Laws governing direct democracy in West Virginia

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West Virginia Initiative and Referendum Constitutional Amendment Law


The state does not have the statewide initiative process and so therefore the following provisions discuss the procedures used by the state legislature to place constitutional amendments on the ballot.

Basic Procedure: The process for making changes to the West Virginia Constitution is stated in the Article XIV. Voters of the state may call a constitutional convention if such a vote if proposed and the majority of the voters elect to hold a constitutional convention. One month after the vote the convention may convene. The proceedings of the convention may not be signed into law until they are ratified by a majority of the voters of the state, until then the proceedings have no validity. An amendment to the state constitution can be proposed in either house of the state legislature. The proposed amendment must pass both houses by a two-thirds vote. Upon being passed by both houses the amendment must be ratified by the qualified voting public. If a majority of the voters approve the amendment it shall become part of the state constitution. If multiple amendments are submitted to the voters they must be done so in a way that the voters may vote for or against such amendments separately.

Constitutional Amendment Law

West Virginia Constitution and Statutes