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==External links==
 
==External links==

Revision as of 10:34, 19 September 2013


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Laws Governing Local Ballot Measures

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Terms
InitiativeHome ruleGeneral law cityCharter cityPetitionCirculation periodCirculatorPaid circulatorVolunteer circulatorCirculator affidavitSignerValid signatureForged signatureFraudulent signatureInvalid signatureElectronic petition signatureLegislative tamperingRegistered voter
This article sets out the laws governing local ballot measures in New York. It explains:
  • Which local units of government make the initiative process available to residents.
  • How and whether local units of government, including school districts, can refer local ballot measures (such as school bond propositions) to the ballot.

Types of local government

Local government in New York consists of:

  • Counties: There are 62 counties in New York. Five of these counties fall under the jurisdiction of the City of New York. 38 are governed by general law and 19 have charters.
  • Cities: There are 62 cities in New York. All cities have charters.
  • Towns: There are 932 towns. No towns have charters, being governed by the Town Law. The area of each county (excluding cities) is divided into towns.
  • Village: There are 551 villages. No villages have charters, being governed by the Village Law. Each village exists within a town.[1][2]

Note: The distinction between villages and cities is not based on population, but organization.[3]

  • In addition, there are 1,172 special districts and 679 independent school districts.[4]

School districts

See also: School bond and tax elections in New York

New York allows for elections involving bond issues and the state debt limit for cities under 120,000 in population. The New York Constitution has a protected debt limit for all school districts. In school districts that have referendums, they are limited to five percentum of the total valuation of property in the district. In other cities including Syracuse, Albany, and New York City, the debt limit varies from six to ten percentum of the district's total valuation of property.

Initiative process availability

Cities

All of New York's 62 cities have charter amendment by initiative under state law.[5][6]

Counties

Suffolk County has an initiative process authorized by a special state law. Also, five counties are under the jurisdiction of New York City. As such residents of these counties enjoy an initiative process at the city level.[7][6]

Initiative process features

Cities

A guide to local ballot initiatives
Local Ballot Initiatives cover.jpg


Authority

Constitution

The New York Constitution does not address local initiative.

Statutes

Ballot Law Portal
Laws Governing Ballot Measures

The New York Consolidated Laws establish the local initiative process for city charter amendments.

DocumentIcon.jpg See law: New York Consolidated Laws, Municipal Home Rule, Article 4, Part 2, §37

Initiative process in the top 10 most populated cities

Local I&R Laws in the 50 States
Laws governing local ballot measures in WashingtonLaws governing local ballot measures in OregonLaws governing local ballot measures in CaliforniaLaws governing local ballot measures in NevadaLaws governing local ballot measures in ArizonaLaws governing local ballot measures in AlaskaLaws governing local ballot measures in HawaiiLaws governing local ballot measures in UtahLaws governing local ballot measures in IdahoLaws governing local ballot measures in MontanaLaws governing local ballot measures in WyomingLaws governing local ballot measures in ColoradoLaws governing local ballot measures in New MexicoLaws governing local ballot measures in TexasLaws governing local ballot measures in OklahomaLaws governing local ballot measures in KansasLaws governing local ballot measures in NebraskaLaws governing local ballot measures in South DakotaLaws governing local ballot measures in North DakotaLaws governing local ballot measures in MinnesotaLaws governing local ballot measures in IowaLaws governing local ballot measures in MissouriLaws governing local ballot measures in ArkansasLaws governing local ballot measures in LouisianaLaws governing local ballot measures in MississippiLaws governing local ballot measures in TennesseeLaws governing local ballot measures in AlabamaLaws governing local ballot measures in FloridaLaws governing local ballot measures in GeorgiaLaws governing local ballot measures in South CarolinaLaws governing local ballot measures in North CarolinaLaws governing local ballot measures in KentuckyLaws governing local ballot measures in VirginiaLaws governing local ballot measures in West VirginiaLaws governing local ballot measures in WisconsinLaws governing local ballot measures in IllinoisLaws governing local ballot measures in IndianaLaws governing local ballot measures in MichiganLaws governing local ballot measures in MichiganLaws governing local ballot measures in OhioLaws governing local ballot measures in PennsylvaniaLaws governing local ballot measures in MarylandLaws governing local ballot measures in MarylandLaws governing local ballot measures in DelawareLaws governing local ballot measures in DelawareLaws governing local ballot measures in ConnecticutLaws governing local ballot measures in New JerseyLaws governing local ballot measures in New JerseyLaws governing local ballot measures in New YorkLaws governing local ballot measures in ConnecticutLaws governing local ballot measures in MassachusettsLaws governing local ballot measures in Rhode IslandLaws governing local ballot measures in MassachusettsLaws governing local ballot measures in VermontLaws governing local ballot measures in New HampshireLaws governing local ballot measures in MaineLaws governing local ballot measures in New HampshireLaws governing local ballot measures in VermontLocal I&R 50 states Map.png
Source:Local Ballot Initiatives: How citizens change laws with
clipboards, conversations, and campaigns
List of Most Populated Cities in New York
City[8] Population City Type Next election
New York 8,244,910 Charter 2017
Buffalo 261,025 Charter 2015
Rochester 210,855 Charter N/A
Yonkers 197,399 Charter N/A
Syracuse 145,151 Charter N/A
Albany 97,660 Charter N/A
New Rochelle 77,606 Charter N/A
Mount Vernon 67,780 Charter N/A
Schenectady 66,273 Charter N/A
Utica 62,110 Charter N/A

The top 10 most populated cities in New York are all governed under a charter. Initiative is available for charter amendments as provided above. New Rochelle City is the only one to have additional provisions for ordinance initiative petitions in its city charter.


See also

External links

References