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Laws governing local ballot measures in South Carolina

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Laws Governing Local Ballot Measures

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South Carolina Constitution
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IIIIIIIVVVIVIIVIIIVIII-AIXXXIXIIXIIIXIVXVXVIXVII
A guide to local ballot initiatives
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All South Carolina cities and counties have an initiative and referendum process for local ballot measures.

This article sets out the laws governing local ballot measures in South Carolina. It explains:

  • Which local units of government make the initiative process available to residents.
  • How and whether local units of government, including school districts, can refer local ballot measures (such as school bond propositions) to the ballot.

Types of local government

Local government in South Carolina consists of:

  • Counties: There are 46 counties in South Carolina. The entire state is divided into counties. None have a charter.
  • Municipalities: There are 270 cities and towns in South Carolina. There is not a significant legal difference between cities and towns. None have a charter.[1][2]

Note: The South Carolina Constitution authorizes home rule charters, but the South Carolina General Assembly has not passed the legislation required to implement the provision.[3]

  • In addition, there are 283 special districts and 83 independent school districts.[4]

School districts

See also: School bond and tax elections in South Carolina

In South Carolina, two types of elections are mandated involving school finance. South Carolina requires ballot questions to issue new bonding and to exceed the fifteen million dollar levy limit. South Carolina is one of a handful of states that expresses levy caps using the basic dollar amount formula over a lengthy mathematical formula. South Carolina runs all school bond elections as special elections regardless of the date on which the election is held.

Initiative process availability

The initiative process is mandated in all South Carolina local governments.[5]

Authority

Ballot Law Portal
Laws Governing Ballot Measures

Statutes

South Carolina Code of Laws 5-17-10 mandates the initiative process for all general law cities and 4-9-1210 provides the same for counties.

Initiative process features

The initiative and referendum process for general law cities is detailed in the South Carolina Code of Laws 5-17.[6]


Initiative process in the top 10 most populated cities

List of Most Populated Cities in South Carolina
City[7] Population City Type Next election
Columbia 130,591 General law N/A
Charleston 122,689 General law N/A
North Charleston 99,727 General law N/A
Mount Pleasant 69,357 General law N/A
Rock Hill 67,423 General law N/A
Greenville 60,379 General law N/A
Summerville 44,783 General law N/A
Sumter 40,526 General law N/A
Hilton Head Island 37,675 General law N/A
Spartanburg 37,334 General law N/A
Local I&R Laws in the 50 States
Laws governing local ballot measures in WashingtonLaws governing local ballot measures in OregonLaws governing local ballot measures in CaliforniaLaws governing local ballot measures in NevadaLaws governing local ballot measures in ArizonaLaws governing local ballot measures in AlaskaLaws governing local ballot measures in HawaiiLaws governing local ballot measures in UtahLaws governing local ballot measures in IdahoLaws governing local ballot measures in MontanaLaws governing local ballot measures in WyomingLaws governing local ballot measures in ColoradoLaws governing local ballot measures in New MexicoLaws governing local ballot measures in TexasLaws governing local ballot measures in OklahomaLaws governing local ballot measures in KansasLaws governing local ballot measures in NebraskaLaws governing local ballot measures in South DakotaLaws governing local ballot measures in North DakotaLaws governing local ballot measures in MinnesotaLaws governing local ballot measures in IowaLaws governing local ballot measures in MissouriLaws governing local ballot measures in ArkansasLaws governing local ballot measures in LouisianaLaws governing local ballot measures in MississippiLaws governing local ballot measures in TennesseeLaws governing local ballot measures in AlabamaLaws governing local ballot measures in FloridaLaws governing local ballot measures in GeorgiaLaws governing local ballot measures in South CarolinaLaws governing local ballot measures in North CarolinaLaws governing local ballot measures in KentuckyLaws governing local ballot measures in VirginiaLaws governing local ballot measures in West VirginiaLaws governing local ballot measures in WisconsinLaws governing local ballot measures in IllinoisLaws governing local ballot measures in IndianaLaws governing local ballot measures in MichiganLaws governing local ballot measures in MichiganLaws governing local ballot measures in OhioLaws governing local ballot measures in PennsylvaniaLaws governing local ballot measures in MarylandLaws governing local ballot measures in MarylandLaws governing local ballot measures in DelawareLaws governing local ballot measures in DelawareLaws governing local ballot measures in ConnecticutLaws governing local ballot measures in New JerseyLaws governing local ballot measures in New JerseyLaws governing local ballot measures in New YorkLaws governing local ballot measures in ConnecticutLaws governing local ballot measures in MassachusettsLaws governing local ballot measures in Rhode IslandLaws governing local ballot measures in MassachusettsLaws governing local ballot measures in VermontLaws governing local ballot measures in New HampshireLaws governing local ballot measures in MaineLaws governing local ballot measures in New HampshireLaws governing local ballot measures in VermontLocal I&R 50 states Map.png
Source:Local Ballot Initiatives: How citizens change laws with
clipboards, conversations, and campaigns

The top 10 most populated cities are all subject to the state set initiative process provided above.



See also

External links

References