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Difference between revisions of "Lindsey Graham"

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Graham voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=112&session=2&vote=00251 ''U.S. Senate'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
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Graham voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=112&session=2&vote=00251 ''U.S. Senate,'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013]</ref>
  
 
===Senate Judiciary Committee===
 
===Senate Judiciary Committee===

Revision as of 12:23, 13 March 2014

Lindsey Graham
Lindsey Graham.jpg
U.S. Senate, South Carolina
Incumbent
In office
2003-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 11
PartyRepublican
PredecessorJ. Strom Thurmond (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2008
First electedNovember 5, 2002
Next primaryJune 10, 2014
Next general November 4, 2014
Campaign $$17,833,932
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Representative, U.S. House of Representatives
1995-2002
Representative, South Carolina House of Representatives
1992-1994
City Attorney, Central South Carolina
1990-1994
Education
Bachelor'sUniversity of South Carolina, Columbia, 1977
J.D.University of South Carolina Law School, 1981
Military service
Service/branchSouth Carolina Air National Guard
Years of service1989-1994
Personal
BirthdayJuly 9, 1955
Place of birthSeneca, SC
Net worth$697,003
ReligionSouthern Baptist
Websites
Office website
Lindsey Graham (b. July 9, 1955, in Seneca, South Carolina) is a Republican member of the U.S. Senate from the state of South Carolina. Graham was first elected to the Senate in 2002.

Prior to his election to the U.S. Senate, Graham served in the South Carolina House of Representatives and represented South Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Graham is a more moderate right of center Republican Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Republican Party line more than his fellow members.

Biography

Graham was born in Seneca, South Carolina on July 9, 1955.[1] He graduated from Daniel High School in Central, S.C. 1973.[1]

Graham worked as a lawyer in a private practice prior to entering Congress.[1]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Graham's academic, professional and political career:[2]

  • 1977: Received his B.A. from University of South Carolina, Columbia
  • 1981: Received his J.D. from University of South Carolina School of Law
  • 1982-1988: United States Air Force
  • 1989-1995: South Carolina Air National Guard
  • 1995-Present: United States Air Force Reserves
  • 1988-1992: Served as assistant county attorney, Oconee County, S.C.
  • 1990-1994: Served as city attorney for Central, S.C.
  • 1992-1994: Served as member of the South Carolina state house of representatives
  • 1995-2003: Served as a Republican in the U.S. Congress
  • 2003-Present: U.S Senator from South Carolina

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate

2013-2014

Graham serves on the following Senate committees:[3]

  • Appropriations
    • Subcommittee on Transportation and Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs
    • Subcommittee on Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
    • Subcommittee on Department of Defense
    • Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
  • Armed Services
    • Subcommittee on SeaPower
    • Subcommittee on Personnel
    • Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities
  • Budget
  • United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary
    • Subcommittee on Crime and Terrorism Ranking Member
    • Subcommittee on Privacy, Technology and the Law
    • Subcommittee on The Constitution, Civil Rights and Human Rights
    • Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights subcommittee

2011-2012

Graham served on the following Senate committees:

Issues

Legislative actions

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[4] The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8%). For more information pertaining to Graham's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[5]

National security

Afghanistan

Graham met with Afghanistan's President Hamid Karzai, along with John McCain in January 2014. The two senators urged Karzai to stop releasing prisoners that are a danger to U.S. security. They also urged him to sign the U.S.-Afghan bilateral security agreement. The U.S. has threatened to remove all U.S. troops from Afghanistan by the end of 2014 if Karzai does not sign the agreement. Karzai wants to wait until after the spring election. Karzai is term-limited and can't seek re-election in the spring.[6]

Syria
See also: United States involvement in Syria

Graham expressed frustration with President Obama over the Syria situation in September 2013. Obama said he would seek Congressional approval prior to intervening in Syria and Graham believed this was a mistake--"Well, this is about the most mismanaged situation I’ve ever seen since World War II when they were trying to to control the Nazis. I just- this is bizarre. We’re going, we’re not going, we don’t need Congress, yes we do." Although intervention could be a tough sell to Congress, Graham added, "Let’s see if we can come up with a strategy that has a chance of working. A military strike to degrade Assad, upgrading the rebel opposition forces, regional players help carrying some of the burden makes sense to me. This is [sic] all bad options, but that option to me has a chance of working."[7]

Statement on Russian deal
Graham and Senator John McCain released a joint statement on the Russian deal with Syria to relinquish Syria's chemical weapons. McCain and Graham called the deal, "an act of provocative weakness on America’s part. We cannot imagine a worse signal to send to Iran as it continues its push for a nuclear weapon." They added, "Is the message of this agreement that Assad is now our negotiating partner, and that he can go on slaughtering innocent civilians and destabilizing the Middle East using every tool of warfare, so long as he does not use chemical weapons? That is morally and strategically indefensible." The two senators offered their own recommendation saying, “The only way this underlying conflict can be brought to a decent end is by significantly increasing our support to moderate opposition forces in Syria. We must strengthen their ability to degrade Assad’s military advantage, change the momentum on the battlefield, and thereby create real conditions for a negotiated end to the conflict."[8]

State of the Union Response
Graham had harsh words following the 2014 State of the Union address. Graham said the world described by the president is not the world that he sees. Graham said, "The world is literally about to blow up. The world as I know was not remotely described by the president. Syria is a contagion. Explain to me what happens if the Syrian conflict goes on another year and Assad continues to win. Iraq is disintegrating. The whole region is moving toward chaos, and we’re doing nothing. We’re talking about limiting drones? I hope he will leave a residual force in Afghanistan [so] they can do the job, because if he doesn’t, it will fall apart at a faster pace than Iraq."[9]

John Brennan CIA nomination

Voted "Yes" Graham voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[10]

Drone filibuster

See also: Rand Paul filibuster of John Brennan's CIA Nomination in March 2013

On March 6, 2013, Senator Rand Paul (R) led a 13-hour filibuster of President Obama's CIA Director nominee, John Brennan. Paul started the filibuster in order to highlight his concerns about the administration's drone policies. In particular, Paul said he was concerned about whether a drone could be used to kill an American citizen within the United States border, without any due process involved. Paul and other civil liberties activists have been critical that President Obama did not offer a clear response to the question. A total of 14 senators joined Paul in the filibuster -- 13 Republicans and one Democrat.[11][12][13]

Graham spoke out against Rand Paul and those that stood with him, following the filibuster. He said, "To my Republican colleagues, I don’t remember any of you coming down here suggesting that President Bush was going to kill anybody with a drone, do you? They had a drone program back then, all of a sudden this drone program has gotten every Republican so spun up. What are we up to here?"[14]

Benghazi survivors & Obama nominees

On October 28, 2013, Graham took to Twitter to state that he would block every President Obama nominee on the Senate floor until information about the survivors of the attack in Benghazi, Libya is released. Graham tweeted:

Graham tweet.JPG
[15]

Despite this vow, on October 30, Graham announced at a press secretary that he was looking forward to confirming President Obama's Department of Homeland Security nominee, Jeh Johnson. Graham referred to Johnson as "a really well-qualified guy." Graham also amended his earlier pronouncement by stating that the block did not extend to Rep. Mel Watt's nomination to director of the Federal Housing Finance Agency, since cloture was already filed before Graham's promise.[16]

Boxer-Graham amendment

Graham sponsored and amendment along with Barbara Boxer (D-CA) that would allow victims of military sexual assault to file sworn statements instead of testifying in the pre-trial. Military courts would also have to provide victims’ lawyers with audio recordings of the hearing, in addition to limiting the defense to questions concerning probable cause. The hearings would also have to be presided over by an equal or higher ranking officer than those parties involved.[17]

Economy

Farm bill

Voted "Yes" On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[18] It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that will kick in when prices drop; however, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[19] Graham joined with 19 other Republican senators in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Voted "Yes" On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[20][21] The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill.[21] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[22] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Graham voted with the 17 Republican and the 55 Democratic members in favor of the bill.[20][21]

Government shutdown
See also:United States budget debate, 2013

Graham donated his salary to the Wounded Warriors Project while the government was shutdown.[23]

Voted "Yes" During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[24] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Graham voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.[25]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Voted "Yes" Graham voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[26]

Healthcare

Affordable Care Act

Graham blasted President Obama following the ACA website roll-out. He said, "The president promised if you liked your health care you could keep it. He said it’d be as cheap as a cell phone and easy as to access as Amazon.com, so he’s oh for three." He also blasted HHS Secretary Kathleen Sebelius asking, "How could for three years you haven’t noticed that you got to roll out a website on a certain day and it not work? Everybody’s responsible but nobody’s to blame, I guess, is sort of what I learned."[27]

Graham declined his employer contribution toward Obamacare and purchased his health care via South Carolina's health care exchange. Graham explained previously his health care was cheaper and covered more. He claimed a $400 a month increase if he enrolled in Obamacare, however he was also declining the employer contribution. Graham said, "Sadly, I’m not the only one who will feel the negative effects of Obamacare. It’s happening all over South Carolina."[28]

Following the ACA rollout, Graham acknowledged the how difficult it would be to repeal the law now that people are covered by it. He said, "The hardest problem for us is what to do next. Should we just get out of the way and point out horror stories? Should we come up with a mini Contract With America on health care, or just say generally if you give us the Congress, the House and the Senate in 2014, here’s what we will do for you on multiple issues including health care? You become a more effective critic when you say, ‘Here’s what I’m for,’ and we’re not there yet. So there’s our struggle."[29]

Immigration

Mexico-U.S. border

Voted "No" Graham voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[30]

Gang of Eight

Graham is a member of the group of senators deemed the "Gang of Eight." This term is used to reference eight of the most influential Senators on immigration reform and includes four senators from each party.[31] The group calls for comprehensive and bipartisan immigration legislation that includes their "four basic pillars":

  • 1. A “tough but fair path to citizenship . . . .contingent upon securing our borders and tracking whether legal immigrants have left the country as required”;
  • 2. Reform our legal immigration system with a greater eye toward our economic needs;
  • 3. Workplace verification; and
  • 4. Setting up a system for admitting future workers (although the term “guest worker” is not used).[32]

Social Issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Voted "No" Graham voted against S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[33]

Abortion

Graham said he was going to introduce legislation in November 2013 to ban abortions after 20 weeks. The only exceptions would be in cases of rape, incest or to protect the life of the mother. Graham asked, "When do you become you, at 20 weeks of a pregnancy? What is the proper role of the government in protecting that child?"[34]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Graham voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.[35]

Senate Judiciary Committee

Graham was first appointed to the Senate Judiciary Committee shortly after he was sworn in in January of 2003. Graham has continued South Carolina's long streak of representation on the Senate Judiciary Committee after Strom Thurmond's death in 2003. Thurmond served on the Senate Judiciary Committee from 1967 till his death.[36]

Senator Graham also serves on the Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Crime and Drugs as the Republican Ranking Member, and serves on the Senate Judiciary Subcommittees on the Constitution and Administrative Oversight and the Courts.[37]

Rand Paul

On the eve of a trip to South Carolina, Rand Paul said in an interview on August 23, 2013, he is “unlikely” to get involved in the brewing Senate primary there between incumbent Lindsey Graham and several would-be conservative challengers.[38]

Paul has clashed with Graham in recent months over Paul's support for reducing U.S. foreign aid, specifically to Egypt.[38] Paul proposed cutting off aid to the North African nation after the military seized power there, while Graham initially opposed that proposal.[38]

“The message I’ve been talking a lot about lately is we don’t have enough money to be sending it overseas and squandering it,” Paul said, suggesting military assistance to Egypt would be “counterproductive. If you’re an Egyptian and you’re protesting your government in the street and you’re facing down an American tank, it doesn’t give you a warm, fuzzy feeling in your heart for America. I don’t know what more tanks are going to do for them, or more fighter jets or more tear gas.”[38]

Multiple Graham challengers have criticized his general support for foreign engagement: State senator Lee Bright blasted Graham as a “community organizer for the Muslim Brotherhood,” while Nancy Mace criticized the incumbent earlier this month for standing “with our president to support a failed foreign policy.”[38] Graham revised his views on Egypt in August 2013 in response to spiraling violence against protesters on the ground there and has called for a suspension of aid.[38]

Without naming names, Paul said he’s not entirely convinced by his fellow Republicans who have shifted stances on aid to Egypt, questioning whether they’d seek to continue sending cash to Egypt by backdoor means. But, he said, “It’s a debate that ultimately is coming in our direction.”[38]

Of the South Carolina primary, Paul said: “I’ve met, I think, all three of the challengers, and like I said, I haven’t made a decision and I think it’s probably unlikely that I’ll get involved.”[38]

Senate Conservative Fund target

The Senate Conservative Fund targeted Graham in August 2013 with two weeks of radio ads designed to push Senate Republicans to support Utah's Mike Lee's effort to defund Obamacare.[39]

Elections

2014

See also: United States Senate elections in South Carolina, 2014

Graham is running for re-election in 2014. He faces a Republican primary challenge from Charleston businesswoman, Nancy Mace. Mace is the first woman graduate from South Carolina's military college, the Citadel. The primary will be held in July 2014.[40]

Primary vulnerability

Graham was named by National Journal as one of the top five incumbent senators at risk of losing his or her primary election. Four of the five most vulnerable senators are Republican.[41]

Endorsements

  • During an interview on CNN's Crossfire, Sen. Tim Scott, fellow South Carolina senator, declined to endorse Sen. Graham.
"I am up for re-election next year myself. I’m going to allow for all the other folks on the ballot to represent themselves very well. I’m going to continue to work hard for my election," Scott said.[42]

Polls

Graham's approval rating dropped 30 points in October 2013, according to a Winthrop University poll. Only 45.2% of Republicans approve compared to 71.6% in February 2013.[43]

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Graham is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Graham raised a total of $17,833,932 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 25, 2013.[50]

Lindsey Graham's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2008 U.S. Senate (South Carolina) Won $9,713,500
2002 U.S. Senate (South Carolina) Won $5,838,233
2000 US House (South Carolina, District 3) Won $2,282,199
Grand Total Raised $17,833,932

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Graham's reports.[51]

Lindsey Graham (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[52]April 15, 2013$4,412,522.84$1,173,386.93$(203,139.28)$5,382,770.49
July Quarterly[53]July 13, 2013$5,382,770.49$1,406,955.71$(479,739.23)$6,309,986.97
October Quarterly[54]October 14, 2013$6,309,986.97$1,176,424.79$(533,899.82)$69,525,101.94
Year-End[55]January 31, 2014$6,952,511$1,312,688$(625,854)$7,639,346
April Quarterly[56]April 15, 2014$7,639,346.38$873,177.74$(1,657,878.19)$6,854,645.93
Running totals
$5,942,633.17$(3,500,510.52)

Graham received a $5,000 campaign donation from former President George W. Bush in the third quarter.[57]

2008

Graham won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2008. During that re-election cycle, Graham's campaign committee raised a total of $9,713,500 and spent $6,596,229.[58]


Analysis

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[59]

Graham most often votes with:

Graham least often votes with:

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Graham is a "moderate Republican leader," as of July 2, 2013.[60]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Graham missed 113 of 3,253 roll call votes from January 2003 to April 2013. This amounts to 3.5%, which is worse than the median of 1.7% among current senators as of April 2013.[61]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Graham paid his congressional staff a total of $2,593,274 in 2011. He ranks 14th on the list of the highest paid Republican senatorial staff salaries and ranks 53rd overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, South Carolina ranks 29th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[62]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

2012

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Graham's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $298,007 to $1,095,999. That averages to $697,003, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican Senate members in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Graham ranked as the 75th most wealthy senator in 2012.[63]

Lindsey Graham Yearly Net Worth
YearAvg. Net Worth% Difference from previous year
2012$697,003-22.98%
2011$904,9832.63%
2010$881,786.50N/A

National Journal vote ratings

2012

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Graham was 1 of 2 members who ranked 33rd in the conservative rankings in 2012.[64]

2011

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Graham ranked 42nd in the conservative rankings.[65]

Political positions

Voting with party

2013

Lindsey Graham voted with the Republican Party 79.2% of the time, which ranked 42nd among the 46 Senate Republican members as of June 2013.[66]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Lindsey + Graham + South Carolina + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Lindsey Graham News Feed

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Personal

Graham is single.

See also

External links


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Congressional Bioguide, "Lindsey Graham," accessed September 18, 2013
  2. Biographical Director of the United States Congress "Lindsey Graham," accessed November 4, 2011
  3. Congressional Quarterly "Senate Committee List" accessed January 22, 2013
  4. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  6. The Hill, "McCain, Graham press Karzai to hold off on prisoner release", accessed January 2, 2014
  7. Politico, "Lindsey Graham to Obama: Up your game", accessed September 3, 2013
  8. Politico, "U.S.-Russia Syria deal: Sens. John McCain and Lindsey Graham slam agreement", accessed September 14, 2013
  9. Roll Call, "Graham Says World ‘Literally About to Blow Up’", accessed January 29, 2014
  10. Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  11. CNN "Rand Paul says he's heard from White House after filibuster," March 7, 2013
  12. USA Today "Rand Paul filibuster ranks among Senate's longest," March 7, 2013
  13. ABC News "Rand Paul Wins Applause From GOP and Liberals," March 7, 2013
  14. Politico, "Rand Paul filibuster blasted by Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham," March 7, 2013
  15. The Washington Post, "Graham: I will block all appointees until we get answers on Benghazi," accessed October 28, 2013
  16. Politico, "Graham renews nominee block threat over Libya," accessed October 30, 2013
  17. Politico, “Barbara Boxer, Lindsey Graham push military justice reform”, accessed November 5, 2013
  18. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013)," accessed February 12, 2014
  19. New York Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  20. 20.0 20.1 Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
  22. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  23. Politico, "Hill pols plan to donate, halt salary," accessed October 1, 2013
  24. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  25. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  27. Politico, "Lindsey Graham: Obama '0 for 3' on ACA", accessed October 31, 2013
  28. Politico, "Lindsey Graham declines health care contribution", accessed December 10, 2013
  29. The New York Times, "With Health Law Cemented, G.O.P. Debates Next Move", accessed January 2, 2014
  30. Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  31. ABC News "Who Are the Gang Of 8 in Senate Immigration Debate?" accessed May 7, 2013
  32. Washington Post "Gang of Eight immigration plan: Reality-based legislating" accessed May 7, 2013
  33. Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  34. Daily Journal, "Sen. Graham says he'll lead efforts in the Senate on a bill banning abortion after 20 weeks", accessed November 4, 2013
  35. U.S. Senate, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  36. "Senate Judiciary" List of previous members
  37. "Senate Judiciary Committee" List of Subcommittees
  38. 38.0 38.1 38.2 38.3 38.4 38.5 38.6 38.7 Politico, "Rand Paul, heading to South Carolina, talks Lindsey Graham, Egypt," accessed August 26, 2013
  39. The Hill, "Senate Conservatives Fund targets Isakson with latest 'defund ObamaCare' ad," August 22, 2013
  40. Daily Caller "Nancy Mace to announce primary challenge against Lindsey Graham," accessed August 1, 2013
  41. National Journal, "Ranking the Top 5 Senators Vulnerable in 2014 Primaries," accessed December 31, 2013
  42. Politico, "Sen. Tim Scott: Lindsey Graham is on his own," accessed November 21, 2013
  43. Politico, "Polls: Lindsey Graham approval drops in South Carolina", accessed October 30, 2013
  44. U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008"
  45. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  46. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  47. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  48. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  49. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  50. Open Secrets "Donor history for Lindsey Graham" accessed April 25, 2013
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Graham 2014 Summary reports," accessed May 14, 2014
  52. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed August 1, 2013
  53. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed August 1, 2013
  54. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 30, 2013
  55. Federal Election Commission, "Graham Year-End," accessed February 14, 2014
  56. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed May 14, 2014
  57. Political Wire, "Bush Donates to Graham's Senate Bid", accessed October 25, 2013
  58. Open Secrets "Lindsey Graham 2008 Election Cycle," accessed November 4, 2011
  59. OpenCongress, "Lindsey Graham," accessed August 8, 2013
  60. Gov Track "Lindsey Graham," accessed July 2, 2013
  61. GovTrack, "Graham," accessed April 11, 2013
  62. LegiStorm "Lindsey Graham"
  63. OpenSecrets.org "Graham, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  64. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
  65. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," February 23, 2012
  66. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Jim DeMint
U.S. Senate - South Carolina
2003-Present
Succeeded by
-