Difference between revisions of "List of ballot measures by topic"

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==References==
 
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[[Category:Political issues addressed in ballot measures]]
 
[[Category:Political issues addressed in ballot measures]]
 
[[Category:Lists on Ballotpedia]]
 
[[Category:Lists on Ballotpedia]]

Revision as of 14:28, 23 July 2014

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Animals

Business

Crime and justice

Education

Elections

Energy and Environment

Health and Welfare

Government

Labor

Property

Social controversies

Society

Taxes and Government Finance

War and peace

Abortion

Abortion on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding abortion rights and definitions of when life begins.

Examples:

Act of dueling

Act of dueling on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding the act of dueling and its legality.

Examples:

Administration of government

Administration of government on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding how the government functions structurally. Subcategories include: State capitals

Examples:

State capitals

State capitals on the ballot: This subtopic refers to ballot measures regarding state capitals.

Examples:

Affirmative action

Affirmative action on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding policies that factor in "race, color, religion, gender, sexual orientation or national origin."

Examples:

Alcohol

Alcohol on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding the sales, use, creation and prohibition of alcohol.

Examples:

American Indian issues

American Indian issues on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding American Indians, also referred to as Native Americans, including Native Hawaiians and Native Alaskans. Due to the unique relationship between tribal governments and the United State's federal government, state-tribal relationships have a complex and contentious history, including direct democracy measures. There are well over 550 federally recognized tribes, as well as state-recognized tribes and tribes who are still seeking recognition.[1][2] This category does not encapsulate the many differences between tribes, but aims to provide a basic starting point for considering state-tribal relationships through direct democracy measures.

Examples:

Assisted death

Assisted death on the ballot: Also often referred to as "Assisted suicide," this topic refers to ballot measures regarding the consent of one person to end their life with the help of another person, such as through prescription or the administration of lethal drugs.

Examples:

Athletics

Athletics on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding athletics and sporting facilities.

Examples:

Bond issues

Bond issues on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding the use of bonds and bonded indebtedness by the government to pay for large projects, such as roads and building construction, school funding, or environmental conservation. Further explanation is available at - bond issue.

Examples:

Business regulation

Business regulation on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding regulations placed on various types of businesses by the government. Subcategories include: adult entertainment, Banking, and rules about Sunday.

Adult entertainment

Adult entertainment on the ballot: This subtopic refers to ballot measures regarding various forms of adult entertainment, such as nude venues and pornographic material sales.

Examples:

Banking

Banking on the ballot: This subtopic refers to ballot measures regarding banks and banking regulations.

Examples:

Rules about Sunday

Rules about Sunday on the ballot: This subtopic refers to ballot measures regarding what is and is not allowed on Sundays.

Examples:

Census

Census on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding the census.

Examples:

Civil and criminal trials

Civil and criminal trials on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding civil and criminal trials.

Examples:

Civil rights

Civil rights on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding the protection of individual freedom and participation in civil and political life. The most notable examples include the freedom of speech, press, and assembly, and the right to vote. Debates over other rights, such as right of privacy, are also included in this definition. Subcategories include - suffrage.

Suffrage

Suffrage on the ballot: This subtopic refers to ballot measures regarding voting rights. It is a subcategory of civil rights and elections and campaigns.

Civil service

Civil service on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding the civil service.

Examples:

Constitutional conventions

Constitutional conventions on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding constitutional conventions. Constitutional conventions, also often known as ConCons, are gatherings of elected delegates who propose revisions and amendments to a state's constitution. Forty-four states have rules that govern how, in their state, a constitutional convention can be called. Some state laws require the question automatically appear on the ballot every so often. The question may appear every 10, 16 and 20 years. For more specific details and participating states read about constitutional conventions here.

Example:

Constitutional language

Constitutional language on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures that specifically refer to changes to constitutional wording, such as through changes in specific word use or placement, or the removal of irrelevant language.

Examples:

County and municipal governance

County and municipal governance on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding the way village, town, city, and county government function.

Examples:

Definition of a corporation

Definition of a corporation on the ballot: This topic refers to how corporations are defined by the law.

Examples:

Direct democracy measures

Direct democracy measures on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding direct democracy. Such measures may include questions about the initiative and referendum process, petition circulation requirements and signature filing amendments.

Examples:

Earthquakes

Earthquakes on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding earthquakes and earthquake preparedness.

Examples:

Economic development

Economic development on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding promotion of economic activity, generally through funding infrastructure, business and job development plans.

Examples:

Education

Education on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding schools, students, teachers, education, and education funding. Subtopics include: school choice.

Examples:

School choice

School choice on the ballot: This subtopic refers to ballot measures regarding the rights of a family to choose schools, and voucher programs to assist in funding student enrollment in public and non-public schools of one's choice.

Examples:

Elections and campaigns

Elections and campaigns on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding elections and campaigns. Specifically this includes campaign finance, election processes, and voting. Current subcategories include: suffrage and term limits

Examples:

Suffrage

Suffrage on the ballot: This subtopic refers to ballot measures regarding the right to vote. It is a subcategory of civil rights and elections and campaigns.

Examples:

Term limits

Term limits on the ballot: This subtopic refers to the use, increase or decrease of term limits on public officials. Term limits are a legal restriction on the number of terms a person may serve in a particular office. Ballotpedia also includes term lengths in this definition. Limits vary by state. State executives, state legislative representatives, judges and board officials are some of the offices with term limits.

Examples:

English language

English language on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding the use of English in various settings, such as schools and other public services. It also the covers topic of English as an official language.

Examples:

Environment

Environment on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding the environment, environmental protection, and the use natural resources. Subtopics include: energy, forests and parks, natural resources, Nuclear issues and water

Examples:

Energy

Energy on the ballot: This subtopic refers to ballot measures regarding energy, energy production, and energy conservation.

Examples:

Forests and parks

Forests and parks on the ballot: This subtopic refers to ballot measures regarding the creation, use, preservation, maintenance and restoration of forests and parks. Many forest and park issues are also bond issues.

Examples:

Natural resources

Natural resources on the ballot: This subtopic refers to ballot measures regarding gathering and use of natural resources, including subjects such as logging, mining and drilling.

Examples:

Nuclear issues

Nuclear issues on the ballot: This subtopic refers to ballot measures regarding nuclear weapons, nuclear facilities, and nuclear waste.

Examples:

Water

Water on the ballot: This subtopic refers to ballot measures about water, water usage, and water conservation.

Examples:

Food and agriculture

Food and agriculture on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding food, food safety, food production, as well as all manners of farming and agricultural activities.

Examples:

Federal constitutional issues

Federal constitutional issues on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures about the states official position on federal constitutional issues, as well as what rights the federal government has over the state according to the U.S. Constitution.

Examples:

Firearms

Firearms on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding regulations and rights to own, carry, use, sell, and buy firearms.

Gambling

Gambling on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures that refer to any form of gambling such as casinos, table games, raffles and lotteries. It also encompasses the use of tax revenue collected from gambling facilities and gambling-related activities.

Examples:

Government accountability

Government accountability on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding open meeting laws, as well as government ethics and corruption.

Healthcare

Healthcare on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding health care rights, laws, and health insurance. Related categories include: insurance.

Examples:

History, culture and the arts

History, culture and the arts on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding funding and preservation of history, culture and art.

Examples:

Housing

Housing on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding housing assistance, low income housing, and rent control. Specifically, bond measures to provide funds for housing may appear in the the bond issues category.)

Examples:

Hunting

Hunting and fishing on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding hunting, fishing, and trapping. Related categories include: animal rights.

Examples:

Immigration

Immigration on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding immigration and immigrant rights. Additionally this topic covers various issues relating to immigration such as the use of foreign language instruction in public schools, employment, birthright citizenship, law enforcement.

Insurance

Insurance on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding insurance regulations and requirements. Specifically this may include measures about automobile insurance, insurance lawsuits, rates and premiums, as well business regulation. This category often crosses over with health care and business regulations.

Labor and unions

Labor and unions on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding labor practices, collective bargaining, and business regulation.

Law enforcement

Law enforcement on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding violent and non-violent crimes, prison populations, sentencing, police/sheriffs, prisoner rights and victim rights. Subtopics include: death penalty

Examples:

Death penalty

Death penalty on the ballot: This subtopic refers to ballot measures regarding the use of the death penalty.

Examples:

LGBT issues

LGBT issues on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) people. Major topics include same-sex marriage, domestic partnerships (see marriage and family), and discrimination.

Examples:

Lottery

Lottery on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding state lotteries.

Examples:

Marijuana

Marijuana on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding the sales, use, and growth of marijuana. It also covers penalties imposed for possession.

Examples:

Marriage and family

Marriage and family on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding marriage, unmarried couples, adoption, alimony, and benefits. Subtopics include: divorce and custody and domestic partnerships.

Examples:

Divorce and custody

Divorce and custody on the ballot: This subtopic refers to ballot measures regarding divorce and custody.

Examples:

Domestic partnerships

Domestic partnerships on the ballot: This subtopic refers to ballot measures regarding the legal recognition of domestic partnerships, and the rights provided to people in such relationships. This is also a sub topic of LGBT issues.

Examples:

Media

Media on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding forms of communication like newspapers, televisions, radios, and the internet.

Examples include:

Motto and symbols

Motto and symbols on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding city and state mottoes and symbols.

Example:

Obscenity

Obscenity on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding the concept of "obscenity." In other words, some measures ask whether certain acts or materials are considered to be "indecent" or "repulsive." Furthermore, other questions ask whether those acts or materials ought to be banned. This category often crosses over with adult entertainment in regard to pornographic materials, and civil rights in regard to free speech.

Examples:

Pension

Pension on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding public and private pensions, as well as use of public pension funds.

Prisons

Prisons on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding prisons and prisoners.

Examples:

Property

Property on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding property, property rights, property acquisition, property use and zoning, property development and property sales by individuals, companies, and governments. Subtopics include: eminent domain

Examples:

Eminent domain

Eminent domain on the ballot (Eminent domain): This subtopic refers to ballot measures regarding the power of the state to seize land, the sale and use of seized land and property rights.

Examples:

Public works

Public works on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding public works.

Examples:

Recall measures

Recall measures on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding the creation and revision of laws and other provisions for recalling elected officials.

Examples:

Redistricting measures

Redistricting measures on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding the process, guidelines and commissions related to redistricting. Redistricting involves the redrawing of boundary lines for state legislative and U.S. Congressional districts. On Ballotpedia, the category also includes the topic of apportionment, the act of determining the number of governmental representatives a particular potion of the populous receives.

Examples:

Religion

Religion on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding religion and religious rights. Specifically, measures have included questions about the employment of chaplains at hospitals and health care facilities; the use of public dollars for religious funding.

Examples:

Salaries of government officials

Salaries of government officials on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding the salaries of government officials, such as governors and state legislators. Common measures include how much to pay government officials, when government officials will be paid, and how pay increases may be decided.

Examples:

State and local government budgets, spending and finance

State and local government budgets, spending and finance on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding all things monetary, excluding bond issues. Specifics include public endowments, public finance, state spending, spending caps, state budgets, and TIF (tax increment financing). Currently this topic includes a large number of measures. However, in the future this will be subdivided for greater specificity.

Examples:

State executive official measures

State executive official measures on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding State executive officials, including Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, Attorney General, Treasurer, Controller, Auditor, Superintendent of Schools, and a variety of Commissioners. Measure variety widely in topic, from how the executive officers are elected or appointed, to what powers they hold, to whether or not the office shall even exist.

Examples:

Statehood

Statehood on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding a state's statehood.

Examples:

State judiciary

State judiciary on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding state judicial systems, including judges, courts, lawyers, juries, judicial authority, requirements for judicial appointment and the ability to file civil law suits. Subtopics include: tort law

Examples:

Tort law

Tort law on the ballot: Sometimes referred to as "tort reform," this subtopic refers to ballot measures regarding tort. Tort is "a wrongful act, not including a breach of contract or trust, that results in injury to another's person, property, reputation, or the like, and for which the injured party is entitled to compensation." That is to say, ballot measures regarding one's ability to sue for damages, and the amount that can be awarded in such cases.[3]

Example:

State legislatures measures

State legislatures measures on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding state legislatures. Specifically, such measures have included questions about legislative pay, expenditures, procedures, session length and authority.

Examples:

Stem cells

Stem cells on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding stem cell creation and use, as well as funding for stem cell-related research.

Examples:

Supermajority requirements

Supermajority requirements on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures that ask voters if a "supermajority" vote is required of the state legislature or a public vote in order to enact certain state laws. This category should also be applied to ballot measures about whether or not a local political jurisdiction must receive a supermajority vote on a bond measure or tax measure for it to be approved. Supermajority requirements vary, such as 60% or 2/3rd majority. Supermajority requirements have been implemented to enact taxes, laws and/or constitutional amendments.

Taxes

Taxes on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding the creation, elimination, increase, decrease and exemption of taxes. Additionally, some measures refer to the use of specific tax money.

Examples:

Time standards

Time standards on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding the use of time standards, such as Daylight Savings Time.

Examples:

Tobacco

Tobacco on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding cigarette and tobacco use, sales, taxes, and public eduction on the topic. Subtopics include: smoking bans

Examples:

Smoking bans

Smoking bans on the ballot: This subtopic refers to ballot measures regarding public bans on smoking, such as in restaurants, government buildings, etc.

Examples:

Transportation

Transportation on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding transportation, including vehicle laws, road and railway construction and construction bonds, and vehicle taxes and highway tolls.

Examples:

Treatment of animals

Treatment of animals on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding the treatment and protection of animals, excluding hunting. Related categories include: hunting.

Examples:

Utilities

Utilities on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding creation, regulation, and sale of public utilities. Subtopics include: water.

Examples:

Veterans

Veterans on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding veterans, veteran assistance, veteran affairs, and tax exemptions.

Examples:

Wages and pay

Wages and pay on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding the establishment or increase of employee wages, for example. Additionally, the topic includes measures regarding paycheck protection. Subtopics include minimum wage and paycheck protection.

Examples:

Minimum wage

Minimum wage on the ballot: This subtopic refers to ballot measures regarding minimum wage. Specifically this has included the increase and establishment of minimum wage.

Examples:

Paycheck protection

Paycheck protection on the ballot: This subtopic refers to ballot measures regarding whether public employers (state government agencies, city and county governments, and public school districts) can deduct such things as union dues, any part of which will go into political activity, from public payroll checks without the advance authorization of the employee from whose paycheck the deduction is being taken.

Examples:

War and peace

War and peace on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding war and anti-war related activities such as cruise missile tests. Subtopics include: Nuclear issues.

Examples:

Nuclear issues

Nuclear issues on the ballot: This subtopic refers to ballot measures regarding nuclear weapons, nuclear facilities, and nuclear waste.

Examples:

Welfare

Welfare on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding welfare assistance, social security, unemployment compensation and other entitlements.

Examples:

City

County

District

Energy and Environment

Local business and labor

Local governance

Local social issues

School

Local Taxes

Other


References

Measures by topic
Measures by year
Measures by state