Lieutenant Governor

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In the United States, the office of Lieutenant Governor is the second-highest executive office in a state and is nominally subordinate to the Governor. In the U.S. the main duty of the Lieutenant Governor is to act as Governor should the Governor be temporarily absent from the office. In addition, the Lieutenant Governor generally succeeds a Governor who dies, resigns, or is removed in trial by the legislative branch. In most states, the Lieutenant Governor then becomes Governor, with the title and its associated salary, office, and privileges. In a few states, like Massachusetts, the Lieutenant Governor instead becomes "Acting Governor" until the next election.

Other than this primary constitutional duty, most state constitutions do not prescribe the duties of the Lieutenant Governor in detail.

In Alaska, Hawaii and Utah, the position of Lieutenant Governor is equivalent to that of Secretary of State.

Six states, however, do not have a Lieutenant Governor position. Those states include: Maine, Arizona, Wyoming, New Hampshire Oregon and West Virginia.

Political parties

The chart below is a breakdown of the political parties pertaining to the state executive office of lieutenant governor. For other state executive offices, click here.

Office Democratic Party Democratic Republican Party Republican Independent Independent Nonpartisan Total seats
Lt. Governor 15 30 0 0 45

(Updated Prior to 2011 General elections)

Elected or appointed

43 states directly elect Lt. Governors. Only two states - Tennessee and West Virginia - do not.

Only two states do not have direct elections for lieutenant governor - Tennessee and West Virginia. In both states, whomever is elected the President of the State Senate is the de facto Lieutenant Governor. In Tennessee, the full title of this individual is, "Lieutenant Governor and Speaker of the Senate." In West Virginia, recent legislation allows the Senate President to use the title, "Lieutenant Governor." Prior to that change, West Virginia did not have a lieutenant governor.

Of the 43 states that elect lieutenant governors, there are three methods by which officeholders are chosen:

2011 elections

Main article: Lieutenant Governor elections, 2011

Three states, Kentucky, Louisiana, and Mississippi, had scheduled lieutenant gubernatorial elections in the 2011 electoral cycle.

Additionally, West Virginia held a special election following a court order. However, as the Lieutenant Governor of West Virginia is a title accorded to the legislator elected as Senate President, their 2011 election will not actually include a ballot line for the lieutenant governor.

2010 elections

Main article: Lieutenant Governor elections, 2010

31 states elected lieutenant governors in November 2010, a lower number than the record 37 gubernatorial races held that year due to the fact that five U.S. States don' t have an office of the lieutenant governor and that one state, Tennessee, automatically makes its Senate President Pro Tem into the Lieutenant Governor.

Ultimately, 21 of those 31 races would go to the GOP in what turned in to a wave election for the party. 15 races were on a shared ticket with the governor, five were on a semi-shared ticket - that is, the candidates ran separately in the primary and jointly in the general, and 11 were entirely separate elections.

Because 11 of the 17 states that conduct entirely separate elections for the governor and the lieutenant governor were on the 2010 slate, the possibility on increasing the number of split tickets in the nation's executives existed. In the end, that happened in both Arkansas, with a Democratic governor and a Republican lieutenant governor, and in Rhode Island, with an Independent governor and a Democratic lieutenant governor. Those two states now join Missouri and Montana as being governed by two parties in the executive.

Officeholders

List of All Current Lieutenant Governors in the United States
StateOfficerAssumed officePolitical Party
Montana
Angela McLean
2014
Electiondot.png Democratic
Maryland
Anthony G. Brown
2007
Electiondot.png Democratic
Idaho
Brad Little
2009
Ends.png Republican
Washington
Brad Owen
1997
Electiondot.png Democratic
Michigan
Brian Calley
2011
Ends.png Republican
Nevada
Brian Krolicki
2007
Ends.png Republican
Florida
Carlos Lopez-Cantera
2014
Ends.png Republican
Georgia
Casey Cagle
2007
Ends.png Republican
North Carolina
Dan Forest
2013
Ends.png Republican
Texas
David Dewhurst
2003
Ends.png Republican
North Dakota
Drew Wrigley
2010
Ends.png Republican
Rhode Island
Elizabeth Roberts
2007
Electiondot.png Democratic
California
Gavin Newsom
2011
Electiondot.png Democratic
Louisiana
Jay Dardenne
2010
Ends.png Republican
Kansas
Jeff Colyer
2011
Ends.png Republican
West Virginia
Jeffrey Kessler
1997
Electiondot.png Democratic
Kentucky
Jerry Abramson
2011
Electiondot.png Democratic
Pennsylvania
Jim Cawley
2011
Ends.png Republican
New Mexico
John A. Sanchez
2011
Ends.png Republican
South Carolina
John McGill
2014
Electiondot.png Democratic
Nebraska
John Nelson
2014
Ends.png Republican
Colorado
Joseph Garcia
2011
Electiondot.png Democratic
Alabama
Kay Ivey
2011
Ends.png Republican
New Jersey
Kimberly "Kim" Guadagno
2010
Ends.png Republican
Iowa
Kim Reynolds
2011
Ends.png Republican
Ohio
Mary Taylor
2011
Ends.png Republican
Delaware
Matthew Denn
2009
Electiondot.png Democratic
South Dakota
Matthew Michels
2011
Ends.png Republican
Alaska
Mead Treadwell
2010
Ends.png Republican
Connecticut
Nancy Wyman
2011
Electiondot.png Democratic
Missouri
Peter D. Kinder
2005
Ends.png Republican
Vermont
Phillip Scott
2011
Ends.png Republican
Virginia
Ralph Northam
2014
Electiondot.png Democratic
Wisconsin
Rebecca Kleefisch
2011
Ends.png Republican
New York
Robert J. Duffy
2011
Electiondot.png Democratic
Tennessee
Ron Ramsey
1996
Ends.png Republican
Hawaii
Shan Tsutsui
2012
Electiondot.png Democratic
Illinois
Sheila Simon
2011
Electiondot.png Democratic
Utah
Spencer Cox
2013
Ends.png Republican
Indiana
Sue Ellspermann
2013
Ends.png Republican
Mississippi
Tate Reeves
2012
Ends.png Republican
Oklahoma
Todd Lamb
2011
Ends.png Republican
Minnesota
Yvonne Prettner Solon
2011
Electiondot.png Democratic

See also

StateExecLogo.png

External links