Difference between revisions of "Lieutenant Governor"

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{{GovLgov}}In the United States, the office of '''Lieutenant Governor''' is the second-highest executive office in a state and is nominally subordinate to the Governor. In the U.S. the main duty of the Lieutenant Governor is to act as [[Governor]] should the Governor be temporarily absent from the office. In addition, the Lieutenant Governor generally succeeds a Governor who dies, resigns, or is removed in trial by the legislative branch. In most states, the Lieutenant Governor then becomes Governor, with the title and its associated salary, office, and privileges. In a few states, like [[Massachusetts]], the Lieutenant Governor instead becomes "Acting Governor" until the next election.  
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{{tnr}}In the United States, the office of '''Lieutenant Governor''' is the second-highest executive office in a state and is nominally subordinate to the Governor. In the U.S. the main duty of the Lieutenant Governor is to act as [[Governor]] should the Governor be temporarily absent from the office. In addition, the Lieutenant Governor generally succeeds a Governor who dies, resigns, or is removed in trial by the legislative branch. In most states, the Lieutenant Governor then becomes Governor, with the title and its associated salary, office, and privileges. In a few states, like [[Massachusetts]], the Lieutenant Governor instead becomes "Acting Governor" until the next election.  
  
Other than this primary constitutional duty, most state constitutions do not prescribe the duties of the Lieutenant Governor in detail. Please see the [[Ballotpedia]] articles pertaining to specific states for more details on the influence of lieutenant governors on [[initiative]] and [[referendum]].
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Other than this primary constitutional duty, most state constitutions do not prescribe the duties of the Lieutenant Governor in detail.  
  
In [[Alaska]], [[Hawaii]] and [[Utah]], the position of Lieutenant Governor is equivalent to that of [[Secretary of State]].  
+
In [[Alaska]], [[Hawaii]] and [[Utah]], the position of Lieutenant Governor is equivalent to that of [[Secretary of State]].
  
==''Ex officio'' lieutenant governors==
+
Five states, however, do not have a Lieutenant Governor position. Those states include: [[Lieutenant Governor of Maine|Maine]], [[Arizona Lieutenant Governor|Arizona]], [[Wyoming Lieutenant Governor|Wyoming]], [[New Hampshire Lieutenant Governor|New Hampshire]], and [[Lieutenant Governor of Oregon|Oregon]].
  
Five states do not have a Lieutenant Governor.  In these states, it is the [[Attorney General]], the [[Secretary of State]], or the [[President of the Senate]] who is the first in the line of succession to the governor's seat and is the official tasked with many duties normally associated with the Lt. Governor.
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==Political parties==
 +
The chart below is a breakdown of the political parties pertaining to the state executive office of governor. For other state executive office, [[State executive offices|click here.]]
  
===States with an Attorney General serving as ''ex officio'' Lt. Gov.===
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{|class="wikitable" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" border="1" style="background:none" style="width:60%;"
 +
|-
 +
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Office
 +
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | {{bluedot}} Democratic
 +
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | {{reddot}} Republican
 +
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | {{greydot}} Independent
 +
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Nonpartisan
 +
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Total seats
  
{|
+
|-
|width="150px"|
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| [[Lieutenant Governor|Lt. Governor]]
[[Lieutenant Governor of Maine|Maine]]<br>
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| align="center" |15
 +
| align="center" |30
 +
| align="center" |0
 +
| align="center" |0
 +
| align="center"|45
 +
 
|}
 
|}
 +
<small>''(Updated August 10, 2011)''</small>
  
===States with a Secretary of State serving as ''ex officio'' Lt. Gov.===
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==Elected or appointed==
 +
[[File:LtGovElected.png|thumb|right|320px|43 states directly elect Lt. Governors. Only two states - Tennessee and West Virginia - do not.]]
 +
Only two states do not have direct elections for lieutenant governor - Tennessee and West Virginia. In both states, whomever is elected the President of the State Senate is the de facto Lieutenant Governor. In Tennessee, the full title of this individual is, "Lieutenant Governor and Speaker of the Senate." In West Virginia, recent legislation allows the Senate President to use the title, "Lieutenant Governor." Prior to that change, West Virginia did not have a lieutenant governor.  
  
{|
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'''Of the 43 states that elect lieutenant governors, there are three methods by which officeholders are chosen:'''
|width="150px"|
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* on a single ticket in both the primary and general elections (20 states)
[[Arizona Lieutenant Governor|Arizona]]<br>
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** [[Lieutenant Governor of Colorado|Colorado]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut|Connecticut]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Florida|Florida]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii|Hawaii]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Indiana|Indiana]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Iowa|Iowa]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Kansas|Kansas]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky|Kentucky]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Maryland|Maryland]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Michigan|Michigan]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota|Minnesota]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Montana|Montana]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Nebraska|Nebraska]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey|New Jersey]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico|New Mexico]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of North Dakota|North Dakota]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Ohio|Ohio]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of South Dakota|South Dakota]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Utah|Utah]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin|Wisconsin]] •
[[Wyoming Lieutenant Governor|Wyoming]]<br>
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* separately in the primary election; for the general election each party's ticket for Governor and Lt. Governor is made up of the highest vote getters in the separate primary elections (6 states)
|}
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**[[Lieutenant Governor of Alaska|Alaska]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Illinois|Illinois]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana|Louisiana]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts|Massachusetts]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of New York|New York]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania]] •
 +
* entirely separate elections for governor and lt. governor (17 states)
 +
**[[Lieutenant Governor of Alabama|Alabama]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas|Arkansas]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of California|California]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Delaware|Delaware]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Georgia|Georgia]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Idaho|Idaho]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi|Mississippi]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Missouri|Missouri]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Nevada|Nevada]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina|North Carolina]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma|Oklahoma]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island|Rhode Island]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina|South Carolina]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Texas|Texas]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Vermont|Vermont]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Virginia|Virginia]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Washington|Washington]]
  
===States with a Senate President serving as ''ex officio'' Lt. Gov.===
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===2010 elections===
 +
:: ''Main article: [[Lieutenant Governor elections, 2010]]''
  
{|
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31 states elected [[Lieutenant Governor|lieutenant governors]] in November 2010, a lower number than the record 37 [[Gubernatorial elections, 2010|gubernatorial races]] held that year due to the fact that five U.S. States don' t have an office of the lieutenant governor and that one state, [[Tennessee]], automatically makes its Senate President Pro Tem into the Lieutenant Governor.
|width="150px"|
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[[New Hampshire Lieutenant Governor|New Hampshire]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Oregon|Oregon]]<br>
+
|}
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==Appointed lieutenant governors==
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Ultimately, 21 of those 31 races would go to the GOP in what turned in to a wave election for the party.  15 races were on a shared ticket with the governor, five were on a semi-shared ticket - that is, the candidates ran separately in the primary and jointly in the general, and 11 were entirely separate elections.
  
Additionally, two states do not have direct election of Lieutenant Governors.  In [[Tennessee Lieutenant Governor|Tennessee]] and [[Lieutenant Governor of West Virginia|West Virginia]] the State Senate elects one of its own members to serve as Lt. Governor.
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Because 11 of the 17 states that conduct entirely separate elections for the governor and the lieutenant governor were on the 2010 slate, the possibility on increasing the number of split tickets in the nation's executives existed.  In the end, that happened in both [[Arkansas]], with a Democratic governor and a Republican lieutenant governor, and in [[Rhode Island]], with an Independent governor and a Democratic governor. Those two states now join [[Missouri]] and [[Montana]] as being governed by two parties in the executive.
  
In both states, whomever is elected the President of the State Senate is the ''de facto'' Lieutenant Governor.  In Tennessee, the full title of this individual is, "Lieutenant Governor and Speaker of the Senate." In West Virginia, recent legislation allows the Senate President to use the title, "Lieutenant Governor."  Prior to that change, West Virginia had no lieutenant governor.
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===2011 elections===
 +
:: ''Main article: [[Lieutenant Governor elections, 2011]]''
  
==Election of lieutenant governors==
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Three states, [[Kentucky]], [[Louisiana]], and [[Mississippi]], have scheduled lieutenant gubernatorial elections in the 2011 electoral cycle.
Among the 43 states with elected lieutenant governors, there are three methods by which officeholders are chosen.
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20 states elect the governor and lieutenant governor on a single ticket in both the primary and general elections, similarly to a presidential election ticket. These 20 states are:
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Additionally, [[West Virginia]] is holding a special election following a court order.  However, as the Lieutenant Governor of West Virginia is a title accorded to the legislator elected as Senate President, their 2011 election will not actually include a ballot line for the lieutenant governor.
  
{|
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==Officeholders==
|width="150px"|
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Colorado|Colorado]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut|Connecticut]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Florida|Florida]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii|Hawaii]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Indiana|Indiana]]<br>
+
|width="150px"|
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Iowa|Iowa]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Kansas|Kansas]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky|Kentucky]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Maryland|Maryland]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Michigan|Michigan]]<br>
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|width="150px"|
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota|Minnesota]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Montana|Montana]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Nebraska|Nebraska]]<br>
+
[[Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey|New Jersey]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico|New Mexico]]<br>
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|width="150px"|
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[[Lieutenant Governor of North Dakota|North Dakota]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Ohio|Ohio]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of South Dakota|South Dakota]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Utah|Utah]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin|Wisconsin]]<br>
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|}
+
 
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* Montana does allow a bipartisan ticket, where members of two parties agree to run together.  The current Governor and Lt. Governor of Montana represent separate parties.
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6 states allow gubernatorial and lieutenant gubernatorial candidates to campaign separately in the primary election.  In the general election in these states, each party's ticket for Governor and Lt. Governor is made up of the highest vote getters in the separate primary elections.  These 6 states are:
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{|
+
|width="150px"|
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Alaska|Alaska]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Illinois|Illinois]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana|Louisiana]]<br>
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|width="150px"|
+
[[Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts|Massachusetts]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of New York|New York]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania]]<br>
+
|}
+
 
+
Lastly, 17 states hold entirely separate elections for governor and lt. governor.  In these 17 states, it is possible to have a partisan split among the sitting goveror and lt. governor:
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{|
+
|width="150px"|
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Alabama|Alabama]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas|Arkansas]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of California|California]]<br>
+
[[Lieutenant Governor of Delaware|Delaware]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Georgia|Georgia]]<br>
+
|width="150px"|
+
[[Lieutenant Governor of Idaho|Idaho]]<br>
+
[[Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi|Mississippi]]<br>
+
[[Lieutenant Governor of Missouri|Missouri]]<br>
+
[[Lieutenant Governor of Nevada|Nevada]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina|North Carolina]]<br>
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|width="150px"|
+
[[Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma|Oklahoma]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island|Rhode Island]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina|South Carolina]]<br>
+
[[Lieutenant Governor of Texas|Texas]]<br>
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[[Lieutenant Governor of Vermont|Vermont]]<br>
+
|width="150px"|
+
[[Lieutenant Governor of Virginia|Virginia]]<br>
+
[[Lieutenant Governor of Washington|Washington]]<br>
+
|}
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+
==Current Lieutenant Governors==
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[[File:United States Lieutenant Governors map.svg.png|thumb|250px|Party control of Lt. Gov. offices]]
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{|
 
{|
 
|width="150px"|
 
|width="150px"|
Line 158: Line 104:
 
[[Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island|RI]]: [[Elizabeth H. Roberts]]<br>
 
[[Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island|RI]]: [[Elizabeth H. Roberts]]<br>
 
[[Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina|SC]]: [[James Ken Ard]]
 
[[Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina|SC]]: [[James Ken Ard]]
|width="150px"|
+
|width="180px"|
 
[[Lieutenant Governor of South Dakota|SD]]: [[Matthew Michels]]<br>
 
[[Lieutenant Governor of South Dakota|SD]]: [[Matthew Michels]]<br>
 
[[Tennessee Lieutenant Governor|TN]]: [[Ron Ramsey]]<br>
 
[[Tennessee Lieutenant Governor|TN]]: [[Ron Ramsey]]<br>
Line 166: Line 112:
 
[[Lieutenant Governor of Virginia|VA]]: [[Bill Bolling]]<br>
 
[[Lieutenant Governor of Virginia|VA]]: [[Bill Bolling]]<br>
 
[[Lieutenant Governor of Washington|WA]]: [[Brad Owen]]<br>
 
[[Lieutenant Governor of Washington|WA]]: [[Brad Owen]]<br>
[[Lieutenant Governor of West Virginia|WV]]: ''No office''<br>
+
[[Lieutenant Governor of West Virginia|WV]]: ''Vacant<br>(Temp:[[Richard Thompson]])''<br>
 
[[Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin|WI]]: [[Rebecca Kleefisch]]<br>
 
[[Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin|WI]]: [[Rebecca Kleefisch]]<br>
 
[[Wyoming Lieutenant Governor|WY]]: ''No office''
 
[[Wyoming Lieutenant Governor|WY]]: ''No office''
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
==See also==
 +
* [[State executive offices]]
 +
* [[:Category:State executive official elections|State executive official elections]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 
  
 
* [http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.b14a675ba7f89cf9e8ebb856a11010a0 National Lieutenant Governors Association]
 
* [http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.b14a675ba7f89cf9e8ebb856a11010a0 National Lieutenant Governors Association]
 
 
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lieutenant_Governor Wikipedia article on Lieutenant Governors]
 
  
 
{{State executive offices}}
 
{{State executive offices}}

Revision as of 14:55, 19 August 2011

In the United States, the office of Lieutenant Governor is the second-highest executive office in a state and is nominally subordinate to the Governor. In the U.S. the main duty of the Lieutenant Governor is to act as Governor should the Governor be temporarily absent from the office. In addition, the Lieutenant Governor generally succeeds a Governor who dies, resigns, or is removed in trial by the legislative branch. In most states, the Lieutenant Governor then becomes Governor, with the title and its associated salary, office, and privileges. In a few states, like Massachusetts, the Lieutenant Governor instead becomes "Acting Governor" until the next election.

Other than this primary constitutional duty, most state constitutions do not prescribe the duties of the Lieutenant Governor in detail.

In Alaska, Hawaii and Utah, the position of Lieutenant Governor is equivalent to that of Secretary of State.

Five states, however, do not have a Lieutenant Governor position. Those states include: Maine, Arizona, Wyoming, New Hampshire, and Oregon.

Political parties

The chart below is a breakdown of the political parties pertaining to the state executive office of governor. For other state executive office, click here.

Office Democratic Party Democratic Republican Party Republican Independent Independent Nonpartisan Total seats
Lt. Governor 15 30 0 0 45

(Updated August 10, 2011)

Elected or appointed

43 states directly elect Lt. Governors. Only two states - Tennessee and West Virginia - do not.

Only two states do not have direct elections for lieutenant governor - Tennessee and West Virginia. In both states, whomever is elected the President of the State Senate is the de facto Lieutenant Governor. In Tennessee, the full title of this individual is, "Lieutenant Governor and Speaker of the Senate." In West Virginia, recent legislation allows the Senate President to use the title, "Lieutenant Governor." Prior to that change, West Virginia did not have a lieutenant governor.

Of the 43 states that elect lieutenant governors, there are three methods by which officeholders are chosen:

2010 elections

Main article: Lieutenant Governor elections, 2010

31 states elected lieutenant governors in November 2010, a lower number than the record 37 gubernatorial races held that year due to the fact that five U.S. States don' t have an office of the lieutenant governor and that one state, Tennessee, automatically makes its Senate President Pro Tem into the Lieutenant Governor.

Ultimately, 21 of those 31 races would go to the GOP in what turned in to a wave election for the party. 15 races were on a shared ticket with the governor, five were on a semi-shared ticket - that is, the candidates ran separately in the primary and jointly in the general, and 11 were entirely separate elections.

Because 11 of the 17 states that conduct entirely separate elections for the governor and the lieutenant governor were on the 2010 slate, the possibility on increasing the number of split tickets in the nation's executives existed. In the end, that happened in both Arkansas, with a Democratic governor and a Republican lieutenant governor, and in Rhode Island, with an Independent governor and a Democratic governor. Those two states now join Missouri and Montana as being governed by two parties in the executive.

2011 elections

Main article: Lieutenant Governor elections, 2011

Three states, Kentucky, Louisiana, and Mississippi, have scheduled lieutenant gubernatorial elections in the 2011 electoral cycle.

Additionally, West Virginia is holding a special election following a court order. However, as the Lieutenant Governor of West Virginia is a title accorded to the legislator elected as Senate President, their 2011 election will not actually include a ballot line for the lieutenant governor.

Officeholders

AL: Kay Ivey
AK: Mead Treadwell
AZ: No office
AR: Mark Darr
CA: Gavin Newsom
CO: Joseph Garcia
CT: Nancy Wyman
DE: Matthew P. Denn
FL: Jennifer Carroll
GA: Casey Cagle

HI: Brian E. Schatz
ID: Brad Little
IL: Sheila Simon
IN: Becky Skillman
IA: Kim Reynolds
KS: Jeff Colyer
KY: Daniel Mongiardo
LA: Jay Dardenne
ME: No office
MD: Anthony G. Brown

MA: Tim Murray
MI: Brian Calley
MN: Yvonne Prettner Solon
MS: Phil Bryant
MO: Peter Kinder
MT: John Bohlinger
NE: Rick Sheehy
NV: Brian Krolicki
NH: No office
NJ: Kim Guadagno

NM: John A. Sanchez
NY: Robert Duffy
NC: Walter H. Dalton
ND: Drew Wrigley
OH: Mary Taylor
OK: Todd Lamb
OR: No office
PA: Jim Cawley
RI: Elizabeth H. Roberts
SC: James Ken Ard

SD: Matthew Michels
TN: Ron Ramsey
TX: David Dewhurst
UT: Gregory Bell
VT: Phillip Scott
VA: Bill Bolling
WA: Brad Owen
WV: Vacant
(Temp:Richard Thompson)

WI: Rebecca Kleefisch
WY: No office

See also

External links