Difference between revisions of "Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(Compensation: content)
(Contact information: content)
Line 85: Line 85:
  
 
==Contact information==
 
==Contact information==
None.
+
Office of the Lieutenant Governor<BR>
 +
PO Box 001<BR>
 +
Trenton, NJ 08625<BR>
 +
Phone:609-292-6000
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==

Revision as of 02:48, 7 June 2011

Governors
GovernorsLogo.jpg
Current Governors
Gubernatorial Elections
20142013201220112010
Current Lt. Governors
Lt. Governor Elections
20142013201220112010
Breaking news
The Lieutenant Governor of the State of New Jersey is an elected Constitutional officer, the second ranking officer of the Executive branch, and the first officer in line to succeed the Governor of New Jersey. The Lieutenant Governor is popularly elected every four years by a plurality and is limited to two consecutive terms.

Current officeholder

See also: Current Lieutenant Governors

The 1st and current lieutenant governor is Kim Guadagno, a Republican elected in 2009.

Her husband, Michael Guadagno, is the Second Man of New Jersey.

Authority

The state Constitution addresses the office of the governor in Article V, the Executive.

Under Article V, Section I, paragraph 4, officailly amended on January 17, 2006:

The Governor and Lieutenant Governor shall be elected conjointly and for concurrent terms by the legally qualified voters of this State...

Requirements

Candidates for lieutenant governor must be:

  • at least 30 years old
  • a U.S. citizen for at least 20 years
  • a resident of New Jersey for at least seven years

No lieutenant governor shall hold office in any other state or under the federal government, nor shall a sitting lieutenant governor be elected to any legislative seat. Lieutenant Governors who accept any state or federal position or profit are considered to have vacated their seat.

Election

See also: Gubernatorial election cycles by state
See also: Election of lieutenant governors

New Jersey belongs to the handful of states that hold off-year elections, that is, elections in off-numbered years that are neither Presidential nor midterm years. In New Jersey's case, elections are held in the year after a Presidential and before a midterm; thus, 2009, 2013, 2017, and 2021 are all lieutenant gubernatorial election years. Legally, the inauguration is always held the third Tuesday in the January after an election. Thus, January 21, 2014 and January 16, 2018 are inaugural days.

New Jersey was, prior to the creation of the lieuteant governor's office, one of only three states, the others being Hawaii and Tennessee, where the Governor is the only statewide elected office.

History

The New Jersey Lieutenant Governor took office for the first time in January 2010 following conjoint election with the governor of New Jersey. The position was created as the result of a Constitutional amendment to the New Jersey State Constitution passed by the voters on November 8, 2005 and effective as of January 17, 2006.

The first, and current, Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Republican Kim Gaudagno, who won her primary and then ran successfully with Governor Chris Christie.

The Governor shall appoint the Lieutenant Governor to serve as the head of a principal department or other executive or administrative agency of State government, or delegate to the Lieutenant Governor duties of the office of Governor, or both. The Governor shall not appoint the Lieutenant Governor to serve as Attorney General. The Lieutenant Governor shall in addition perform such other duties as may be provided by law. (Article V, Section I, paragraph 10)

Need for a Lt. Governor

Justifications for the creation of a lieutenant governor position focused on three primary issues:

  • Unelected / Nonrepresentative Successor - The Senate president is chosen by the members of the New Jersey Senate, and was not elected by voters statewide to be a potential gubernatorial successor, those eligible to become senate president are elected to the senate by the voters in only one of the forty legislative districts statewide.
  • Separation of Powers - In a state with an extremely powerful position of Governor, having the senate president assume the role of "Acting Governor" is a breach of the separation of powers of the executive and legislative branches.
  • Political party disparity - There is no guarantee that the senate president (or the lieutenant governor) will follow the legislative platform of his predecessor. As the senate president may not even be from the same party, there is even greater concern that the policies of the "Acting Governor" might be in conflict with those of the preceding governor.

New line of succession

The amendment provides a new order of succession:

In the event of a vacancy in the office of Governor resulting from the death, resignation or removal of a Governor in office, or the death of a Governor-elect, or from any other cause, the Lieutenant Governor shall become Governor, until a new Governor is elected and qualifies.



In the event of simultaneous vacancies in both the offices of Governor and Lieutenant Governor resulting from any cause, the President of the Senate shall become Governor until a new Governor or Lieutenant Governor is elected and qualifies. In the event that there is a vacancy in the office of Senate President, or the Senate President declines to become Governor, then the Speaker of the General Assembly shall become Governor until a new Governor or Lieutenant Governor is elected and qualifies. In the event that there is a vacancy in the office of Speaker of the General Assembly, or if the Speaker declines to become Governor, then the functions, powers, duties and emoluments of the office shall devolve for the time being upon such officers and in the order of succession as may be provided by law, until a new Governor or Lieutenant Governor is elected and qualifies. (Article V, Section I, paragraph 6)

Vacancies

Details of vacancies are addressed under Article V, Section I, paragraph 5.

The President Pro Tem of the Senate is the first to succeed if the governor's and lieutenant governor's chairs are simultaneously vacant. Second in line is the Speaker of the Assembly. Any officer serving as an Acting Lieutenant Governor holds the office until an election is held and has the full powers of the office.

A special election will be called to fill the office at the next general election, unless that election is less than 60 days away, in which case the office will be filled the seconf general election. Additionally, no special election may be scheduled in a year when the lieutenant governor's office would be elected anyway.

Duties

New Jersey

The Constitution requires that the Goveror appoint the Lieutenant Governor to head at least one principle department or agency, though that position may not be the Attorney General's office.

She has such other responsibilities and duties as the Governor shall assign.

Compensation

See also: Comparison of lieutenant gubernatorial salaries

The lieutenant governor's pay is set by law and may not be increased or diminished effective during the current term.

As of 2010, the lieutenant governor is paid $141,00 a year, the 4th highest lieutenant gubernatorial salary in America.

Contact information

Office of the Lieutenant Governor
PO Box 001
Trenton, NJ 08625
Phone:609-292-6000

See also

External links

  • No official website.

References

Portions of this article were adapted from Wikipedia.

Bold text