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Laws governing local ballot measures in Florida
- 1 Types of local government
- 2 School districts
- 3 Local recall rules
- 4 Initiative process availability
- 5 Authority
- 6 Initiative process features
- 7 Initiative process in the top 10 most populated cities
- 8 External links
- 9 References
| Ballot Law Portal|
|Laws Governing Ballot Measures|
|I • II • III • IV • V • VI • VII • VIII • IX • X • XI • XII|
|A guide to local ballot initiatives|
This article sets out the laws governing local ballot measures in Florida. It explains:
- Which local units of government make the initiative process available to residents.
- How and whether local units of government, including school districts, can refer local ballot measures (such as school bond propositions) to the ballot.
- An overview of laws governing local recall elections.
Note that Florida is one of twenty-four states that allow the initiative process at the statewide level.
Types of local government
Local government in Florida consists of:
- 67 county governments (this includes Jacksonville, a consolidated city-county, which is listed by the U.S. Census Bureau as a city government).
- 410 city governments.
- In addition, there are 983 special districts and 95 independent school districts.
All 410 cities in Florida are classified as charter cities.
- See also: School bond and tax elections in Florida
- To issue new bonding.
- To exceed the state mandated millage limit.
Local recall rules
- For additional detail, see: Laws governing recall in Florida
Initiative process availability
The local units of government in Florida that make the initiative process available are:
- Charter cities, all 410 of which have a state mandated initiative and referendum process for charter amendments.
- Charter counties, which have the authority for the creation of an initiative and referendum process for charter amendment. All 20 have exercised this power and have some form of initiative and referendum in their charters.
There is no constitutional authority for local initiative and referendum. However, neither is there a mandate against initiative and referendum. It is simply not mentioned in the constitution.
Florida statutes Title XII, Ch. 166.031 mandates the powers of initiative and referendum for the amendment of city charters.
|“||Florida statutes Title XII, Ch. 166.031: (1) The governing body of a municipality may, by ordinance, or the electors of a municipality may, by petition signed by 10 percent of the registered electors as of the last preceding municipal general election, submit to the electors of said municipality a proposed amendment to its charter, which amendment may be to any part or to all of said charter except that part describing the boundaries of such municipality. The governing body of the municipality shall place the proposed amendment contained in the ordinance or petition to a vote of the electors at the next general election held within the municipality or at a special election called for such purpose.||”|
Initiative process features
Florida's charter amendment laws are meant to be supplementary to the different cities' own amendment process. Thus, the cities all have different specific initiative processes for charter amendment. However, The Florida Statutes do provide a basic charter amendment initiative process to all cities.
Initiative process in the top 10 most populated cities
These cities are all charter cities and subject to the state mandate for charter amendment by initiative and referendum; except Jacksonville which, as a consolidated city-county government, has its own charter amendment process as provided below. Cities may also authorize initiative for ordinances in their charter. 8 of the top 10 most populated cities have done so.
|Local I&R Laws in the 50 States|
|Source:Local Ballot Initiatives: How citizens change laws with |
clipboards, conversations, and campaigns
|List of Most Populated Cities in Florida|
|City||Population||City Type||Next election|
|Jacksonville||827,908||Consolidated City-County Charter||11/4/2014|
|Port St. Lucie||166,149||Charter||11/4/2014|
- The U.S. Census Bureau's 2012 study of local governments
- Ballotpedia: Types and #'s of local government by state
- Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
- Florida Statutes Title XII, Chapter 166.031
- US Census Bureau "City and Town Totals: Vintage 2011 (Population figures as of 2011 Census estimates)
- Duval County Upcoming Elections
- Miami Elections
- Tampa Election Information
- St. Petersburg City Elections
- Orlando Election Information
- Hialeah Elections Information
- Tallahassee Clerk
- Fort Lauderdale Election Information
- Port St. Lucie Election Information
- Pembroke Pines City Clerk
- US Census, "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Florida: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011," accessed on October 29, 2014
- Link to Jacksonville Charter
- Link to Miami Charter
- Link to Tampa Charter
- Link to St. Petersburg Charter
- Link to Orlando Charter
- Link to Hialeah Charter
- Link to Fort Lauderdale Charter
- Link to Port St. Lucie
- Link to Pembroke Pines Charter