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::''See also: [[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''<br>
::''See also: [[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''<br>
The '''[[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''' is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the [[United States Congress|U.S. Congress]] have prospered during their tenure as public servants. <br>
The '''[[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''' is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the [[United States Congress|U.S. Congress]] have prospered during their tenure as public servants. <br>
It consists of four different metrics pioneered by the [[Government Accountability Institute]]:
It consists of four different metrics:
*[[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)|Changes in Net Worth]]
*[[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)|Changes in Net Worth]]
*[[The K-Street Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The K-Street Metric]]
*[[The K-Street Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The K-Street Metric]]

Revision as of 13:50, 24 July 2014

Lamar Alexander
Lamar Alexander.jpg
U.S. Senate, Tennessee
In office
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 12
PredecessorFred Thompson (R)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2008
First electedNovember 5, 2002
Next primaryAugust 7, 2014
Next general November 4, 2014
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Secretary, Department of Education
Governor of Tennessee
Bachelor'sVanderbilt University, 1962
J.D.New York University Law School, 1965
Date of birthJuly 3, 1940
Place of birthMaryville, TN
Net worth$2,794,024.50
Office website
Campaign website
Lamar Alexander (b. July 3, 1940, in Maryville, TN) is a Republican member of the U.S. Senate from the state of Tennessee. Alexander was first elected to the Senate in 2002. He ran for re-election in 2014.[1]

Alexander previously served as the Governor of Tennessee and as the U.S. Secretary of Education.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Alexander is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.


Below is an abbreviated outline of Alexander's academic, professional and political career:[2]

  • 1962: Received his B.A. from Vanderbilt University
  • 1965: Received his J.D. from New York University Law School
  • 1979-1987: Served as governor of Tennessee
  • 1985-1986: Held a position as chairman of the National Governors Association
  • 1991-1993: Served as U.S. secretary of education
  • 2003-Present: U.S senator from Tennessee

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate


Alexander serves on the following Senate committees[3]:


Alexander served on the following Senate committees:

Key votes

113th Congress


The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[4] The Senate confirmed 13,949 out of 18,323 executive nominations received (76.1 percent). For more information pertaining to Alexander's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[5]

National security

John Brennan CIA nomination

Voted "Yes" Alexander voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[6]

Drones filibuster

See also: Rand Paul filibuster of John Brennan's CIA Nomination in March 2013

On March 6, 2013, Senator Rand Paul (R) led a 13-hour filibuster of President Obama's CIA Director nominee, John Brennan. Paul started the filibuster in order to highlight his concerns about the administration's drone policies. In particular, Paul said he was concerned about whether a drone could be used to kill an American citizen within the United States border, without any due process involved. Paul and other civil liberties activists criticized President Obama for not offering a clear response to the question. A total of 14 senators joined Paul in the filibuster -- 13 Republicans and one Democrat.[7][8][9]

According to the website Breitbart, Alexander was one of 30 Republican senators who did not support the filibuster.[10][11]

The day after the filibuster, Attorney General Eric Holder sent a letter to Paul, responding to the filibuster. Holder wrote, "Does the president have the authority to use a weaponized drone to kill an American not engaged in combat on U.S. soil? The answer to that is no."[12]


Farm bill

Yea3.png On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[13] It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that will kick in when prices drop; however, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[14] Alexander joined with 19 other Republican senators in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[15][16] The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill.[16] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[17] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Alexander voted with the 17 Republican and the 55 Democratic members in favor of the bill.[15][16]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Voted "No" Alexander voted against H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[18]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "Yes" During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[19] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Alexander voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.[20]


Mexico-U.S. border

Voted "Yes" Alexander voted for Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[21]

Social issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Voted "Yes" Alexander voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[22]

Call for Sebelius resignation

Alexander, a member of the Senate health committee, took to the Senate floor and Twitter to call for the resignation of Secretary of Health and Human Services Kathleen Sebelius.[23]

Lamar Alexander tweet.JPG

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Alexander voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by an 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.[24]

Senate Conservative Fund target

The Senate Conservative Fund targeted Alexander in August 2013 with two weeks of radio ads designed to push Senate Republicans to support Utah's Mike Lee's effort to defund Obamacare.[25]

FAA cell phone restrictions

Alexander issued a statement on November 26, 2013, following the FAA's announcement that they would allow the use of cell phones on some flights. Alexander urged the FAA to allow texting on flights but not conversations. The statement read: "Imagine two million passengers, hurtling through space, trapped in 17-inch-wide seats, yapping their innermost thoughts. The Transportation Security Administration would have to hire three times as many air marshals to deal with the fistfights. Stop and think about what we hear now in airport lobbies from those who wander around shouting personal details into a microphone: babbling about last night’s love life, bathroom plans, next week’s schedule, orders to an assistant, arguments with spouses. Imagine this noise while you travel, restrained by your seatbelt, unable to escape. The FCC commissioners will earn the gratitude of the two million Americans who fly each day by deciding: text messages, yes; conversations, no."[26]

Chief of staff investigation

In December 2013, Alexander's Chief of Staff Jesse Ryan Loskarn was arrested under allegations of child pornography. Alexander immediately suspended Loskarn without pay and released the following statement: "I was just informed by the United States Senate legal counsel’s office that law enforcement agents are conducting a search of the personal residence of Ryan Loskarn, the chief of staff of my Washington, D.C., office regarding allegations involving child pornography. I am stunned, surprised and disappointed by what I have learned. Based on this information, I immediately placed Mr. Loskarn on administrative leave without pay. The office is fully cooperating with the investigation."[27]

On January 23, 2014, Loskarn was found deceased. The cause of death was ruled a suicide. Prior to his death, an indictment had been delayed until February 10, 2014.[28] Loskarn's family released a letter he had left behind that explained his actions. He wrote, "I found myself drawn to videos that matched my own childhood abuse. It's painful and humiliating to admit to myself, let alone the whole world, but I pictured myself as a child in the image or video. The more an image mirrored some element of my memories and took me back, the more I felt a connection." Loskarn continued, "it is the truth, not an excuse," for his behavior. He added, "The news coverage of my spectacular fall makes it impossible for me to crawl in a hole and disappear. I've hurt every single human being I've ever known and the details of my shame are preserved on the internet for all time. There is no escape."[29]

Presidential preference


See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Lamar Alexander endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [30]


On The Issues Vote Match

Alexander's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Alexander is a Populist-Leaning Conservative. Alexander received a score of 16 percent on social issues and 71 percent on economic issues.[31]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[32]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Neutral Human needs over animal rights Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Favors
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Opposes Maintain US sovereignty from UN Opposes
Prioritize green energy Opposes Expand the military Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Strongly Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[31] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.



See also: United States Senate elections in Tennessee, 2014

Alexander ran for re-election in the 2014 election for the U.S. Senate, representing Tennessee. Alexander sought the Republican nomination in the primary. The general election took place November 4, 2014.[33]

The tea party called out Alexander in August 2013 for his bipartisanship and his willingness to compromise with other congressional members. Alexander responded to his critics in a op-ed published in a Tennessee newspaper. He explained, "I learned to count in Maryville City Schools. So I know that if you only have 45 votes and you need 60 senators to get something important done like balancing the budget and fixing the debt, then you have to work with other people — that is, IF you really care about solving the problem, IF you really want to get a result, instead of just making a speech."[34]


In December 2012, Alexander secured the endorsements of the following Tennessee Republicans:


Tennessee Republican primary
Poll Lamar Alexander Joe CarrOtherUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
North Star Opinion Research (February 3-6, 2014)
Public Policy Polling (December 2-3, 2013)
North Star Opinion Research (August 19-22, 2013)
AVERAGES 57.33% 26.33% 1% 15.33% +/-4.33 530.33
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to


Lamar Alexander's January 2014 TV ad, "Standing Up For Tennessee"
  • In January 2014, Alexander ran his first campaign ad of 2014. The ad featured residents of Tennessee who discussed Alexander's conservative values.

Full history

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Alexander is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Alexander raised a total of $14,416,657 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 25, 2013.[39]

Lamar Alexander's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2008 U.S. Senate (Tennessee) Won $8,309,683
2002 U.S. Senate (Tennessee) Won $6,106,974
Grand Total Raised $14,416,657


Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Alexander's reports.[40]


Alexander won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2008. During that re-election cycle, Alexander's campaign committee raised a total of $8,309,683 and spent $6,520,264.[47]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Alexander's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-9,829,946 to $15,417,995. That averages to $2,794,024.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican Senate members in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Alexander ranked as the 50th most wealthy senator in 2012.[48] Between 2004 and 2012, Alexander‘s calculated net worth[49] decreased by an average of 11 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[50]

Lamar Alexander Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-92%
Average annual growth:-11%[51]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[52]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.


Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[53]

Alexander most often votes with:

Alexander least often votes with:

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Alexander is a "rank-and-file Republican," as of July 2, 2013.[54]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Alexander missed 85 of 3,253 roll call votes from January 2003 to April 2013. This amounts to 2.6 percent, which is worse than the median of 1.7 percent among current senators as of April 2013.[55]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Alexander paid his congressional staff a total of $2,662,905 in 2011. He ranks 11 on the list of the highest paid Republican senatorial staff salaries and ranks 61st overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Tennessee ranks 23rd in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[56]

National Journal vote ratings


Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Alexander ranked 39th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[57]


See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Alexander ranked 38th in the conservative rankings.[58]

Political positions

Voting with party


Lamar Alexander voted with the Republican Party 86.4 percent of the time, which ranked 28th among the 46 Senate Republican members as of June 2013.[59]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Lamar + Alexander + Tennessee + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Lamar Alexander News Feed

  • Loading...


Alexander and his wife, Honey, have four children.

See also

External links



  1., "Governor, United States Senate, and United States House of Representatives Petitions Filed by Qualifying Deadline," accessed April 3, 2014
  2. 2.0 2.1 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Lamar Alexander," accessed November 4, 2011
  3. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
  4. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  6. Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  7. CNN, "Rand Paul says he's heard from White House after filibuster," March 7, 2013
  8. USA Today, "Rand Paul filibuster ranks among Senate's longest," March 7, 2013
  9. ABC News, "Rand Paul wins applause from GOP and liberals," March 7, 2013
  10. Breitbart, "AWOL: Meet the GOP senators who refused to stand with Rand," March 7, 2013
  11. Politico, "Rand Paul filibuster blasted by Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham," March 7, 2013
  12. Washington Post, "Eric Holder responds to Rand Paul with ‘no’," March 7, 2013
  13., "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013)," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. New York Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  19. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  20., "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  23. The Washington Post, "Sen. Lamar Alexander: Sebelius should resign," accessed October 30, 2013
  24. U.S. Senate, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  25. The Hill, "Senate Conservatives Fund targets Isakson with latest 'defund ObamaCare' ad," August 22, 2013
  26. Roll Call, "Senator wants chatty future air travelers to get off his lawn," accessed November 26, 2013
  27. Politico, "Lamar Alexander top aide investigated for child porn," accessed December 11, 2013
  28. Roll Call, "Loskarn found in basement after suicide, Authorities say (Updated) (Video)," accessed January 24, 2014
  29., "Senate aide who killed himself left final message," accessed January 29, 2014
  30., "Alexander endorses Mitt Romney for president," February 27, 2012
  31. 31.0 31.1 On The Issues, "Alexander Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014
  32. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  33. Lamar Alexander for U.S. Senate 2014 Official Campaign Website, "Homepage," accessed July 31, 2013
  34. Washington Post, "Republican Lamar Alexander calls out the Tea Party," accessed August 21, 2013
  35. Politico, "Lamar Alexander unveils heavyweight support," December 1, 2012
  36., "Sen. Lamar Alexander boasts Mike Huckabee endorsement," August 22, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. Open Secrets, "Donor history for Lamar Alexander," accessed April 25, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "Alexander 2014 Summary reports," accessed August 25, 2014
  41. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed August 1, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed August 1, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 30, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Alexander Year-End," accessed February 14, 2014
  45. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 22, 2014
  46. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed August 26, 2014
  47. Open Secrets, "Lamar Alexander 2008 Election Cycle," accessed November 4, 2011
  48. Open Secrets, "Alexander, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  49. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  50. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  51. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  52. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  53. OpenCongress, "Lamar Alexander," accessed August 8, 2013
  54. GovTrack, "Lamar Alexander," accessed July 2, 2013
  55. GovTrack, "Alexander," accessed April 11, 2013
  56. LegiStorm, "Lamar Alexander," accessed August 6, 2012
  57. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
  58. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," accessed February 23, 2012
  59. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Jon Kyl
U.S. Senate - Tennessee
Succeeded by