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Laws governing local ballot measures in Virginia
- 1 Types of local government
- 2 School districts
- 3 Local recall rules
- 4 Initiative process availability
- 5 Authority
- 6 Initiative process features
- 7 Initiative process in the top 10 most populated cities
- 8 See also
- 9 External links
- 10 References
|I • II • III • IV • V • VI • VII • VIII • IX • X • XI • XII • Schedule|
|A guide to local ballot initiatives|
This article sets out the laws governing local ballot measures in Virginia. It explains:
- Which local units of government make the initiative process available to residents.
- How and whether local units of government, including school districts, can refer local ballot measures (such as school bond propositions) to the ballot.
- An overview of laws governing local recall elections.
Types of local government
Local government in Virginia consists of:
- 95 counties, of which 3 have charters.
- 229 incorporated cities and towns, all of which operate under a state granted charter.
- In addition, there are 172 special districts and 1 independent school district.
School bond and tax elections in Virginia happen under two circumstances:
- To issue new bonds.
- To extend current bonds after a eight year waiting period.
Local recall rules
Initiative process availability
The initiative process is available in the 4 of the 229 Virginia charter municipalities which have exercised their home rule authority to institute such a process. They are Hampton, Lynchburg, Norfolk, and Portsmouth
| Ballot Law Portal|
|Laws Governing Ballot Measures|
The authority to have special charters is given in the Virginia Statutes 15.2-2.
Initiative process features
The initiative process is unique to each of the 4 cities who have it. There is no statewide initiative process.
Initiative process in the top 10 most populated cities
|List of Most Populated Cities in Virginia|
|City||Population||City Type||Next election|
|Local I&R Laws in the 50 States|
|Source:Local Ballot Initiatives: How citizens change laws with |
clipboards, conversations, and campaigns
- The U.S. Census Bureau's 2012 study of local governments
- Ballotpedia: Types and #'s of local government by state
- School bond and tax elections in Virginia
- Hampton Roads, "Portsmouth City Council works around a subdued Holley", June 20, 2010
- Washington Examiner, "Voters oust Portsmouth mayor again", July 14, 2010
- Virginia cities with initiative and referendum
- Virginia Statutes 15.2-2
- US Census Bureau "City and Town Totals: Vintage 2011 (Population figures as of 2011 Census estimates)
- US Census, Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Virginia: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011