Laws governing local ballot measures in Rhode Island
- 1 Types of local government
- 2 School districts
- 3 Local recall rules
- 4 Initiative process availability
- 5 Authority
- 6 Initiative process features
- 7 Initiative process in the 8 cities
- 8 See also
- 9 External links
- 10 References
|Rhode Island Constitution|
|Preamble • I • II • III • IV • V • VI • VII • VIII • IX • X • XI • XII • XIII • XIV • XV|
|A guide to local ballot initiatives|
This article sets out the laws governing local ballot measures in Rhode Island. It explains:
- Which local units of government make the initiative process available to residents.
- How and whether local units of government, including school districts, can refer local ballot measures (such as school bond propositions) to the ballot.
- An overview of laws governing local recall elections.
Types of local government
Local government in Rhode Island consists of:
- Town/Township: There are 31 townships in Rhode Island. All 31 operate under a charter. Rhode Island is only divided into counties for administrative purposes--there are no county governments. However, all areas of the state not incorporated as cities, are divided among the state's townships. Township governments do not differ in their authority from city governments.
- Cities: There are eight city governments in Rhode Island. They are: Providence, Warwick, Cranston, Pawtucket, East Providence, Woonsocket, Newport, and Central Falls. All eight operate under a charter.
- In addition, there are 91 special districts and 4 independent school districts.
There are no school bond and tax elections in Rhode Island. Rhode Island is one of nine states which, along with the District of Columbia, do not hold school bond or tax elections. The local governments are responsible for providing buildings for public schools. This requires approval both locally and from the Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education,which ensures that all buildings are compliant with Rhode Island's strict technology standards.
Local recall rules
Recall of local elected officials is permitted in some Rhode Island municipalities.
- For additional detail, see: Laws governing recall in Rhode Island
Initiative process availability
The initiative process is available in 11 of Rhode Island's 39 charter municipalities.
| Ballot Law Portal|
|Laws Governing Ballot Measures|
Rhode Island Constitution, Article XIII grants municipalities the power to create their own charters.
Initiative process features
There is no state prescribed initiative process either for ordinances or charter amendment.
Initiative process in the 8 cities
|List of Most Populated Cities in Rhode Island|
|City||Population||City Type||Next election|
4 of the 8 cities in Rhode Island grant initiative for ordinances in their charter.
|Local I&R Laws in the 50 States|
|Source:Local Ballot Initiatives: How citizens change laws with |
clipboards, conversations, and campaigns
- Laws governing ballot measures
- Laws governing local ballot measures
- Local ballot measures, Rhode Island
- Counties in Rhode Island
- U.S. Census Bureau, "Governments--Individual State Descriptions," accessed September 29, 2012, pg. 347
- The U.S. Census Bureau's 2012 study of local governments
- GoLocalProv, "Effort Underway to Recall Providence Councilman," March 10, 2012
- Ballotpedia: Types and #'s of local government by state
- US Census Bureau "City and Town Totals: Vintage 2011 (Population figures as of 2011 Census estimates)
- US Census, Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Rhode Island: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011