Difference between revisions of "Legislative Department, Vermont Constitution"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Text replace - "background:#FFFDD0" to "background:#F2F2F2")
m
Line 8: Line 8:
 
|  
 
|  
 
| '''Text of Section 6:'''
 
| '''Text of Section 6:'''
'''Legislative Powers'''
 
  
The Senate and the House of Representatives shall be styled, The General Assembly of the State of Vermont. Each shall have and exercise the like powers in all acts of legislation; and no bill, resolution, or other thing, which shall have been passed by the one, shall have the effect of, or be declared to be, a law, without the concurrence of the other. Provided, That all Revenue bills shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur in amendments, as on other bills. Neither House during the session of the General Assembly, shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting; and in case of disagreement between the two Houses with respect to adjournment, the Governor may adjourn them to such time as the Governor shall think proper. They may prepare bills and enact them into laws, redress grievances, grant charters of incorporation, subject to the provisions of section 69, constitute towns, boroughs, cities and counties; and they shall have all other powers necessary for the Legislature of a free and sovereign State; but they shall have no power to add to, alter, abolish, or infringe any part of this constitution.
+
The Legislative, Executive, and Judiciary departments, shall be separate and distinct, so that neither exercise the powers properly belonging to the other.<ref name="vt">[https://www.sec.state.vt.us/archives-records/state-archives/government-history/vermont-constitutions/1793-constitution.aspx ''Vermont Archives.org'', "Constitution of Vermont," accessed March 30, 2014]</ref>
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 20: Line 19:
 
|  
 
|  
 
| '''Text of Section 7:'''
 
| '''Text of Section 7:'''
'''Biennial Sessions'''
 
  
The general Assembly shall meet biennially on the first Wednesday next after the first Monday of January, beginning in A.D. 1915.
+
In order that the freemen of this State might enjoy the benefit of election as equally as may be, each town within this State, that consists, or may consist of eighty taxable inhabitants, within one septenary or seven years next after the establishing this Constitution, may hold elections therein, and choose each two Representatives; and each other inhabited town in this State, may, in like manner, choose each one Representative, to represent them in the General Assembly, during the said septenary, or seven years, and after that, each inhabited town may, in like manner hold such election, and choose each one representative, forever thereafter.<ref name="vt"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 32: Line 30:
 
|  
 
|  
 
| '''Text of Section 8:'''
 
| '''Text of Section 8:'''
'''Doors of General Assembly to Be Open'''
 
  
The doors of the House in which the General Assembly of this Commonwealth shall sit, shall be open for the admission of all persons who behave decently, except only when the welfare of the State may require them to be shut.
+
The House of Representatives of the freeman of this State, shall consist of persons most noted for wisdom and virtue, to be chosen by ballot, by the freemen of every town in this State, respectively, on the first Tuesday of September annually, forever.<ref name="vt"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 44: Line 41:
 
|  
 
|  
 
| '''Text of Section 9:'''
 
| '''Text of Section 9:'''
'''Journals; Yeas and Nays'''
 
  
The votes and proceedings of the General Assembly shall be printed (when one-third of the members of either House think it necessary) as soon as convenient after the end of the session, with the yeas and nays of the House of Representatives on any question when required by five members, and of the Senate when required by one Senator, (except where the votes shall be taken by ballot), in which case every member of either House shall have a right to insert the reasons of the member's vote upon the minutes.
+
The Representatives so chosen (a majority of whom shall constitute a quorum for transacting any other business than raising a State tax, for which two thirds of the members elected shall be present) shall meet on the second Thursday of the succeeding October, and shall be stiled The General Assembly of the State of Vermont: they shall have power to choose their Speaker, Secretary of the State, their Clerk, and other necessary officers of the House—sit on their own adjournment—prepare bills and enact them into laws—judge of the elections and qualifications of their own members: they may expel members but not for causes known to their constituents antecedent to their election: they may administer oaths or affirmations in matters depending before them—redress grievances—impeach state criminals—grant charters of incorporation—constitute towns, boroughs, cities and counties: they may annually, on their first session after their election, in conjunction with the Council (or oftener if need be) elect Judges of the Supreme and several County and Probate Courts, Sheriffs and Justices of the peace; and also, with the Council, may elect Major-Generals and Brigadier-Generals, from time to time, as often as there shall be occasion: and they shall have all other powers necessary for the Legislature of a free and sovereign State: but they shall have no power to add to, alter, abolish, or infringe any part of this Constitution.<ref name="vt"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 56: Line 52:
 
|  
 
|  
 
| '''Text of Section 10:'''
 
| '''Text of Section 10:'''
'''Style of Laws'''
 
  
The style of the laws of this State shall be, It is hereby enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Vermont.
+
The Supreme Executive Council of this State, shall consist of a Governor, Lieutenant Governor, and twelve persons, chosen in the following manner, viz. The freemen of each town shall, on the day of election for choosing Representatives to attend the General Assembly, bring in their votes for Governor, with his name fairly written, to the Constable, who shall seal them up, and write on them, Votes for the Governor, and deliver them to the Representative chosen to attend the General Assembly; and at the opening of the General Assembly, there shall be a committee appointed out of the Council and Assembly, who, after being duly sworn to the faithful discharge of their trust, shall proceed to receive, sort, and count the votes for the Governor, and declare the person who has the major part of the votes, to be Governor for the year ensuing. And if there be no choice made, then the Council and General Assembly, by their joint ballot, shall make choice of a Governor. The Lieutenant Governor and Treasurer shall be chosen in the manner above directed. And each freeman shall give in twelve votes for twelve Councillors, in the same manner, and the twelve highest in nomination shall serve for the ensuing year as Councillors.<ref name="vt"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 68: Line 63:
 
|  
 
|  
 
| '''Text of Section 11:'''
 
| '''Text of Section 11:'''
'''Governor to Approve Bills; Veto Proceedings Thereon; Nonaction'''
 
  
Every bill which shall have passed the Senate and House of Representatives shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the Governor; if the Governor approve, the Governor shall sign it; if not, the Governor shall return it, with objections in writing, to the House in which it shall have originated; which shall proceed to reconsider it. If, upon such reconsideration, two-thirds of the members present of that House shall pass the bill, it shall, together with the objections, be sent to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two-thirds of the members present of that House, it shall become a law.
+
The Governor, and in his absence the Lieutenant Governor, with the Council, (a major part of whom, including the Governor or Lieutenant Governor, shall be a quorum to transact business) shall have power to commission[ate] all Officers—and also to appoint Officers, except where provision is, or shall be otherwise made, by law, or this Frame of Government—and shall supply every vacancy in any office, occasioned by death or otherwise, until the office can be filled in the manner directed by law or this Constitution. They are to correspond with other states—transact business with officers of government civil and military—and to prepare such business as may appear to them necessary, to lay before the General Assembly. They shall sit as Judges to hear and determine on impeachments, taking to their assistance, for advice only, the Judges of the Supreme Court. And shall have power to grant pardons and remit fines, in all cases whatsoever, except in treason and murder; in which they shall have power to grant reprieves, but not to pardon, until after the end of the next session of Assembly; and except in cases of impeachment, in which there shall be no remission, or mitigation of punishment, but by act of legislation. They are also to take care that the laws be faithfully executed. They are to expedite the execution of such measures as may be resolved upon by the General Assembly. And they may draw upon the Treasury for such sums as may be appropriated by the House of Representatives. They may also lay embargoes, or prohibit the exportation of any commodity, for any time not exceeding thirty days, in the recess of the House only. They may grant such licenses as shall be directed by law; and shall have power to call together the General Assembly, when necessary, before the day to which they shall stand adjourned. The Governor shall be Captain-General and Commander in Chief of the forces of the State, but shall not command in person, except advised thereto by the Council, and then only so long as they shall approve thereof. And the Lieutenant Governor shall, by virtue of his office, be Lieutenant General of all the forces of the State. The Governor, or Lieutenant Governor, and the Council, shall meet at the time and place with the General Assembly: the Lieutenant Governor shall, during the presence of the Commander in Chief, vote and act as one of the Council: and the Governor, and in his absence the Lieutenant Governor, shall, by virtue of their offices, preside in Council, and have a casting but no other vote. Every Member of the Council shall be a Justice of the peace for the whole State, by virtue of his office. The Governor and Council shall have a Secretary, and keep fair books of their proceedings, wherein any councillor may enter his dissent, with his reasons to support it; and the Governor may appoint a Secretary for himself and his Council.<ref name="vt"/>
 
+
But, in all such cases, the votes of both Houses shall be taken by yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for or against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each House, respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the Governor, as aforesaid, within five days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to the Governor, the same shall become a law in like manner as if the Governor had signed it; unless the two Houses by their adjournment, within three days after the presentation of such bill shall prevent its return; in which case it shall not become a law.
+
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 82: Line 74:
 
|  
 
|  
 
| '''Text of Section 12:'''
 
| '''Text of Section 12:'''
'''Fees for Advocating Bills, Etc.'''
 
  
No member of the General Assembly shall, directly or indirectly, receive any fee or reward, to bring forward or advocate any bill, petition, or other business to be transacted in the Legislature; or advocate any cause, as counsel in either House of legislation, except when employed in behalf of the State.
+
The Representatives having met, and chosen their Speaker and Clerk, shall each of them, before they proceed to business, take and subscribe, as well the oath or affirmation of allegiance herein after directed (except where they shall produce certificates of their having heretofore taken and subscribed the same) as the following oath or affirmation, viz.
 +
 
 +
You do solemnly swear (or affirm) that as a Member of this Assembly, you will not propose, or assent to any bill, vote or resolution, which shall appear to you injurious to the people, nor do or consent to any act or thing whatever, that shall have a tendency to lessen or abridge their rights and priviledges, as declared by the Constitution of this State; but will, in all things, conduct yourself as a faithful, honest Representative and guardian of the people, according to the best of your judgment and abilities. (In case of an oath) So help you God. (And in case of an affirmation) under the pains and penalties of perjury.<ref name="vt"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 94: Line 87:
 
|  
 
|  
 
| '''Text of Section 13:'''
 
| '''Text of Section 13:'''
'''Representatives; Number'''
 
  
The House of Representatives shall be composed of one hundred fifty Representatives. The voters of each representative district established by law shall elect one or two Representatives from that district, the number from each district to be established by the General Assembly.
+
The doors of the House in which the General Assembly of this Commonwealth shall sit, shall be open for the admission of all persons who behave decently, except only when the welfare of the State may require them to be shut.<ref name="vt"/>
 
+
In establishing representative districts, which shall afford equality of representation, the General Assembly shall seek to maintain geographical compactness and contiguity and to adhere to boundaries of counties and other existing political subdivisions.
+
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 108: Line 98:
 
|  
 
|  
 
| '''Text of Section 14:'''
 
| '''Text of Section 14:'''
'''Powers of House'''
 
  
The Representatives so chosen (a majority of whom shall constitute a quorum for transacting any other business than raising a State tax, for which two-thirds of the members elected shall be present) shall meet as required by section 7, and shall be styled the House of Representatives: they shall have power to choose their Speaker, their Clerk and other necessary officers, sit on their own adjournment subject to the limitations of section 6, judge of the elections and qualifications of their own members; they may expel members, but not for causes known to their constituents antecedent to their election, administer oaths and affirmations in matters depending before them, and impeach state criminals.
+
The votes and proceedings of the General Assembly shall be printed (when one third of the Members think it necessary) as soon as convenient after the end of each session, with the yeas and nays on any question, when required by any Member; (except where the votes shall be taken by ballot) in which case, every Member shall have a right to insert the reasons of his vote upon the minutes.<ref name="vt"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 120: Line 109:
 
|  
 
|  
 
| '''Text of Section 15:'''
 
| '''Text of Section 15:'''
'''Residence of Representatives and Senators'''
 
  
No person shall be elected a Representative or a Senator until the person has resided in this State two years, the last year of which shall be in the legislative district for which the person is elected.
+
The stile of the laws of this State in future to be passed, shall be, It is hereby enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Vermont.<ref name="vt"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 132: Line 120:
 
|  
 
|  
 
| '''Text of Section 16:'''
 
| '''Text of Section 16:'''
'''Representatives' Oaths'''
 
  
The Representatives having met, and chosen their Speaker and Clerk, shall each of them, before they proceed to business, take and subscribe, as well the oath or affirmation of allegiance hereinafter directed (except where they shall produce certificates of their having theretofore taken and subscribed the same) as the following oath or affirmation:
+
To the end that laws, before they are enacted, may be more maturely considered, and the inconvenience of hasty determinations as much as possible prevented, all bills which originate in the Assembly, shall be laid before the Governor and Council for their revision and concurrence, or proposals of amendment; who shall return the same to the Assembly, with their proposals of amendment, if any, in writing; and if the same are not agreed to by the Assembly, it shall be in the power of the Governor and Council to suspend the passing of such bills until the next session of the Legislature. Provided, that if the Governor and Council shall neglect or refuse to return any such bill to the Assembly, with written proposals of amendment, within five days, or before the rising of the Legislature, the same shall become a law.<ref name="vt"/>
 
+
You do solemnly swear (or affirm) that as a member of this Assembly, you will not propose, or assent to, any bill, vote or resolution, which shall appear to you injurious to the people, nor do nor consent to any act or thing whatever, that shall have a tendency to lessen or abridge their rights and privileges, as declared by the Constitution of this State; but will, in all things, conduct yourself as a faithful, honest Representative and guardian of the people, according to the best of your judgment and ability. (In case of an oath) So help you God. (Or in case of an affirmation) Under the pains and penalties of perjury.
+
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 146: Line 131:
 
|  
 
|  
 
| '''Text of Section 17:'''
 
| '''Text of Section 17:'''
'''Oath of Senators and Representatives'''
 
  
The Representatives having met on the day appointed by law for the commencement of a biennial session of the General Assembly, and chosen their Speaker, and the Senators having met, shall, before they proceed to business, take and subscribe the following oath, in addition to the oath prescribed in the foregoing section:
+
No money shall be drawn out of the Treasury, unless first appropriated by act of Legislation.<ref name="vt"/>
 
+
You do solemnly swear (or affirm) that you did not at the time of your election to this body, and that you do not now, hold any office of profit or trust under the authority of Congress. So help you God. (Or in case of an affirmation) Under the pains and penalties of perjury. The words "office of profit or trust under the authority of Congress" shall be construed to mean any office created directly or indirectly by Congress, and for which emolument is provided from the Treasury of the United States, other than that of a member of the commissioned or enlisted personnel in the reserve components of the armed forces of the United States while not on extended active duty.
+
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 160: Line 142:
 
|  
 
|  
 
| '''Text of Section 18:'''
 
| '''Text of Section 18:'''
'''Senators; Numbers; Qualifications'''
 
  
The Senate shall be composed of thirty Senators to be of the senatorial district from which they are elected. The voters of each senatorial district established by law shall elect one or more Senators from that district, the number from each district to be established by the General Assembly.
+
No person shall be elected a Representative, until he has resided two years in this State: the last of which shall be in the town for which he is elected.<ref name="vt"/>
 
+
In establishing senatorial districts, which shall afford equality of representation, the General Assembly shall seek to maintain geographical compactness and contiguity and to adhere to boundaries of counties and other existing political subdivisions.
+
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 174: Line 153:
 
|  
 
|  
 
| '''Text of Section 19:'''
 
| '''Text of Section 19:'''
'''Powers of Senate; Lieutenant-Governor's Duties'''
 
  
The Senate shall have the like powers to decide on the election and qualifications of, and to expel any of, its members, make its own rules, and appoint its own officers, as are incident to, or are possessed by, the House of Representatives. A majority shall constitute a quorum. The Lieutenant-Governor shall be President of the Senate, except when exercising the office of Governor, or when the office of the Lieutenant-Governor shall be vacant, or in the absence of the Lieutenant-Governor, in which cases the Senate shall appoint one of its own members to be President of the Senate, pro tempore. And the President of the Senate shall have a casting vote, but no other.
+
No member of the Council or House of Representatives, shall, directly or indirectly, receive any fee or reward, to bring forward, or advocate any bill, petition, or other business, to be transacted in the Legislature; or advocate any cause, as Council, in either House of Legislation, except when employed in behalf of the State.<ref name="vt"/>
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
==See also==
 +
[[File:StateConstitutions Ballotpedia.jpg|right|175px]]
 +
* [[State constitution]]
 +
* [[Constitutional article]]
 +
* [[Constitutional amendment]]
 +
* [[Constitutional revision]]
 +
* [[Constitutional convention]]
 +
* [[Amendment|Amendments]]
 +
** [[Initiated constitutional amendment]]
 +
** [[Legislatively-referred constitutional amendment]]
 +
** [[Publication requirements for proposed state constitutional amendments]]
 +
** [[Rules about constitutional conventions in state constitutions]]
 +
** [[State constitutional articles governing state legislatures]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
[http://www.usconstitution.net/vtconst.html# Vermont Constitution]
+
{{submit a link}}
==Navigation==
+
* [https://www.sec.state.vt.us/archives-records/state-archives/government-history/vermont-constitutions/1793-constitution.aspx ''Vermont Archives.org'', "Constitution of Vermont"]
 +
* [http://vermont-archives.org/govhistory/constitut/con77.htm ''Vermont Archives.org'', "Vermont Republic Constitution, 1777"]
 +
* [http://vermont-archives.org/govhistory/constitut/con86.htm ''Vermont Archives.org'', "1786 Constitution"]
 +
* [http://vermont-archives.org/govhistory/constitut/con93.htm ''Vermont Archives.org'', "1793 Constitution"]
 +
 
 +
==Additional reading==
 +
* [http://www.amazon.com/Vermont-Constitution-Oxford-Commentaries-Constitutions/dp/0199779023 Hill, William C. (2011). ''The Vermont State Constitution'', New York, New York: Oxford University Press]
 +
* [http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=j2neF91PyB8C&oi=fnd&pg=PR11&dq=%22vermont+constitution%22&ots=ztDHbrEPHA&sig=12wnPu-MzkjrrGRQBFo4SvWE88w#v=onepage&q=&f=false Hill, William C. (1992). ''The Vermont State Constitution: A Reference Guide'', Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing]
 +
* [http://historicsites.vermont.gov/directory/old_constitution/books ''Vermont.gov'', "Old Constitution Books"]
 +
* [http://www.sec.state.vt.us/kids/publications.html ''Vermont SOS'', "Publications"]
 +
* [http://middarchive.middlebury.edu/cdm/search/collection/vtbookspamp ''Digital Collections at Middlebury College'', "Vermont Constitutions"]
 +
 
 +
==References==
 +
{{reflist}}
 
{{Vermont Constitution}}
 
{{Vermont Constitution}}
 +
{{State constitutions}}
 +
{{Vermont}}

Revision as of 12:42, 11 April 2014

Vermont Constitution
Seal of Vermont.png
Chapter I
Chapter II
Powers
Legislative
Executive
Judiciary
Voter Qualifications
Elections
Oath
Impeachment
Militia
Provisions
Amending
Schedule
The Legislative Department part of the Vermont Constitution contains 14 sections.

Section 6

Text of Section 6:

The Legislative, Executive, and Judiciary departments, shall be separate and distinct, so that neither exercise the powers properly belonging to the other.[1]

Section 7

Text of Section 7:

In order that the freemen of this State might enjoy the benefit of election as equally as may be, each town within this State, that consists, or may consist of eighty taxable inhabitants, within one septenary or seven years next after the establishing this Constitution, may hold elections therein, and choose each two Representatives; and each other inhabited town in this State, may, in like manner, choose each one Representative, to represent them in the General Assembly, during the said septenary, or seven years, and after that, each inhabited town may, in like manner hold such election, and choose each one representative, forever thereafter.[1]

Section 8

Text of Section 8:

The House of Representatives of the freeman of this State, shall consist of persons most noted for wisdom and virtue, to be chosen by ballot, by the freemen of every town in this State, respectively, on the first Tuesday of September annually, forever.[1]

Section 9

Text of Section 9:

The Representatives so chosen (a majority of whom shall constitute a quorum for transacting any other business than raising a State tax, for which two thirds of the members elected shall be present) shall meet on the second Thursday of the succeeding October, and shall be stiled The General Assembly of the State of Vermont: they shall have power to choose their Speaker, Secretary of the State, their Clerk, and other necessary officers of the House—sit on their own adjournment—prepare bills and enact them into laws—judge of the elections and qualifications of their own members: they may expel members but not for causes known to their constituents antecedent to their election: they may administer oaths or affirmations in matters depending before them—redress grievances—impeach state criminals—grant charters of incorporation—constitute towns, boroughs, cities and counties: they may annually, on their first session after their election, in conjunction with the Council (or oftener if need be) elect Judges of the Supreme and several County and Probate Courts, Sheriffs and Justices of the peace; and also, with the Council, may elect Major-Generals and Brigadier-Generals, from time to time, as often as there shall be occasion: and they shall have all other powers necessary for the Legislature of a free and sovereign State: but they shall have no power to add to, alter, abolish, or infringe any part of this Constitution.[1]

Section 10

Text of Section 10:

The Supreme Executive Council of this State, shall consist of a Governor, Lieutenant Governor, and twelve persons, chosen in the following manner, viz. The freemen of each town shall, on the day of election for choosing Representatives to attend the General Assembly, bring in their votes for Governor, with his name fairly written, to the Constable, who shall seal them up, and write on them, Votes for the Governor, and deliver them to the Representative chosen to attend the General Assembly; and at the opening of the General Assembly, there shall be a committee appointed out of the Council and Assembly, who, after being duly sworn to the faithful discharge of their trust, shall proceed to receive, sort, and count the votes for the Governor, and declare the person who has the major part of the votes, to be Governor for the year ensuing. And if there be no choice made, then the Council and General Assembly, by their joint ballot, shall make choice of a Governor. The Lieutenant Governor and Treasurer shall be chosen in the manner above directed. And each freeman shall give in twelve votes for twelve Councillors, in the same manner, and the twelve highest in nomination shall serve for the ensuing year as Councillors.[1]

Section 11

Text of Section 11:

The Governor, and in his absence the Lieutenant Governor, with the Council, (a major part of whom, including the Governor or Lieutenant Governor, shall be a quorum to transact business) shall have power to commission[ate] all Officers—and also to appoint Officers, except where provision is, or shall be otherwise made, by law, or this Frame of Government—and shall supply every vacancy in any office, occasioned by death or otherwise, until the office can be filled in the manner directed by law or this Constitution. They are to correspond with other states—transact business with officers of government civil and military—and to prepare such business as may appear to them necessary, to lay before the General Assembly. They shall sit as Judges to hear and determine on impeachments, taking to their assistance, for advice only, the Judges of the Supreme Court. And shall have power to grant pardons and remit fines, in all cases whatsoever, except in treason and murder; in which they shall have power to grant reprieves, but not to pardon, until after the end of the next session of Assembly; and except in cases of impeachment, in which there shall be no remission, or mitigation of punishment, but by act of legislation. They are also to take care that the laws be faithfully executed. They are to expedite the execution of such measures as may be resolved upon by the General Assembly. And they may draw upon the Treasury for such sums as may be appropriated by the House of Representatives. They may also lay embargoes, or prohibit the exportation of any commodity, for any time not exceeding thirty days, in the recess of the House only. They may grant such licenses as shall be directed by law; and shall have power to call together the General Assembly, when necessary, before the day to which they shall stand adjourned. The Governor shall be Captain-General and Commander in Chief of the forces of the State, but shall not command in person, except advised thereto by the Council, and then only so long as they shall approve thereof. And the Lieutenant Governor shall, by virtue of his office, be Lieutenant General of all the forces of the State. The Governor, or Lieutenant Governor, and the Council, shall meet at the time and place with the General Assembly: the Lieutenant Governor shall, during the presence of the Commander in Chief, vote and act as one of the Council: and the Governor, and in his absence the Lieutenant Governor, shall, by virtue of their offices, preside in Council, and have a casting but no other vote. Every Member of the Council shall be a Justice of the peace for the whole State, by virtue of his office. The Governor and Council shall have a Secretary, and keep fair books of their proceedings, wherein any councillor may enter his dissent, with his reasons to support it; and the Governor may appoint a Secretary for himself and his Council.[1]

Section 12

Text of Section 12:

The Representatives having met, and chosen their Speaker and Clerk, shall each of them, before they proceed to business, take and subscribe, as well the oath or affirmation of allegiance herein after directed (except where they shall produce certificates of their having heretofore taken and subscribed the same) as the following oath or affirmation, viz.

You do solemnly swear (or affirm) that as a Member of this Assembly, you will not propose, or assent to any bill, vote or resolution, which shall appear to you injurious to the people, nor do or consent to any act or thing whatever, that shall have a tendency to lessen or abridge their rights and priviledges, as declared by the Constitution of this State; but will, in all things, conduct yourself as a faithful, honest Representative and guardian of the people, according to the best of your judgment and abilities. (In case of an oath) So help you God. (And in case of an affirmation) under the pains and penalties of perjury.[1]

Section 13

Text of Section 13:

The doors of the House in which the General Assembly of this Commonwealth shall sit, shall be open for the admission of all persons who behave decently, except only when the welfare of the State may require them to be shut.[1]

Section 14

Text of Section 14:

The votes and proceedings of the General Assembly shall be printed (when one third of the Members think it necessary) as soon as convenient after the end of each session, with the yeas and nays on any question, when required by any Member; (except where the votes shall be taken by ballot) in which case, every Member shall have a right to insert the reasons of his vote upon the minutes.[1]

Section 15

Text of Section 15:

The stile of the laws of this State in future to be passed, shall be, It is hereby enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Vermont.[1]

Section 16

Text of Section 16:

To the end that laws, before they are enacted, may be more maturely considered, and the inconvenience of hasty determinations as much as possible prevented, all bills which originate in the Assembly, shall be laid before the Governor and Council for their revision and concurrence, or proposals of amendment; who shall return the same to the Assembly, with their proposals of amendment, if any, in writing; and if the same are not agreed to by the Assembly, it shall be in the power of the Governor and Council to suspend the passing of such bills until the next session of the Legislature. Provided, that if the Governor and Council shall neglect or refuse to return any such bill to the Assembly, with written proposals of amendment, within five days, or before the rising of the Legislature, the same shall become a law.[1]

Section 17

Text of Section 17:

No money shall be drawn out of the Treasury, unless first appropriated by act of Legislation.[1]

Section 18

Text of Section 18:

No person shall be elected a Representative, until he has resided two years in this State: the last of which shall be in the town for which he is elected.[1]

Section 19

Text of Section 19:

No member of the Council or House of Representatives, shall, directly or indirectly, receive any fee or reward, to bring forward, or advocate any bill, petition, or other business, to be transacted in the Legislature; or advocate any cause, as Council, in either House of Legislation, except when employed in behalf of the State.[1]

See also

StateConstitutions Ballotpedia.jpg

External links

BallotpediaAvatar bigger.png
Suggest a link

Additional reading

References