List of amendments to the Vermont Constitution

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Ballot measures
in Vermont
Seal of Vermont.png
Constitutional amendments
Statutes referred by Legislature
Amending the Vermont Constitution
Vermont Constitution
The Vermont Constitutional Convention of 1870 altered the Vermont Constitution so that proposed amendments were subject to popular ratification. Since then, voters in the Green Mountain State have voted on 28 proposed amendments, and ratified 26 of them.

Up until 1974, amendments could only be proposed every ten years. In 1974, the so-called "time lock" provision of the state's constitution was altered so that amendments could be proposed every four years.

2002

Approveda Vermont Retirement Age for Judges Amendment (2002)

1994

See also: 1994 ballot measures

Approveda Vermont Limitation of Bail for Criminal Offenses, Proposed Amendment (1994)
Approveda Gender Inclusive Language in the Vermont Constitution, Proposed Amendment (1994)

1986

See also: 1986 ballot measures

Defeatedd Vermont Equal Rights Amendment (1986)
Approveda Vermont Congressional Redistricting Amendment (1986)

1982

See also: 1982 ballot measures

Approveda Vermont Imposition of Bail for Criminal Offenses Amendment (1982)

1974

See also: 1974 ballot measures

Defeatedd Vermont Four-Year Terms for State Constitutional Officers (1974)
Approveda Vermont Reduction of Time-Lock from Ten to Four Years (1974)
Approveda Vermont Creation of a Unified Judicial System Amendment (1974)
Approveda Vermont End the Residency Requirement to Vote Amendment (1974)
Approveda Vermont Legislative Redistricting and Size Amendment (1974)

1964

Approveda Vermont Maintenance of Schools Amendment (1964)

1954

See also: 1954 ballot measures

Approveda Vermont Joint School Maintenance by Towns Amendment, Article 41 (1954)
Approveda Vermont Office of Profit and Trust Under Authority of Congress Amendment, Article 42 (1954)
Approveda Vermont State Militia Amendment, Article 43 (1954)

1924

Approveda Vermont Suffrage for Women Amendment (1924)
Approveda Vermont Method of Filling Vacancies in State Legislature (1924)
Approveda Vermont Criminal Defendants Allowed to Waive Right to Jury Trial (1924)
Approveda Vermont Men and Women on Same Footing as Involuntary Indentured Servants (1924)

1913

See also: 1913 ballot measures

Approveda Vermont Gubernatorial Veto Powers Amendment (1913)
Approveda Vermont Timing of State Legislative Sessions (1913)
Approveda Vermont Votes of General Assembly Shall be Printed (1913)
Approveda Vermont Commutation, Remission or Mitigation of Criminal Sentences (1913)
Approveda Vermont Charters for Political Subdivisions (1913)
Approveda Vermont "Justice" Used to Designate Supreme Court Judges (1913)
Approveda Vermont Workman's Compensation Amendment (1913)
Approveda Vermont Revision of Chapter 2 of the State Constitution (1913)

1884

Approveda Vermont Oath of Office Amendment (1884)
Approveda Vermont Manner of Electing the Vermont Secretary of State (1884)

Amendment procedure

Main article: Amendment of the Constitution, Vermont Constitution

Section 72 lays out the procedure governing changes to the Vermont Constitution.

  • Proposed amendments must originate in the Vermont State Senate and can only be proposed every four years.
  • Amendments must earn a 2/3rds vote of the members of Vermont State Senate, but require only a majority vote of members of the Vermont House of Representatives.
  • Amendments, once adopted by the senate and house, must then be considered against at the next biennial session of the Vermont General Assembly.
  • The amendment must win a majority vote of both chambers when it is considered for this second time.
  • Such amendments then go on a ballot for a vote of the state's electors. If a proposed amendment wins a simple majority vote, it becomes part of the state's constitution.

The Vermont Constitution, like that of several other states, does not provide for constitutional conventions. Perhaps as a result, Vermont's current constitution is one of the oldest in the country, having been adopted in 1793. The Massachusetts Constitution is the only older constitution.

However, in 1969, the Vermont State Legislature referred an advisory measure to the ballot, asking ""Shall a Vermont Constitutional Convention be convened at the state house in Montpelier on October 6, 1969 to consider the following topics which shall receive a majority of the votes cast upon it in this election, and no others?" (The state's voters said "no" to this advisory question.)

Vermont has changed its amendment process three times:

  • From 1777-1870, amendments could be proposed every seven years by the Council of Censors. This was a 13-member group whose members were elected in statewide elections.
  • From 1870-1974, proposals originated as they do now in the state senate, but could only be made every ten years. This ten-year limit was known as the "time-lock."
  • In 1974, the ten-year "time lock" was reduced to four years.

External links