Difference between revisions of "Laws governing local ballot measures in Illinois"

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==Local recall rules==
 
==Local recall rules==
  
Recall of local elected officials in [[Illinois]] is available in at least one jurisdiction: [[Lisa Stone recall, Buffalo Grove, Illinois (2010)|Buffalo Grove]], where [[Lisa Stone recall, Buffalo Grove, Illinois (2010)|Lisa Stone]] was recalled from her position as a member of the City Council on [[November 2, 2010 ballot measures in Illinois|November 2, 2010]].<ref name=results>[http://buffalogrove.patch.com/articles/the-verdict-is-in-and-stone-is-out ''Buffalo Grove Patch'', "he Verdict's In — Stone is Out", November 3, 2010]</ref><ref name="Trustees">[http://www.pioneerlocal.com/buffalogrove/news/1783330,bg-recallord-092109-s1.article ''BuffaloGrove-Countryside'',"Buffalo Grove trustees praise recall proposal," September 21, 2009]</ref>  The Stone recall is believed to be the first local recall in the history of Illinois.<ref name=first>[http://www.dailyherald.com/article/20101027/news/710289979/ ''Daily Herald'', "Buffalo Grove recall vote to make history", October 31, 2010]</ref>  It came about after city election laws were changed in 2010 in order to allow for a local recall election.<ref name="Violates">[http://www.chicagonow.com/blogs/godless-in-chicago/2009/09/buffalo-grove-recall-ordinance-on-life-support.html ''Chicago Now'',"Buffalo Grove Recall Ordinance violates US Constitution, IL Constitution, IL Election Code," September 29, 2009]</ref><ref name=water>[http://saxo.dailyherald.com/article/20100810/News/308109916/ ''Daily Herald'', "Buffalo Grove puts Stone vote to public", August 10, 2010]</ref>
+
Recall of local elected officials in [[Illinois]] is available in at least one jurisdiction: [[Lisa Stone recall, Buffalo Grove, Illinois (2010)|Buffalo Grove]], where [[Lisa Stone recall, Buffalo Grove, Illinois (2010)|Lisa Stone]] was recalled from her position as a member of the City Council on [[November 2, 2010 ballot measures in Illinois|November 2, 2010]].<ref name=results>[http://buffalogrove.patch.com/articles/the-verdict-is-in-and-stone-is-out ''Buffalo Grove Patch'', "he Verdict's In — Stone is Out," November 3, 2010]</ref><ref name="Trustees">[http://www.pioneerlocal.com/buffalogrove/news/1783330,bg-recallord-092109-s1.article ''BuffaloGrove-Countryside'',"Buffalo Grove trustees praise recall proposal," September 21, 2009]</ref>  The Stone recall is believed to be the first local recall in the history of Illinois.<ref name=first>[http://www.dailyherald.com/article/20101027/news/710289979/ ''Daily Herald'', "Buffalo Grove recall vote to make history," October 31, 2010]</ref>  It came about after city election laws were changed in 2010 in order to allow for a local recall election.<ref name="Violates">[http://www.chicagonow.com/blogs/godless-in-chicago/2009/09/buffalo-grove-recall-ordinance-on-life-support.html ''Chicago Now'',"Buffalo Grove Recall Ordinance violates US Constitution, IL Constitution, IL Election Code," September 29, 2009]</ref><ref name=water>[http://saxo.dailyherald.com/article/20100810/News/308109916/ ''Daily Herald'', "Buffalo Grove puts Stone vote to public," August 10, 2010]</ref>
  
 
:: ''For additional detail, see: [[Laws governing recall in Illinois]]''
 
:: ''For additional detail, see: [[Laws governing recall in Illinois]]''

Revision as of 06:26, 20 March 2014


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Laws Governing Local Ballot Measures

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Laws Governing Ballot Measures
Illinois Constitution
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Preamble
Articles
IIIIIIIVVVIVIIVIIIIXXXIXIIXIIIXIVSchedule
A guide to local ballot initiatives
Local Ballot Initiatives cover.jpg
No Illinois local governments provide for binding local initiative and referendum for local ballot measures.

This article sets out the laws governing local ballot measures in Illinois. It explains:

  • Which local units of government make the initiative process available to residents.
  • How and whether local units of government, including school districts, can refer local ballot measures (such as school bond propositions) to the ballot.
  • An overview of laws governing local recall elections.

Types of local government

Local government in Illinois consists of:

  • 1,298 city governments.
  • 1,431 township governments.
  • 102 county governments.
  • In addition, there are 3,232 special districts and 905 independent school districts.[1]

School districts

See also: School bond and tax elections in Illinois

Illinois mandates school districts to hold elections for issuing bonding for new construction and capital improvements, exceeding the property tax cap, or to create a working cash fund. Since 2006, Illinois has had referendums over the property tax cap which is governed under the Illinois Property Tax Cap Act of 2006 which requires voter approval if a school district wants to exceed their property tax cap for up to four years. The other type of referendum is a Chapter 20 referendum. Under Chapter 20, a school district must have voter approval if the voters petition a school district to create a working cash fund to pay liabilities. Only school districts that serve a city, town, or village less than 500,000 in population can hold a Chapter 20 referendum.

Local recall rules

Recall of local elected officials in Illinois is available in at least one jurisdiction: Buffalo Grove, where Lisa Stone was recalled from her position as a member of the City Council on November 2, 2010.[2][3] The Stone recall is believed to be the first local recall in the history of Illinois.[4] It came about after city election laws were changed in 2010 in order to allow for a local recall election.[5][6]

For additional detail, see: Laws governing recall in Illinois

Initiative process availability

Illinois law provides for an advisory (non-binding, no legal effect) initiative process on questions of public policy. A binding referendum is required on limited matters, such as tax levies and bonds (Chap 10 Election Code, Art. 28). Residents of home-rule counties and cities may change their form of government or revert to general law governance by initiative. While mostly formal, this process can have some effects on policy. For example, under the general law, city governments face greater restrictions on raising taxes. Thus, switching from home-rule to general law can help limit tax increases.[7][8]

There is no broad ordinance initiative process in any of Illinois' cities.[9]

List of Most Populated Cities in Illinois
City[10] Population City Type Next election
Chicago 2,707,120 Home rule No I&R
Aurora 199,672 Home rule No I&R
Rockford 152,222 General law No I&R
Joliet 148,402 Home rule No I&R
Naperville 142,773 Home rule No I&R
Springfield 117,076 Home rule No I&R
Peoria 115,234 Home rule No I&R
Elgin 109,104 Home rule No I&R
Waukegan 89,426 Home rule No I&R
Cicero 84,261 Home rule No I&R
Local I&R Laws in the 50 States
Laws governing local ballot measures in WashingtonLaws governing local ballot measures in OregonLaws governing local ballot measures in CaliforniaLaws governing local ballot measures in NevadaLaws governing local ballot measures in ArizonaLaws governing local ballot measures in AlaskaLaws governing local ballot measures in HawaiiLaws governing local ballot measures in UtahLaws governing local ballot measures in IdahoLaws governing local ballot measures in MontanaLaws governing local ballot measures in WyomingLaws governing local ballot measures in ColoradoLaws governing local ballot measures in New MexicoLaws governing local ballot measures in TexasLaws governing local ballot measures in OklahomaLaws governing local ballot measures in KansasLaws governing local ballot measures in NebraskaLaws governing local ballot measures in South DakotaLaws governing local ballot measures in North DakotaLaws governing local ballot measures in MinnesotaLaws governing local ballot measures in IowaLaws governing local ballot measures in MissouriLaws governing local ballot measures in ArkansasLaws governing local ballot measures in LouisianaLaws governing local ballot measures in MississippiLaws governing local ballot measures in TennesseeLaws governing local ballot measures in AlabamaLaws governing local ballot measures in FloridaLaws governing local ballot measures in GeorgiaLaws governing local ballot measures in South CarolinaLaws governing local ballot measures in North CarolinaLaws governing local ballot measures in KentuckyLaws governing local ballot measures in VirginiaLaws governing local ballot measures in West VirginiaLaws governing local ballot measures in WisconsinLaws governing local ballot measures in IllinoisLaws governing local ballot measures in IndianaLaws governing local ballot measures in MichiganLaws governing local ballot measures in MichiganLaws governing local ballot measures in OhioLaws governing local ballot measures in PennsylvaniaLaws governing local ballot measures in MarylandLaws governing local ballot measures in MarylandLaws governing local ballot measures in DelawareLaws governing local ballot measures in DelawareLaws governing local ballot measures in ConnecticutLaws governing local ballot measures in New JerseyLaws governing local ballot measures in New JerseyLaws governing local ballot measures in New YorkLaws governing local ballot measures in ConnecticutLaws governing local ballot measures in MassachusettsLaws governing local ballot measures in Rhode IslandLaws governing local ballot measures in MassachusettsLaws governing local ballot measures in VermontLaws governing local ballot measures in New HampshireLaws governing local ballot measures in MaineLaws governing local ballot measures in New HampshireLaws governing local ballot measures in VermontLocal I&R 50 states Map.png
Source:Local Ballot Initiatives: How citizens change laws with
clipboards, conversations, and campaigns

See also

External links

References