Difference between revisions of "Leonard Lance"

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|First elected = November 4, 2008
|First elected = November 4, 2008
|Term limits = N/A
|Term limits = N/A
|Next primary = June 3, 2014
|Next primary =  
|Next election = [[New Jersey's 7th Congressional District elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
|Next election = [[New Jersey's 7th Congressional District elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
|Campaign $=4,003,579
|Campaign $=4,003,579

Revision as of 19:40, 3 June 2014

Leonard Lance
Leonard Lance.jpg
U.S. House, New Jersey, District 7
In office
January 3, 2009-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 6
PredecessorMike Ferguson (R)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
First electedNovember 4, 2008
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$4,003,579
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
New Jersey State Senate
New Jersey General Assembly
Bachelor'sLehigh University
Master'sPrinceton University
J.D.Vanderbilt University
Date of birthJune 25, 1952
Place of birthEaston, Pennsylvania
Net worth$2,946,508.50
ReligionRoman Catholic
Office website
Campaign website
Leonard Lance (b. June 25, 1952, in Easton, Pennsylvania) is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from New Jersey. Lance was elected by voters from New Jersey's 7th Congressional District. He ran for re-election in 2012 and won.[1]

Lance was a 2014 Republican candidate seeking re-election to the U.S. House to represent the 7th Congressional District of New Jersey.[2]

Lance previously served in the New Jersey General Assembly and the New Jersey State Senate.[3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Lance is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.


Lance was born in Easton, Pennsylvania. He earned a B.A. from Lehigh University in 1970, a J.D. from Vanderbilt University in 1974 and an M.P.A. from Princeton University in 1982.[4]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Lance's academic, professional and political career:[3]

Committee assignments

U.S. House


Lance serves on the following committees:[5]


Lance served on the following committees:[6]


Legislative actions

113th Congress


The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[8] For more information pertaining to Lance's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security


Voted "Yes" Lance supported HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[10]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "Yes" Lance supported HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[10]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "No" Lance opposed House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[10]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Lance supported HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[11] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[10]


Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013#Government Shutdown and Default Prevention Act

Voted "Yes" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[12] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[13] Lance voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[12]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[14] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Lance voted for HR 2775.[15]

Lance formally requested on October 1, 2013, that his pay be suspended until a new spending bill had been passed.[16]

Farm Bill
See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Voted "Yes" Lance supported the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[17] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[18]


Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "Yes" Lance supported House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[19] The vote largely followed party lines.[20]


In August 2013, Lance toured the border with other congress members to hear some of the challenges faced by U.S. Border Patrol and get a first-hand look at the situation. They toured areas south of San Diego, Tucson and along the Rio Grande. Lance said, "We saw a dead body floating in the river. And let me tell you, this was not done for effect." The body was likely a victim of drug cartel-related violence, a problem related to border security challenges. Proponents of increased border security maintain that, if the borders were made more secure, it would be harder for the cartels to smuggle in drugs, which would weaken the cartels. Lance's trip also stressed the importance of using other security measures in addition to fences. Lance supports Texas Republican Representative Michael McCaul's measure that lays out a plan for securing the border and requires the Department of Homeland Security to report metrics to Congress. The bill has already passed the House Homeland Security Committee unanimously.[21]


Repealing Obamacare

Voted "Yes" Lance supported all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[22]

Social issues


Voted "Yes" Lance supported HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[23]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Lance voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[24]

Presidential preference


See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Leonard Lance endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [25]



See also: New Jersey's 7th Congressional District elections, 2014

Lance ran in the 2014 election for the U.S. House to represent New Jersey's 7th District. Lance sought the Republican nomination in the primary on June 3, 2014. The general election took place November 4, 2014.


See also: New Jersey's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012

Lance ran for re-election in 2012.[26] He defeated David Larsen in the June 5 Republican primary and faced Democrat Upendra Chivukula in the November general election.[27]

In a rematch of the 2010 primary, David Larsen challenged incumbent Lance. In 2010, Larsen received 31 percent of the vote, and Lance received 55 percent.[28][29][30]

Larsen considered his chances better this time, with the redrawn 7th District including a large number of conservative voters.[31][28] There was also less primary competition in 2012, with just Lance and Larsen running for the Republican nomination.[31][32]

U.S. House, New Jersey District 7 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Upendra Chivukula 40% 123,057
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngLeonard Lance Incumbent 57.2% 175,662
     Libertarian Patrick McKnight 1.3% 4,078
     Independent Dennis Breen 1.5% 4,518
Total Votes 307,315
Source: New Jersey Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
New Jersey's 7th Congressional District Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngLeonard Lance Incumbent 60.6% 23,432
David Larsen 39.4% 15,253
Total Votes 38,685


Larsen ran as a more conservative candidate than Lance, saying Lance was one of the politicians who "call themselves conservatives, but support the Obama agenda." In response, Lance highlighted his conservative votes, including those against Obamacare.[28]


Lance was endorsed by New Jersey Governor Chris Christie.[28]

Campaign funding

Lance vastly outraised Larsen, with over $651,228 raised compared to Larsen's $15,387.[28]

Full history

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Lance is available dating back to 2008. Based on available campaign finance records, Lance raised a total of $4,003,579 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 23, 2013.[35]

Leonard Lance's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (New Jersey, District 7) Won $1,321,361
2010 US House (New Jersey, District 7) Won $1,341,109
2008 US House (New Jersey, District 7) Won $1,341,109
Grand Total Raised $4,003,579


Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Lance's reports.[36]


Breakdown of the source of Lance's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Lance won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Lance's campaign committee raised a total of $1,321,362 and spent $1,334,015.[46]

Cost per vote

Lance spent $7.59 per vote received in 2012.


Breakdown of the source of Lance's campaign funds before the 2010 election.
Lance was re-elected to the U.S. House in 2010 for a second term. His campaign committee raised a total of $1,341,109 and spent $1,197,141.[47]


Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[48]

Lance most often votes with:

Lance least often votes with:

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Lance is a "rank-and-file Republican," as of June 19, 2013.[49]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Lance missed 2 of 3,353 roll call votes from January 2009 to April 2013. This amounts to .1%, which is better than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.[49]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Lance paid his congressional staff a total of $853,324 in 2011. Overall, New Jersey ranks 42nd in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[50]

Net worth

See also: Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Lance's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,862,017 and $4,031,000. That averages to $2,946,508.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Lance ranked as the 110th most wealthy representative in 2012.[51]

Frank LoBiondo Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings


Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Lance tied with two other members of the U.S. House of Representatives, ranking 175th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.[52]


Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Lance ranked 191st in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.[53]

Voting with party


Lance voted with the Republican Party 91.4% of the time, which ranked 208th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[54]


Lance is married to Heidi A. Rohrbach and they have a son, Peter Frank. The Lances reside in Clinton Township, Hunterdon County.[3]

Recent news

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See also

External links

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  1. Politico, "2012 House Race Results," accessed November 6, 2012
  2. New Jersey Department of State, "Candidates for House of Representatives," accessed March 31, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Congressman Leonard Lance, Proudly Serving New Jersey's 7th District, "Biography"
  4. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "LANCE, Leonard, (1952 - )"
  5. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  6. Leonard Lance, U.S. Congress, New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District, "About"
  7. House Energy & Commerce Committee, "Subcommittees"
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Leonard Lance's Voting Records on National Security," accessed September 30, 2013
  11. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  12. 12.0 12.1 Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  13. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  14. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  15. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  16. Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
  17. Project Vote Smart, "Lance on agriculture," accessed September 30, 2013
  18. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  19. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  20. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Lance's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed September 30, 2013
  21. NJ.com, "Immigration reform: Lance sees dead body, says border fence not nearly enough," accessed August 20, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Leonard Lance's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed September 30, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "Lance on abortion," accessed September 30, 2013
  24. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  25. The Hill, "2012 GOP Lawmaker Endorsements for President," accessed December 22, 2011
  26. New Jersey Star-Ledger, "Ed Potosnak no longer challenging Leonard Lance as congressional candidate," accessed January 16, 2012
  27. WYNC, "Live! NJ Election Results," accessed June 5, 2012
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 28.3 28.4 New Jersey Spotlight, "U.S.Congressional District: 7," accessed May 22, 2012
  29. New Jersey Star-Ledger, "David Larsen of Tewksbury challenging Rep. Leonard Lance for seat in Congress," accessed January 5, 2012
  30. NJPR, "Experts on NJ Redistricting," accessed October 8
  31. 31.0 31.1 Examiner, "David Larsen announces new NJ-7 Congress run," accessed February 24, 2012
  32. New Jersey Secretary of State, "2012 Primary Results"
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Leonard Lance," accessed April 23, 2013
  36. Federal Election Commission, "Lance 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 23, 2013
  37. FEC, "April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  38. FEC, "July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  39. FEC, "October Quarterly," accessed October 25, 2013
  40. FEC, "Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 12, 2014
  41. FEC, "April Quarterly," accessed April 30, 2014
  42. FEC, "Pre-Primary," accessed October 23, 2014
  43. FEC, "July Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  44. FEC, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  45. FEC, "Pre-General," accessed October 23, 2014
  46. Open Secrets, "Leonard Lance 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 26, 2013
  47. Open Secrets, "Leonard Lance 2010 Election Data," accessed November 29, 2011
  48. OpenCongress, "Leonard Lance," accessed August 6, 2013
  49. 49.0 49.1 GovTrack, "Leonard Lance," accessed June 19, 2013
  50. LegiStorm, "Leonard Lance," accessed October 2, 2012
  51. Open Secrets, "Leonard Lance (R-NJ), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  52. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 6, 2013
  53. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  54. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Mike Ferguson
U.S. House of Representatives - New Jersey, District 7
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Jack Ascherl
New Jersey State Senate - New Jersey, District 23
Succeeded by
Marcia Karrow
Preceded by
C. Richard Kamin
New Jersey General Assembly - New Jersey, District 23
Succeeded by
Michael Doherty