Law enforcement on the ballot

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Law enforcement on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding violent and non-violent crimes, prison populations, sentencing, police/sheriffs, prisoner rights and victim rights. Subtopics include: death penalty

Examples:

Ballot measures lists

[edit]

Alabama

  1. Alabama Guilty Pleas, Amendment 3 (1996)


Alaska

  1. Alaska Rights for Crime Victims, Measure 2 (1994)


Arizona

  1. Arizona Board of Pardons and Paroles, Proposition 4 (1920)
  2. Arizona Confinement of Minors Amendment, Proposition 104 (1980)
  3. Arizona Crime Victims Protection Act Amendment, Proposition 114 (2012)
  4. Arizona Felony Bail Restrictions, Proposition 100 (1970)
  5. Arizona Judges Allowed to Decline Bail for Certain Crimes, Proposition 103 (2002)
  6. Arizona Judicial Department, Proposition 103 (2004)
  7. Arizona Laws Governing Jurisdiction Over Juveniles, Proposition 102 (1996)
  8. Arizona Merit System for Highway Patrol, Proposition 5 (1948)
  9. Arizona Merit System for Peace Officers, Proposition 5 (1950)
  10. Arizona Methamphetamine Offenses, Proposition 301 (2006)
  11. Arizona Monetary Damages in Cases of Injury or Death, Proposition 103 (1986)
  12. Arizona Pardons Referendum, Questions 300 and 301 (1914)
  13. Arizona Prohibiting Bail Amendment, Proposition 101 (1982)
  14. Arizona Rules Governing Probation for Drug-Related Crimes, Proposition 302 (2002)
  15. Arizona Use or Possession of Controlled Substances, Proposition 200 (1996)
  16. Arizona Victim's Bill of Rights, Proposition 104 (1990)



California

  1. California Proposition 114, Reclassification of Peace Officers Covered by the Death Penalty Act (1990)
  2. California Proposition 115, the "Crime Victims Justice Reform Act" (1990)
  3. California Proposition 12, Voting Eligibility Rules for "Infamous Crime" Felons (1954)
  4. California Proposition 129, Tax Increase and Drug Control Act (1990)
  5. California Proposition 133, Sales Tax Increase (1990)
  6. California Proposition 147, County Jails Bond Act (1990)
  7. California Proposition 15, the Hertzberg-Polanco Crime Laboratories Construction Bond Act (2000)
  8. California Proposition 16, Bonds for County Jails (1984)
  9. California Proposition 179, Punishment for Murders Committeed with Firearms (1994)
  10. California Proposition 18, Special Circumstances in Murder Trials (2000)
  11. California Proposition 184, the Three Strikes Initiative (1994)
  12. California Proposition 189, No Bail for Felony Sexual Assault Charges (1994)
  13. California Proposition 19, Punishment for Murder of Police Officers (2000)
  14. California Proposition 194, Employed Prisoners Not Eligible for Unemployment Compensation When Released (1996)
  15. California Proposition 195, Special Circumstances Punishable by the Death Penalty (1996)
  16. California Proposition 196, Murders Committed by Firing from Vehicles are Punishable by Death (1996)
  17. California Proposition 2, Bonds to Build and Improve County Jails (1982)
  18. California Proposition 205, Bonds for County Jails (1996)
  19. California Proposition 21, Penal Institutions for Female Felons (1936)
  20. California Proposition 21, Treatment of Juvenile Offenders (2000)
  21. California Proposition 213, Limit on Ability of Drunk Drivers and Felons to Sue for Damages (1996)
  22. California Proposition 222, Sentencing Mandate for Second Degree Murder of Police Officers (1998)
  23. California Proposition 3, Bonds for Correctional and Educational Facilities (1958)
  24. California Proposition 3, Bonds for Educational, Mental and Correctional Institutions (1956)
  25. California Proposition 3, Institutions for Felons (1940)
  26. California Proposition 35, Ban on Human Trafficking and Sex Slavery (2012)
  27. California Proposition 36, Changes in the "Three Strikes" Law (2012)
  28. California Proposition 4, Rules Governing Bail (June 1982)
  29. California Proposition 5, Non-Violent Drug Offenders (2008)
  30. California Proposition 52, Bonds for County Jails (1986)
  31. California Proposition 6, Penalties for Gang-Related Crimes (2008)
  32. California Proposition 66, Changes in the "Three Strikes" Law (2004)
  33. California Proposition 69, Required Collection of DNA Samples from Felons (2004)
  34. California Proposition 8, Felons Not Allowed to Vote While Serving Sentence (1960)
  35. California Proposition 8, Victims' Bill of Rights (June 1982)
  36. California Proposition 80, Construction Bonds for New Prisons (1988)
  37. California Proposition 86, Bonds for County Correctional Facilities (1988)
  38. California Proposition 89, Governor's Parole Review (1988)
  39. California Proposition 9, Marsy's Law (2008)
  40. California Proposition 96, Communicable Diseases Test Act (1988)


Colorado

  1. Colorado Appointment of Peace Officers, Measure 12 (1914)
  2. Colorado Bail Denial Amendment, Referendum 2 (1982)
  3. Colorado Highway Anticipation Warrants, Measure 6 (1954)
  4. Colorado Marijuana Tax Revenue to Establish Workers' Compensation Public Defender Amendment (2014)
  5. Colorado Post-Conviction Bail, Referendum C (1994)
  6. Colorado Probation for Minors and First Offenders, Measure 6 (1914)
  7. Colorado Release to Pretrial Services Programs Criteria, Proposition 102 (2010)
  8. Colorado Rights of Crime Victims, Referendum A (1992)
  9. Colorado Search and Seizure of Alcohol, Measure 2 (1912)
  10. Colorado Sheriff Qualifications, Referendum C (1996)


Connecticut

  1. Connecticut Eliminate County Sheriffs, Question 1 (2000)
  2. Connecticut Victims' Rights, Question 1 (1996)



Florida

  1. Florida Pardons, Amendment 3 (October 1896)
  2. Florida Pretrial Release and Detention, Amendment 3 (1982)
  3. Florida Rights of Victims of Crime, Amendment 2 (1988)
  4. Florida Searches and Seizures, Amendment 2 (1982)
  5. Florida Statewide Prosecutor Appointment, Amendment 1 (1986)


Georgia

  1. Georgia Amendment 3 (1998)
  2. Georgia Replacement of Convicted General Assembly Members, Amendment 1 (2000)


Hawaii

  1. Hawaii Criminal Charges Procedure Amendment, Question 4 (2004)
  2. Hawaii Felony Prosecutions by Written Information Act, Question 3 (2002)
  3. Hawaii Information on Sex Offenders, Question 2 (2004)
  4. Hawaii Patient Confidentiality Amendment, Question 3 (2004)
  5. Hawaii Sexual Assault Crime Amendment, Question 1 (2004)
  6. Hawaii Sexual Assault Crimes Against Minors Act, Amendment 4 (2006)


Idaho

  1. Idaho Remove Disqualification of Sheriffs, SJR 6(c) (1910)
  2. Idaho Rights of Crime Victims, HJR 16 (1994)
  3. Idaho State Prison Control Amendment, SJR 102 (2012)


Illinois

  1. Illinois Crime Victim Rights, Amendment 1 (1992)
  2. Illinois Criminal Defendants' Right to Meet Witnesses, Amendment 1 (1994)


Indiana

  1. Indiana Crminal Appeals Process, Public Question 1 (2000)
  2. Indiana Victims' Rights Act, Public Question 1 (1996)


Iowa

  1. Iowa Offenses Tried without Indictment Act, Chapter 217 (1998)



Kentucky

  1. Kentucky Sheriff Succession Referendum (1959)
  2. Kentucky Term Limits on Sheriffs, Amendment 1 (1984)


Louisiana

  1. Louisiana Automatic Pardon, Amendment 8 (Oct 1999)
  2. Louisiana Juvenile Tried as Adult, Amendment 3 (October 1994)
  3. Louisiana Orleans Parish Tax for Fire and Police Protection Amendment, HB 111 (2014)
  4. Louisiana Police Salaries, Amendment 4 (Oct 1999)
  5. Louisiana Removal of Public Employees from Employment, Amendment 4 (2002)
  6. Louisiana Retirement Benefits, Amendment 5 (2012)
  7. Louisiana Salaries for Law Enforcement, Amendment One (2007)
  8. Louisiana Salary Supplements for Law Enforcement Officers and Firefighters, Act 485 (2007)
  9. Louisiana Sentencing Guidelines, Amendment 1 (1999)
  10. Louisiana Special District Creation, Amendment 9 (2012)


Maine

  1. Maine Biddeford Police Commission, Question No. 6 (1940)
  2. Maine Gubernatorial Pardon Power for Juvenile Delinquency, Proposed Constitutional Amendment No. 1 (1955)
  3. Maine Jobs, Building Renovation, Terrorism and Tourism, Question 2 (2002)
  4. Maine Public Safety Facilities, Question 2 (1988)
  5. Maine Removal of Sheriffs, Proposed Amendment No. 2 (1917)
  6. Maine Safety Belts Required for Four Years and Older, Question 8 (1995)
  7. Maine Sheriff Term Limits, Constitutional Amendment 9 (1985)


Maryland

  1. Maryland Amend Section 44 of Article 4 of the Constitution, Amendment 1 (1914)
  2. Maryland Anne Arundel County Municipal Jurisdiction, Amendment 1 (1838)
  3. Maryland Baltimore Sheriffs, Amendment 1 (1842)
  4. Maryland Compensation of Sheriffs, Amendment 3 (1946)
  5. Maryland Dual Offices Exceptions, Question 3 (1996)
  6. Maryland Elected Officials Removal from Office Amendment, Question 3 (2012)
  7. Maryland Judges Mandatory Retirement, Question 3 (1994)
  8. Maryland Sheriff Elections, Amendment 3 (1916)
  9. Maryland Sheriff of Baltimore Salary, Amendment 1 (1954)
  10. Maryland Victim Rights, Question 1 (1994)


Massachusetts

  1. Massachusetts Drug Treatment Trust Fund Initiative, Question 8 (2000)
  2. Massachusetts Pardoning of Felonious Offenses, Question 2 (1944)


Michigan

  1. Michigan Crime Victim Amendment, Proposal B (1988)
  2. Michigan Felon Politician Ban Amendment, Proposal 2 (2010)
  3. Michigan Parole Standards Initiative, Proposal B (1978)
  4. Michigan State Officer Commission Amendment, Proposal C (1986)
  5. Michigan State Police Department Amendment, Proposal B (1982)


Minnesota

  1. Minnesota Pardoning Power, Amendment 1 (1896)


Mississippi

  1. Mississippi Crime Victim Rights, Amendment 2 (1998)


Missouri

  1. Missouri Crime Victim Rights, Amendment 4 (1992)
  2. Missouri Issue 9, Sheriffs and Coroners May Succeed Themselves in Office (1938)
  3. Missouri Municipal Police Amendment, Proposition A (2012)
  4. Missouri Police Pensions, Issue 2 (1926)
  5. Missouri Police Pensions, Issue 2 (1928)
  6. Missouri Referendum on Enforcing Prohibition, Issue 13 (1920)
  7. Missouri Sheriffs and Coroners Succession, Issue 9 (1938)
  8. Missouri St. Louis Police Commissioners Referred Bill, Issue 12 (1914)
  9. Missouri Succession of Sheriffs and Coroners, Issue 7 (1930)


Montana

  1. Montana Criminal Law Basis, C-33 (1998)


Nebraska

  1. Nebraska Crime Victim Rights, Amendment 3 (May 1996)
  2. Nebraska Enforcement of Dispute Resolution, Amendment 1 (May 1996)
  3. Nebraska Habeas Corpus, Amendment 4 (May 1998)
  4. Nebraska Imprisonment for Fraud Debt, Amendment 3 (May 1998)
  5. Nebraska Judicial and Executive Supervision of Parolee, Constitutional Amendment 4 (2006)


Nevada

  1. Nevada Crime Victim Rights, Question 2 (1996)



New Mexico

  1. New Mexico Public Defender Office Amendment, Constitutional Amendment 5 (2012)




North Carolina

  1. North Carolina Initiative 1 (1996)
  2. North Carolina Initiative 2 (1996)
  3. North Carolina No Convicted Felons for Sheriff Amendment (2010)


North Dakota

  1. North Dakota Combined Law Enforcement Council Repeal Initiative, Measure 1 (1970)
  2. North Dakota Police Magistrate Name Change, Referendum 3 (1964)
  3. North Dakota Safety Belts, Measure 2 (1994)
  4. North Dakota State Sheriff Referendum (1920)
  5. North Dakota Vehicle Searches, Measure 6 (1992)


Ohio

  1. Ohio Alcohol Prohibition Enforcement, the New Crabbe Act Referendum (1920)
  2. Ohio Compensation For Justices of Peace and Mayors, Referendum 1 (1927)
  3. Ohio Criminal Sentences Amendment, Issue 1 (1995)
  4. Ohio Issue 1, Bail Restrictions for Felons (1997)
  5. Ohio Issue 1, Marijuana Treatment in Lieu of Incarceration (2002)
  6. Ohio Prohibition on Alcohol Limits, Amendment 1 (1922)
  7. Ohio State Alcohol Prohibition, Referendum 2 (1919)
  8. Ohio Victims' Rights Amendment, Issue 2 (1994)


Oklahoma

  1. Oklahoma State Question 135, Labels on Products Made by Convicts (1926)
  2. Oklahoma State Question 674 (1996)
  3. Oklahoma State Question 682, State Prisoners in County Jails (1998)


Oregon

  1. Oregon Ban on Games of Chance, Measure 6 (1938)
  2. Oregon Bonds for Correctional Facilities, Measure 3 (May 1982)
  3. Oregon Bonds for Correctional Facilities, Measure 8 (1980)
  4. Oregon Certain Felons to Serve Full Sentences, Measure 4 (1988)
  5. Oregon Crime Victim Rights Enforcement, Measure 51 (May 2008)
  6. Oregon Crime Victims' Rights, Measure 40 (1996)
  7. Oregon Crime Victim’s Rights and Roles, Measure 10 (1986)
  8. Oregon Criminal Sentence, Measure 57 (2008)
  9. Oregon Fuel Taxes Revenues for Police, Measure 1 (May 1992)
  10. Oregon Legislature Cannot Reduce Voter-Approved Sentence Without Supermajority, Measure 10 (1994)
  11. Oregon Mandatory Minimum Prison Sentences, Measure 61 (2008)
  12. Oregon Mandatory Sentences for Listed Felonies, Measure 11 (1994)
  13. Oregon Marijuana Possession as a Class C Misdemeanor, Measure 57 (1998)
  14. Oregon Minimum Criminal Sentence Increase, Measure 73 (2010)
  15. Oregon Principles for Punishment of Crime, Measure 26 (1996)
  16. Oregon Property Protection Amendment, Measure 53 (May 2008)
  17. Oregon Qualifications for County Sheriff, Measure 2 (1972)
  18. Oregon Revision of Criminal Laws, Measure 8 (1984)
  19. Oregon Rights of Crime Victims, Measure 52 (May 2008)
  20. Oregon Seizure and Destruction of Slot Machines, Measure 5 (1938)
  21. Oregon State Boys' Camp Near Timber, Measure 3 (1948)
  22. Oregon State Lottery Amendment, Measure 62 (2008)
  23. Oregon Sterilization of Criminals, Measure 3 (1913)
  24. Oregon Vacancy if State Legislator Convicted of Felony, Measure 4 (1994)
  25. Oregon Voting Rights Forfeiture by Criminals, Measure 4 (1944)


Pennsylvania

  1. Pennsylvania Amendment 1, Right of Criminal Defendants to Confront Witnesses (2003)
  2. Pennsylvania Amendment 2, Rules Governing Child Witnesses in Criminal Proceedings (2003)
  3. Pennsylvania Joint Resolution 1, Crimes Where Bail is Disallowed (1998)



South Carolina

  1. South Carolina Amendment 1 (1998)
  2. South Carolina Referendum 1A, the Victims' Rights Act (1996)
  3. South Carolina Referendum 1B, No Bail for Persons Charged with Violent Crimes (1996)
  4. South Carolina Referendum 2A, Convicted Felons May Not Serve in the State Legislature (1996)
  5. South Carolina Referendum 2B, Convicted Felons May Not Serve in Elective Office (1996)


South Dakota

  1. South Dakota Board of Pardons (1952)
  2. South Dakota Board of Pardons and Paroles (1960)
  3. South Dakota Rights of a Criminal Defendant, Amendment A (2002)
  4. South Dakota State Constabulary Abolition (1922)
  5. South Dakota Succession of County Sheriffs (1954)


Tennessee

  1. Tennessee Prisoner Treatment and Conditions, Amendment 1 (1998)
  2. Tennessee Victims' Bill of Rights, Amendment 2 (1998)


Texas

  1. Texas Bail Act, Proposition 4 (2005)
  2. Texas Proposition 10, Compensation Fund for Victims of Crimes (1997)
  3. Texas Proposition 12 (1993)
  4. Texas Proposition 13, Crime Victims Bill of Rights (1989)
  5. Texas Proposition 13 (2007)
  6. Texas Proposition 14, Qualifications of Constables (1997)
  7. Texas Proposition 18, Jail Districts (1987)
  8. Texas Proposition 4 (1991)
  9. Texas Proposition 5 (1993)
  10. Texas Proposition 6, Enforcing Child Support (1983)
  11. Texas Proposition 6, Out of State Prisoner Placement (1985)
  12. Texas Proposition 9, Criminal Justice Functions (1989)


Utah

  1. Utah Drug Enforcement Provisions, Initiative B (2000)
  2. Utah Eliminate Felons' Right to Vote, Proposition 4 (1998)
  3. Utah Merit System for County Sheriffs, Initiative A (1960)
  4. Utah Victims' Bill of Rights, Proposition 1 (1994)


Vermont

  1. Vermont Commutation, Remission or Mitigation of Criminal Sentences (1913)
  2. Vermont Imposition of Bail for Criminal Offenses Amendment (1982)
  3. Vermont Limitation of Bail for Criminal Offenses, Proposed Amendment (1994)


Virginia

  1. Virginia Amendment 2, Rights of Victims (1996)
  2. Virginia Amendment 2 (1998)
  3. Virginia Amendment 3, Right of Appeal (1996)


Washington

  1. Washington "Three Strikes", Initiative 593 (1993)
  2. Washington Bonds for Juvenile Correctional Institution, Referendum 13 (1964)
  3. Washington Cigarette Taxes for Law Enforcement, Referendum 43 (1994)
  4. Washington Civil Service for Sheriff's Employees, Initiative 23 (1958)
  5. Washington Convict Labor for Highway Construction, Initiative 10 (1914)
  6. Washington Judge Bail Authority Amendment, HJR 4220 (2010)
  7. Washington Marijuana Decriminalization, Initiative 685 (1997)
  8. Washington Trial Locations for Public Offenses, Amendment to Article I Sec. 22 (1922)



Wisconsin

  1. Wisconsin Bail Reform Amendment, Question 3 (April 1981)
  2. Wisconsin County Responsibility for Acts of Sheriff Amendment, Question 1 (April 1982)
  3. Wisconsin Dueling and Disenfranchisement Amendment, Question 4 (April 1975)
  4. Wisconsin Rights of Victims of Crime, Amendment 1 (April 1993)
  5. Wisconsin Sheriff Term Limits Amendment, Question 1 (1922)
  6. Wisconsin Sheriff Term Limits Amendment, Question 1 (April 1946)
  7. Wisconsin Sheriff Term Limits Amendment, Question 2 (April 1929)
  8. Wisconsin Sheriff Term Limits Amendment, Question 2 (April 1961)
  9. Wisconsin Sheriff Term Limits Amendment, Question 3 (April 1956)
  10. Wisconsin Sheriff Term Limits Amendment, Question 6 (April 1967)


2014

  1. Louisiana Orleans Parish Tax for Fire and Police Protection Amendment, HB 111 (2014)



2012

  1. Arizona Crime Victims Protection Act Amendment, Proposition 114 (2012)
  2. California Proposition 35, Ban on Human Trafficking and Sex Slavery (2012)
  3. California Proposition 36, Changes in the "Three Strikes" Law (2012)
  4. Chart of 2012 ballot measure issues
  5. Idaho State Prison Control Amendment, SJR 102 (2012)
  6. Louisiana Retirement Benefits, Amendment 5 (2012)
  7. Louisiana Special District Creation, Amendment 9 (2012)
  8. Malabar City Law Enforcement Question 1 (November 2012)
  9. Maryland Elected Officials Removal from Office Amendment, Question 3 (2012)
  10. Missouri Municipal Police Amendment, Proposition A (2012)
  11. New Mexico Public Defender Office Amendment, Constitutional Amendment 5 (2012)



2010

  1. Colorado Release to Pretrial Services Programs Criteria, Proposition 102 (2010)
  2. Michigan Felon Politician Ban Amendment, Proposal 2 (2010)
  3. North Carolina No Convicted Felons for Sheriff Amendment (2010)
  4. Oregon Minimum Criminal Sentence Increase, Measure 73 (2010)
  5. Washington Judge Bail Authority Amendment, HJR 4220 (2010)



2008

  1. California Proposition 5, Non-Violent Drug Offenders (2008)
  2. California Proposition 6, Penalties for Gang-Related Crimes (2008)
  3. California Proposition 9, Marsy's Law (2008)
  4. Oregon Crime Victim Rights Enforcement, Measure 51 (May 2008)
  5. Oregon Criminal Sentence, Measure 57 (2008)
  6. Oregon Mandatory Minimum Prison Sentences, Measure 61 (2008)
  7. Oregon Property Protection Amendment, Measure 53 (May 2008)
  8. Oregon Rights of Crime Victims, Measure 52 (May 2008)
  9. Oregon State Lottery Amendment, Measure 62 (2008)


2007

  1. Louisiana Salaries for Law Enforcement, Amendment One (2007)
  2. Louisiana Salary Supplements for Law Enforcement Officers and Firefighters, Act 485 (2007)
  3. Texas Proposition 13 (2007)


2006

  1. Arizona Methamphetamine Offenses, Proposition 301 (2006)
  2. Hawaii Sexual Assault Crimes Against Minors Act, Amendment 4 (2006)
  3. Jessica's Law, California Proposition 83 (2006)
  4. Nebraska Judicial and Executive Supervision of Parolee, Constitutional Amendment 4 (2006)


2005

  1. Texas Bail Act, Proposition 4 (2005)


2004

  1. Arizona Judicial Department, Proposition 103 (2004)
  2. California Proposition 66, Changes in the "Three Strikes" Law (2004)
  3. California Proposition 69, Required Collection of DNA Samples from Felons (2004)
  4. Hawaii Criminal Charges Procedure Amendment, Question 4 (2004)
  5. Hawaii Information on Sex Offenders, Question 2 (2004)
  6. Hawaii Patient Confidentiality Amendment, Question 3 (2004)
  7. Hawaii Sexual Assault Crime Amendment, Question 1 (2004)


2003

  1. Pennsylvania Amendment 1, Right of Criminal Defendants to Confront Witnesses (2003)
  2. Pennsylvania Amendment 2, Rules Governing Child Witnesses in Criminal Proceedings (2003)


2002

  1. Arizona Judges Allowed to Decline Bail for Certain Crimes, Proposition 103 (2002)
  2. Arizona Rules Governing Probation for Drug-Related Crimes, Proposition 302 (2002)
  3. Hawaii Felony Prosecutions by Written Information Act, Question 3 (2002)
  4. Louisiana Removal of Public Employees from Employment, Amendment 4 (2002)
  5. Maine Jobs, Building Renovation, Terrorism and Tourism, Question 2 (2002)
  6. Ohio Issue 1, Marijuana Treatment in Lieu of Incarceration (2002)
  7. South Dakota Rights of a Criminal Defendant, Amendment A (2002)



2000

  1. California Proposition 15, the Hertzberg-Polanco Crime Laboratories Construction Bond Act (2000)
  2. California Proposition 18, Special Circumstances in Murder Trials (2000)
  3. California Proposition 19, Punishment for Murder of Police Officers (2000)
  4. California Proposition 21, Treatment of Juvenile Offenders (2000)
  5. Connecticut Eliminate County Sheriffs, Question 1 (2000)
  6. Georgia Replacement of Convicted General Assembly Members, Amendment 1 (2000)
  7. Indiana Crminal Appeals Process, Public Question 1 (2000)
  8. Massachusetts Drug Treatment Trust Fund Initiative, Question 8 (2000)
  9. Utah Drug Enforcement Provisions, Initiative B (2000)


1999

  1. Louisiana Automatic Pardon, Amendment 8 (Oct 1999)
  2. Louisiana Police Salaries, Amendment 4 (Oct 1999)
  3. Louisiana Sentencing Guidelines, Amendment 1 (1999)


1998

  1. California Proposition 222, Sentencing Mandate for Second Degree Murder of Police Officers (1998)
  2. Georgia Amendment 3 (1998)
  3. Iowa Offenses Tried without Indictment Act, Chapter 217 (1998)
  4. Mississippi Crime Victim Rights, Amendment 2 (1998)
  5. Montana Criminal Law Basis, C-33 (1998)
  6. Nebraska Habeas Corpus, Amendment 4 (May 1998)
  7. Nebraska Imprisonment for Fraud Debt, Amendment 3 (May 1998)
  8. Oklahoma State Question 682, State Prisoners in County Jails (1998)
  9. Oregon Marijuana Possession as a Class C Misdemeanor, Measure 57 (1998)
  10. Pennsylvania Joint Resolution 1, Crimes Where Bail is Disallowed (1998)
  11. South Carolina Amendment 1 (1998)
  12. Tennessee Prisoner Treatment and Conditions, Amendment 1 (1998)
  13. Tennessee Victims' Bill of Rights, Amendment 2 (1998)
  14. Utah Eliminate Felons' Right to Vote, Proposition 4 (1998)
  15. Virginia Amendment 2 (1998)


1997

  1. Ohio Issue 1, Bail Restrictions for Felons (1997)
  2. Texas Proposition 10, Compensation Fund for Victims of Crimes (1997)
  3. Texas Proposition 14, Qualifications of Constables (1997)
  4. Washington Marijuana Decriminalization, Initiative 685 (1997)


1996

  1. Alabama Guilty Pleas, Amendment 3 (1996)
  2. Arizona Laws Governing Jurisdiction Over Juveniles, Proposition 102 (1996)
  3. Arizona Use or Possession of Controlled Substances, Proposition 200 (1996)
  4. California Proposition 194, Employed Prisoners Not Eligible for Unemployment Compensation When Released (1996)
  5. California Proposition 195, Special Circumstances Punishable by the Death Penalty (1996)
  6. California Proposition 196, Murders Committed by Firing from Vehicles are Punishable by Death (1996)
  7. California Proposition 205, Bonds for County Jails (1996)
  8. California Proposition 213, Limit on Ability of Drunk Drivers and Felons to Sue for Damages (1996)
  9. Colorado Sheriff Qualifications, Referendum C (1996)
  10. Connecticut Victims' Rights, Question 1 (1996)
  11. Indiana Victims' Rights Act, Public Question 1 (1996)
  12. Maryland Dual Offices Exceptions, Question 3 (1996)
  13. Nebraska Crime Victim Rights, Amendment 3 (May 1996)
  14. Nebraska Enforcement of Dispute Resolution, Amendment 1 (May 1996)
  15. Nevada Crime Victim Rights, Question 2 (1996)
  16. North Carolina Initiative 1 (1996)
  17. North Carolina Initiative 2 (1996)
  18. Oklahoma State Question 674 (1996)
  19. Oregon Crime Victims' Rights, Measure 40 (1996)
  20. Oregon Principles for Punishment of Crime, Measure 26 (1996)
  21. South Carolina Referendum 1A, the Victims' Rights Act (1996)
  22. South Carolina Referendum 1B, No Bail for Persons Charged with Violent Crimes (1996)
  23. South Carolina Referendum 2A, Convicted Felons May Not Serve in the State Legislature (1996)
  24. South Carolina Referendum 2B, Convicted Felons May Not Serve in Elective Office (1996)
  25. Virginia Amendment 2, Rights of Victims (1996)
  26. Virginia Amendment 3, Right of Appeal (1996)


1995

  1. Maine Safety Belts Required for Four Years and Older, Question 8 (1995)
  2. Ohio Criminal Sentences Amendment, Issue 1 (1995)


1994

  1. Alaska Rights for Crime Victims, Measure 2 (1994)
  2. California Proposition 179, Punishment for Murders Committeed with Firearms (1994)
  3. California Proposition 184, the Three Strikes Initiative (1994)
  4. California Proposition 189, No Bail for Felony Sexual Assault Charges (1994)
  5. Colorado Post-Conviction Bail, Referendum C (1994)
  6. Idaho Rights of Crime Victims, HJR 16 (1994)
  7. Illinois Criminal Defendants' Right to Meet Witnesses, Amendment 1 (1994)
  8. Louisiana Juvenile Tried as Adult, Amendment 3 (October 1994)
  9. Maryland Judges Mandatory Retirement, Question 3 (1994)
  10. Maryland Victim Rights, Question 1 (1994)
  11. North Dakota Safety Belts, Measure 2 (1994)
  12. Ohio Victims' Rights Amendment, Issue 2 (1994)
  13. Oregon Legislature Cannot Reduce Voter-Approved Sentence Without Supermajority, Measure 10 (1994)
  14. Oregon Mandatory Sentences for Listed Felonies, Measure 11 (1994)
  15. Oregon Vacancy if State Legislator Convicted of Felony, Measure 4 (1994)
  16. Utah Victims' Bill of Rights, Proposition 1 (1994)
  17. Vermont Limitation of Bail for Criminal Offenses, Proposed Amendment (1994)
  18. Washington Cigarette Taxes for Law Enforcement, Referendum 43 (1994)


1993

  1. Texas Proposition 12 (1993)
  2. Texas Proposition 5 (1993)
  3. Washington "Three Strikes", Initiative 593 (1993)
  4. Wisconsin Rights of Victims of Crime, Amendment 1 (April 1993)


1992

  1. Colorado Rights of Crime Victims, Referendum A (1992)
  2. Illinois Crime Victim Rights, Amendment 1 (1992)
  3. Missouri Crime Victim Rights, Amendment 4 (1992)
  4. North Dakota Vehicle Searches, Measure 6 (1992)
  5. Oregon Fuel Taxes Revenues for Police, Measure 1 (May 1992)


1991

  1. Texas Proposition 4 (1991)


1990

  1. Arizona Victim's Bill of Rights, Proposition 104 (1990)
  2. California Proposition 114, Reclassification of Peace Officers Covered by the Death Penalty Act (1990)
  3. California Proposition 115, the "Crime Victims Justice Reform Act" (1990)
  4. California Proposition 129, Tax Increase and Drug Control Act (1990)
  5. California Proposition 133, Sales Tax Increase (1990)
  6. California Proposition 147, County Jails Bond Act (1990)


1989

  1. State of Washington Rights of Crime Victims, SJR 8200 (1989)
  2. Texas Proposition 13, Crime Victims Bill of Rights (1989)
  3. Texas Proposition 9, Criminal Justice Functions (1989)


1988

  1. California Proposition 80, Construction Bonds for New Prisons (1988)
  2. California Proposition 86, Bonds for County Correctional Facilities (1988)
  3. California Proposition 89, Governor's Parole Review (1988)
  4. California Proposition 96, Communicable Diseases Test Act (1988)
  5. Florida Rights of Victims of Crime, Amendment 2 (1988)
  6. Maine Public Safety Facilities, Question 2 (1988)
  7. Michigan Crime Victim Amendment, Proposal B (1988)
  8. Oregon Certain Felons to Serve Full Sentences, Measure 4 (1988)


1987

  1. Texas Proposition 18, Jail Districts (1987)


1986

  1. Arizona Monetary Damages in Cases of Injury or Death, Proposition 103 (1986)
  2. California Proposition 52, Bonds for County Jails (1986)
  3. Florida Statewide Prosecutor Appointment, Amendment 1 (1986)
  4. Michigan State Officer Commission Amendment, Proposal C (1986)
  5. Oregon Crime Victim’s Rights and Roles, Measure 10 (1986)


1985

  1. Maine Sheriff Term Limits, Constitutional Amendment 9 (1985)
  2. Texas Proposition 6, Out of State Prisoner Placement (1985)


1984

  1. California Proposition 16, Bonds for County Jails (1984)
  2. Oregon Revision of Criminal Laws, Measure 8 (1984)


1983

  1. Texas Proposition 6, Enforcing Child Support (1983)


1982

  1. Arizona Prohibiting Bail Amendment, Proposition 101 (1982)
  2. California Proposition 2, Bonds to Build and Improve County Jails (1982)
  3. California Proposition 4, Rules Governing Bail (June 1982)
  4. California Proposition 8, Victims' Bill of Rights (June 1982)
  5. Colorado Bail Denial Amendment, Referendum 2 (1982)
  6. Florida Pretrial Release and Detention, Amendment 3 (1982)
  7. Florida Searches and Seizures, Amendment 2 (1982)
  8. Michigan State Police Department Amendment, Proposal B (1982)
  9. Oregon Bonds for Correctional Facilities, Measure 3 (May 1982)
  10. Vermont Imposition of Bail for Criminal Offenses Amendment (1982)
  11. Wisconsin County Responsibility for Acts of Sheriff Amendment, Question 1 (April 1982)


1981

  1. Wisconsin Bail Reform Amendment, Question 3 (April 1981)


1980

  1. Arizona Confinement of Minors Amendment, Proposition 104 (1980)
  2. Oregon Bonds for Correctional Facilities, Measure 8 (1980)



1978

  1. Michigan Parole Standards Initiative, Proposal B (1978)




1975

  1. Wisconsin Dueling and Disenfranchisement Amendment, Question 4 (April 1975)




1972

  1. Oregon Qualifications for County Sheriff, Measure 2 (1972)



1970

  1. Arizona Felony Bail Restrictions, Proposition 100 (1970)
  2. North Dakota Combined Law Enforcement Council Repeal Initiative, Measure 1 (1970)




1967

  1. Wisconsin Sheriff Term Limits Amendment, Question 6 (April 1967)




1964

  1. North Dakota Police Magistrate Name Change, Referendum 3 (1964)
  2. Washington Bonds for Juvenile Correctional Institution, Referendum 13 (1964)




1961

  1. Wisconsin Sheriff Term Limits Amendment, Question 2 (April 1961)


1960

  1. California Proposition 8, Felons Not Allowed to Vote While Serving Sentence (1960)
  2. South Dakota Board of Pardons and Paroles (1960)
  3. Utah Merit System for County Sheriffs, Initiative A (1960)


1959

  1. Kentucky Sheriff Succession Referendum (1959)


1958

  1. California Proposition 3, Bonds for Correctional and Educational Facilities (1958)
  2. Washington Civil Service for Sheriff's Employees, Initiative 23 (1958)



1956

  1. California Proposition 3, Bonds for Educational, Mental and Correctional Institutions (1956)
  2. Wisconsin Sheriff Term Limits Amendment, Question 3 (April 1956)


1955

  1. Maine Gubernatorial Pardon Power for Juvenile Delinquency, Proposed Constitutional Amendment No. 1 (1955)


1954

  1. California Proposition 12, Voting Eligibility Rules for "Infamous Crime" Felons (1954)
  2. Colorado Highway Anticipation Warrants, Measure 6 (1954)
  3. Maryland Sheriff of Baltimore Salary, Amendment 1 (1954)
  4. South Dakota Succession of County Sheriffs (1954)



1952

  1. South Dakota Board of Pardons (1952)



1950

  1. Arizona Merit System for Peace Officers, Proposition 5 (1950)



1948

  1. Arizona Merit System for Highway Patrol, Proposition 5 (1948)
  2. Oregon State Boys' Camp Near Timber, Measure 3 (1948)



1946

  1. Maryland Compensation of Sheriffs, Amendment 3 (1946)
  2. Wisconsin Sheriff Term Limits Amendment, Question 1 (April 1946)



1944

  1. Massachusetts Pardoning of Felonious Offenses, Question 2 (1944)
  2. Oregon Voting Rights Forfeiture by Criminals, Measure 4 (1944)





1940

  1. California Proposition 3, Institutions for Felons (1940)
  2. Maine Biddeford Police Commission, Question No. 6 (1940)



1938

  1. Missouri Issue 9, Sheriffs and Coroners May Succeed Themselves in Office (1938)
  2. Missouri Sheriffs and Coroners Succession, Issue 9 (1938)
  3. Oregon Ban on Games of Chance, Measure 6 (1938)
  4. Oregon Seizure and Destruction of Slot Machines, Measure 5 (1938)



1936

  1. California Proposition 21, Penal Institutions for Female Felons (1936)







1930

  1. Missouri Succession of Sheriffs and Coroners, Issue 7 (1930)


1929

  1. Wisconsin Sheriff Term Limits Amendment, Question 2 (April 1929)


1928

  1. Missouri Police Pensions, Issue 2 (1928)


1927

  1. Ohio Compensation For Justices of Peace and Mayors, Referendum 1 (1927)


1926

  1. Missouri Police Pensions, Issue 2 (1926)
  2. Oklahoma State Question 135, Labels on Products Made by Convicts (1926)





1922

  1. Ohio Prohibition on Alcohol Limits, Amendment 1 (1922)
  2. South Dakota State Constabulary Abolition (1922)
  3. Washington Trial Locations for Public Offenses, Amendment to Article I Sec. 22 (1922)
  4. Wisconsin Sheriff Term Limits Amendment, Question 1 (1922)



1920

  1. Arizona Board of Pardons and Paroles, Proposition 4 (1920)
  2. Missouri Referendum on Enforcing Prohibition, Issue 13 (1920)
  3. North Dakota State Sheriff Referendum (1920)
  4. Ohio Alcohol Prohibition Enforcement, the New Crabbe Act Referendum (1920)


1919

  1. Ohio State Alcohol Prohibition, Referendum 2 (1919)



1917

  1. Maine Removal of Sheriffs, Proposed Amendment No. 2 (1917)


1916

  1. Maryland Sheriff Elections, Amendment 3 (1916)



1914

  1. Arizona Pardons Referendum, Questions 300 and 301 (1914)
  2. Colorado Appointment of Peace Officers, Measure 12 (1914)
  3. Colorado Probation for Minors and First Offenders, Measure 6 (1914)
  4. Maryland Amend Section 44 of Article 4 of the Constitution, Amendment 1 (1914)
  5. Missouri St. Louis Police Commissioners Referred Bill, Issue 12 (1914)
  6. Washington Convict Labor for Highway Construction, Initiative 10 (1914)


1913

  1. Oregon Sterilization of Criminals, Measure 3 (1913)
  2. Vermont Commutation, Remission or Mitigation of Criminal Sentences (1913)


1912

  1. Colorado Search and Seizure of Alcohol, Measure 2 (1912)



1910

  1. Idaho Remove Disqualification of Sheriffs, SJR 6(c) (1910)












Before 1900

  1. Florida Pardons, Amendment 3 (October 1896)
  2. Maryland Anne Arundel County Municipal Jurisdiction, Amendment 1 (1838)
  3. Maryland Baltimore Sheriffs, Amendment 1 (1842)
  4. Minnesota Pardoning Power, Amendment 1 (1896)


Did not make ballot

  1. Arizona "Fair Crime Act" Initiative (2012)
  2. Arizona "Victimless Crime Act" Initiative (2012)
  3. Arizona "Wrongful Conviction Compensation Act" Initiative (2012)
  4. Arizona Criminal Penalties Amendment, (2014)
  5. Arizona Home Detention Initiative (2012)
  6. Arizona Limit Photo Radar (2010)
  7. Arizona Photo Enforcement Act, 2010
  8. Arizona Photo Radar Elimination (2010)
  9. Arizona Save Speed Cameras Proposal (2010)
  10. Arizona Securing the Border Initiative (2014)
  11. Arizona Speed Camera Ban (2008)
  12. Arizona Traffic Photo Enforcement Referendum (2008)
  13. Arizona Violent Offenders Law (2012)
  14. Arizona Violent Offenders Law Initiative, 2010
  15. California "Protection from Transnational Gangs" Initiative (2012)
  16. California Corporate Crime Reporting Act (2008)
  17. California Honor in Office Act (2010)
  18. California Immigration Status Investigations (2012)
  19. California Tougher Penalties for Human Trafficking Initiative (2010)
  20. California Uninsured Motorists Act (2008)
  21. Colorado Initiative 74 (2008)
  22. Colorado Juvenile Tried as Adults Initiative (2010)
  23. Colorado Marijuana Tax Revenue to Establish Workers' Compensation Public Defender Amendment (2014)
  24. Florida Child Protection Amendment (3) (2012)
  25. Illinois "Marsy's Law" Amendment (2012)
  26. Illinois Crime Victims Amendment (2010)
  27. Louisiana Prostitution Amendment (2010)
  28. Maine "Jessica's Law" Initiative (2009)
  29. Maine Mandatory Minimum Sentencing for Sexual Offenses Initiative (2014)
  30. Maine Minimum Sentence for Sex Offenders Question (2012)
  31. Maine Minimum Sentence for Sex Offenders Question (2013)
  32. Massachusetts Secret Recording Law Initiative (2012)
  33. Missouri Municipal Police Force Retirement (2010)
  34. Missouri Prevent Racial Profiling Initiative (2012)
  35. Montana "Sheriffs First" Bill (2014)
  36. New Jersey Bail Process Amendment (2012)
  37. Oregon Ballot Measure 44 (2008)
  38. Oregon Castle Doctrine Initiative (2012)
  39. Oregon Crime Control Act (2010)
  40. Oregon Crime Protection Act (2010)
  41. Oregon Law Enforcement Cooperation Act (2010)
  42. Oregon Minimum Prison Term for Repeat Offenders (2010)
  43. Oregon Put Repeat Criminals Behind Bars Act (2010)
  44. Oregon Resident Self-Defense Against Intruders Initiative (2014)
  45. Oregon Sensible Sentencing Act (2010)
  46. Oregon Sentencing Reform Initiative (2010)
  47. Oregon State Incarceration Fiscal Obligations Initiative (2010)
  48. Oregon Trespasser Liability Initiative (2010)
  49. Washington Abduction Prevention Training Initiative (2010)
  50. Washington Assault Crimes Initiative (2008)
  51. Washington Designation of Controlled Substances Initiative (2014)
  52. Washington Initiative 995 (2008)
  53. Washington Law Enforcement Amendment (2010)
  54. Washington Prohibition of State Enforcement of Federal Cannabis Acts Measure, Initiative 1347 (2014)
  55. Washington Proof of Impairment Initiative (2014)
  56. Washington Protection Act (2010)
  57. Washington Red-Light Cameras, Initiative 1187 (2012)
  58. Washington Red Light Camera Ban, Initiative 1324 (2014)
  59. Washington Sex Offenders, Initiative 1143 (2011)

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