Difference between revisions of "Laws governing local ballot measures in Ohio"

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* [[Laws governing local ballot measures]]
 
* [[Laws governing local ballot measures]]
 
* [[Local ballot measures, Ohio]]
 
* [[Local ballot measures, Ohio]]
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* [[Counties in Ohio]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==

Revision as of 16:21, 18 September 2013


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Laws Governing Local Ballot Measures

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Terms
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Ohio Constitution
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Preamble
Articles
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All local governments in Ohio have an initiative and referendum process for local ballot measures.

This article sets out the laws governing local ballot measures in Ohio. It explains:

  • Which local units of government make the initiative process available to residents.
  • How and whether local units of government, including school districts, can refer local ballot measures (such as school bond propositions) to the ballot.
  • An overview of laws governing local recall elections.

Types of local government

Local government in Ohio consists of:

  • Counties: There are 88 counties in Ohio. Two counties, Summit and Cuyahoga, operate under charters.[1]
  • Municipalities: There are 938 municipalities in Ohio. Municipalities with fewer than 5,000 residents are considered villages. Those with 5,000 or more residents are considered cities. There are 251 cities--188 operate under a charter. There are 687 villages--75 operate under a charter.[2][3]
  • Townships: There are 1,308 townships in Ohio. Each of Ohio's counties is subdivided into townships.[4]
  • In addition, there are 700 special districts and 668 independent school districts.[5]

School districts

See also: School bond and tax elections in Ohio

Ohio is one of a handful of states that expresses its property tax cap limit in the amount of mills using the mill rate formula over an mathematical formula. Ohio has a ten mill limit that is protected by the Ohio Constitution since 1953. Also, Ohio requires approval for any new bonding by the Ohio School Facilities Commission. Ohio uses an adjusted valuation per-pupil formula to determine which districts should get bonding. Districts with the lowest ratings are given first consideration in the process of getting a bond issue approved.

Local recall rules

The recall of local elected government officials in Ohio is governed by ORC §705.92. ORC §705.92 applies to "any elective officer of a municipal corporation".

For additional detail, see: Laws governing recall in Ohio

Initiative process availability

  • All 66 General law cities have a mandated initiative process for ordinances.
  • All 636 General law villages have a mandated initiative process for ordinances.
  • All 183 Charter cities have a mandated initiative process for charter amendments.
  • All 51 Charter villages have a mandated initiative process for charter amendments.
  • All 86 General law counties do not have general initiative or referendum processes though Title V of the Ohio Revised Code specifies limited cases.
  • All 2 Charter counties have a mandated initiative process for charter amendments.[6]

Authority

Ballot Law Portal
Laws Governing Ballot Measures

Authority for initiative and referendum regarding ordinances in general law cities is given in ORC 731.28.

Authority for home rule charter amendment is given in the Ohio Constitution Article 18.07.

Initiative process features in general law cities

Municipalities (and townships if they adopt home rule) have a state mandated initiative process for ordinances.[7]


Initiative process features in charter cities

A guide to local ballot initiatives
Local Ballot Initiatives cover.jpg

Initiative and referendum provisions for general law cities do not apply to charter cities with their own provisions. Charter cities have a state set amendment process but can adapt it to their own unique needs. (ORC 731.41)


Initiative process in the top 10 most populated cities

Local I&R Laws in the 50 States
Laws governing local ballot measures in WashingtonLaws governing local ballot measures in OregonLaws governing local ballot measures in CaliforniaLaws governing local ballot measures in NevadaLaws governing local ballot measures in ArizonaLaws governing local ballot measures in AlaskaLaws governing local ballot measures in HawaiiLaws governing local ballot measures in UtahLaws governing local ballot measures in IdahoLaws governing local ballot measures in MontanaLaws governing local ballot measures in WyomingLaws governing local ballot measures in ColoradoLaws governing local ballot measures in New MexicoLaws governing local ballot measures in TexasLaws governing local ballot measures in OklahomaLaws governing local ballot measures in KansasLaws governing local ballot measures in NebraskaLaws governing local ballot measures in South DakotaLaws governing local ballot measures in North DakotaLaws governing local ballot measures in MinnesotaLaws governing local ballot measures in IowaLaws governing local ballot measures in MissouriLaws governing local ballot measures in ArkansasLaws governing local ballot measures in LouisianaLaws governing local ballot measures in MississippiLaws governing local ballot measures in TennesseeLaws governing local ballot measures in AlabamaLaws governing local ballot measures in FloridaLaws governing local ballot measures in GeorgiaLaws governing local ballot measures in South CarolinaLaws governing local ballot measures in North CarolinaLaws governing local ballot measures in KentuckyLaws governing local ballot measures in VirginiaLaws governing local ballot measures in West VirginiaLaws governing local ballot measures in WisconsinLaws governing local ballot measures in IllinoisLaws governing local ballot measures in IndianaLaws governing local ballot measures in MichiganLaws governing local ballot measures in MichiganLaws governing local ballot measures in OhioLaws governing local ballot measures in PennsylvaniaLaws governing local ballot measures in MarylandLaws governing local ballot measures in MarylandLaws governing local ballot measures in DelawareLaws governing local ballot measures in DelawareLaws governing local ballot measures in ConnecticutLaws governing local ballot measures in New JerseyLaws governing local ballot measures in New JerseyLaws governing local ballot measures in New YorkLaws governing local ballot measures in ConnecticutLaws governing local ballot measures in MassachusettsLaws governing local ballot measures in Rhode IslandLaws governing local ballot measures in MassachusettsLaws governing local ballot measures in VermontLaws governing local ballot measures in New HampshireLaws governing local ballot measures in MaineLaws governing local ballot measures in New HampshireLaws governing local ballot measures in VermontLocal I&R 50 states Map.png
Source:Local Ballot Initiatives: How citizens change laws with
clipboards, conversations, and campaigns
List of Most Populated Cities in Ohio
City[8] Population City Type Next election
Columbus 797,434 Charter 11/5/2013
Cleveland 393,806 Charter 11/5/2013
Cincinnati 296,223 Charter 11/5/2013
Toledo 286,038 Charter 5/7/2013
Akron 198,402 Charter 11/5/2013
Dayton 142,148 Charter 11/5/2013
Parma 80,968 General law 11/5/2013
Canton 72,919 General law 11/5/2013
Youngstown 66,571 Charter 11/5/2013
Lorain 64,152 General law 11/5/2013


See also

External links

References