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Difference between revisions of "List of ballot measure lawsuits in 2012"

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Revision as of 10:26, 5 June 2013

[edit]

Portal:Ballot Measure Law
NOTE: The following tab shows a list of lawsuits, by state, that were filed against statewide ballot measures aiming for the 2012 ballot. Click the "show" link to read about specifics of a particular lawsuit.

Arizona

Arizona Public Election Funding Ban Amendment (2012)


Arizona Sales Tax Renewal Amendment (2012)


Arizona "Open Government Act" Initiative (2012)



Arkansas

Arkansas Casino Amendment (2012)




Arkansas Medical Marijuana Question (2012)


California

California Proposition 32, the "Paycheck Protection" Initiative (2012)



California Proposition 33, Automobile Insurance Persistency Discounts (2012)


California Proposition 34, the End the Death Penalty Initiative (2012)


California Proposition 35, Ban on Human Trafficking and Sex Slavery (2012)



California Proposition 37, Mandatory Labeling of Genetically Engineered Food (2012)


Colorado

Colorado Marijuana Legalization Initiative (2012)



Colorado Personhood Amendment (2012)


Florida

Florida Religious Freedom, Amendment 8 (2012)


Maryland

Maryland In-State Tuition Referendum (2012)


Massachusetts

Massachusetts Public Schools Initiative (2012)


Massachusetts "Death with Dignity" Initiative (2012)


Massachusetts Medical Marijuana Initiative (2012)


Michigan

Michigan Emergency Manager Referendum (2012)


Michigan Casino Gaming Amendment (2012)


Michigan "Protect Our Jobs" Amendment (2012)


Missouri

Missouri Minimum Wage Initiative (2012)



Missouri Income Tax Replacement Initiative (2012)


Missouri Municipal Police Amendment (2012)


Missouri Voter ID Amendment (2012)


Missouri Public Prayer Amendment (August 2012)


Missouri Payday Loan Initiative (2012)



Missouri Judicial Appointment Amendment (2012)


Montana

Montana Supreme Court Elections Question (June 2012)


Montana Taxpayer Dividend Measure (2012)


Montana Corporate Contributions Initiative, I-166 (2012)


Montana Proof of Citizenship Question, LR-121 (2012)



Montana Parental Notification Measure, LR-120 (2012)


Nevada

Nevada Harrah's Sports Arena Initiative (2012)


Nevada Mining Tax Cap Amendment (2012)


Nevada Casino Tax Amendment (2012)


North Dakota

North Dakota University "Fighting Sioux" Referendum, Measure 4 (June 2012)


North Dakota Property Tax Amendment, Measure 2 (June 2012)


Ohio

Ohio "Personhood" Initiative (2013)


Ohio Same-Sex Marriage Amendment (2012)


Ohio Redistricting Amendment (2012)


Oklahoma

Oklahoma "Personhood" Amendment (2012)


Oregon

Oregon Studded Tire Ban Initiative (2012)


Rhode Island

Rhode Island Casino Gambling Amendment (2012)


NOTE: Each lawsuit against proposed 2012 ballot measures includes a basis, or reason, as to why plaintiffs filed the lawsuit. For example, a reason for a filed lawsuit, or "topic", could include arguments that a measure's ballot text is insufficient.
The following tab shows a list of lawsuits, by "topic", that were filed against statewide ballot measures aiming for the 2012 ballot. Click the "show" link to read about specifics of a particular lawsuit.

Ballot text

Arizona

Arizona Public Election Funding Ban Amendment (2012)



Arizona Sales Tax Renewal Amendment (2012)



Arkansas

Arkansas Casino Amendment (2012)



Arkansas Medical Marijuana Question (2012)


California

California Proposition 32, the "Paycheck Protection" Initiative (2012)



California Proposition 33, Automobile Insurance Persistency Discounts (2012)


California Proposition 35, Ban on Human Trafficking and Sex Slavery (2012)


California Proposition 37, Mandatory Labeling of Genetically Engineered Food (2012)


Colorado

Colorado Marijuana Legalization Initiative (2012)



Florida

Florida Religious Freedom, Amendment 8 (2012)


Massachusetts

Massachusetts "Death with Dignity" Initiative (2012)


Massachusetts Medical Marijuana Initiative (2012)


Missouri

Missouri Income Tax Replacement Initiative (2012)


Missouri Voter ID Amendment (2012)


Missouri Public Prayer Amendment (August 2012)


Missouri Payday Loan Initiative (2012)


Missouri Judicial Appointment Amendment (2012)


Nevada

Nevada Mining Tax Cap Amendment (2012)


Nevada Casino Tax Amendment (2012)


Ohio

Ohio Same-Sex Marriage Amendment (2012)


Ohio Redistricting Amendment (2012)


Oklahoma

Oklahoma "Personhood" Amendment (2012)


Oregon

Oregon Studded Tire Ban Initiative (2012)


Campaign contributions

North Dakota

North Dakota Property Tax Amendment, Measure 2 (June 2012)


Constitutionality

California

California Proposition 35, Ban on Human Trafficking and Sex Slavery (2012)


Massachusetts

Massachusetts Public Schools Initiative (2012)


Montana

Montana Supreme Court Elections Question (June 2012)


Montana Taxpayer Dividend Measure (2012)


North Dakota

North Dakota University "Fighting Sioux" Referendum, Measure 4 (June 2012)


Rhode Island

Rhode Island Casino Gambling Amendment (2012)


Circulators

Maryland

Maryland In-State Tuition Referendum (2012)


Deadlines

Arkansas Casino Amendment (2012)


Fiscal summary

Missouri

Missouri Minimum Wage Initiative (2012)


Missouri Municipal Police Amendment (2012)


Labor practices

Motivation of sponsors

Colorado

Colorado Personhood Amendment (2012)


Post-certification removal

Redistricting

Single-subject rule

Arizona "Open Government Act" Initiative (2012)


Nevada

Nevada Harrah's Sports Arena Initiative (2012)


Ohio

Ohio "Personhood" Initiative (2013)


Signature challenges

Michigan

Michigan Emergency Manager Referendum (2012)


Arizona

Arizona "Open Government Act" Initiative (2012)


Missouri

Missouri Minimum Wage Initiative (2012)


Missouri Payday Loan Initiative (2012)


Voter guide

Colorado Marijuana Legalization Initiative (2012)


NOTE: The following tab shows a list of lawsuits, by state, that were filed in 2012 against past statewide ballot measures.

California

California Proposition 9, Marsy's Law (2008)


California Proposition 11, Creation of the California Citizens Redistricting Commission (2008)


California Affirmative Action, Proposition 209 (1996)


NOTE: This tab includes lawsuits filed against proposed 2012 local ballot measures. Ballotpedia tracks local ballot measures, and includes local lawsuits that are found across news reports. To inform Ballotpedia of a local lawsuit near you, contact ballotmeasures@ballotpedia.org.

California

  • A lawsuit was filed to prevent the opponents of Davis Joint Unified School District parcel tax, Measure C from making arguments in the official ballot pamphlet against the process of using an all mail-in ballot election. This lawsuit failed. On January 23, 2012, Judge Sammuel McAdam wrote in his ruling, "Granda is well within his right to challenge the mail-in procedure in the Argument against attacking both the substance and the process of the parcel tax issue. In other words, the substance and the procedure of any election are inherently relevant to each other. The voters will decide whether his opinion and argument have any merit."[281]

  • A lawsuit was filed in February 2012 to remove the San Diego Pension Reform Initiative, Proposition B (June 2012) from the ballot on the grounds that two elected city officials spoke in favor of it and that therefore, although sponsored by private citizens, it runs afoul of the city's so-called "meet-and-confer provision". That provision in the city's labor contracts requires the city to meet-and-confer with designated public sector union representatives when a change to the city's labor agreements is under consideration. Since a "meet-and-confer" meeting did not take place and would have had to take place (according to a February ruling of the California Public Employee Relations Board), the existence of the initiative may amount to an unfair labor practice.[148] According to Joan Raymond, the president of AFSCME Local 127 in San Diego, "(The ruling) adds credence to what we've been saying all along during this initiative process, that it is a city-sponsored initiative and there is no way Sanders was acting as a private citizen."[148] Carl DeMaio, a supporter of the initiative, said, "I am completely confident that the courts will dismiss this desperate lawsuit and uphold the constitutionally protected right of citizens to place measures on the ballot through the initiative process."[148] The court ordered that the election take place. After the election, unions went into court and asked that Proposition B be judicially invalidated because of the so-called "meet and confer" provision. On July 31, 2012, San Diego Superior Court Judge Luis Vargas denied the union request for an injunction to postpone the city’s implementation of Proposition B. Vargas ruled that the whatever the city's "meet and confer" obligations were, it had met them.[282]

  • A lawsuit was filed on March 15, 2012 by Robin Johansen of Remcho, Johansen & Purcell seeking to remove the San Jose Pension Reform Question from the city's June 5, 2012 ballot on the grounds that the ballot question is misleadingly prejudicial in favor of a "yes" vote. Johansen's complaint says, "The code says it has to be fair and impartial, not an argument for the measure. When you look at the kinds of emotionally laden words -- reform and abuse, essential services -- those are very strongly worded phrases intended to get people to vote for the measure."[148]

  • The City of Costa Mesa filed a lawsuit against Orange County in mid-March 2012. The city filed its ballot language for a proposed city charter proposition with the county a day late. The city asks that the county nevertheless place the measure on the June 5, 2012 ballot. The county clerk is filing a statement with the court in favor of the complaint. Groups in Costa Mesa that oppose the city charter change have chosen not to contest the issue of whether it goes on the June 5, 2012 ballot or, because it was technically filed a day late, the November 6, 2012 ballot.[283]

  • U.S. District Judge Roger Benitez ruled in March 2012 that for the purposes of sponsoring and circulating petitions in California, corporations do not have that as a core right: "The state constitution makes clear that this initiative power belongs to people. Neither corporations nor unincorporated associations are mentioned." This ruling came as a result of a lawsuit filed by Chula Vista Citizens for Jobs and Fair Competition and the Associated Builders & Contractors Inc. against Chula Vista. The lawsuit was filed because the City of Chula Vista had not allowed the groups to be the official proponents of a measure to ban Project Labor Agreements.[284]

  • Steve Nelson filed a lawsuit that sought to force a change in the way the Mountain View Whisman School District describes Measure G. Nelson said in his lawsuit that the school district "was trying to scare the public into supporting the measure by overstating the risk of asbestos and lead at district schools." Santa Clara County Superior Court judge Kevin McKenney denied Nelson's motion, saying that the plaintiff presented insufficient evidence in support of his claim.[285]

  • A complaint was filed against the City of Temecula claiming that city officials disenfranchised petition signers on a petition for term limits in the City of Temecula by erroneously disqualifying signatures on the petition.[286]

The lawsuit against putting the measure on the ballot was successful at the Superior (trial) court level, but an appellate court overturned that lower court ruling in early September and ordered that the measure appear on the November 6, 2012 ballot. Superior Court judge Daniel Ottolia removed the item from the ballot, saying that traffic laws are of statewide concern in a way that prevents local jurisdictions from taking their own specific position on traffic issues. Acting Presiding Justice Art McKinster of the Fourth District Court of Appeal wrote the opinion that overturned Judge Ottolia's decision. McKinster wrote, "it is usually more appropriate to review constitutional and other challenges to ballot propositions or initiative measures after an election rather than to disrupt the electoral process by preventing the exercise of the people’s franchise, in the absence of some clear showing of invalidity.”[287]


The Silicon Valley Taxpayers' Association sought to have the Santa Clara County Sales Tax Increase, Measure A removed from the November 6, 2012 ballot. They wrote a 7-page letter to the Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors in early August arguing that California state law (specifically, Proposition 218 from 1996) requires that when a local unit of government wants to place a "general tax measure" on the ballot, they must do so at an election that coincides with a scheduled election of local candidates relevant to the unit of government that seeks the tax. In this case, that would mean an election pertaining to county supervisors. However, there is no such election on the November 6, 2012 ballot and therefore, according to the SVTA, the sales tax measure should have been removed from the ballot until such time as there is an election of county supervisors.[148]

Lori Pegg, the acting County Counsel for Santa Clara County, responded to the 7-page letter, saying that in her opinion, the county "fully considered the points raised in your correspondence prior to placing Measure A on the ballot and we are confident that, if challenged, a court would conclude the county is in full compliance with Proposition 218."[148]

The SVTA then filed a lawsuit to remove Measure A from the ballot. Superior Court Judge Kevin McKenney ruled in favor of the county, writing that the contested language "on its face refers only to the type of election for which a tax measure may appear on a ballot. No reference is made ... to a requirement that a candidate for the governing body of the local government actually be on the ballot in order to effectuate compliance."[288]


References

  1. East Valley Tribune, "Clean Elections supporters sue to block ballot measure," May 6, 2011
  2. Tucson Citizen, "Clean Elections measure returns to court," October 18, 2011
  3. Ballot Access, "Arizona State Court Removes Ballot Measure that would Eliminate Funding for Public Funding," October 26, 2011
  4. Tucson Weekly, "AZ Clean Elections Wins a Round in Court," October 26, 2011
  5. Prescott News, "Quality Education and Jobs Files Lawsuit Against Secretary of State Bennett," June 28, 2012
  6. CBS News, "Hearing set on proposal for Arizona sales tax hike," July 3, 2012
  7. Arizona Daily News, "Judge: 1-cent tax initiative to stay on Arizona ballot," July 18, 2012
  8. Arizona Daily Sun, "Bennett files appeal to keep sales tax off ballot," July 24, 2012
  9. KFYI.com, "The initiative proposes a penny-on-the-dollar increase to take effect in 2013 upon the expiration of a same-size temporary increase," accessed August 22, 2012
  10. East Valley Tribune, "Open primary foes file lawsuit to keep measure off Arizona ballot," July 16, 2012
  11. East Valley Tribune, "Judge to hear arguments in Arizona open primary initiative," July 25, 2012
  12. The Voting News, "Judge blocks top-two initiative from Arizona ballot," August 7, 2012
  13. Arizona Capitol Times, "Top-two primary supporters appeal to high court," August 8, 2012
  14. Tri Valley Central, "AZ high court puts ‘top two’ initiative back on Nov. ballot," August 21, 2012
  15. Arizona Republic, "Judge OKs top-2 primary plan," August 31, 2012
  16. Arizona Daily Sun, "Open primary opponents want 2 more hours," September 5, 2012
  17. Arizona Daily Star, "Open-primaries measure to be on Arizona ballot," September 7, 2012
  18. WSLS.com, "Suit filed in Ark. over casino petition rejection," August 3, 2012
  19. Memphis Daily News, "Arkansas Court Rejects More Time for Casino Measure," September 21, 2012
  20. CBS News, "Lawsuit filed over Ark. casino measure rejection," August 24, 2012
  21. The Republic, "Arkansas Supreme Court rejects proposed ballot measure to allow casinos in the state," October 4, 2012
  22. Arkansas Business, "Arkansas Racing Alliance Sues To Block Nancy Todd Casino Proposal," September 18, 2012
  23. Associated Press " Groups Ask Arkansas Court to Strike Marijuana Measure," September 4, 2012
  24. The Republic, "Arkansas Supreme Court won't hold oral arguments in lawsuit over medical marijuana," September 13, 2012
  25. Huffington Post "Arkansas Medical Marijuana Proposal Approved For Ballot Vote," September 27, 2012
  26. 26.0 26.1 Superior Court of the State of California County of Sacramento, "Ashlee Titus v. Debra Bowen"
  27. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named titlelaw
  28. In the Court of Appeal of the State of California in and for the Third Appellate District, "Kamala D. Harris v. The Superior Court of Sacramento, Respondent, and Debra Bowen, as Secretary, etc., et al., Real Parties in Interest, Filed August 13, 2012
  29. 29.0 29.1 Superior Court of the State of California County of Sacramento, "Lou Paulson v. Debra Bowen"
  30. 30.0 30.1 Fresno Bee, "Lawsuit says voter guide statements incorrect," July 31, 2012
  31. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named frawley
  32. In the Superior Court of the State of California, County of Sacramento, "Daphne Phung and Chris Kelly v. Debra Bowen," order issued August 10, 2012
  33. 33.0 33.1 John Doe v. Kamala Harris
  34. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named tro
  35. In the Superior Court of the State of California, County of Sacramento, "James Russell Wheaton v. Debra Bowen," order issued August 10, 2012
  36. Denver Post, "Colo. pot proposal faces another legal challenge," July 11, 2011
  37. Denver Post, "Colorado marijuana legalization campaign goes to court over ballot book," September 10, 2012
  38. Huffington Post, "Colorado Marijuana Legalization Proponents Lose Battle Over Deleted Text In State Voter Guide Book," September 13, 2012
  39. The Denver Channel, "Planned Parenthood Appeals CO Abortion Proposal," January 9, 2012
  40. Denver Post, "Personhood Colorado Coalition to Hold Three Press Conferences Announcing the Launch of Petition Drive," March 13, 2012
  41. The Miami Herald,"Teachers union aims to block attempt to lift ban on tax money for religious organizations," July 19, 2011
  42. Florida Capital Bureau,"FEA sues to block voucher amendment," July 20, 2011
  43. 43.0 43.1 43.2 43.3 Associated Press,"Repeal of Fla. ban on religious funding challenged," July 20, 2011
  44. The Bradenton Times,"Rep. Scott Randolph Applauds Legal Challenge of HJR 1471," July 23, 2011
  45. Ocala.com,"Teachers sue over validity of proposed amendment to state constitution," July 20, 2011
  46. The Palm Beach Post,"Florida merit-pay law challenge is part of bigger fight by unions against GOP legislatures," September 14, 2011
  47. Associated Press,"Judge hearing challenge to Fla. religion amendment," October 27, 2011
  48. News-Press,"Court battle begins over ballot measure," October 27, 2011
  49. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Post12142011
  50. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named NewsPress
  51. Historic City,"Shapiro: Amendment 7 re-write still deceptive," December 23, 2011
  52. The Florida Independent,"Faith leaders say ‘Religious Freedom’ amendment is still misleading," December 21, 2011
  53. Associated Press,"Revised Fla. religion amendment not challenged," January 3, 2012
  54. The New York Times,"Immigrant Advocates File Suit on Petition Signatures," August 1, 2011
  55. 55.0 55.1 55.2 55.3 Gazette.net,"Next up in Dream Act battle: a lawsuit," August 1, 2011
  56. The Washington Post,"Court to decide if immigrant tuition law goes to Maryland ballot," August 1, 2011
  57. The Baltimore Sun,"National group joins in-state tuition battle," September 22, 2011
  58. The Washington Times,"Maryland immigrant group drops petition challenge," December 8, 2011
  59. The Washington Times,"Maryland immigrant group drops petition challenge," December 8, 2011
  60. Baltimore Sun "Debate over vote on immigrant tuition moves to Arundel court," January 27, 2012
  61. Takoma Park Patch "'Dream Act' Referendum Survives Legal Challenge," February 20, 2012
  62. Berkshire Eagle, "Mass. teachers sue to stop ballot question," January 23, 2011
  63. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named law
  64. Judicial Supreme Court of Massachusetts, case docket for "John Kelly et al vs. Martha Coakley, as she is the Attorney General and William Francis Galvin, as he is the Secretary of the Commonwealth"
  65. PRWEB.com, "Disability Rights Group Challenges Language for Assisted Suicide Ballot Measure as "Misleading, Inaccurate, and Euphemistic," May 17, 2012
  66. 66.0 66.1 66.2 66.3 WGGB.com, "Coakley Moves to Dismiss Ballot Question Petition," accessed June 10, 2012
  67. Mass Live, "Opponents seek changes to ballot question that could legalize medical marijuana in Massachusetts," June 4, 2012
  68. NECN.com, "Mass. medical marijuana opponents win challenge," June 8, 2012
  69. Massachusetts Live, "Wording of medical marijuana ballot question approved by Massachusetts judge," July 2, 2012
  70. MLive "Michigan's emergency manager opponents try to revive their effort in court," May 9, 2012
  71. Detroit Free Press "Michigan Emergency Manager Law to Stay on Ballot for Now," June 15, 2012
  72. MLive.com "Michigan Supreme Court to decide if repeal of emergency manager law goes on ballot," July 11, 2012
  73. Ballot Access News "Michigan Supreme Court, by a Vote of 4-3, Puts Referendum on Ballot Despite Small Font Size," August 3, 2012
  74. Detroit News "Initiative for new casinos knocked off Nov. ballot," August 15, 2012
  75. Detroit Free Press "Pro-casino group says 7,280 jobs on the table," August 23, 2012
  76. Associated Press "Michigan board considering whether to put casino expansion, bridge restriction plans on ballot," August 27, 2012
  77. Detroit News "Collective bargaining ballot issue in limbo," August 16, 2012
  78. Detroit News "Opponents ask Mich. appeals court to keep collective bargaining off ballot," August 22, 2012
  79. Associated Press,"Lawsuit challenges proposed Missouri minimum wage measures," November 17, 2011
  80. Kait8.com, "Missouri judge upholds minimum wage ballot summary," April 26, 2012
  81. 81.0 81.1 Komu.com, "Judge Rejects Financial Estimate for Wage Law," May 18, 2012
  82. Associated Press "Lawsuits filed over 2 Missouri ballot measures," August 17, 2012
  83. 83.0 83.1 83.2 83.3 83.4 83.5 St. Louis Post-Dispatch,"Opponents challenge ballot wording for income tax repeal," March 3, 2011
  84. Riverfront Times,"Lawsuit Filed Against Latest "Fair Tax" Proposals," September 26, 2011
  85. 85.0 85.1 Associated Press,"Lawsuit challenges summary, financial estimate for St. Louis and Kansas City police initiative," March 24, 2011
  86. St. Louis Post-Dispatch,"St. Louis police union objects to local control measure," March 25, 2011
  87. 87.0 87.1 87.2 87.3 87.4 87.5 87.6 87.7 Associated Press,"Lawsuit challenges voter ID measure," July 7, 2011
  88. Associated Press "Judge strikes down Mo. voter ID ballot summary," March 29, 2012
  89. Missouri Secretary of State press release "Carnahan Statement on Court Ruling Striking Down Deceptive Ballot Language Written by Legislators," March 29, 2012
  90. Courthouse News Service,"School Prayer Back on the Ballot," July 11, 2011
  91. 91.0 91.1 91.2 91.3 ACLU.org,"Missouri Ballot Initiative on Religion Amendment is Misleading, Says ACLU," July 7, 2011
  92. CBS St. Louis, "Public Prayer Ballot Summary Upheld by Missouri Judge," March 29, 2012
  93. Associated Press,"Legal challenge filed over Mo. ballot measure," August 21, 2011
  94. 94.0 94.1 94.2 94.3 Columbia Daily Tribune,"Payday loan initiative faces challenge," August 19, 2011
  95. St. Louis Post-Dispatch,"Two lawsuits filed over Missouri payday loan ballot measure," August 22, 2011
  96. 96.0 96.1 96.2 96.3 Associated Press,"Missouri judge strikes down payday loan initiative," April 5, 2012
  97. Loan Safe, "Missouri’s Appeal Aims to Preserve Initiative to Cap Payday Loan Interest," April 12, 2012
  98. Columbia Missourian, "Missouri cigarette tax, police initiatives qualify for November ballot," August 7, 2012
  99. Associated Press "Lawsuits filed over 2 Missouri ballot measures," August 17, 2012
  100. 100.0 100.1 100.2 100.3 Columbia Missourian, "Lawmakers don't like summary of Missouri ballot issues," July 4, 2012
  101. Missouri Secretary of State, "Office of the Missouri Secretary of State Statement Regarding Constitutional Amendment 3 (SJR 51)," September 10, 2012
  102. Missoulian, "Montana group files suit over referendum on election of Supreme Court justices," November 23, 2011
  103. Missoulian "Montana legislators move to keep Supreme Court referendum on ballot," January 10, 2012
  104. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ruling
  105. Billings Gazette "State argues for Supreme Court measure on ballot," April 6, 2012
  106. Great Falls Tribune "Montana's high court blocks initiative on justices' locations," April 12, 2012
  107. Missoulian, "Groups ask that tax revenue referendum be taken off Montana ballot," October 5, 2011
  108. Billings Gazette, "State: Lawsuit to disqualify spending-limit referendum should be rejected," November 4, 2011
  109. Associated Press "Unions seek to bar initiative from Montana ballot," February 17, 2012
  110. Billings Gazette "Judge throws out key argument in unions' effort to get issue off ballot," March 14, 2012
  111. Associated Press "Judge strikes tax rebate initiative from November ballot, declares it unconstitutional," June 7, 2012
  112. Independent record "State appeals tax rebate referendum ruling," June 23, 2012
  113. Missoulian "Coalition wants anti-corporate personhood amendment removed from Montana ballot," July 23, 2012
  114. Montana Watchdog.org "Montana Supreme Court rules that I-166 can stay on November ballot," August 10, 2012
  115. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named kpaxlawsuit
  116. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named access
  117. Montana Immigrant Justice Alliance website, "Lawsuit Against LR-121"
  118. Associated Press, "State asks judge to dismiss referendum challenge," May 23, 2013
  119. Associated Press, "Planned Parenthood files lawsuit over Montana parental consent law," May 30, 2013
  120. Las Vegas Review-Journal,"Judge refuses to reject arena petition," September 22, 2010
  121. 121.0 121.1 121.2 121.3 Arena Digest,"Casinos file suit to block new Vegas arena," December 20, 2010
  122. Las Vegas Sun, "Judge suggests arena petition has enough signatures," April 7, 2011
  123. Las Vegas Sun, "Caesars Entertainment wins legal battle over proposed Strip arena," May 9, 2011
  124. Las Vegas Sun, "Opponents of Las Vegas Strip arena proposal file appeal," May 17, 2011
  125. Las Vegas Sun, "Court is urged to block Caesars’ arena initiative," July 18, 2011
  126. Nevada Appeal, "Nevada court takes up Las Vegas arena ballot measure," March 7, 2012
  127. Las Vegas Review-Journal, "Justices order changes in Strip arena tax measure," June 20, 2012
  128. KTVN.com, "Nevada mining sues to block tax cap initiative," accessed February 23, 2012
  129. Wausau Daily Herald, "Judge gives OK to Nevada mining tax initiative," March 14, 2012
  130. My News 3, "Resort group sues over gambling tax initiative," March 5, 2012
  131. Business Week, "Judge tosses Nevada casino tax initiative," April 12, 2012
  132. Associated Press "ND high court expected to take Fighting Sioux case," February 14, 2012
  133. Associated Press "North Dakota Higher Ed Board To Sue To Drop Fighting Sioux," February 14, 2012
  134. Associated Press "ND Supreme Court deadline on Fighting Sioux case," February 22, 2012
  135. Associated Press "ND Sec State gets lawyers in Fighting Sioux case," February 27, 2012
  136. Associated Press "'Fighting Sioux' Case Considered by North Dakota Supreme Court," accessed March 16, 2012
  137. Minnesota Public Radio "Court won't block Fighting Sioux name vote," April 5, 2012
  138. Associated Press "Lawsuit: ND officials lying about tax measure," February 16, 2012
  139. Associated Press "Judge won't muzzle North Dakota property tax measure foes," February 21, 2012
  140. Businessweek, "Hearing planned on ND property tax lawsuit," March 23, 2012
  141. Associated Press "Lawsuit on N.D. property tax measure to be appealed," April 14, 2012
  142. Dickinson Press "Supreme Court hears appeal of tax measure suit," June 6,2012
  143. One News Now, "Good start for Ohio's personhood measure," March 23, 2012
  144. Columbus Dispatch, "Lawsuit filed against DeWine for proposed same-sex marriage amendment," April 13, 2012
  145. News Max, "Ohio AG DeWine Urges Court to Drop Gay Marriage Challenge," May 2, 2012
  146. Dayton Daily News, "Supreme Court stops same-sex marriage lawsuit," May 25, 2012
  147. WOUB.org, "Ohio Ballot Board Lengthens Description Of Issue 2," September 14, 2012
  148. 148.00 148.01 148.02 148.03 148.04 148.05 148.06 148.07 148.08 148.09 148.10 148.11 148.12 KRMG, "Suit filed over Oklahoma personhood ballot measure," March 30, 2012
  149. WISTV, "Okla. court halts 'personhood' rights for embryos," April 30, 2012
  150. Think Progress, "Center For Reproductive Rights Files A Lawsuit Against Oklahoma Personhood Initiative," April 2, 2012
  151. The Oregonian,"Oregon Supreme Court allows Portland man's studded-tire ban proposal to move forward (poll)," October 13, 2011
  152. Oregon Supreme Court,"Daniel Lavey and Anna Richter Taylor v. John Kroger, Attorney General, State of Oregon," October 6, 2011
  153. Providence Journal, "Narragansett Indians sue to block Twin River casino vote," September 28, 2011
  154. Providence Journal "R.I. Superior Court to hear arguments in tribe's casino referendum challenge on May 30," April 20, 2012
  155. Boston.com, "RI judge declines to block casino referendum," June 29, 2012
  156. East Valley Tribune, "Clean Elections supporters sue to block ballot measure," May 6, 2011
  157. Tucson Citizen, "Clean Elections measure returns to court," October 18, 2011
  158. Ballot Access, "Arizona State Court Removes Ballot Measure that would Eliminate Funding for Public Funding," October 26, 2011
  159. Tucson Weekly, "AZ Clean Elections Wins a Round in Court," October 26, 2011
  160. Prescott News, "Quality Education and Jobs Files Lawsuit Against Secretary of State Bennett," June 28, 2012
  161. CBS News, "Hearing set on proposal for Arizona sales tax hike," July 3, 2012
  162. Arizona Daily News, "Judge: 1-cent tax initiative to stay on Arizona ballot," July 18, 2012
  163. Arizona Daily Sun, "Bennett files appeal to keep sales tax off ballot," July 24, 2012
  164. KFYI.com, "The initiative proposes a penny-on-the-dollar increase to take effect in 2013 upon the expiration of a same-size temporary increase," accessed August 22, 2012
  165. CBS News, "Lawsuit filed over Ark. casino measure rejection," August 24, 2012
  166. The Republic, "Arkansas Supreme Court rejects proposed ballot measure to allow casinos in the state," October 4, 2012
  167. Arkansas Business, "Arkansas Racing Alliance Sues To Block Nancy Todd Casino Proposal," September 18, 2012
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  175. The Miami Herald,"Teachers union aims to block attempt to lift ban on tax money for religious organizations," July 19, 2011
  176. Florida Capital Bureau,"FEA sues to block voucher amendment," July 20, 2011
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  178. Ocala.com,"Teachers sue over validity of proposed amendment to state constitution," July 20, 2011
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  180. Associated Press,"Judge hearing challenge to Fla. religion amendment," October 27, 2011
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  184. Associated Press,"Revised Fla. religion amendment not challenged," January 3, 2012
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  188. NECN.com, "Mass. medical marijuana opponents win challenge," June 8, 2012
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  204. Columbus Dispatch, "Lawsuit filed against DeWine for proposed same-sex marriage amendment," April 13, 2012
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  208. WISTV, "Okla. court halts 'personhood' rights for embryos," April 30, 2012
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  239. The Baltimore Sun,"National group joins in-state tuition battle," September 22, 2011
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  243. Takoma Park Patch "'Dream Act' Referendum Survives Legal Challenge," February 20, 2012
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  248. St. Louis Post-Dispatch,"St. Louis police union objects to local control measure," March 25, 2011
  249. The Denver Channel, "Planned Parenthood Appeals CO Abortion Proposal," January 9, 2012
  250. Denver Post, "Personhood Colorado Coalition to Hold Three Press Conferences Announcing the Launch of Petition Drive," March 13, 2012
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  263. One News Now, "Good start for Ohio's personhood measure," March 23, 2012
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  274. Huffington Post, "Colorado Marijuana Legalization Proponents Lose Battle Over Deleted Text In State Voter Guide Book," September 13, 2012
  275. The Sacramento Bee, "Judge strikes parole-revocation provisions in California law," January 26, 2012
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  278. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named 2012lawsuit
  279. [http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Justice/2012/0402/Groundhog-Day-in-court-California-ban-on-affirmative-action-is-upheld.-Again CSMonitor, "Groundhog Day in court? California ban on affirmative action is upheld. Again," April 2, 2012]
  280. CBS: Los Angeles, "US Appeals Court Upholds Ban On Affirmative Action In California," April 2, 2012
  281. "No on Measure C" website
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  283. Daily Pilot, "Costa Mesa sues county over ballot measure", March 16, 2012
  284. Courthouse News, "Judge Shuns Corporate- Sponsored Propositions", March 28, 2012
  285. Mountain View Voice, "Judge halts challenge to school district bond", April 2, 2012
  286. North County Times, "Temecula term-limit trauma", July 31, 2012
  287. Metropolitan News, "Appeals Court Orders ‘Red Light Camera’ Measure Restored to Murietta’s November Ballot", September 19, 2012
  288. Mercury News, "Santa Clara County judge allows county to keep sales tax measure on ballot", August 31, 2012

See also