.html ''LegiStorm'', "Kevin Brady," Accessed September 17, 2012]</ref>
+
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Brady paid his congressional staff a total of $834,529 in 2011. Overall, [[Texas]] ranked 27th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/2801/Rep_Kevin_Brady.html ''LegiStorm'', "Kevin Brady," accessed September 17, 2012]</ref>
 
+
===Net worth===
+
:: ''See also: [[Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
+
====2011====
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Brady's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $212,027 to $760,000. That averages to $486,013, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican senators in 2011 of $7,859,232. His average net worth decreased by 11.88% from 2010.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00005883&year=2011 ''OpenSecrets.org'' "Kevin Brady (R-Texas), 2011," accessed February 25, 2013]</ref>
+
 
+
====2010====
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Brady's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $242,030 to $861,000. That averages to $551,515 which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2010 of $7,561,133.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00005883&year=2010 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Kevin Brady (R-Texas), 2010," Accessed September 17, 2012]</ref>
+
  
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
 +
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
 +
====2013====
 +
Brady ranked 72nd in the conservative rankings in 2013.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2013-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 18, 2014]</ref>
  
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Brady tied with one other member of the U.S. House of Representatives, ranking 86th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings ''National Journal,'' "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," March 7, 2013]</ref>
+
Brady tied with one other member of the U.S. House of Representatives, ranking 86th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," March 7, 2013]</ref>
  
 
====2011====
 
====2011====
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Brady was tied with one other member of the U.S. House of Representatives, ranking 64th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal,'' "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012]</ref>
+
Brady was tied with one other member of the U.S. House of Representatives, ranking 64th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal'', "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012]</ref>
  
 
===Voting with party===
 
===Voting with party===
 +
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
 +
====2014====
 +
{{Congress vote percent
 +
|name=Brady
 +
|party=Republican
 +
|percent=95.0 percent
 +
|rank=81st
 +
|total=234
 +
|chamber=House
 +
|year=July 2014
 +
|RHouse=Y
 +
}}
 
====2013====
 
====2013====
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
{{Congress vote percent
|name=Kevin Brady
+
|name=Brady
 
|party=Republican
 
|party=Republican
|percent=98.2%
+
|percent=98.2 percent
 
|rank=60th
 
|rank=60th
 
|total=233
 
|total=233
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:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
  
<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Kevin+Brady+Texas+House&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Kevin Brady News Feed</rss>
+
{{RSS|feed=http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Kevin+Brady+Texas+Congress&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Kevin Brady News Feed}}
 +
==See also==
 +
*[[United States House of Representatives]]
 +
*[[United States congressional delegations from Texas]]
 +
*[[Texas' 8th Congressional District elections, 2014]]
 +
*[[Texas' 8th Congressional District elections, 2012]]
 +
*[[Texas' 8th Congressional District]]
 +
 
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
{{submit a leg link}}
+
{{submit a link}}
 +
{{political tracker|Link=http://politicaltracker.com/officials/congress/activity/rep-kevin-brady/361|Name=Kevin Brady}}
 
*[http://www.house.gov/brady/ Official House website]
 
*[http://www.house.gov/brady/ Official House website]
 
*[http://www.bradyforcongress.com/index.php Official campaign website]
 
*[http://www.bradyforcongress.com/index.php Official campaign website]
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[[Category:U.S. House, Texas]]
 
[[Category:U.S. House, Texas]]
 
[[Category:Republican Party]]
 
[[Category:Republican Party]]
[[Category:112th Congress]][[Category:113th Congress]]
+
[[Category:112th Congress]][[Category:113th Congress]][[Category:114th Congress]]
 
[[Category:Texas]]
 
[[Category:Texas]]
 
{{congcandidate|Year=2012|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W}}
 
{{congcandidate|Year=2012|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W}}
 +
<!--2014 categories-->
 +
{{congcandidate|Year=2014|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W}}

Latest revision as of 02:29, 25 April 2015

Kevin Brady
Kevin Brady.jpg
U.S. House, Texas, District 8
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 1997-present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 18
PartyRepublican
PredecessorJack Fields (R)
Leadership
Deputy Whip
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$17.47 in 2014
First electedNovember 5, 1996
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$7,540,216
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Texas House of Representatives
1990-1996
Education
High schoolRapid City Central High School
Bachelor'sUniversity of South Dakota
Personal
Date of birthApril 11, 1955
Place of birthVermillion, South Dakota
ProfessionPublic Affairs Director
Net worth(2012) $453,513
ReligionRoman Catholic
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
For the 2012 New York Assembly candidate, see Kevin C. Brady.
Kevin Patrick Brady (b. April 11, 1955, in Vermillion, SD) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Texas. Brady represents Texas' 8th Congressional District and was first elected to the House in 1996.

Brady began his political career in the Texas House of Representatives, where he served from 1990 until his election to the U.S. House in 1996.

Brady won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He defeated Craig McMichael in the Republican primary on March 4, 2014. He defeated Ken Petty (L) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[1]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Brady is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Brady was born in Vermillion, South Dakota. He earned his B.A. from the University of South Dakota in 1990.[2]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Brady's academic, professional and political career:[3]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2015-2016

Brady serves on the following committees:[4]

2013-2014

Brady served on the following committees:[5]

2011-2012

Brady was a member of the following House committees:[6]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 224 out of the 3215 introduced bills (7 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[7] For more information pertaining to Brady's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Brady voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[9]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Brady voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[10]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Brady voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[11]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[12] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[13][14] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[14] Brady voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[15][16] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582-page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[16] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[17] It increased the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel by 1 percent, increased Head Start funding for early childhood education by $1 billion, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency, and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Brady voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[15]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[18] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[19] Brady voted in favor of the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[20]

Nay3.pngThe shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[21] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Brady voted against HR 2775.[22]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Yea3.png Brady voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[23]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Brady voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[24] The vote largely followed party lines.[25]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png Brady voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[26]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Brady voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[27]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five RepublicansThomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas—voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[28] Brady joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[29][30]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Brady voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[31]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Kevin Brady's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Brady is a Hard-Core Conservative. Brady received a score of 14 percent on social issues and 96 percent on economic issues.[32]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[33]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Favors
Support & expand free trade Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Strongly Favors
Note: Information last updated: April 19, 2015.[32] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.

Elections

2014

See also: Texas' 8th Congressional District elections, 2014

Brady won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He defeated Craig McMichael to win the Republican nomination in the primary election on March 4, 2014. He defeated Ken Petty (L) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[1]

U.S. House, Texas District 8 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngKevin Brady Incumbent 89.3% 125,066
     Libertarian Ken Petty 10.7% 14,947
Total Votes 140,013
Source: Texas Secretary of State
U.S. House, Texas District 8 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngKevin Brady Incumbent 68.3% 42,368
Craig McMichael 31.7% 19,687
Total Votes 62,055
Source: Texas Secretary of State

2012

See also: Texas' 8th Congressional District elections, 2012

Brady won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Texas' 8th District. He defeated Larry Youngblood in the Republican primary on May 29, 2012. He then defeated Neil Burns (D) and Roy Hall (L) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[34][35]

U.S. House, Texas District 8 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngKevin Brady Incumbent 77.3% 194,043
     Democratic Neil Burns 20.3% 51,051
     Libertarian Roy Hall 2.4% 5,958
Total Votes 251,052
Source: Texas Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Texas District 8 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngKevin Brady Incumbent 76.1% 48,366
Larry Youngblood 23.9% 15,181
Total Votes 63,547

Full history

2010

On November 2, 2010, Kevin Brady won re-election to the United States House. He defeated Kent Hargett (D) and Bruce West (L) in the general election.[36]

U.S. House, Texas District 8 General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngKevin Brady incumbent 80.3% 161,417
     Democratic Kent Hargett 17.3% 34,694
     Libertarian Bruce West 2.5% 4,988
Total Votes 201,099

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Brady attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Brady is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Brady raised a total of $7,540,216 during that time period. This information was last updated on January 27, 2015.[44]

Kevin Brady's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (Texas, District 8) Won $2,525,941
2012 U.S. House (Texas, District 8) Won $1,385,893
2010 U.S. House (Texas, District 8) Won $1,028,855
2008 U.S. House (Texas, District 8) Won $621,911
2006 U.S. House (Texas, District 8) Won $515,795
2004 U.S. House (Texas, District 8) Won $732,619
2002 U.S. House (Texas, District 8) Won $367,670
2000 U.S. House (Texas, District 8) Won $361,532
Grand Total Raised $7,540,216


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Brady won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, Brady's campaign committee raised a total of $2,525,941 and spent $2,184,911.[45] This is more than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[46]

Cost per vote

Brady spent $17.47 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, Texas District 8, 2014 - Kevin Brady Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $2,525,941
Total Spent $2,184,911
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $0
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $0
Top contributors to Kevin Brady's campaign committee
Votesane PAC$76,725
Anadarko Petroleum$41,000
Express Scripts$34,478
Ernst & Young$33,500
Richie's Specialty Pharmacy$20,200
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Oil & Gas$318,450
Health Professionals$272,067
Insurance$151,200
Health Services/HMOs$134,878
Real Estate$131,974

Below are Brady's FEC reports.[47]

2012

Brady won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Brady's campaign committee raised a total of $1,385,894 and spent $1,268,522.[56] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[57]

Cost per vote

Brady spent $6.54 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Brady won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Brady's campaign committee raised a total of $1,028,855 and spent $945,193.[58]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Brady's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $197,026 and $710,000. That averages to $453,513, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Brady ranked as the 281st most wealthy representative in 2012.[59] Between 2004 and 2012, Brady's calculated net worth[60] decreased by an average of 2 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[61]

Kevin Brady Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$528,117
2012$453,513
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-14%
Average annual growth:-2%[62]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[63]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). In the 113th Congress, Brady is the Chair of the United States Congress Joint Economic Committee. Brady received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Oil & Gas industry.

From 1995-2014, 32.84 percent of Brady's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[64]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Kevin Brady Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $8,645,603
Total Spent $7,385,201
Chair of the United States Congress Joint Economic Committee
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Oil & Gas$922,862
Health Professionals$714,554
Insurance$491,400
Real Estate$383,125
Lawyers/Law Firms$327,237
% total in top industry10.67%
% total in top two industries18.94%
% total in top five industries32.84%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Brady was a "moderate Republican leader" as of July 2014. This was the same rating Brady received in June 2013.[65]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[66]

Brady most often votes with:

Brady least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Brady missed 531 of 12,041 roll call votes from January 1997 to July 2014. This amounts to 4.4 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[67]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Brady paid his congressional staff a total of $834,529 in 2011. Overall, Texas ranked 27th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[68]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Brady ranked 72nd in the conservative rankings in 2013.[69]

2012

Brady tied with one other member of the U.S. House of Representatives, ranking 86th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.[70]

2011

Brady was tied with one other member of the U.S. House of Representatives, ranking 64th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.[71]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Brady voted with the Republican Party 95.0 percent of the time, which ranked 81st among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[72]

2013

Brady voted with the Republican Party 98.2 percent of the time, which ranked 60th among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[73]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Kevin + Brady + Texas + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Kevin Brady News Feed

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See also

External links

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Suggest a link
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Political Tracker has an article on:
Kevin Brady


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Huffington Post, "Election 2014," November 4, 2014
  2. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "BRADY, Kevin Patrick, (1955 - )," accessed August 5, 2011
  3. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "BRADY, Kevin Patrick, (1955 - )," accessed February 5, 2015
  4. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 20, 2015
  5. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  6. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named bio
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  9. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  11. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  12. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  20. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  22. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  24. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  27. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  28. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  29. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  30. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  31. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  32. 32.0 32.1 On The Issues, "Kevin Brady Vote Match," accessed April 19, 2015
  33. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  34. Texas GOP, "Republican candidate list," accessed May 10, 2012
  35. Texas Secretary of State, "Unofficial Republican primary results," May 29, 2012 (timed out)
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," December 10, 1996
  44. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Kevin Brady," accessed January 27, 2015
  45. Open Secrets, "Kevin Brady 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 1, 2015
  46. Open Secrets, "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 1, 2015
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Kevin Brady Summary Report," accessed July 23, 2013
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Kevin Brady April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Kevin Brady July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Kevin Brady October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Kevin Brady Year-End," accessed February 6, 2014
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Kevin Brady Pre-Primary," accessed April 20, 2014
  53. Federal Election Commission, "Kevin Brady April Quarterly," accessed April 20, 2014
  54. Federal Election Commission, "Kevin Brady July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
  55. Federal Election Commission, "Kevin Brady October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  56. Open Secrets, "Kevin Brady 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 5, 2013
  57. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  58. Open Secrets, "Kevin Brady 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 29, 2011
  59. OpenSecrets, "Kevin Brady (R-Texas), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  60. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  61. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  62. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  63. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  64. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Kevin Brady," accessed September 19, 2014
  65. GovTrack, "Kevin Brady," accessed July 21, 2014
  66. OpenCongress, "Kevin Brady," accessed July 18, 2014
  67. GovTrack, "Kevin Brady," accessed July 21, 2014
  68. LegiStorm, "Kevin Brady," accessed September 17, 2012
  69. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 18, 2014
  70. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," March 7, 2013
  71. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  72. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  73. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Jack Fields
U.S. House of Representatives - Texas, District 8
1997-Present
Succeeded by
'